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nually at the seat of government at such times as may be provided by law.

WHO ELIGIBLE AS JUSTICE.

Sec. 8. No person shall be eligible to the office of justice of the supreme court unless he be learned in the law, have been in actual practice at least nine (9) years, or whose service on the bench of any court of record, when added to the time he may have practiced law, shall be equal to nine (9) years, be at least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, nor unless he shall have resided in this state or territory at least three years.

CLERK OF SUPREME COURT-APPOINTED.

Sec. 9. There shall be a clerk of the supreme court who shall be appointed by the justices of said court and shall hold his office during their pleasure, and whose duties and emoluments shall be as provided by law.

DISTRICT COURTS-JURISDICTION OF.

Sec. 10. The district court shall have original jurisdiction of all causes at law and in equity and in all criminal cases, of all matters of probate and insolvency and of such special cases and proceedings as are not otherwise provided for. The district court shall also have original jurisdiction in all cases and of all proceedings in which jurisdiction shall not have been by law vested exclusively in some other court; and said court shall have the power of naturalization and to issue papers therefor. They shall have such appellate jurisdiction in cases arising in justices' and other inferior courts in their respective counties as may be prescribed by law. Said courts and their judges shall have power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warranto, review, certiorari, prohibition, injunction and writs of habeas corpus, on petition by or on behalf of any person in actual custody in their respective districts.

State ex rel Bennett vs. Barber, 4 Wyo. 61.

JUDGES HOLD COURTS WHEN.

Ex parte Bergman, 3 Wyo. 396.

Sec. 11. The judges of the district courts may hold courts for each other and shall do so when required by law.

In re Fourth Judicial District, 4 Wyo. 149.

WHO ELIGIBLE AS JUDGE.

Sec. 12. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge of the district court unless he be learned in the law, be at least twenty-eight years of age, and a citizen of the United States, nor unless he shall have resided in the state or territory of Wyoming at least two years next preceding his election.

CLERKS OF DISTRICT COURTS.

Sec. 13. There shall be a clerk of the district court in each organized county in which a court is holden who shall be elected, or, in case of vacancy, appointed in such manner and with such duties and compensation as may be prescribed by law.

COURT COMMISSIONERS.

Sec. 14. The legislature shall provide by law for the appointment by the several district courts of one or more district court commissioners (who shall be persons learned in the law) in each organized county in which a district court is holden, such commissioners shall have authority

to perform such chamber business in the absence of the district judge from the county or upon his written statement filed with the papers, that it is improper for him to act, as may be prescribed by law, to take depositions and perform such other duties, and receive such compensation as shall be prescribed by law.

PROCESS-STYLE OF.

Sec. 15. The style of all process shall be "The State of Wyoming." All prosecutions shall be carried on in the name and by the authority of the State of Wyoming, and conclude "against the peace and dignity of the State of Wyoming."

Ex parte Bergman, 3 Wyo. 396.

JUDGES' DUTIES, ONLY JUDICIAL.

Sec. 16. No duties shall be imposed by law upon the supreme court or any of the judges thereof, except such as are judicial, nor shall any of the judges thereof exercise any power of appointment except as herein provided.

State ex rel Bennett vs. Barber, 4 Wyo. 67.

SALARY OF JUSTICES AND JUDGES.

Sec. 17. The judges of the supreme and district courts shall receive such compensation for their services as may be prescribed by law, which compensation shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which a judge shall have been elected, and the salary of a judge of the supreme or district court shall be as may be prescribed by law.

Board of Commissioners vs. Burnes, 3 Wyo. 691.

APPEAL.

Sec. 18. Writs of error and appeals may be allowed from the decisions of the district courts to the supreme courts under such regulations as may be prescribed by law.

DISTRICTS AND TERMS.

Sec. 19. Until otherwise provided by law, the state shall be divided into three judicial districts, in each of which there shall be elected at general elections, by the electors thereof, one judge of the district court therein, whose term shall be six (6) years from the first Monday in January succeeding his election and until his successor is duly qualified.

In re Fourth Judicial District, 4 Wyo. 144.

DISTRICTS DEFINED.

Sec. 20. Until otherwise provided by law, said judicial districts shall be constituted as follows:

District number one shall consist of the counties of Laramie, Converse and Crook.

District number two shall consist of the counties of Albany, Johnson and Sheridan.

District number three shall consist of the counties of Carbon, Sweetwater, Uinta and Fremont.

DISTRICTS MAY BE INCREASED.

Sec. 21. The legislature may from time to time increase the number of said judicial districts and the judges thereof, but such increase or change in the boundaries of the district shall not work the removal of any judge from his office during the term for which he may have been elected or appointed; provided the number of districts and district judges

shall not exceed four until the taxable valuation of property in the state shall exceed one hundred million dollars ($100,000,000.)

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE-JURISDICTION OF.

The legislature shall provide by law for the election of justices of the peace in each organized county within the state. But the number of said justices to be elected in each organized county shall be limited by law to such number as shall be necessary for the proper administration of justice. The justices of the peace herein provided for shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the district court in all civil actions where the amount in controversy, exclusive of costs, does not exceed two hundred dollars, and they shall have such jurisdiction to hear and determine cases of misdemeanor as may be provided by law, but in no case shall said justices of the peace have jurisdiction when the boundaries of or title to real estate shall come into question.

In re Fourth Judicial District, 4 Wyo. 144-149.

APPEALS FROM JUSTICE COURTS.

Crain vs. Bode, 5 Wyo. 260.

Sec. 23. Appeals shall lie from the final decisions of justices of the peace and police magistrates in such cases and pursuant to such regulations as may be prescribed by law.

Clendenning vs. Guise, 55 Pac. 447.

