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3. My Father, which gave them me, Ibid. v. 11. The persons given, mean is greater than all," John x. 29. Gave the disciples, for Christ had been with may imply an eternal gift. Yes, but them, and kept them in the Father's'. it may imply a temporal gift to disci- name, v. 12. "The persons given him, pleship; for those of whom our Lord did not include all believers, for Christ was speaking, had become his disciples, prayed not only for those that the Fafor they heard his voice, and followed ther had given him, but for those that him, v. 27.

would believe through their word, v. 20. 4. As thou hast given him power 9. “ Those that thou gavest me I over all flesh, that he should give have kept, and none of them is lost, eternal life to as many as (or all that) but the son of perdition.” Ibid. v. 12. thou hast given him.” Ibid. xvii. 2. Judas was given! This, it may be said, clearly favours 10. 6 Of them which thou gavest me the idea of an eternal gift. It as much have I lost none.” Ibid. xviii. 9. “Let favours the idea I have given. It may these (my disciples) go their way." v. 8. be objected, that, on my own scheme, 'It appears, therefore, that none were eternal life will be given to more than given to Christ but in discipleship. those who had been his followers while Aberdeen, 24th Dec. 1820. on earth; therefore the numbers given to Christ must include all who shall receive eternal life. If it follows, from restricting the number given to Christ,

BRIEF MEMOIR OF to his disciples, that eternal life will

THE REV. WILLIAM SHEPHERD. be bestowed only upon those who had been his followers in person ; then it

(With a Portrait.) would follow that he died for none but AMONG the few literary characters, to the apostles, for it is written, “This whom Liverpool bas given birth, may is my body, which is given for you: be ranked the Reverend William this cup is the new testament in my Shepherd, whose portrait accompablood, which is shed for you.Luke nies this memoir. xxii. 19, 20. 1 Corin. xi. 24. There | Mr. Shepherd was born at Liverare two reasons still in favour of the pool, November 11, 1768; his father view which I have given : first, it is was a respectable tradesman, whose right in doubtful cases to adhere to talents and good conduct procured the common acceptation of the word; him an introduction to society above and secondly, Christ had been address- his own rank in life. His mother was ing the apostles, and was just about a daughter of the Rev. Benjamin to pray for them.

Mather, a dissenting minister at Over5. “I have manifested thy name Darwin, a popular preacher, and posunto the men which thou gavest me sessed of an independent fortune. out of the world.” Ibid. v. 4. First, the On the death of his father, Mr. persons given him had been given, not Shepherd was received into the fafrom all eternity, but out of the world.mily of his maternal uncle, the Rev. Secondly, unto such persons God's Tatlock Mather, pastor of a dissenting name had been manifested, therefore congregation at Rainford near Presthey were not all the elect, but only cot, who, being a bachelor, adopted those who had been his followers. him as his son, and instructed him in

6." Thine they were, and thou gav- the elements of useful knowledge; he est them me; and they have kept thy afterwards went as a day-scholar to Word.” Ibid. The persons given him Holden's academy at Rainford, where had kept bis word; therefore they were he continued for upwards of six years, not all the elect, but his disciples. the principal part of which time he

7. “I pray for them: I pray not for was under the tuition of the Rev. the world, but for them which thou John Braithwaite. From Rainford, nast given me.” Ibid. v. 9. The per- | Mr. Shepherd was removed to Bolons prayed for were those who had ton, and placed under the tuition believed on him, (v. 8.) and were then of the Reverend Philip Holland, who

the world, v. ll. Therefore the per- is still remembered as an excelsons given him are not all the elect. lent scholar, and a most accurate 8. "Holy Father, keep through thine teacher, and of whom Mr. Shep

aame those whom thou hast given herd has been frequently heard to cat they may be one, as we are.” declare, with the most grateful emo

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tions, that to the admirable precepts publication of a life of Poggio Bracof this skilful instructor, he is in- ciolini, a very celebrated Italian debted for the more efficient portion scholar of the fifteenth century, and of of his education.

