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File No. 151.07/11.

The Secretary of State to the American Vice Consul at Nogales. No. 286.]


Washington, July 3, 1913. Sir: The Department acknowledges the receipt of your despatch No. 244, of June 19th, stating that a large number of Chinese in the vicinity of Cananea have appealed to the American Consular Agent at that place for permission to go with their wives and families across the international boundary to Naco, Arizona, should a situation arise at Cananea endangering their lives, and setting forth the fact that conditions now obtaining in northern Sonora are unfavorable to them.

In reply you are informed that heretofore the United States immi. gration officials along the Mexican border have permitted Chinese to seek refuge in United States territory when their lives have been actually endangered on the Mexican side of the line. They will doubtless in future accord the same permission whenever it becomes necessary to do so.

You should, however, when the case arises, in order that the Department of Labor, which is now charged with the enforcement of the immigration laws and regulations, may have all necessary information in its possession, transmit to this Department by telegraph full particulars regarding the number of Chinese men, women and children, their occupations in Mexico, and the exact place in Arizona in which they seek refuge, so that the immigration officials along the border may be appropriately instructed by the Department of Labor. I am [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:


File No. 812.00/8021.

The Acting Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary of State.



Washington, July 10, 1913. SIR: I have the honor to forward herewith for the information of the Department of State copy of a telegram dated the 9th instant received from the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, at Guaymas, Mexico, reporting on conditions in that vicinity. Sincerely yours,




Guaymas, Mexico, July 9, 1913. Defense Guaymas continues to be strengthened. Americans still on Glacier. Six hundred Chinese under protection Pittsburg in camp'on small island in outer harbor.


1 Not printed.

File No. 312.93/37.

The Acting Secretary of State to the American Consul at Ciudad




Washington, July 14, 1913. The Red Cross has been appealed to by the Chinese Legation for assistance in relieving 150 Chinese at Pearson, Chihuahua. You will investigate their condition and report by telegraph necessities for food and shelter and how food can be obtained and best manner of affording immediate relief. Send runner if necessary.


NOTE.-Owing to absence of the Consul and to an error in place of delivery, the above telegram was greatly delayed and was finally received by mail.

File No. 312.93/42.

The American Consul at Ciudad Juárez to the Secretary of State.

[Telegram. )

El Paso, August 6, 1913. Your July 17. From Chinese recently at Pearson and Casas Grandes it is learned that about 130 Chinese reside in those towns, and constantly receive severe and cruel treatment from the various factions of the revolution, from bandits and even from local inhabitants. To send these people financial aid at their present abodes would be quite ineffective. I would suggest a contribution to bring to Ciudad Juárez as many as would accept, and a small allowance for subsistence here; say $10 or $12 for transportation and 50 cents daily for subsistence.


NOTE.—The foregoing was referred to the Red Cross, but apparently no further correspondence on the subject is of record.

File No. 312.93/48.

The American Chargé d'Affaires at Peking to the Secretary of


No. 1002.]


Peking, September 10, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to enclose copy in translation of a note dated the 9th instant from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, informing the Legation that the Chinese Chargé d'Affaires at Washington has been instructed to express the appreciation of the Chinese Government for the protection afforded by the American consular representatives in Mexico to Chinese residents. I have [etc.]


The Chincse Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the American Chargé d'Affaires.


[Translation. )

September 9, 1913. Su: This Ministry has received from Mr. Chang, Chinese Chargé d'Affaires in the United States, a telegram to the following effect:

Since the beginning of the Mexican disturbances the American Government has issued repented instructions to American consuls in Mexico to afford protection to Chinese resi. dents of the country ; also, when seventy odd refugees fled to El Paso they were provided temporarily with sustenance. When the disturbance of the vegetable gardens' curred for the second time, over thirty Chinese found refuge and were protected in the American Consulate.

