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Review.---No Fiction, a narrative
spersed, something resembling the founded on recent and interesting Facts.
stories of Sir Tristran, Meliadus of
Leonnoys, or Lancelot du Lac. Fourth Edition. Two Vols. 12mo.
Yet, notwithstanding these observaboards, pp. 327 and 340. London,
tions, we do not hesitate to say, that Westley, and Longman & Co. 1820.
as a religious novel, under which No A taste for tales is general; and it Fiction must class, it is one of the best is ancient. It seems to have been which has emanated from the press. most early, and most generally preva- | We do not forget the Vicar of Wakelent, in Persia and other Asiatic re- field, Celebs in search of a Wife, Mrs. gions, from whence indeed tales were Marshall's Friend's Family, Cunningimported into Greece and Rome. ham's Sancho, the Proverbialist, or Whilst, on the one hand, we deplore the World without Souls; nor do we the inconceivable evils resulting from mean to raise No Fiction as superior to the perusal of the generality of Novels, all, though unquestionably it is inferior or Fictions, or Romances, we are not, to none of the last-mentioned tales: In on the other hand, disposed to main the metropolis it has experienced a tain that truth should never be commu- rapid and extensive sale, and throughnicated by means of fiction, since out the country its circulation is inthat would deny the propriety of para- creasing. bolical instruction; the suitability of It has indeed been urged against the which must be indisputable.
work, that the characters are known; It was late, and after the decline of that Douglas is the author, that his its nobler literature, that fictions in consort is the authoress; and in the prose came to be cultivated as a spe- advertisement to the third edition, it cies of composition in Greece. In is lamented “ that keys have been early times, the mere art of writing circulated with the book, professing to was too difficult and dignified to be be explanatory of all the dramatis employed in prose, and even the laws personæ, accompanied with the unof the principal legislators were then sparing assurance that their truth and promulgated in verse. The species of accuracy may be confidently trusted.” machinery in this kind of writing, such This is certainly very unfair, especially as giants, dragons, and enchanted as the Reverend Author bas stated castles, which forms the seasoning of “that these keys are not only erroneous, the adventures of chivalry, has been but preposterously so; that the true distinguished by the name of romantic key is alone in his possession ;-and fiction; and for explaining the origin that it has never been in the power of of which, different theories have been any other person." suggested. With those theories, how- But whether No Fiction be a fiction ever, we have but little concernment, or not; whether the outline of the since, if we do not greatly mistake, narration be founded on facts, and the the Reverend author of No Fiction filling up of that outline be gratuitwould tremble at any comparison ous and imaginary; or whether the being instituted between his work whole be a fiction; still it is a good and the romances of Arthur and the book, and deserving the attention of Round Table, the adventures of the the religious and irreligious, the aged imaginary families of Amadis and and the young, the parents and chil. Palmerin, the Ysaie le Triste, Arthur, dren, of this country. or Gyron le Courtois. Yet to such, | The first volume is unquestionably and almost all other fictions, it bears the least interesting, and the worst this resemblance, that the actions of written; and it is to be feared that the hero are too marked and extrava some readers, dissatisfied with the first gant to be real; and that Lefevre, 100 pages, have laid the work aside as Douglas, and Mr. and Mrs. Russell, unworthy of further investigation.' not presenting in their characters or The second volume is not only more conduct, as there delineated, a sufficient pleasing and inviting, but far more inresemblance to men as we find themstructive; and the visit of Lefevre to a in our daily intercourse, the readers of Woodman's cottage, is one of the most No Fiction will more frequently read | interesting descriptions in the Engit for others rather than for themselves ; | lish language. Equally pleasing is the and will recognize in some of the ex- | parting interview between Lefevre, the ploits with which its pages are inter- | Christian Missionary, and the Widows
