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1913.
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox Jan. 30 Same subject. Reports reasons of French Govern-
(telegram).

ment for its position.
Mr. Laughlin to Mr. Knox.. Jan. 31 Same subject. Incloses British memorandum de-

sirin the opinion of this Government as to agree-
ing to propised conditions to govern future indus-

trial loans.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. Same subject. Reports the personnel of the Chinese
(telegram).

appointments of advisory orlicers for the loan, and
positions of the various Ministers in regard to n3-

tionality of advisers. Requests instruction.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun ...do.... Same subject. Approves the Minister's position as
(telegram).

to advisers, and instructs to postpone this matter

ir it will delay the advance of funds.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Cullom... Feb. 4 Political Affairs. Incloses a meinorandum on the

recognition of the Republican Government of

China.
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Knox.... Feb. 5 Loan negotiations. States the British position re-

garding advisers and request the American

opinion thereon.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Bryce.... Feb. 5 Same subject. Reply to the foregoing.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. 9 Samesubject. Reports further astothe status of the
(telegram.)

negotiations, which remain unchanged.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick -..do.... Same subject. Instruction to learn the French posi-
(telegram).

tion as to advisers.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun Feb. 10 Same subject. Replies to Mr. Calhoun's Feb. 9;
(telegram).

advises him of correspondence with British Gov-
ernment: instructs him to refer to Department's

Jan. 27 and to use his discretion.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Herrick ...do.... Same subject. Instruction to communicate to
(identic telegram).

French Government the accompanying aide
mémoire suggesting a compromise solution of the
question of advisers. Instruction to repeat this

telegram to other embassies concerned.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Requests instruction in regard to
(telegram).

advisers, in view of fresh suggestions by other

ministers.
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Reports French attitude as to ad-
(telegram).

visers.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox Feb. 11 Same subject. Reports German attitude as to ad-
(telegram).

visers.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox ..do.... Same subject. Reports further interviews with
(telegram).

other ministers.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox Feb. 12 Same subject. Replies to Department's Feb. 10;
(telegram).

the German Government prefers to accept the
original Chinese proposal; discusses the political

situation, and gives his own views.
Mr. Laughlin to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Replies to Department's Feb. 10.
(telegram).

The British Government inclined to agree with

Department's suggestion as to advisers.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Replies to Department's Feb, 10.
(telegram).

The German Government agrees to Department's

suggestion.
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Knox... Feb. 14 Same subject. Refers to Department's Feb. 10 and

incloses aide mémoire from French Foreign Office

proposing six advisers.
Mr. Guild to Mr. Knox ...do.... Same subject. Replies to Department's Feb. 10,
(telegram).

giving Russia's answer to Department's proposal
Requests instruction as to the six-advisers pro-

posal.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Guild Feb. 17 Same subject. Instruction not to raise the question
(telegram).

referred to in his Feb. 15.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Leishman ...do.... Same subject. Instructs him to inform the German
(telegram).

Government that having found no support for its
proposal, this Government will approve the one
already accepted by the other powers, which the

Chinese are willing to accept.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox ...do... Same subject. Advises assent to the proposal of the
(telegram).

other powers. Requests instructions.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun ...do.... Same subject. Instructs him to assent to the pro-
(telegram).

posal of the majority.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Confalo- Feb. 18 Same subject. Memorandum relating to proposed
nieri.

appointment of an Italian adviser.
Mr. Bakhméteil to Mr. Feb. 19 Same subject. Two memoranda relating to advisers,
Knox.

requesting the opinion of this Government and
insisting on the inclusion of a Russian representa-

tive,
Mr. Knox to Mr. Calhoun Feb. 20 Same subject. The American group is contemplat-
(telegram).

ing withdrawal from the negotiations unless the

contract is signed without further delay.
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Knox Feb. 21 Same subject. Reports there is no hope of an early
(telegram).

signature to the agreement; the negotiations are controlled by Europeau politica.

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1913. Mr. Knox to Mr. Laughlin Feb. 23 Same subject. Request to ascertain the views of the (tele rara).

