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1215

Observations on South Shetland.

1216

and in a recent number, has claimed | with frozen snow; and to add to its the exclusive honour of having fur-desolation, you will hear every now nished the first public notice of this and then a dreadful crash from the discovery.

fall of the rocks and frozen snow, like The map which accompanies the distant thunder. following observations, was sent us by “ Being near to these detached Mr. Richard Sherratt, who command- | rocks, of which the north side of this ed one of the vessels which sailed to archipelago has a great quantity, it South Shetland, on the seal fishery, in is necessary to keep a very good look the autumn of 1820, which vessel was out, and to ascertain as soon as posunfortunately wrecked on that danger-sible what part of the land you are off, ous coast. His observations are there- so that you may come to anchorin one fore founded on an actual survey of of the different bays or harbours. this stormy range of sterile rocks, and Esther Harbour is known by Round so far as his examination could ex- Island lying off it. The entrance of tend, the account may be considered Parry's Straits is known by Table as authentic,

Land to the eastward, and Table " The first intimation you have of Island to the westward ; both of these being near South Shetland, is meet- Tables are of similar appearance, and ing with a great quantity of whales, of, you may see them both at the same the black kind, and what are called the time. Esther Harbour and Clothier fin-back ; you may thence conclude Harbour are the two best anchorages you are about 150 miles from land. on the north side, but Potter's Cove is Standing on to the southward, you will the best harbour in the whole group meet with innumerable penguins, so that is at present known. I think there many that you would almost conclude is safe anchorage in the inlets to the the sea was animated. Continuing to eastward and westward of Potter's stand to the south, and at about 20 Cove, but I had not an opportunity of leagues from land, you will meet with going into them. Ships may bear the seal, in shoals of hundreds toge- down either in Esther Harbour or ther, and, as you approximate to the Potter's Cove with safety. The difland, the seals and penguins are more ferent anchorages to the westward are numerous, but the whales more scarce. | very poor, but it is the best place for The first sight you have of the land, is seals; in fact the seal appears to make at a distance of about 15 leagues, and for the most dangerous places, either its appearance is similar to a white for the approach of ships or boats. cloud, ranging along the horizon from There are few or none that come on N.E. to S.W. Still standing on, you shore on the south side of the land, gain the land, until some parts touch but great quantities of sea elephants the clouds, the whole being covered come on shore on the different points of with eternal snow, save here and there land on the south side. a bill in the form of a cone or sugar 1 “This archipelago has every aploaf, which is of a very dark colour, pearance of a volcanic eruption, and the and these dark spots are generally on higher you get upon the land, the more the tops of mountains. Three of this conclusion is confirmed. The these are very remarkable ; one over cones, of which I made mention, apEsther Harbour, one over the Bay of pear to have a large trench or ditch Destruction, and one over Potter's round them, from which I would infer Cove.

that they may heave ont lava at times, - “ Potter's Cove has on the east side or it is probable that they may have ofit, three remarkable hills, somewhat been heaved up with the whole of the resembling three joints of the fingers | land, not many years since, by some when the hand is closed. These are great convulsion in nature. In fact, called the Three Brothers, and they I think it strengthens this assertion, furnish an excellent mark for the when I can aver, that not only the Cove. (Vide the Chart). However, frozen snow, but the rocks themselves, still approaching nearer the land, you are continually falling and tumbling will meet with detached rocks at from away, and in such quantities, that 3 to 5 leagues off; and the land wears you would conclude the whole of it now a most desolate and solitary ap- must be levelled in 40 or 50 years. pearance, nearly the whole of its front “ There are, on the top of some very, being immense precipices, covered high land which I have visited, threo

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1215

Observations on South Shetland.

1216

and in a recent number, has claimed with frozen snow; and to add to its the exclusive honour of having fur-desolation, you will hear every now nished the first public notice of this and then a dreadful crash from the discovery.

fall of the rocks and frozen snow, like The map which accompanies the distant thunder. following observations, was sent us by “ Being near to these detached Mr. Richard Sherratt, who command- | rocks, of which the north side of this ed one of the vessels which sailed to / archipelago has a great quantity, it South Shetland, on the scal fishery, in is necessary to keep a very good look the autumn of 1820, which vessel was out, and to ascertain as soon as posunfortunately wrecked on that danger-sible what part of the land you are off, ous coast. His observations are there- so that you may come to anchorin one fore founded on an actual survey of of the different bays or harbours. this stormy range of sterile rocks, and Esther Harbour is known by Round so far as his examination could ex- | Island lying off it. The entrance of tend, the account may be considered Parry's Straits is known by Table as authentic.

Land to the eastward, and Table " The first intimation you have of Island to the westward ; both of these being near South Shetland, is meet- | Tables are of similar appearance, and ing with a great quantity of whales, of you may see them both at the same the black kind, and what are called the time. Esther Harbour and Clothier fin-back ; you may thence conclude Harbour are the two best anchorages you are about 150 miles from land. on the north side, but Potter's Cove is Standing on to the southward, you will the best harbour in the whole group meet with innumerable penguins, so that is at present known. I think there many that you would almost conclude is safe anchorage in the inlets to the the sea was animated. Continuing to eastward and westward of Potter's stand to the south, and at about 20 Cove, but I had not an opportunity of leagues from land, you will meet with going into them. Ships may bear the seal, in shoals of hundreds toge- down either in Esther Harbour or ther, and, as you approximate to the Potter's Cove with safety. The difland, the seals and penguins are more ferent anchorages to the westward are numerous, but the whales more scarce. very poor, but it is the best place for The first sight you have of the land, is seals; in fact the seal appears to make at a distance of about 15 leagues, and for the most dangerous places, either its appearance is similar to a white for the approach of ships or boats. cloud, ranging along the horizon from There are few or none that come on N.E. to S.W. Still standing on, you shore on the south side of the land, gain the land, until some parts touch but great quantities of sea elephants the clouds, the whole being covered come on shore on the different points of with eternal snow, save here and there land on the south side. a bill in the form of a cone or sugar- “This archipelago has every aploaf, which is of a very dark colour, pearance of a volcanic eruption, and the and these dark spots are generally on higher you get upon the land, the more the tops of mountains. Three of this conclusion is confirmed. The these are very remarkable ; one over cones, of which I made mention, apEsther Harbour, one over the Bay of pear to have a large trench or ditch Destruction, and one over Potter's round them, from which I would infer Cove.

that they may heave out lava at times, 6. Potter's Cove has on the east side or it is probable that they may have ofit, three remarkable hills, somewhat been heaved up with the whole of the resembling three joints of the fingers land, not many years since, by some when the hand is closed. These are great convulsion in nature. In fact, called the Three Brothers, and they I think it strengthens this assertion, furnish an excellent mark for the when I can aver, that not only the Cove. (Vide the Chart). However, frozen snow, but the rocks themselves, still approaching nearer the land, you are continually falling and tumbling will meet with detached rocks at from away, and in such quantities, that 3 to 5 leagues off; and the land wears you would conclude the whole of it now a most desolate and solitary ap- must be levelled in 40 or 50 years. ? pearance, nearly the whole of its front “ There are, on the top of some very, being immense precipices, covered high land which I have visited, threo

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