in America. There is, indeed, through- , materials, found that it was easily put out this tale, so much of sound mora- in motion, and that it readily yielded lity, of vital Christianity, and of noble to the pressure of his foot. To disand generous sentiment, that we com- cover the cause of this singular apmend it to the attention of our readers. pearance, he providentially applied Nor let it be supposed, that, in so bis shovel, and instantly uncovered a doing, we are encouraging the love of pool of metal, in a complete state of novel reading. If the value of this fusion. Such moulds as could be obbook could not be estimated by it use," tained, together with old pots, were we would not praise it; but it is be- immediately procured, into which the cause we approve of rendering virtue boiling fluid was poured. The quantity lovely, and religion attractive, that we thus taken up, supposed chiefly to should not have any objection to see it have come from the melted stereotype, in the libraries of schools, of students, is estimated at upwards of a thousand or even of ministers of the gospel. pounds weight. About a ton has been
The work, however, may be im- rescued in various forms, but much proved; and it needs improvement. more still remains buried. Many We hope to see the history of an un-reams of paper have also been taken finished love affair rescinded from its from the ruins, apparently entire, but pages; and we do not know, but that quite black on the edges. These, on the citizens of London, and certainly being opened, have been found totally our country friends, would be quite as discoloured, and so nearly reduced to well pleased if the accounts of the a state of charcoal, as to be unfit splendid suppers and dinners were con- for use. It is very remarkable, that, siderably curtailed. We wish this while two hydraulic presses, comprisbook to become a standard work; but ing a power of 150 tons each, were it must be corrected and amended, be- twisted and moulded like leather, and fore it can attain this exalted emi-while vast bodies of brass, and iron nence. The volumes are already di- | both cast and wrought, were bent, bror vided into chapters, which will prove ken, and corroded with the flames, an advantageous to the reader, as soon iron pot and a stone bottle nearly full as they shall be connected with a table of oil, escaped unhurt. About 200 of contents.
cart loads of burnt books and paper,
have been removed from the premises, MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES. and much still remains. Caxton Fire.-On Thursday, Feb. 15,
• An honest man is still an unmov'd rock, seventeen days after the fire, on reach oWash'd whiter, but not shaken with the shock: ing the bottom floor, one of the men · IV hose heart conceives no sinister device, being about to tread on some loose | • Fearless he walks in flames, and treads on ice.'
LETTER OF LORD NELSON. To the following letter, written by this celebrated Naval Commander, we subjoin a fac-simile of his Hand-writing, having no doubt that it will prove highly gratifying to most of our readers.
San Josef, Torbay, Feb. 5, 1801. My Dear Sir
Altho' I am going from the San Josef into the St. George, yet I will take your friend's Son with much pleasure whenever he is sent. You know, as well as I do, that it was LOVE made you leave me, and naturally others stept in and supplied your place. Why the Furnace was not in Holland, or why she may not go to the Baltic with Sir H. Parker, I am unacquainted with. Nor do I believe if you were so inclined that I have Interest to get you there, for not one favour has to my knowledge been granted me since I came to England, and you may believe me when I cannot get Finch a Ship or my Elder Brother removed from being a Clerk in the Navy Office. With my best respects to Mrs. Suckling and all my friends about you, believe me as ever, your Sincere Friend
COMMERCIAL REPORT, FEBRUARY 22, 1821. We cannot as yet announce any improvement in our commerce : the committee for considering the state of trade and commerce has resumed its labours : and when we consider the talent, ability, and information of which it is composed, we are sanguine enough to expect many important results. It is rumoured already, that a diminution of the duty on Baltic Timber has been determined upon, whilst a corresponding impost on British American, will put the former into fair competition with the latter, and be the means of re-opening the ancient channels of commerce with the shores of the Baltic.
Certain it is that our relations with other powers are much narrowed, by the heavy duties of import, and which not only act in many cases as prohibitory, but likewise prevent the transmission of orders for British manufactures, which formerly enlivened the intercourse with other states.