whom no accurate account had hitherWhen Mr. Shepherd had attained to been given. This work, which was his fifteenth year, his uncle died, be published in 1802, stands in high and queathing him to the care of his inti- deserved estimation with the literary mate friend, the Rev. Richard God-world, and it has been translated into win, minister of Gateacre chapel, who, the French, Italian, and German lanon his determining to devote himself guages. The style is manly, pure, and to the ministry, sent him to the dis elegant; the remarks on authors evince senting academy at Daventry, in a sound discriminating judgment, and Northamptonshire, where he was ad- the reflections on events, a discerning mitted on the foundation; here he con- and cultivated mind. tinued three years, under the tuition About the year 1435, Poggio, who of the Rev. Messrs. Belsham, Broad- was then fifty-five years old, and who bent, and Cogan, who were respec- had led a very dissipated life, married tively Divinity, Mathematical, and a lady " who had not seen eighteen Classical Tutors. From Daventry, summers." In order to justify his conMr. Shepherd removed to the New duct for this extraordinary step, he College at Hackney, where he had wrote a formal treatise on the questhe advantage of the instruction of tion“ An seni sit uxor ducenda ?” This those eminent and learned men, Dr. curious composition never had been Kippis and Dr. Rees, and also of Mr. | made public, till the year 1805, when Belsham, who was appointed Divi- a few copies were printed by Mr. nity Tutor to the New College, during Shepherd, for distribution among his Mr. Shepherd's residence there. friends, from the manuscript in the

On the completion of his studies, Royal Library at Paris. . Mr. Shepherd left the college ; and no In 1814, Mr. Shepherd published situation as a minister immediately the result of two excursions to France, presenting itself, he accepted an in- under the title of “ Paris in 1802, and vitation from the Rev. John Yates, of 1814;" this work, which is generally Toxteth Park, near Liverpool, to un-commended for its impartiality, has dertake the office of private tutor to gone through three editions. his children. During his residence In 1815, Mr. Shepherd, conjointly in Mr. Yates's family, Mr. Shepherd with the Rev. Mr. Joyce and the Rev. occasionally performed divine service Dr. Carpenter, published, in two at the Unitarian chapel at Knowsley. octavo volumes, a general compendium His congregation was at first very of the various objects of liberal study, small, but during his ministry its under the title of Systematic Educanumbers and respectability were very tion; or Elementary Instruction in the considerably increased. Mr. Shep- various departments of Literature and herd had resided in Mr. Yates's fa- Science, with practical rules for studymily about two years, when he receiving each branch of useful knowledge." ed a call to the pastoral superintend- The first edition of this work was very ence over the Unitarian congregation speedily disposed of; a second has at Gateacre, where he then went to since been printed; and as the work reside, having entered into the matri- obtains very general approbation, it monial connection with Miss Nichol- will, in all probability, reach several son, daughter of the late Mr. Robert more. Nicholson, merchant; of Liverpool. Besides the above works, Mr. ShepSoon after Mr. Shepherd had esta herd has been the author of several blished his residence at Gateacre, he occasional pamphlets, and a variety opened a seminary for the classical of fugitive pieces and poems, which education of young gentlemen, which have appeared in different periodical he still continues.

publications. Of these, altho' some From his intimacy with our worthy are on subjects of importance, we have townsman, Mr. Roscoe, Mr Shepherd no means of ascertaining either the imbibed a partiality for Italian litera- | extent or the merit, many of them havture, and was induced by a perusal of ing been printed without any signathat gentleman's interesting history of ture, and few, if any, bearing the auLorenzo de' Medici, to undertake the thor's name.

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Review.-Discourses for Families-Farmer's Guide.

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Review-A Series of Discourses, con calculated to awaken the inattentive

taining a System of Doctrinal, Expe- to serious reflection, and to fasten rimental, and Practical Religión, par-conviction on their minds. We think ticularly calculated for the Ưse of' Fa- this book is calculated to be useful. milies, preuched in the Parish Church of Dewsbury, Yorkshire. By the Rev. J. Buckworth, A.M. Vicar. Review.-The Farmer and Grazier's Second Edition. 8vo. pp. 326. Sher Guide ; containing a collection of valuwood & Co. London.

able Recipes for the most common

and fatal Disorders, to which Horses, We live in an age, when treatises on horred Cattle, and Sheep, are subject. experimental and practical religion

Second Edition, improved and enare much wanted; but happily for us,

larged. By L. Towne. 8vo. pp. 104. it is also an age in which such trea Longman and Co. London. 1821. tises are amply supplied.