British Foreign Onlice. Mr. Knox to Mr. Leishman ...do.... Same subject. Requests him to ascertain the views (telegram).

of the German Foreign Office. Mr. laughlin to Mr. Knox Feb. 24 Same subject. The British Foreign Officererard the (telegram).

signature of the agreement as likely to be indeti

nitely postponed. Ur. Leishman to Mr. Knok Feb. 25 Same sulject. The German Foreign Onice takes a

pessimistic view of the situation.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Knox.. ...do .... Same subject. Currency loan. Incloses a letter

from the American group's London agents accom.
panving a memorandum of a meeting of represen-
tatives of the four groups with Dr. Vissering on

Jan. 11, 1913.
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Hilles... ...do.... Political Affairs. Letter setting forth the views of

the Department on the recognition of the Repub

lic of China. Mr. Knox to Mr. Bakhme. Feb. 26 Loan negotiations. Aide mémoire in reply to the

two memoranda of Feb. 19, reserving opinion for

the present. Mr. Knox to Mr. Williams. Feb. 27 Same subject. Instruction to maintain the Depart.

ment's frequently announced position and to make

such suggestions as occur to him.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Knox Feb. 28 Same subject. The British Minister believes that
(telegram).

his Government will not wait much longer but
will cooperate with such groups as desire to par-
ticipate. Asks instructions as to whether to agree

to German proposals.
Mr. Knox to Mr. Williams ...do.... Same subject. Instruction to agree to appointment
(telegram).

of German adviser. Mr. Chang Yin Tang to Mr. Mar. 4 Political atliairs. Transmits a congratulatory mes

sage from the President of the Republic of China

to the President.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Bryan.. Mar. 5 Loan negotiations. Request of the American group

of bankers to be informed of the wishes of this
Government in regard to the future conduct of the

Joan negotiations,
Mr. Herrick to Mr. Bryan

Mar. 8 Same subject. States his belief that the loan should (telegram).

be concluded forth with or the six-power group

leaving China to borrow where she will. Mr. Bryan to Mr. Chang ...do.... Political aftairs. Transmits the reply of the Presi

dent to President Yuan Shih Kai. 772 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 11 Same subject. Report on current political situation.

Mar. 17 Loan negotiations. Incloses a letter dated Mar. 11

from the Minister of Finance informing this Gov.
ernment that the Chinese Government deplores
the futility of the loan negotiations, so long drawn
out, states the dilemma of China, and declares that
its Government can not any longer be held re-

sponsible in regard to the consortium.
Mar. 18 Political alĩairs. Continuation of report of Mar. 11.
..do.... Same subject. Observations on recognition of the

Republic by the United States.
Mr. Adee to certain Ameri- Mar. 19 Loan negotiations. The Acting Secretary of State
can diplomatic officers

transmits to Paris. London, Berlin, Si. Peters-
burg, Tokyo and Peking, the statement of the
President issued to the press on Mar, 18, to the
effect that: “The conditions of the loan seem to us
to touch very nearly the administrativo inde-
pendence of China itsell, and this administration
does not feel thatitought, even by implication, to
be a party to those conditions, ... The responsi-
bility on the part of our Government implied in the
encouragement of a loan thus secured and admin-
istered is plain enough and is obnoxious to the

principles upon which the Government of our Mr.Straight to Mr. Bryan....... do.... same subject. Incloses notice sent by the Ameri

ican group to its Peking representatives notifying
them of the group's intention to withdraw from
the four-group and the six-group agreements; also

calls attention to the need for adjusting the terms Mr. Chinda to Mr. Bryan.. Mar. 24

of repayment of advances already made.
Same subject. The Japanese Ambassador refers to

the President's statement to the press of the policy
of this Government and asks for a further exposi-

tion of it for his own information, including the 792 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. Mar. 25

question of recognition of the Republic.
Same subject. Refers to the President's statement

of policy in the telegram of Mar, 19; "on the whole the Chinese are greatly pleased by the action of the American Government."