It is very observable, that notwithstanding the losses attendant on the importations of most descriptions of foreign produce, yet the real consumptive demand is not at all reduced; and a very general revival of commerce can alone tend to bring health and vigour into trade.
The following are amongst the most prominent transactions which have latterly taken place : the sales of Cotton during tlie two last weeks amount to 12084 packages, of which, during the last week, the following sales may be particularized.
2600 Boweds, from 7 d. to 10 d.-631 Orleans, 89 d. to 12 d.-91 Tennessee, from 8 d. to sid.-250 Sea Island, 13 d. to 190.-775 Pernams, 11 d. to 130.-600 Bahia, 104d. to 11d.-750 Maranhams, from 11d. to 11d.-20 Demeraras, 130.-26 Barbadoes, 10 d.--330 Carthagenas, 7 d. to 74d.-100 West Indias, 74d.-15 Surats, 8ft. 74 Bengal, 6 d. to 6%.
There is a fair demand for Tobacco for home consumption, but none for export, al. though present prices offer inducement. Kentucky Leaf sold at 2d. per lb. · In British Plantation Sugars, there is a small decline, and the late public sales have gone off heavily. 500 Bags of Bengal, were sold to the Grocers at 68s, for fine yellows; up to 73s, for middling whites. Much business has been done in British Melasses, at 23s, to 24s. per cwt.
The Coffee market is dull; some small parcels were sold at 128s, per cwt. for middling Demerara, and 122s. to 125s. for middling Jamaica, to the grocers; and a small lot of ordinary and discoloured Brasil, for shipment, at 104s. per cwt. Of Cocoa, Ginger, and Pimento, there have been no sales. .
Rums have been in more request ; common Leewards have sold at 1s. 8d.-21 O.P. at 2s. 3d.--26 0. P. 2s. 5d. to 28. 7d.; and fine Jamaica brought 2s. 5d. per gallon for 16 O. P.
Carolina Rice is dull, the new import is rather of inferior quality, and does not command more than 16s, to 18s. 6d, in Bond.
Extensive sales have been made in Ashes at an advance of 60,--say Montreals, Pearls, at 40s. to 41s.-old New Yorks, 40s.—Bostons, 41s. per cwt. Pots, Montreals, 32s, to 33s, per cwt,
The demand for Dyewoods increases both for export and home use. Jamaica Log. wood has sold readily at £7. to £7.5s. per ton.-Campeachy, t8. to £8.5s. per ton.
-Nicaragua Wood at £30 per ton.-Cuba Fustic, £9. 10s. per ton. Good Brimstone at £23 per ton.-Sicily Barilla, £23. per ton.
On the 16th inst. a large sale of East India Produce took place ; nearly 300 chests of East India Indigo were sold at 3s. 10d, to 7s. Id. per Ib. being an advance of 3d. to 6d. per lb.-91 bags of Safflower 101. 158. to 13). per ewt.-77 boxes of Lac Dye at 4s. 30, to 4s. 5 d. per lb.--1000 bags of Saltpetre at 28s. to 29s. per cwt.-5000 bundles of Munjeet at 44s. per cwt.-a part of the Peruvian Bark sold at 13d. to 18d. per 1b. Bond. With raw Turpentine the market is barely supplied, very ordinary quality has sold at 8s. 9d. per cwt ; for real good quality 11s. would be given. There is more in. quiry for American Tar; 700 barrels of prime Virginia realized 19s. 6d. per barrel. Stockholm is held at 21s. per barrel. .
Fish Oils do not vary much in price. The prices of Tallow have suffered some te. duction. Pine Timber has improved ; very little doing in Baltic Timber and Dealso.. The transactions in Hides have been on a most extensive scale, and all the late imports have sold at 9d. to 10 d. per 15.
