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Memoir of the Life of John Rennie.

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Rennie was connected with the pa testimony to the greatness of his mind,

and to the success of his perseverance, tentee, and under bis immediate pro- in each of which he may be said to tection; he was therefore surrounded have stood without a rival. with the prospect of advantages which If we compare the works of Mr. might never again occur, and under Rennie with the greatest exploits of their combined auspices he announced the best French engineers, his fame his intentions to the public. It was will acquire new lustre from the comalso much about this time that be parison. What are the Cassoons of formed an acquaintance with Mr. Ro- Cherburg, when placed in competition bert Grazier, by whom he was in- with the breakwater of Plymouth? structed in the canal business, and What is the canal of the Ourke, when taught the method of introducing and measured with any one cut under his carrying through Parliament, bills for direction. And what is the bridge of the cutting of canals, and the con- Neuilly, when compared with that of structing of bridges.

Waterloo ? The decided superiority At the age of twenty-five, Mr. Ren- of Mr. Rennie's works is acknowledgnie married a Miss Mackintosh, by ed by every liberal Frenchman. whom, in process of time, he had It was reserved for the genius of nine children, six of whom have sur- Mr. Rennie to contend with, and to vived their parents, Mrs. Rennie dy- bind in chains, the elements of nature. ing a few years since; and it is proba- The violence of rapid torrents be conble that two of them will succeed their fined within specific boundaries; the father in his business, and fill that violence of the most boisterous seas station in the ranks of public utility, he has subdued ; and on the frontiers in which he acquired such distinguish- of harbours, which were previously ed honours.

dangerous, he has planted safety. In the year 1794, Mr. Rennie took Districts of fruitful land he has rescued bis stand at the head of the civil engi- from the incursions of the ocean ; and neers of this country, which station he by draining bogs, he has driven pesticontinued to occupy until the day of lence from the once stagnant marsh. his death. Daring this interval, He has levelled hills in some places, scarcely any work of magnitude and and in others tied them together by importance was undertaken, which aqueducts and arches, and thus renhe was not engaged ; and it is to his dered the wild elements of nature subgenius and persevering application servient to the conveniencies of man. that England is indebted for those To the various works in which he scientific labours, in which it claims a was engaged, be applied all his ta. decided superiority over those of other lents ; and as his labours were for poscountries. ·Capals, bridges, harbours, terity, he disdained to avail himself of wet docks, and machines of almost those mean artifices by which too many every description, came within the make dishonourable fortunes, by giv. range of his powers, which at the ing an imposing exterior to his Jabours same time gave directions to several which the most rigorous scrutiny of workmen who were constantly em- the concealed parts would not most ployed in the more immediate line of amply justify. This was the line of his profession, as a mill-wright. conduct which he pursued in all his

Among his public works, Ramsgate private concerns, and on public works harbour, the London docks, Water- wbich were placed ander his direction, loo and Southwark bridges, and the he compelled those whom he employed breakwater at Plymouth, will hand his to adhere to the same principle. An name to posterity. But the Bell Rock enforcement of this, in connection with light-house, constructed on the same his various avocations, so fully occuprinciple as the Eddystone Light- pied his time, that on his visiting house by Mr. Smeaton, will, per- France for a short period in the year haps, be considered as the greatest 1816, he declared it to be the first reeffort of his masterly genius. Although laxation from unremitting labour these works form only a small part of he had taken for nearly thirty years. his labours, they are sufficient monu- Accustomed to rise early, he frements of his glory, to crown him with quently made appointments at five in immortality among his fellowmen. the morning, and it was very rarely Various parts of the kingdom bear that he became disengaged from busi

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Memoirs of the Life of John Rennie. 1158 ness until nine at night. In all his un- immediate friends and family connecdertakings, punctuality, order, and tions, between twenty and thirty indiregularity, were bis invariable maxims, viduals, distinguished in the various which were not merely adopted in the walks of science for their illustrious ory, butexemplificd in his practice.- acquirements and scientific abilities, As a master, he was obeyed by all in attended on the solemn occasion. his employment, from an acknowledy- Proceeding to St. Paul's cathedral, ment of his superior talents, and this where the interment took place, the was accompanied with a respect that corpse was taken from the hearse at always enforced submission.

