Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe
This edited volume arose from an international workshop convened in 2006 by Feldman and Turda with Tudor Georgescu, supported by Routledge, and the universities of Oxford, Brookes, Northampton and CEU (Budapest). As the field of fascist studies continues to integrate more fully into pan-European studies of the twentieth century, and given the increasing importance of secular ‘political religion’ as a taxonomic tool for understanding such revolutionary movements, this collection of essays considers the intersection between institutional Christian faiths, theology and congregations on the one hand, and fascist ideology on the other.
In light of recent debates concerning the intersecting secularisation of religion and (usually Christian-based) the sacralisation of politics, "Clerical Fascism" in Interwar Europe approaches such conundrums from an alternative perspective: How, in Europe between the wars, did Christian clergy, laity and institutions respond to the rise of national fascist movements? In doing so, this volume provides case studies from the vast majority of European countries with analyses that are both original in intent and comprehensive in scope. In dealing with the relationship of various interwar fascist movements and their respective national religious institutions, this edited collection promises to significantly contribute to relevant academic historiographies; and as such, will appeal to a wide readership.
This book was previously published as a special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions.
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Preface and Acknowledgements ix 'Clerical Fascism' in Interwar Europe: an
Introduction Matthew Feldman and Marius Turda xi 1 The 'Holy Storm': 'Clerical
Fascism' through the Lens of Modernism Roger Griffin 1 Orthodox/Greek-
'Clerical. Fascism'. in. Interwar. Europe: An. Introduction. MATTHEW FELDMAN
and MARIUS TURDA In 1934 Frederick L. Schuman, financed by an American
Academy of Political and Social Sciences fellowship, set about conducting an ...
In particular, contributors were asked to consider the following questions: To what
does 'clerical fascism' refer – the clergy, laity or both? What is the relationship
between 'clerical fascism' and concepts like 'generic fascism', 'political religions' ...
'Clerical. Fascism'. through. the. Lens. of. Modernism1. ROGER GRIFFIN
Revaluing a Debased Concept It is nearly 30 years since, wielding the Occham
principle more like a machete than a razor, the American historian Gilbert
Allardyce set ...
All of these, to varying degrees, exemplified 'clerical fascism', that is to say, '
fascist regimes in which clergy played a leading role'.10 The inference must be
drawn that, for Fraser, an entire fascist regime becomes 'clerical' if elements of