Grain. The prices continue to give way, and although' there is more inquiry, yet the rates are lower; the best samples of Irish Wheats will not command more than 7s.60. to 78. 8d. per 70lb.; and the best Oats 2s. 6d. to 2s. 7d. per 45lb. Grinding Barley being somewhat scarce, is more saleable at 3s. 2d. to 3s. 8d. per 60lb. On the 13th ins 1000 barrels of New Orleans sour flour, in bond, were sold by auction at 12s. to 128.30, per barrel. This day 2000 bushels of Dantzio wheat, in bond, were offered by auction. and withdrawn at 4s. per bushel, of 70lb.; 3s. 70. per bushel was actually bid. Ame. rican Flax Seed sells freely at 658. to 66s. per barrel of seven bushels. American re Clover Seed at 63s. per cwt.
PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTI
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
“ MEN IN SAVAGE LIFE, ARE DESTITUTE OF BOOKS."
MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS. middle of the month, in small parties, With a Catalogue of all really British and soon proceed to their accustomed Plants, as they come into Flower. haunts. Many of them, it is probable,
perish in crossing the ocean; for they A PRIL.
are frequently known to pitch on fishThe general character of the weather ing-boats at a distance from land, being in April is a continued disposition to so much exhausted as to be incapable change, from showers to sunshine, and of proceeding further. Soon after from warmth to cold; and the transi- their arrival, these birds proceed to tions are both rapid and frequent. The prepare a nest for the accommodation morning often begins with hoar-frost, of their offspring. The Swallow builds the forenoon experiences all the glow in vacant chimneys, about two or three of summer, showers succeed in the feet from the top; the Martin forms its afternoon, and before evening hail / cabin beneath the eaves of houses, and or snow conveys all the feelings of the Sand Martin in holes on the banks winter. But these feelings are not of rivers. It has been supposed, that of long continuance; the earth is too the Martin takes care to build its edimuch warmed by the rays of the sun fice only in the forepart of the day, and to allow frost or snow to be permanent; that the labour is intermitted in the and the progress of vegetation remains afternoon, that it may acquire solidity unchecked. The fields are clothed with and firmness. They have, however, cheerful green, except where Daisies or been known to neglect a fine morning, Buttercups vary the tints; hedges are and to commence their work in the studded with the modest Primrose, and afternoon, from no other apparent reathe advancing shoots of trees afford son than that they preferred taking assurance of the establishment of spring. the materials from the sea-shore which Nor are leaves the only adorning of the was near, but which was covered with trees; the blossoms of the Plum, Cherry, the tide in the morning, to fetching it and Pear, unfold themselves, and the from double the distance, where it Apple blossom seems on the point of might have been had at all times. The bursting into life. The Ash tree, how usefulness of these birds to human comever, has a singularly sombre appear fort is rarely estimated as it deserves. ance, from the eplargement of its Birds in general are known to devour black leaf-bud, preparatory to the ex- more food than other animals, in propansion of the leaves.
portion to their size; and those crea The numbers of the insect tribe con- tures which use most exertion stand in siderably increase; and they are parti- need of the greatest portion. What cularly numerous and busy about pieces thousands of insects then must be deof water and running streams, whither voured by these little creatures in the resort in pursuit of them, those of the course of a summer, when they are so Swallow tribe that arrive this month. constantly engaged in the pursuit! Pour species of Swallows visit this these, if suffered to live and multiply, island ;-the Swift, Hirundo Apus; would break in very considerably on Swallow, H. Rustica; Martin, H. Ur: human enjoyment. bica; and Bank Martin, H. Riparia ; all The voice of the Whitethroat is again of which have the general habits of heard; and the Cuckoo arrives from migration, and feeding on insects, which | Africa, where it has resided for nearly they take on the wing. The three first three-fourths of the year ; its presence are common, the latter rare, being | is soon recognized by its singular note. known in but a few counties in Eng- The manners of this bird, particularly land. The arrival of the Swallow as it regards the ordering of its young, usually precedes that of the Martin by have been much illustrated by the oba few days; they drop in about the servations of Dr. Jenner, the well
No. 26,-VOL. III.
