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HAITI.

DEATH OF PRESIDENT TANCREDE AUGUSTE ELECTION AND

INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT MICHEL ORESTE.

File No. 838.001 Au 4/5.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

(Telegram--Paraphrase.)

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, May 3, 1913. President Tancrède Auguste died on the 2d instant. Congress will convene today to elect his successor.

FURNISS.

File No. 838.001 Au 4/5.

The Acting Secretary of State to the American Minister.

[Telegram--Paraphrase.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 3, 1913. The President has sent to the Secretaries of State in Council assembled the following telegram:

I deeply regret to learn of the death of President Tancrède Auguste. I extend to you, the Government and the people of Haiti the deep sympathy of the Government and people of the United States of America, and my own sincere condolence in the national loss sustained by your country. Pray extend to Mrs. Auguste the sincere personal condolence of Mrs. Wilson and myself.

WOODROW WILSON. Instructs him to supplement the above by an appropriate communication to the Foreign Office expressing the sympathy of this Government and especially of the Secretary of State.

MOORE.

File No. 888.001 Au 4/7.

The President of Haiti to the President.

(Telegram. )

PORT AU PRINCE, May 5. 1913. I thank you as well as the people of the United States and beg you to thank Mrs. Wilson in behalf of Mrs. Tancrède Auguste for your condolences. The country is very thankful for your high mark of sympathy.

MICHEL ORESTE.

File No. 838.00/710.
The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

[Telegrams-Paraphrases.]

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, May 5, 1913. Senator Michel Oreste was elected President by Congress by a majority of forty-eight votes. The President elect is a lawyer and is pro-American. Instruction requested regarding recognition of the new President.

FURNISS.

File No. 838.00/711.

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, May 5, 1913. The President was legally elected, order prevails and the members of the Cabinet seem to be favorably disposed towards American influence. Instruction desired in regard to recognition.

FURNISS.

File No. 838.00/719.

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, May 12, 1913. The American Minister will be invited to attend the Te Deum Mass on the 14th instant in honor of the election of President Oreste, and to attend a reception after the Mass. Being Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, which will attend these functions, his absence therefrom would be injurious to American influence. Attendance at these functions signifies recognition. Asks instructions.

FURNISS.

File No. 838.00/719.

The Secretary of State to the American Minister.

(Telegram-Paraphrase.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, May 12, 1913. The Haitian Legation in this city has not notified the Department of the death of President Auguste or of the election of his successor, President Oreste. But if the Government of Haiti has officially informed you that President Oreste has been elected in accordance with the Constitution of Haiti you may attend all functions connected with his inauguration.

BRYAN.

File No. 838.001 Or 3.

The Minister of Haiti to the Secretary of State.

(Translation.]

LEGATION OF HAITI,

Washington, June 3, 1913. MR. SECRETARY OF STATE: I have the honor to transmit herewith, with office copy, an autographic letter' by which Mr. Michel Oreste

* Not printed.

informs the President of the United States of America of his election to the Presidency of the Republic of Haiti.

Requesting you to kindly forward this letter to its high destination I take [etc.]

SOLON MÉNOS.

File No. 838.001 Or 3.

The Secretary of State to the Minister of Haiti.

No. 18.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, June 6, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the 3d instant in which you inclose, with office copy, a letter addressed to the President by His Excellency the President of Haiti announcing his election to the Presidency of that Republic.

The letter has been placed in the hands of the President and his reply will shortly be forwarded through the American Minister at Port au Prince. Accept [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:

J. B. MOORE.

File No. 838.001 0i 3.

The Secretary of State to the American Minister.

No. 384.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, June 18, 1913. Sir: I inclose, with office copy, a letter addressed by the President to His Excellency Michel Oreste,' acknowledging His Excellency's letter of May 6 last in which he announced his election, on the 4th of the same month, to the Presidency of the Republic of Haiti and his entrance upon the duties of that office.

You will forward the copy to the Foreign Office and deliver the original in the manner most agreeable to His Excellency. I am [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:

J. B. MOORE.

ABROGATION OF THE RIGHT OF SYRIANS TO TRADE IN HAITI;

RIGHTS OF AMERICAN CITIZENS OF SYRIAN BIRTH.1

File No. 888.00/703.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

(Extract. ) No. 1188.]

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, February 25, 1913.