When I, the Vice Minister, received this information I was profoundly moved by both joy and gratitude. I have telegraphed Chargé d'Affaires Chang to present the thanks of this Government to the American Government, and I houve the honor to address to you, sir, this special letter of thanks. With compliments.

[Seal of the Minister for Foreign Affairs.)

File No. 312.93/13.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Chinese Chargé d'Affaires.


Washington, September 19, 1913. MY DEAR MR. CHARGÉ D'AFFAIRES: The Department is in receipt of a telegram dated the 18th instant from the American Consul at Durango, Mexico, which I have the honor to quote for your information:

Kindly ascertain at Chinese Legation what arrangements, if any, have been made for Chinese subjects to leave Mexico. Several hundred in this district without consular representative and very much alarmed. Many cases of actual suffering.

The Department will be happy to transmit to the Consul such reply as you may desire to make. I am [etc.]


File No. 312.93/45,

The Chinese Chargé d'Affaires to the Secretary of State.


Washington, September 23, 1913. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY:I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your note of September 19th informing me [etc.] the substance of which I telegraphed to my Government for its information, and in reply thereto I have been directed to ask the Department to instruct the American Consul at Durango to render such assistance as may be necessary to those Chinese who are destitute and needing help, and that the Legation will be glad to reimburse the Department for such expense as may be incurred. I beg [etc.]


NOTE.—The Consul was instructed as above requested, on September 26.

File No. 312.93/47.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of Labor.


Washington, October 6, 1913. Sir: I have the honor to inform you that this Department is in receipt of a communication from the Chinese Legation in this city in which it is requested that transportation be furnished for thirtynine Chinese, who are now at Ojinaga, to Ciudad Juárez.

On account of the uncertain railroad facilities across Mexican territory from Ojinaga to Ciudad Juárez, this Department believes it is advisable for these refugees to be sent via Presidio, Alpine and El Paso, Texas. The Chinese Legation agrees to pay whatever expenses are incurred. It is very likely that you will find it necessary to have some agent of the Immigration Bureau go to Ojinaga and look after the transportation of these Chinese. This Department will be glad for you to give this request of the Chinese Legation prompt attention. I have [etc.]


File No. 312.93/49.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Chinese Chargé d'Affaires.


Washington, October 11, 1913. MY DEAR MR. CHANG: Referring to the Department's note of October 6, 1913, relative to the request of your Legation that transportation be furnished at the expense of your Government for thirty-nine Chinese citizens from Ojinaga to Ciudad Juárez, I beg to inform you that the Department is now in receipt of a letter dated October 7 from the Secretary of Labor from which it appears that thirty-fiye instead of thirty-nine Chinese reached El Paso on October 5 and immediately proceeded to Ciudad Juárez. It appears that the Chinese in question paid their own expenses. I am [etc.]


File No. 312.93/51.

The Acting American Consular Agent at Guaymas to the Secretary

of State.


San Diego, (received October 14, 1913.) President local Chinese colony has wired Chinese Minister at Washington asking protection against commercial discrimination against Chinese here and have asked that I be authorized to represent them in the matter.

W. J. Phillips.

File No. 312.93/51.

The Secretary of State to the American Consular Agent at Guaymas.



Washington, October 14, 1913. Yours relative to commercial discrimination against Chinese. You wili at once take this up with appropriate authorities and urgently protest against these discriminations. Insist that erery legal and reasonable protection to which they are entitled be afforded them.


File No. 312.93/32.

The American Consul General at Alonterey to the Secretary of State.



Monterey, October 28, 1913. Please inform Chinese Minister that thirty-five Chinese are without clothing or food, one wounded as result of late battle. I am supplying them food. The leading one says that 2000 pesos are needed to help clothe and feed them.


File No. 312.93/53.

The Secretary of State to the American Consul General at Monterey.



Washington, November 3, 1913. Chinese Legation here requests that you give such assistance as may be necessary to destitute Chinese. Please comply, keeping separate account of such expenditures in order that a bill may be submitted to Chinese Legation for reimbursement.


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