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ARBITRATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE EXTENDING THE DURATION OF THE CONVENTION OF FEBRUARY 10, 1908.1
Signed at Washington February 13, 1913; ratification advised by the Senate
February 19, 1913; ratified by the President February 25, 1913; ratified by France February 28, 1913; ratifications exchanged at Washington dlarch 14, 1913; proclaimed March 15, 1913.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Whereas an Agreement between the United States of America and the French Republic, extending the period during which the Arbitration Convention of February 10, 1908, is to remain in force, was concluded and signed by their respective plenipotentiaries at Washington, on the thirteenth day of February, one thousand nine hundred and thirteen, the original of which Agreement, being in the English and French languages, is word for word as follows: Agreement extending the duration of the Arbitration Convention of
February 10, 1908. The Government of the United States of America and the Government of the French Republic, being desirous of extending the period of five years during which the Arbitration Convention concluded between them on February 10, 1908, is to remain in force, which period is about to expire, have authorized the undersigned, to wit: Philander C. Knox, Secretary of State of the United States, and J. J. Jusserand, Ambassador of the French Republic to the United States, to conclude the following arrangement:
The Convention of Arbitration of February 10, 1908, between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the French Republic, the duration of which by Article III thereof was fixed at a period of five years from the date of ratification, which period will terminate on Februray 27, 1913, is hereby extended and continued in force for a further period of five years from February 27, 1913.
The present Agreement shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the President of the French Republic, in accordance with the constitutional laws of France, and it shall be
* For the text of the convention see For. Rel. 1908, p. 331.
come effective upon the date of the exchange of ratifications, which shall take place at Washington as soon as possible.
Done in duplicate, in the English and French languages, at Washington this 13th day of February, one thousand nine hundred and thirteen.
PHILANDER C Knox SEAL
SEAL. And whereas the said Agreement has been duly ratified on both parts, and the ratifications of the two gorernments were exchanged in the City of Washington, on the fourteenth day of March, one thonsand nine lundred and thirteen: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Woodrow Wilson, President of
Vooder the United States of America, have caused the said Agreement to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington this fifteenth day of March in
the rear of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and (SEAL.] thirteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and thirty-seventh.
WOODROW WILSON By the President: WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN
Secretary of State.
REESTABLISHMENT OF RELATIONS BETWEEN FRANCE AND
VENEZUELA; TEXT OF PROTOCOL RELATING THERETO; GOOD
OFFICES OF THE UNITED STATES.' File No. 731.51/32. The American Minister to l'enezuela to the Secretary of State.
Caracas, June 3, 1912. The Minister for Foreign Affairs requests that I communicate unofficially a report that the French Government is ready to send a Minister to Venezuela under proper circumstances, and desires the Department to verify the report if possible, either through the French Embassy or the American Embassy at Paris.
File No. 731.51/32.
The Secretary of State to the American Minister to l'enezuela. No. 14.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, July 3, 1913. Sir: With reference to your telegram of June 3, regarding the relations between France and Venezuela, the Department encloses
· For severance of relations, see For. Rel. 1906, p. 1432. 1403220
-F R 1913-34
herewith, for your information, a copy and translation of a memorandum from the French Embassy left at the Department on March 6, 1912.
The Department was informed by the Secretary of the French Embassy, on June 28th, that the attitude of the French Government continues as described in the enclosed memorandum. I am [etc.]
P. C. Kxox.
File No. 731.51/33.
Memorandum from the French Embassy.
Washington, Alarch 6, 1912. The Government of the French Republic, having learned that the Secretary of State, in the course of the trip which he is at present making, would pay a visit to Caracas where he would be the guest of President Gómez, would be pleased if on this occasion the Department of State would kindly transmit to his excel. lency the Hon. P. C. Knox its sincere appreciation of the good offices of the representatives of the United States at Venezuela who, since the rupture of the diplomatic relations between that country and France, have undertaken the protertion of French interests.
Is the Venezuelean Government is the first interested in the resumption of the said relations, it is very probable that Mr. Knox will be asked to lend his friendly assistance with a view to a solution of this question. In this event it might be of service that the Honorable Secretary of State, who already is acquainted with the conditions to which the French Government subordinates the resumption of these relations, should find on his arrival at Caracas a memorandum which would recall them to his mind.
Thus, as the Department of State knows, the Government of the Republic is entirely disposed to resume normal relations with Venezuela provided that the Government of that country consent, as it has been requested, to submit to an effective arbitration those of the French claims which could not be amicably settled within a reasonable period after the resumption of diplomatic relatious.