known dicoverer of Vaccine Inocu- | is the only British species that conveys lation. The Cuckoo, the Doctor ob- poison by its bite; for the secretion and serves, does not pair. When a female injection of which into the wound made appears on the wing, she is often at- / by the fangs, it is furnished with a petended by two or three males, which culiar apparatus. This consists of a seem to be earnestly contending for gland placed on the cheek at each side, her attention. When impregnated, she which secretes the poison, and from seeks out the nest of some other bird, which proceeds a duct that conveys it in which to deposit her egg; for it is well to the fangs, which are placed in the known, that the Cuckoo forms no nest upper jaw, and are crooked, like the for her own use, The Hedge-Sparrow, needle used by surgeons, sharp and Wagtail, or other small bird, is in dan perforated, having an orifice at the exger of having its nest broke in upon; tremity. These fangs, which must be and these birds seem to be conscious of distinguished from the ordinary tusk, the danger; for a pair of Redbreasts are moveable in the jaw, and are athave been known to attack a Cuckoo tached to a membrane which tends to that seemed disposed to invade their strengthen their hold, and prevent nest, and drive it away.
their being dislocated by the jerk of an Within a few hours after the egg animal that might be bitten by them. which was deposited by the Cuckoo Still, when the Viper has not time to has given birth to a young bird, a withdraw the fangs from the wound, it strange scene takes place : the little is not uncommon for them to be torn creature, that seems scarcely able to from their situation; to supply which move itself, sets about the task of se- 1 loss, many imperfect fangs are seated curing the full occupation of the nest, I in the jaw, in different stages of maand the entire care of its foster parents turity; these come forward in their to itself; which it does by taking the turns to supply the loss which the creayoung birds, with any egg that may ture may meet with. When the Viper remain unhatched, upon its back, and inflicts a bite, the fangs are driven into throwing them one by one over the the wound by a muscle, which at the side of the nest, where they are left to same time presses on the bag of poison, perish. By the extraordinary and un- and drives it through the duct and divided attention which the young | tooth into the bottom of the wound, Cuckoo now receives from the old where it excites the most exquisite birds, and which is continued when it pain. This poison chiefly affects anihas acquired its full size, so that the mals which have warm red blood in little parent is obliged to perch on its their vessels; the Snake and Viper are back to place the food in its bill; it is not injured by it, even when it is introready to leave the country at the same duced into their wounds. This is not time with its real parents. The Night- a place to enter into a discussion of the ingale is another of the feathered tribe physical effects of the Adder's poison, or that visits us about the same period. the requisite medical treatment; but This is a solitary bird, that delights to it may be well to notice, that it is so pour forth its song at a time when the much the more likely to prove fatal, choristers of the day are silent; it is the nearer the wound is to the heart. not, however, the only bird that sings | Tadpoles now undergo the change of by night, for the Woodlark will some figure which constitutes them perfect times do the same. The Nightingale animals; the tail drops off, the legs is not known in many counties in Eng. / make their appearance, and they can no land.
longer be recognized as belonging to The Serpent tribe now venture forth the same order of animals as before. from their retreats, and bask in the British plants, which flower in March: sun, in order to recover that life and Water Starwort, Callitriche aquatica ; activity which have been so long sus. Procumbent Speedwell, Veronica agres. pended. Four species of serpents are tis; Ivy-leaved Speedwell, V. hederiknown in Britain: the Viper, Snake, folia; Vernal Speedwell, V. verna; the New Snake of Pennant, which is Lamb's Lettuce, Valeriana locusta ; the sharp-tailed Slowworm of Bor- Three Cotton Grasses, Eriophorum; lase, and the Common Slowworm. | Moor Grass, Sesleria cærulea; Blinks, Worms and insects form the food of the Montia fontana; Unabelhiferous en latter; the two former deyour mice and weed, Polycarpon tetraphyllum; Mac different species of reptiles. The Viper | wort, Asperago procumbens; Common