the bottom of the steps, and, followed It has sometimes been said, that in by sixty mourners, was carried into his estimates he was generally too low the little chapel on the north side of the for the gigantic works which he under- church, and finally interred in a vault took and accomplished, especially, as at the east end, and on the south side in the execution of his designs, he of the building, near the tomb of the spared no labour or expense. Some late Lord Collingwood. who have thus blamed him, would Mr. Rennie, in his person, was tall no doubt have pursued a different and well made, possessing an agreemode of conduct, but Mr. Rennie found able countenance and an affable adno occasion to resort to such expedients dress. Advancing in years, this affato amass wealth, for by his own pru- bility settled into a serious habit, but dential maxims, and practical econo- his native cheerfulness never degenen my, he contrived to realize a consider- rated into a gloomy reserve. In all able fortune, which he has left to an his dealings, uprightness and integrity accomplished family to enjoy.

marked his conduct ; nor was he ever Engaged in business which allowed known to resort to dishonourable exno intermission, Mr. Rennie had no pedients, to induce his employers to time to devote to literature. He has undertake works of importance. On therefore left no memoirs behind him, such occasions he always set before nor any documents by which his ta- them a full view of the various oblents in the departments of letters may stacles they would have to surmount, be estimated. He was, however, and the difficulties they must encounter. elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, Mr. Rennie cultivated his art with and no doubt, had he been ambitious of the most enthusiastic ardour, but infarther honours, he might easily have stead of being a mere theorist, he preobtained them, from his talents, and pared himself for practical efficiency commanding connections.

by visiting, and minutely inspecting in Raised from a comparatively hum- every country all works of magnitude ble situation, by his own intrinsic merit that bore any similitude to those in and persevering industry, to the which he was engaged, or might probighest eminence in the scientific pro- bably be called on to construct. Hence fession which he pursued, he was al- his library abounds in a richer collecways ready to assist by his superior tion of scientific writings, than that of talents every effort of genius strag- any other individual. gling with adversity in humble life, As a millwright, society is indebted without betraying those jealousies and to him for showing how the power of suspicions which characterize ignoble water may be most advantageously minds.

applied. He has given an increase of Mr. Rennie, after a long illness, energy to the natural fall of streams from which he had partially recovered by their specific gravity, and made his suffering an unexpected relapse, paid mills equal to four-fold the produce of the debt of nature at his house in those, which before his time depended Stamford-street, Blackfriars, on the solely on the impetuosity of the cur4th of October, 1821, in his 61st year. rent. His mills of the greatest magni

His funeral was attended with con- tude work as smoothly as clock work, siderable pomp. A hearse drawp by and by the alternate contact of wood six horses, sixteen mourning coaches, and iron, the machinery is less liable and nineteen private carriages, se- to take fire from friction. veral of which were drawn by four Mr. John Rennie may justly be shores, graced the procession. Among ranked among the benefactors of manthose who honoured the funeral with kind ; and as such, his death must be their presence, in addition to his own considered as a national calamity.

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Blacow's Sentence.-Commercial Report.

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REV. RICHARD BLACOW'S SENTENCE. was tried and found guilty, at the last LancasIN our number for January, col. 93, we took ter Assizes. On Monday the 26th of Noveman occasion to review a virulent discourse deli-ber, 1821, he was brought up to receive the vered by this gentleman ;-a discourse, which sentence of the court,—which was as follows: has rendered him amenable to the bar of his To pay a fine of £100 to the King, be imprisoncountry, and finally brought upon him the sen- ed six months, and find security for his good tence of the law. It contained a daring libel behaviour for five years; himself in £500, and on her late Majesty. For this libel Mr. Blacow two sufficient sureties in £100 each.

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COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 24th NOVEMBER, 1821. The nearer we approach to the end of the year, the more does the course of business usually become dull and uninteresting. Sach at least has been the experience of former years. It is true, the manufacturing districts are at this season seldom so full of work, yet we have reason to know that the Cotton trade in its various branches is in a tolerably healthy state ; and in Staffordshire, where the trade has been long in a languishing condition, we learn that many eminent houses have orders to execute which will give them fall employment antil the next spring.