TERMS OF DISTRICT COURTS.

Sec. 24. The time of holding courts in the several counties of a district shall be as prescribed by law, and the legislature shall make provisions for attaching unorganized counties or territory to organized counties for judicial purposes.

JUDGES SHALL NOT PRACTICE.

Sec. 25. No judge of the supreme or district court shall act as attorney or counsellor at law.

JUDGES SHALL FIX TERMS OF COURT.

Sec. 26. Until the legislature shall provide by law for fixing the terms of courts, the judges of the supreme and district courts shall fix the terms thereof.

JUDGES SHALL NOT HOLD OTHER OFFICE.

Sec. 27. No judge of the supreme or district court shall be elected or appointed to any other than judicial offices or be eligible thereto during the term for which he was elected or appointed such judge.

APPEALS FROM BOARDS OF ARBITRATION.

Sec. 28. Appeals from decisions of compulsory boards of arbitration shall be allowed to the supreme court of the state, and the manner of taking such appeals shall be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE VI.

SUFFRAGE.

EQUAL RIGHTS.

Section 1. The rights of citizens of the state of Wyoming to vote and hold office shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex. Both male and female citizens of this state shall equally enjoy all civil, political and religious rights and privileges.

McKinney vs. State, 3 Wyo. 719.

QUALIFICATION OF ELECTORS.

Sec. 2. Every citizen of the United States of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, who has resided in the state or territory one year and in the county wherein such residence is located sixty days next preceding any election, shall be entitled to vote at such election, except as herein otherwise provided.

PRIVILEGED FROM ARREST-WHEN.

Sec. 3. Electors shall in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest on the days of election during their attendance at elections, and going to and returning therefrom.

EXEMPTION FROM MILITARY DUTY.

Sec. 4. No elector shall be obliged to perform militia duty on the day of election, except in time of war or public danger.

MUST BE CITIZEN OF UNITED STATES.

Sec. 5. No person shall be deemed a qualified elector of this state, unless such person be a citizen of the United States.

DISQUALIFIED-WHEN.

Sec. 6. All idiots, insane persons, and persons convicted of infamous crimes, unless restored to civil rights, are excluded from the elective franchise.

RESIDENCE NOT LOST.

Sec. 7. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his residence in the state, by reason of his absence on business of the United States, or of this state, or in the military or naval service of the United States.

SOLDIERS NOT RESIDENTS.

Sec. 8. No soldier, seaman, or marine in the army or navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of this state in consequence of his being stationed therein.

EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION.

Sec. 9. No person shall have the right to vote who shall not be able to read the constitution of this state. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person prevented by physical disability from complying with its requirements.

Rasmusson vs. Baker, 50 Pac. Rep. 813.

FIVE YEAR LIMIT.

Sec. 10. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to deprive any person of the right to vote who has such right at the time of the adoption of this constitution, unless disqualified by the restrictions of section six of this article. After the expiration of five years from the time of the adoption of this constitution, none but citizens of the United States shall have the right to vote.

ELECTION-HOW HELD.

Sec. 11. All elections shall be by ballot. The legislature shall provide by law that the names of all candidates for the same office, to be voted for at any election, shall be printed on the same ballot, at public expense, and on election day to be delivered to the voters within the polling place by sworn public officials, and only such ballots so delivered shall be received and counted. But no voter shall be deprived of the priv ilege of writing upon the ballot used the name of any other candidate.

All voters shall be guaranteed absolute privacy in the preparation of their ballots, and the secrecy of the ballot shall be made compulsory. Slaymaker vs. Phillips, 5 Wyo. 462.

PRIOR REGISTRATION REQUIRED.

Sec. 12. No person qualified to be an elector of the state of Wyoming, shall be allowed to vote at any general or special election hereafter to be holden in this state, until he or she shall have registered as a voter according to law, unless the failure to register is caused by sickness or absence, for which provision shall be made by law. The legislature of the state shall enact such laws as will carry into effect the provisions of this section, which enactment shall be subject to amendment, but shall never be repealed; but this section shall not apply to the first election held under this constitution.

ELECTIONS.

PURITY OF ELECTION PROVIDED FOR.

Section 1. The legislature shall pass laws to secure the purity of elections, and guard against abuses of the elective franchise.

Slaymaker vs. Phillips, 5 Wyo. 462.

CONTESTS HOW TRIED.

Sec. 2. The legislature shall, by general law, designate the courts by which the several classes of election contests not otherwise provided for, shall be tried, and regulate the manner of trial and all matters incident thereto; but no such law shall apply to any contest arising out of an election held before its passage.

QUALIFICATIONS FOR OFFICE.

Sec. 3. No person except a qualified elector shall be elected or appointed to any civil or military office in the state.

OFFICERS HOLD OVER WHEN.

Sec. 4. Every person holding any civil office under the state or any municipality therein shall, unless removed according to law, exercise the duties of such office until his successor is duly qualified, but this shall not apply to members of the legislature, nor to members of any board of assembly, two or more of whom are elected at the same time. The legis lature may by law provide for suspending any officer in his functions, pending impeachment or prosecution for misconduct in office.

GENERAL AND SPECIAL ELECTIONS.

Sec. 5. All general elections for state and county officers, for members of the house of representatives and the senate of the state of Wyoming, and representatives to the congress of the United States, shall be held on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November of each even year. Special elections may be held as now, or as may hereafter be provided by law. All state and county officers elected at a general election shall enter upon their respective duties on the first Monday in January next following the date of their election, or as soon thereafter as may be possible.

In re Moore, 4 Wyo. 106.

OFFICERS NOT PROVIDED FOR.

Sec. 6. All officers, whose election is not provided for in this constitution, shall be elected or appointed as may be directed by law.

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