Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe
This edited volume arose from an international workshop convened in 2006 by Feldman and Turda with Tudor Georgescu, supported by Routledge, and the universities of Oxford, Brookes, Northampton and CEU (Budapest). As the field of fascist studies continues to integrate more fully into pan-European studies of the twentieth century, and given the increasing importance of secular ‘political religion’ as a taxonomic tool for understanding such revolutionary movements, this collection of essays considers the intersection between institutional Christian faiths, theology and congregations on the one hand, and fascist ideology on the other.
In light of recent debates concerning the intersecting secularisation of religion and (usually Christian-based) the sacralisation of politics, "Clerical Fascism" in Interwar Europe approaches such conundrums from an alternative perspective: How, in Europe between the wars, did Christian clergy, laity and institutions respond to the rise of national fascist movements? In doing so, this volume provides case studies from the vast majority of European countries with analyses that are both original in intent and comprehensive in scope. In dealing with the relationship of various interwar fascist movements and their respective national religious institutions, this edited collection promises to significantly contribute to relevant academic historiographies; and as such, will appeal to a wide readership.
This book was previously published as a special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions.
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What is the relationship between 'clerical fascism' and concepts like 'generic
fascism', 'political religions' and 'religious politics'? How do historical processes
like modernisation and secularisation bear upon 'clerical fascism'? What was the
In similar vein, the Swedish case study next explored by Lena Berggren, entitled “
Completing the Lutheran Reformation: Ultra-nationalism, Christianity and the
Possibility of 'Clerical Fascism' in Interwar Sweden”, investigates the relationship
relationship to the question of national identity in the 1930s, “Enacting
Encyclicals? Cultural Politics and 'Clerical Fascism' in Austria, 1933-8”,
Catholicism and religious belief were not subordinated to ethnic rituals and myths
in Austria like ...
... it thus originally designated some sort of entente between two discrete, and –
given the staunch anti-clericalism of many squadristi at the time – conflicting,
ideological causes, a relationship not of synthesis (pace Laqueur) but of
The second relationship that can occur between fascism and the clergy has
already been touched on earlier. It arises when a form of fascism, or a significant
faction or constituency within it, deliberately incorporates selected elements of