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File No. 312.11/1073.
The American Ambassador to the Secretary of State.
[Telegram--Paraphrase.]

AMERICAN EMBASSY,
Mexico City, February 12, 1913noon..

by the firing or the occupation of their homes by troops. Their number will doubtless increase and other nationalities will probably seek the Embassy's protection. As the resultant sanitary conditions would become intolerable, I am distributing the majority among adjoining houses, keeping here only those for whom there are beds or sofas. I desire to be instructed whether I am authorized generally to supervise and care for these people.

Wilson. File No. 312.11/1073. The Secretary of State to the American Ambassador.

(Telegram--Parapbrase.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 12, 1913midnight. Your February 12, noon. You will advise, assist and generally supervise American citizens as far as possible and helpful. You are authorized, if necessary in succoring Americans lacking funds, to draw on the Secretary of State, within the limit. Draw in the first instance $10,000; take receipts for advances.

Secondarily, after consultation with your colleagues, take a similar course with regard to other foreigners as far as desired and appropriate.

Do all you can to persuade Americans and other foreigners to keep away from firing zone.

Knox.

File No. 312.11/1048.
The Secretary of State to the American Ambassador.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 15, 1913. Sir: The Department has received your despatch of the 18th of January transmitting two memoranda prepared in compliance with the Department's telegraphic instruction of the 11th of the same month, and has sent copies of your despatch and its enclosures to the President. I am [etc.]

P. C. Knox. NOTE.—There is apparently no further reference to these memoranda in the correspondence.

NOTE.—On February 21 the Department, instructing the Ambassador as to recognition of the Provisional Government, relates that matter to the present subject and to Claims. See pp. 728-729.

File No. 312.11/1354A.

The Secretary of State to American Consular Officers in Mexico.

[Telcgrams.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, April 23, 1913. Department's instructions of November 25, 1912. Prepare a sup plementary report, bringing up to date the general report made by you in compliance with those instructions.

BRYAX.

File No. 312.11/1478a.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, June 4, 1913 [SUMMARY.—Requests the names and locations of settlements and communities of American citizens other than those within the larger centers of population, including ranches and mining camps-such as might be styled American colonies--with approximate numbers of their population; and the number of American citizens and families living apart from settlements in comparative isolation. This report is to be supplementary to the reports made in compliance with the Department's instruction of November 25, 1912.]

BRYAX.

File No. 312.11/1887a.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, August 8, 1913. In order to bring down to date the information in the Department's possession you will prepare at once a supplement to your reply to the instruction of November 25, last, bringing information down to August 20, 1913, and mail as early as practicable after that date.

Revise in separate report reply to instruction of June 4, 1913, including cities and large centers of population. Add sketch or map showing geographical location of American citizens, their means of communication, whether by railroad or otherwise, and mail as early as praeticable after August 20. In latter case report shonld be made by cantons, and in both cases should cover entire district including that part under supervision of consular agents.

Keep in touch with Americans and have them notify you promptly should they leave your district.

BRYAN

File No. 312.11/1887b.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, August 9, 1913. Forward immediately report called for by Department's telegram of April 23, 1913.

BRYAN

File No. 312.11/1887a.

The Secretary of State to American Consular Officers in Mexico.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, August 16, 1913. GENTLEMEN: The Department confirms its telegram to you of August 8, 1913, directing that you submit a report supplementing the information now in the Department's possession, submitted by you in reply to the instruction of November 25, 1912, relative to American citizens and their property in your district. This information should be brought down to August 20, 1913.

You will also revise in a separate report the reply submitted by you to the Department's instruction of June 4, 1913, giving the names and locations of settlements and communities of Americans, and you should include in your report a statement of the number of Americans in cities and large centers of population. As requested in the telegram, you will add to this report a sketch or map showing the geographical location of American citizens and means of communication, whether by railroad or otherwise. In the latter (ase your report should be made by cantons, and in both cases should cover the entire district, including that part under the supervision of consular agents.

The Department desires to have in its possession complete information as to Americans in Mexico, and that this information be kept up to date in order that such Americans may receive, if necessary, such protection and assistance as it may be possible to give them.

You will accordingly submit a tabulated statement giving the number, names, location and condition of all Americans in your district on August 20, 1913.