In our own port, the leading articles have reached such a low point, that many, both of our consumers and speculators, have had their attention aroused thereby; the market, in consequence of their operations, has assumed more briskness, and the prices of some descriptions of produce have improved. The reduction which had taken place in the prices of American and other descriptions of Cotton, occasioned, in part, by the late extensive peblic sales, having made them an object of notice, the trade at the same time being very bare of stock, has brought this week into the market a numerous attendance of dealers and consumers. A very animated inquiry has been experienced for almost every kind of Cotton; and the business done bas been considerable, amounting to 11,300 packages since the 17th instant, as follows:- d. d. 4555 Bags of Uplands, from 8d. to 10d. 307

Mina Geras, 9. to 10 1055 Orleans, 8 to 12

442

Novas, 107 to 103
506
Alabamas,
8 to 81

271
Demeraras,

92 to 11
752
Sea Island, 13 to 22

77

Barbadoes, 9. to 9% 48 Ditto Stained, 101 to 11} 171

Carthagena,

72 to 8 1759 Pernambucco, 11% to 12,

West India, 9
575
Bahias, 10. to 11,1 110

Peruvian, 101
416
Maranhams, 11 to 11)

00
Bengal,

to 7) An advance of {d. per lb. has been obtained on the low qualities of boweds ; the good quaJities have not experienced the same improvement. Brazils have likewise been more in reqnest ; but the recent import of this description still proves of an inferior quality, and obliges the spinners to have recourse to the low qualities of Sea Islands. As the stock of Cotton in hand is now rapidly disappearing from the market, several o the holders are confidently looking forward to some further improvement in price ; and should the import of the new crop be delayed, this may probably be the case.

Sugars.—The demand for British plantation has improved. The holders are very reserved in bringing forward their stocks, which indeed are now at a low ebb--the advance this week has been 1s. per cwt on the better, and 2s. per cwt. on the lower qualities.

Coffee. The transactions in this article are, on account of the season, vecessarily confined to the wants of home consumption. Ordinary quality has fetched 98s. to 1025. good and fine only 103s. to 106s. 6d.; low middling 113s. per cwt.

Rum.—The sales are trilling:
Tobacco.--Prices are rather looking up, and the trade purchase freely.

Hides. The late imports have chiefly got into the hands of the dealers, at 9 d. to 11 d. per 1b.; for Buenos Ayres Horse Hides, 7s. to Ss.9d. per piece. German Dry Hides, 11{d. "Horse Hides, at 11s. 6d. to 13s. per piece.

Pot Ashes are in demand for France, at 39s. 6d. per cwt. Pearls at 43s. Montreal Pots at 32s. 6d. to 34s. Pearls 37s. 6d. per cwt. . In Dye Woods there has been no occurrence worth notice. Sicily Barilla has fetched £27. per ton. Tar and Tarpentine have obtained improving prices; the Distillers are looking for an amendment in Spirits. There is a fair demand for Fish Oils, and all the Newfoundland Cod Oil is sold out of the Importers bands, for exportation to Ireland, at £18. 10s. per tun. Pale Seal Oil £26. per tun. Palm Oil £30. per tun. Tallow Y. C. still dull at 45s. per cwt.

Hemp is getting scarce, and fetches £44. per ton. Flax is likewise looking up, and both Foreign and Irish are likely to be dearer. Archangel mats 12s. to 14s. per dozen.

There have been four arrivals this week of Smyrna fruit; the quality has proved excellent, yet the buyers hold back, with a view to induce the holders to a competition. The sales effected were for Sultana Raisins, 83s. to 87s. Ed. Red Smyrna at 53s. 6d. Carabourna 57s. Black Smyrna 49s. to 50s. 6d. Pulled Figs 71s. 6d. per cwt.

Of Timber, the arrivals have been very heavy, and the prices have consequently been mich depressed. Miramachi Pine sells at 20d. Qaebec Pine at 194d. per foot. Oak at 2s. 8d. Quebec Deals at £12. 10s. per St. Petersburgh hundred.

The business at the Corn Market is quite uninteresting. Stocks accumulate, and prices are lower. The consumers are taking good Irish wheats at 7s. 2d. to 7s. 6d. per 70lb.

Fine old Irish will not command above 9s. to Is. 6d. per 70lb. For bonded wheat of every kind, there is no sale. American Flour out of bond, is of tardy sale, at 36s. to 40s. per barrel. The arrivals of this article from the United States, are anticipated to be very great.

LONDON : PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.

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