President Auguste affirms that a number of Syrians who were expelled from Haiti have gone to Kingston, Jamaica, and have joined with the Haitian exiles there and [are) contributing money to start a revolution against the present administration, it being promised the Syrians that if the revolution is successful they will be allowed to return here. I do not think it probable that the Syrians would contribute money to such a cause as with the persecution which the Syrians recently suffered here I do not see why they should seek to return. However, I would thank the Department to make inquiry from our representative at Kingston, Jamaica, as to the Syrians being allied with the Haitian exiles. The Legation from time to time is still kept quite busy protecting the Americans of Syrian origin who, in accord with the agreement with the Haitian Government, were granted licenses to continue in business in Haiti. I have [etc.]

SIR:

* Continued from For. Rel. 1912, p. 523 et seq.

H. W. FURNISS.

File No. 838.00/703.
The Secretary of State to the American Vice Consul at Kingston,

Jamaica.

No. 25.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, March 8, 1913. Sir: The Department incloses copy of a despatch from the Minister to Haiti in regard to political conditions in that country.

Reference is made to a statement of President Auguste that a number of Syrians who were expelled from Haiti, have gone to Kingston and have joined the Haitian exiles there and contributed money to start a revolution against the present administration. You will make an investigation and report in the matter. I am [etc.]

For Mr. Bryan:

WILBUR J. CARR.

File No. 838.111/117.

The Acting Secretary of State to the American Minister. No. 373.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, March 17, 1913. Sir: Referring to your No. 1188, of February 25 last, regarding the attitude of the Haitian Government towards persons of Syrian origin in Haiti, I inclose a copy of a letter' from Mr. McManus, general attorney for Swift and Company of Chicago, asking for information on the subject.

The Department has advised Mr. McManus that it has no precise information as to whether the Haitian Government is about to compel Syrians who are naturalized citizens of other countries to leave Haiti. It has informed him of some of the facts reported in your despatch above mentioned and that it has forwarded a copy of his letter to you with a request for a definite report on the matter.

The Department will be glad to receive your further report on the subject. I am [etc.]

HUNTINGTON WILSON.

1 Not printed.

File No. 838.111/119.

The American Minister to the Secretary of State.

No. 1199.]

AMERICAN LEGATION,

Port au Prince, March 25, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department that the Legation continues to have much difficulty in protecting United States citizens of Syrian origin.

In 1912, during the Leconte administration when the persecution of those of Syrian origin commenced under the guise of enforcing the Syrian Exclusion Act of 1903, I finally made an arrangement with the President and the Secretary of Foreign Relations whereby such United States citizens of Syrian origin who were naturalized prior to the going into effect of the law of 1903, and who were in business in Haiti prior to the time, would be considered as having a right under the law to remain in Haiti and engage in commercial affairs.

The Haitian Government already having granted licenses to do business for the year 1911–1912 to some of those who are under the protection of this Legation, I occupied myself with procuring licenses for such others as, in accord with the agreement entered into, had a right to licenses permitting them to do business.

I accordingly furnished the Secretary of Foreign Relations with a list of those without licenses, for each of whom I requested one. On this list I set forth the date of naturalization of each. There being one or two to whom final naturalization papers were issued in 1904, it was agreed that these would be accepted (excepted], for the reason that such persons must have filed their first papers at least two years prior, thereby showing that there was no attempt to evade the Exclusion Act of 1903.

The list as furnished was sent by the Haitian Government to its Minister at Washington with instructions to have it verified. Upon the request of the Haitian Minister the Department supplied the date of naturalization of the parties named and sent me a copy of the list handed to the Haitian Minister. The data of the Department's list, with one exception, corresponded with that given on the list which I had furnished the Haitian Government. Upon information furnished by the Legation the one exception noted was corrected by the Department and the Haitian Government issued the desired licenses. So much for the history of the affair.

It was expected that the matter, once agreed upon with the Haitian Government, would be settled for all time; but, instead, the Haitian Government has continued to harass and embarrass those to whom licenses were issued. A friend of mine, who is an intimate friend of the President and Secretary Léger, has repeatedly told me that it is the intention of the Haitian Government to harass those of Syrian origin who are still in Haiti until they of their own free will leave. My friend says that Secretary Léger assured him there would not be even an American of Syrian origin in Haiti within a year or two. It appears to me that my friend has correctly informed me as to the attitude of the Haitian Government towards those of Syrian origin, 140322o

-F R 1913 -37

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