You will also arrange to keep in touch with Americans in your district and to have them notify you promptly in the event that they shall leave your district, giving you the name, date, route to be traversed, and destination. This information should at once be forwarded to the Department upon the enclosed form. Similarly, you will notify the Department of the arrival of Americans in your district.

In order that the Department's information may be as complete as practicable, you should add to your report, giving the list of Ameri. cans in your district, such comments as may seem appropriate to you as to the manner in which various American citizens could be reached in case of necessity, and the approximate cost of transporting them to the United States if it should become necessary for them to leave Mexico. I am [etc.]

For the Secretary of State.

WILBUR J. CARR.

File No. 312.11/2120a.
The Secretary of State to American Consular Officers in Mexico.

[Telegram.---Parapbrase.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, August 27, 1913,-10 p. m. The President directs me to send you the following notice to Americans and warning to the authorities, in view of the possibility of increased activity of the contending factions in Mexico and therefore increase danger to noncombatants: . First. Earnestly urge all Americans within your Consular district to leave Mexico at once, informing them that the Government will assist them in every possible way, providing ships at the most accessible ports for those who are near to seaports. Those inland should make their way to the American border or to a seaport as soon as possible. All who need it will be given pecuniary assistance.

Second. Notify all civil or military officials exercising authority in any part of your Consular district that this Government will hold them strictly responsible for any harm done to Americans and for any injury done to American property by them or by those acting under them. In case a change in authority takes place, you will bring this notice to the attention of those who may assume authority.

You will convey to the authorities an intimation that any maltreatment of Americans is likely to raise the question of intervention,

Bryan.

File No. 312.11/3047a.

The Acting Secretary of State to the American consular officers in

Mexico.

(Telegram.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, December 26, 19136 p. m. Prepare and transmit continuation to January 1, 1914, of report called for in first paragraph of instruction of August Sth last.

J. B. MOORE.

PROTECTION BY THE UNITED STATES OF SPANISH FRENCH,

GERMAN, CHINESE AND JAPANESE SUBJECTS IN MEXICO.

GENERAL POLICY.

File No. 812.00/6102.

The American Ambussador to the Secretary of State.

[Telegram-Paraphrase.]

ANERICAN EMBASSY, .: i n

Mexico, February 12, 1913. The district in which foreign colonists reside is now in the direct line of dangerous firing. The houses of many Americans have been seized and occupied by Federal forces as firing stations. I have protested in most vigorous terins directly to the President against this barbarous warfare in the heart of the city, and also against the apparently malicious attack on the American Consulate-General.

I have instructed consuls at ports where there are United States war vessels to extend protection to German subjects.

Wilson.

File No. 812.00/6102.

The Secretary of State to the American Ambassador.

(Telegram- Paraphrase.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 13, 1913. Last paragraph of your February 12. Protection should be given, whenever feasible, to all foreigners and not be confined to those of one nationality. You will so modify your instructions to consuls at ports where there are United States war vessels.

Kxox.

File No. 312.11/1123a.

I he Secretary of Stute to the Secretary of the Nary.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, February 19, 1913. Sir: With reference to the recent despatch to Mexican waters of various naval vessels which are under orders to observe and to report upon the situation, with particular reference to the protection of foreigners and foreign interests, I have the honor to say that this Department, in replying to the inquiries of various foreign missions at this capital as to whether protection would be extended to their nationals, has stated that after Americans and American interests have been provided for such assistance and protection would be extended to other foreigners and foreign interests as might be possible under the circumstances.

It seemed a matter of course that such a reply should be made, but since the Department has been unofficially informed by your Department that there is no specific rule among the Navy Regulations governing this matter. I have the honor to say that the Department would be glad to have the commanders of the various vessels in Mexican water's instructed to afford, after Americans and American interests have been adequately provided for, such assistance and protection to foreigners and foreign interests as may be possible under the circumstances. I have [etc.]

P. C. Kxox.

File No. 312.11/1142.

The Secretary of the Vary to the Secretary of State.

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY,

Washington, February 18, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of letter dated February 17th, 1913, from the Department of State, requesting that the commanding officers of naval vessels in Mexican waters be instructed to afford, after Americans and American interests have been

140322° -- R 1913 57

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