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Yin Tang.

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1913. Mr. Adee to Mr. Wilson..... Mar. 25 Same subjent. The Chinese Minister called formally

to express the thinks of the people of China for the

just and magnanimous attitude of the President. Jr. Lou Tseng Tsiang to ...do.... Pólitical affairs. Expresses China's desire for recog. Mr. Bryan (telegram).

nition of the Republic by the l'nited States.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Tumulty... Mar. 27 Sume subject. Incloses for the President a memo

randum of a conversation with the Secretary of the
Brazilian Embassy in relation to the recognition

of the Republic.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Williams Mar. 28 Same subject. Instruction to say to Mr. Lou that
(telegram).

this Government is carefully considering the ques.

tion of recognizing the Republic. Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan....do.... Same subject. Recommends immediate recogni(telegrain).

tion of the Republic.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Bryan.... ..do.... Same subject. Memorandum on recognition of the

Republic of Cluna.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Straight.. .do.... Loan negotiations. Reply to his Mar. 19. The

President thinks it would be unfair to demand of
China immediate payment of the advances made
and suggests the propriety of assenting to China's

request for six months' extension.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Bryan.. Mar. 31 Same subject. Refers to the Department's Mar. 28;

the American group, in deference to the President's
wishes, is willing to assent to six months'extension,
but does not feel to act independently of their
former colleagues; calls the department's attention

to certain features of the extension terms. Same to same...

Mar. 31 Same subject. Student loans. Refers to his letter of

Mar. 19, and adds a request that the department
consider the matter of repayment of the two stu-

dent loans.
Mr. Bryce to Mr. Bryan..... ...do.... Political atřairs. The British Government feels the

necessity of concerted action in regard to the ques

tion of rocognizing the Republic.
Mr. Miller to Mr. Bryan..... .do.... Same subject. Memorandum by the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs of the department relating to an
interview with the German Ambassador regarding

concerted action as to recognition of the Republic. Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan Apr. 1 Same subject. Reports assassination of Sung Chiao

jen and the political bearings thereof. Attitude of
the diplomatic corps as to disposition of refugees

at the international settlemeni.
Mr. Bryan to certain am- ...do.... Loan negotiations. A formal statement to the dip-
bassadors at Washington.

lomatic representatives of the powers concerned
in the six-power consortium of the action taken by
this Government in pursuance of its publicly an-
nounced policy in regard to Chinese loans; in-
closes copy of that announcement and quotes the
instructions of the American group of bankers to

their Peking representatives.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Bryan.. Apr. 2 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with the

American group's representatives.
Mr. Bryan to the Diplo -..do.... Political affairs. Circular aide mémoire announcing
matic Corps.

the intention of the President to recognize the
Government of China on Apr. 8, on the meeting of
the Constituent Assembly, and inviting the co

operation of the powers.
Same subject. Editor's note on recognition of the

Republic by Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Cuba.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Straight.. Apr. 3 Same subject. Student loans. Ach nowledges his

Mar. 31; the department will give the matter due

consideration. Viscount Chinda to Mr. Apr. 4 Political affairs. The Japanese Government gives Bryan.

its reasons for not cooperating in recognizing the

Republic at present.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Williams Apr. 6 Same subject. Instructions regarding recognition
(telegram).

of the Republic.
Same subject. Editor's note on attitudes of Great

Britain, Denmark, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and

France in regard to recognition of the Republic. Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan Apr. 10 Same subject. Quotes the Declaration to the World (telegram).

of the National Assembly of China.
Same subject. Editor's note on the attitude of the

Netherlands toxard recognition of the Republic.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan Apr. 11 Same subject. Reports on the opening of the Na-

tional Assembly.
Same subject. Editor's note on the attitude of

Spain toward recognition of the Republic.
Mr. Dumba to Mr. Bryan..

Same subject. Aide mémoire transmitting the pur

port of a circular telegram of the Japanese Govern. ment regarding recognition of the Republic, and requesting the opinion of this Government thereon.