The strenuous efforts which Infi- On a work which professedly treats delity has lately made to overturn of diseases in animals, and the means religion, under the specious pretext of their cure, our opinion will proof introducing a freedom of inquiry, bably be of little weight with those have unhappily given birth to a pro- to whom this treatise is likely to fligacy of manners, injurious to pub prove valuable, when we declare that lic morals, and consequently inimi- we are not well acquainted with cal to the best interests of mankind. | either. These pernicious effects, it is the We hold ourselves competent, howduty of every man, who is the friend ever, to observe, that on most occaof his country and of his God, to sions, the Author's remarks appear endeavour to counteract; and this judicious and plausible, and that his can never be so effectually accom- ideas are expressed with ease and plished, as by affectionately incul- perspicuity. On the nature and cating experimental and practical causes of many diseases, his obsergodliness.

| vations carry with them their own This treatise contains twenty ser evidence ; in the former case they are mons, on subjects that are impor founded on fact, and in the latter tant in themselves, and deeply inte they are supported by the highest resting to the Christian world. In degree of probability. The remetheir range, they embrace the Divine dies also, and means of cure, which he existence, the truth of Revelation, I prescribes, are such as our general the commandments of God, the na acquaintance with the known properture of sin, redemption through ties of drugs, either as simples or Christ, faith in his atonement, hoc compounds, would induce us to apliness of heart and life, and the va- prove, as being calculated to counrious duties which are peculiar to teract those maladies which render the relations we sustain in our social the use of medicinë necessary. intercourse.

Several of the disorders to which In the discussion of these momen- animals are liable, Mr. T. has de- . tous topics, the author shows himself scribed with much discrimination, to be in earnest for the salvation of pointing out their symptoms and prothose committed to his care; and gress, and prescribing the means notwithstanding the peculiarities of through which they may be either his creed, which occasionally appear, I prevented or removed. and the phraseology to which these On one serious disease, the Rot in peculiarities have given birth, he Sheep, Mr. Towne has relieved us boldly enforces obedience to the di- from the embarrassment which our vine precepts, as the distinguishing | deficiency of knowledge would occharacteristics of genuine Chris-casion, by furnishing the testimo

nials of many respectable individuals, The manner in which his various who have made trial of his medisubjects are introduced and applied, I cines, and found them particularly seems to be well adapted for those of efficacious. These gentlemen, havals congregation whose welfare he ing been extensively concerned in professes to have in view. The lan- the management of sheep as indiviguage is plain but energetic, and is duals, and pariially so as members

tianity.

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of an agricultural society, have ao- minds of children, in terms which companied their attestations with they can scarcely misunderstand. their respective names, and from re At the end of each conversation, peated experiments they strongly re- the whole being sixteen in number, commend the Author's remedy to the the principal articles are selected to world.

be proposed in questions to the chil

dren, whose answers are to be given in Review.--Conversations on English

their own language, founded upon such

observations as they may have made, Grammar, in a series of familiar and entertaining Dialogues between a Mo

during their respective lessons. We ther and her Daughters, &c. &c. By

give the sixth conversation as a spe

cimen. Mrs. Williams, author of the Syllabic

« Charlotte. Mamma, where have you been? Spelling Book, or Summary Method I did not know you were going out this mornof Reading. 8vo. half-bound, pp. 213. ing! London, Lackington & Co. 1821.

Mrs. Grenville. You know we expect com

pany to dinner; I have been to order the desHow much soever a fastidious critic

sert! might be disposed to hunt after error, Emily. I had forgotten the company; what and to triumph in the few discoveries

have you bought ? Do tell us about the deswhich ingenious severity might enable

sert.

Mrs. Grenville. I have ordered a pine-apple, him to make, common justice must ex

| a cake, two melons, and some grapes, peaches, tort from him a tribute of approbation. walnuts, and filberds. Perhaps you can tell The general principles introduced into me what part of speech these good things are. these conversations vary only in a few Charlotte. They are substantives common, for subordinate particulars from those of

they are the naines of several things of the Mr. Murray, from whose work the

same kind, and not of one particular person or

place. rules of Syntax, though varied in tbeir Mrs. Grenville. Substantives common have arrangement, are avowedly taken. two numbers ; the singular number, which

By assuming the form of dialogue, means only one, and the plural number, which this needful science is divested of its

| means more than one. Tell me which of those forbidding aspect; and the plain and

things I have ordered for the dessert are singu

lar, and which of them are plural? familiar manner in which the conver

Emily. There is one cake, and one pinesations are conducted, entitles the apple ; cake is singular, and pine-apple is sinauthor to justly-merited praise. Every gular, but two melons are plural. term of difficulty, on its first introduce therda are plaral, there are so many ou

Charlotte. Grapes, peaches, walnuts, and tion, is fully explained, in language which we conceive any child of seven

| Emily. Are two men, or two women, plural? or eight years of age may easily com | Mrs. Grenville. Every number that signifies prehend; and the questions which more than one is plural; a child is singular, but lead to the various replies from Mrs.

children are plural; children may mean only

** two, or three children, or may mean au Grenville to her pupils, àre such as

dren of that Charity-school we met the other would naturally occur to every inquir I day. ing mind, when “ the young idea be | Emily. I counted almost a hundred boys and gins to shoot.”

girls together. To those who have the instruction | Charlotte. Why are they called Charityof children committed to their care, it

children?