As to the different projects which appear to have been formed by financiers for the organization of a Venezuelan National Bank or the exploitation of certain monopolies, the resumption of diplomatic relations between France and Venezuela can in no manner be bound save to the particular interests which depend on them. In Venezuela as in the other South American Republics it is moreover with capital of the United States that French capital would above all collaborate in the enterprises to be undertaken if the normal relations were reestablished to the satisfaction of the Government of the Republic.
File No. 731.51/34.
The American Minister to Venezuela to the Secretary of State.
Caracas, August 5, 1912. SIR: I have the honor to report that on receipt of the Department's No. 14 of July 3 last I had a further conference with Dr. J. L. Andara, Minister for Foreign Affairs ad interim, and explained to him the position of the French Government as set out in the memorandum enclosed in this despatch [sic].' Dr. Andara discussed the matter very freely and stated that it seemed that the only difference
1 Meaning the instruction above mentioned.
between the Venezuelan and the French Governments was that the Venezuelan Government insisted that the French claims be submitted to Venezuelan courts before arbitration, arbitration to follow if the findings of the local courts were not satisfactory in the opinion of the French Government, and that as he understood it the French Government insisted that there be arbitration without submission to the local courts.
Dr. Andara went on to express the belief that having once taken this position Venezuela could not with dignity recede from it, because to do so would be to admit the incompetency of its own courts. He then expressed the hope, as coming from President Gómez, that the matter could be arranged, and the belief that the friendly assistance of the United States Government would secure an arrangement along the lines desired by Venezuela. He also expressed the hope that I could so submit the matter to the Department as to secure this assistance. In reply I promised Dr. Andara to report the whole matter to my Government. I have [etc.]
ELLIOTT NORTHCOTT. File No. 731.51/33.
The Acting Secretary of State to the American Minister. No. 24.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, August 31, 1912. Sır: With reference to your despatch No. 60, of August 5, 1912, regarding the relations between France and Venezuela, the Department is now enclosing, for your information, a copy of the original and translation of the letter from the French Embassy dated August 29, 1912. I am [etc.]
Washington, August 29, 1912. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY OF STATE: As I had the honor to write you on tie 24t11 instant,' I immediately acquainted my Government with the substance of Mr. Elliot Northcott's communication enclosed in your letter of the 21st.
In reply, the President of the Council, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic, tells me that he agrees to the Venezuelan courts being first called upon to pass on all the claims preferred by French citizens against the Government of Venezuela, but on the express conditions that all such claims may thereafter be referred, if desire to do so is expressed, to an arbitral tribunal the membership of which would be determined in advance. Further, the French Government will not consent to negotiate with any one but an official envoy of the Venezuelan Government.
Mr. Poincaré requests me to have recourse to the Department of State's habitual kindness in order to bave the foregoing answer cabled to the Minister of the United States at Caracas for transmission to the Government of President Gómez. Be pleased letc.)
E. DE PERETTI DE LA Rocca.
File No. 731.51/35.
The Acting Secretary of State to the French Chargé d'Affaires. No. 1056.]
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, September 3, 1912. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of August 29th in which you give the views of the French Government in regard to the reestablishment of diplomatic relations with Venezuela and request the Department to communicate the same by cable to Mr. Northcott, for submission to the Government of President Gómez.
I take pleasure in informing you that a copy and translation of your letter have been sent to the Legation at Caracas. Accept [etc.]
File No. 731.51/36.
The Secretary of State to the French Ambassador.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, October 30, 1912, EXCELLENCY: With reference to Count de Peretti de la Rocca's note of August 29, 1912, regarding the relations of France and Venezuela, and to the Department's reply of September 3, 1912, I have the honor to inform you that Mr. Elliott Northcott, the American Minister to Venezuela, has just arrived in Washington. Mr. Northcott brought with him the reply of the Venezuelan Government to the note in which he communicated the substance of Count de Peretti de la Rocca's letter to the Department of August 29th. It was at the special request of the President of Venezuela that Mr. Northcott brought this despatch in person to the Department in order that he might at the same time orally state that the President and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Venezuela have expressed the hope that diplomatic relations between France and Venezuela will soon be reestablished.
The Department will be happy if its friendly offices should result in the renewal of those relations.
A copy of the note of the Venezuelan Minister for Foreign Affairs of September 23d to Minister Northcott is enclosed. Accept [etc.]
For Mr. Knox:
ALVA A. ADEE.
The Venezuelan Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister.
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS,
Caracas, September 23, 1912. MR. MINISTER: I have had the honor of receiving your excellency's courteous note No. 59, dated the 4th instant,' in which, at the request of the French Embassy in Washington, you transcribe the statement of the attitude of the French Government. I informed the President of the Republic, who instructed me to reply in the following terms:
The Government of Venezuela is greatly pleased that the French Government, taking into account the good will and the reasons expressed by this Chancellery,
* Not printed.