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1913.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Bryan Apr. 12 Loan negotiations. Curr ncy loan. Incloses re-

quest of the Chinese Minister relative to sale of
bonis; reply statin; the position of the American
group in respect to the currency loin in view of its
withdrawal from Chinese loans in ren ral: the
froup will not request an extension of the option
but will consider a request for extension of pay.

ment on advance. Same to same..

Apr. 15 Sama subject. Curri ncy loan. States teris pro

posed by the four groups for extension of repay.

ment of £400,000 advance 814 ur, Williams to Mr. Knox. Apr. 17 Claims of American citizens against Chini. In

closes report of the claims commission. Message of the President... Apr. 21 Opium conferince.

Transmits to Congress a report from the Secretary of State regar ling the statuis of the International Opium Convention and requesting the appropriation of $20,000 for the expensas of participation in the Second International Opium

Conferince in July. Mr. Bryan to Mr. Wilson...

Samo subject. The report mention d above...., Mr. Bryan to Mr. Dumba.. Apr. 26 Political atlairs. Reply to the Austro-Hungarian

aide mémoire (undated).
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan Apr. 27 Loin n.gotiations. The quintuple group signed on
(telegrain).

this day a loan for reorganization purpos?s. Cer-
tain Senators claim the Assembly's approval is

necessary and threaten to boycott the banks. Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan May 2 Samne subject. Reports delivery to President Yuan (telegram).

of the President's message of recognition of the

Government of China.
Mr. Yuan Shih Kai to Mr. ...do..... Same subject. Message of thanks for recognition of
Wilson.

the Republic.
841 Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. May 6 Same subject. Reports the ceremonies attending

the delivery to President Yuan of the message of
recognition by the Cnited States of the Republic

of China. 815 Same to same.......

Loan negotiations. Supplements his telegram of
Apr. 27 with a description of the quintuple groups'

loan.
Same to same (telegram)... May 9 Political affairs. Transmits messages of apprecia-

tion of the recognition of the Republic. Mr. Chang Yin Tang to Mr. May 12 Same subject. Transmits a vote of thanks of each Eryan.

House of the National Assembly for the recogni.

tion of the Republic. 820 Same to same.

May 13 Same subject. Incloses notes from the foreign office

and his replies thereto relating to resolutions of the
National Assembly thanking the United States

for recognition of the Republic. Same to same.

May 16 Same subject. Reports on the insurrectionary activi

ties of Dr. Sun Yat Sen et al., and incloses Dr. Sun's

manifesto.
Mr. Straight to Mr. Bryan June 5 Same subject. Student loan. Refers to his letter of

Mar. 31 and incloses letter from Intern'l Banking
Corp'n regarding relation of indemnity payments

and reorganization loan to the student loans. Same to same......

June 6 Same subject. Currency loan. Incloses correspond

ence relating to repayment of advances from pro

ceeds of the reorganization loan.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Williams June 11 Claims of American citizens against China. Ap-
(telegram)

proves the report of the Claims Commission and
instructs him to proceed with the classification of

American claims.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. July 11 Loan negotiations. Requests instructions as to the

attitude to be taken by the legation toward finan-
cial transactions between American capitalists
and the Chinese Government. Gives a long ac-
count of various loan and projected loansand states
the legation's problems in connection with some

of them.
Same to same (telegram)... July 19 Political affairs. Shanghai has declared independ-

ence. Mr. Fowler to Mr. Bryan July 20 Same subject. Fukien has declared independence..

(telerram). Mr. Cheshire to Mr. Bryan ...do.... Same subject. Kwang Tung has declared inde. (telecam).

pendence. Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. July 22 Same subject. Transmits a memorandum of the

Wai Chiao Pu regarding the disturbances in the

South.
Same to same (telegram)... July 24 Same subject. Reports attitude of the diplomatic

corps toward China's request for permit to search foreign vessels, and kindred matters.

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1913.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. July 26 Same subject. Reports attitude of diplomatic and

consular corps toward harboring of insurrection

ary refugees and kindred matters.
Mr. Bryan to Vr. Williams July 28 Same subject. Mr. Williams's views as to noninter-
(telegram).

ference approved.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. July 29 Same subject. Report on the political and military

situation.
Same to same..

Aug. 8 Same subject. Reports the success of the Govern

ment in dealing with the insurrection.
Message of the President... Aug. 9 Opium conference. Transmits to Congress a com-

munication dated Aug: 7, 1913, from the Secretary
of State accompanied by a report dated July 31,
1913, from the American delegates to the Second
International Opium Conference. This report
briefly reviews the anti-opium movement from
1906. outlines the progress made after the signing
of the Opium Convention on Jan. 23, 1912, gives the
reasons for calling the second conference, and
presents at length the proceedings of the conference,
showing that thirty-six powers have signed the
convention, nine signatures still lacking. AP-
pended to the report are reprints of three articles
from the American Journal of International Law

on the history of the antiopium movement.
Same subject. * Editor's note on the signing of the

Opium Convention by various Governments.
Same to same.

Aug. 13 Claims of American citizens against China. Incloses

copy of a memorandum to the Foreign Office trans

mitting a tentative list of American claims. Same to same...

Aug. 22

Political atřairs. Reports further successes of the

Gorernment in suppressing the insurrection.
Same to same.

.do. Same subject. Observations on the insurrection...
Mr. Guthrie to Mr. Bryan.. Aug. 25 Same subject. Reports asylum given in Japan to

Chinese political refugees, Dr. Sun, et al.
Mr. Fiedler to Mr. Heintz- Aug. 27 Loan negotiations. Student loan. Informs the De-
leinan.

partment that the American group has been fully
reiinbursed by China for the two student loans

(Chinghna College).
Same subject. Student loans. Editor's notes on

the Carnegie loan.
Same subject. Editor's note on miscellaneous

loans.
Mr. Loudon to Mr. Bryan . Aug. 31 Claims of American citizens against China. Asks

whether the United States has reached a decision
concerning a claim for the repayment of the cost of
military measures taken by the United States dur-

ing the rebellion in China.
Mr. Bryan to Mr. Williams. Sept. 11 Loan negotiations. Replies to Mr. Williams's July

11, and gives him general instructions on the suli

ject.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 12 Political affairs. Report on the political situation;

demands of Japan for killing of Japanese suljects.
Mr. Moore to Mr. Bryan.... Sept. 18 Claims of American citizens against China. Where

governments send their mulitary forces to forein
countries in case of domestic disturbances it is not
customary to make the expense a charge againsi

the foreign country,
Mr. Osborne to Mr. Wil- Sept. 18 Same subject. The United States will not present
liams (telegram).

a claim for the expenses incurred for the mainte

nance of troops in China during the rebellion.
Mr. Idee to Mr. Schmolck.. Sept. 20 Sare subject and tenor.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan. Sept. 25 Loan negotiations. Submits his observations on the

financial and political conditions in China. Same to same.

Oct. 3 Claims of American citizens against China. Re

ports that he has detailed Mr. Peck as the Ameri

can representative on the claims commission. Mr. Chang Kang Jen to Mr. Oct. 6 Political affairs, innounces the election of Yuan Bryan.

Shin Kai as President of the Republic of Chini. Same to same.

Oct. 8 Same subject. Announces the election of Gen ne li

Yuen Hung as Vice President of the Republic of

Chius.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan.'...do.... Same subject. Incioses note from Foreign Office on-

nouncing recognition of the Republic by various

poters
Mr. Stovall to Mr. Bryan.. do... Samne subject. Announces recognition of the Re-
(telegram).

public by the Swiss Government.
Mr. Wilson to Mr. Yuan Oct. 9 Same subject. Congratulates the President of China
(telecrim).

on his inuguration.
Mr. Williams to Mr. Bryan....do.... Same subject. Transmits note announcing election

of Li Yilan Hung as Vice President of Cuin..
Oct. 10 Inaugural address of the President, Yuan Shih K'ai.

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