Mrs. Grenville. They are children of po may appear, that Mrs. Grenville's pu- parents, who would grow up in ignoran pils learn too fast, and obtain a know. I gentlemen and ladies did not pay for their bells ledge of their lessons with more faci- / taught at proper schools; and as whatever is lity than practical observation can jus- | given for the benefit of the poor, is called chce tify. But this fact can furnish no real | "

| rity, these schools are called Charity-schools. cause of discouragement. The same has he brought ?

Charlotte. Here is John with a basket, what lesson may be repeated until it is 1 John. Mrs. Wilmot's compliments, ma'am, fairly understood by a real pupil, which , and she has sent you a couple of chickens, and an ideal one may comprehend at the a dozen of ripe apples for the young ladies. first glance. It is of more impor

Mrs. Grenville. You may leave the apples tance to observe, that the questions

here; give my compliments to Mrs. Wilmot,

and we are very much obliged to her.. proposed, and the replies given, are Charlotte. How good-natured Mrs. W e full and pertinent, and that the les is! She generally brings us fruit, or something sons, though short, are sufficiently

nice, whenever she comes to town... comprehensive to communicate ade

Emily. What pretty little apples! I think nate ideas of the subject to the them. How many make a dozen?

| they are nonpareils, and there are several as

them.

en, or may mean all the chil

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Mrs. Grenville. There are twelve in a dozen. 1. This word dozen reminds me that I have not | ReviEW.--A Christian Biographical yet pointed out to you a third sort of substan Dictionary; containing an account of tive, which is called a collective substantive, or the Lives and Writings of most disa noun of multitude.

tinguished Christians and Theologians Emily. A noun of multitude seems to be

of all Denominations, and in every both singular and plural, for a noun means one noun, and multitude means a great number.

nation, from the commencement of the Mrs. Grenville. That is exactly the case.

Christian Æra, to the present period. An army is singular, for it is one army, but By John Wilks, Jun. small octavo, there are a great many men in one army, seve

pp. 336. London, Longman & Co. ral ships in one fleet, several trees in one forest,

Paternoster Row, and F. Westley, and several children in one school; therefore, the words army, fleet, forest, and school, are

Stationer's Court. 1821. collective substantives.

It is not to be expected that a single Charlotte. John called the two chickens a couple; I think couple is a collective substantive, |

volume, containing less than four hunas there must be two things to make one couple. | dred pages, should include the bio

Emily. I saw a great crowd in the street this graphy even of one-tenth part of those morning. Several men, women, and children, celebrated divines, and other eminent were collected together; crowd is a collective

characters, who, in every age and naMrs. Grenville. It is so. I hope you will

tion, since the commencement of the recollect that there are three sorts of substan

Christian æra, have distinguished tives, proper, common, and collective : that sub themselves by their piety and usefulstantives have three genuers, the masculine and ness, in the cause of our holy religion. feminine, or common to both, and the neuter; But it is not improbable, that on this and that substantives have two numbers, the singular number, and the plural number. To

account, many persons, not finding the morrow we will consider the cases of substan- | name of some favourite author in the tives or nouns. You may go up stairs now; I

| list of selected worthies contained in cannot stay with you any longer this morning, this book, will accuse the compiler of for I have several things to attend to, before I

partiality, and think his labours undress for dinner.

worthy of their regard. From this Questions adapted to the Sixth Conversation.

charge, founded upon local views, and 1. How many numbers have Substantives ?

personal attachments, the plan which 2. What is the singular namber?

Mr. Wilks has adopted, forbids him to 3. What is the plural number? 4. Are two singular or plural ?

make any retreat. We can, however, 5. What is a collective substantive? assure our readers, that of those per6. What is the word dozen?

sons who have been selected, the bio7. Wbat is the word school ?

graphy is clear and satisfactory; and 8. How many sorts of substantives are there?

we conceive that the bigot only, whom 9. How many genders are there? 10. How many numbers are there?

nothing will please but the elevation of Parse the following words :---gloves, score,

his party advocates, above their prechurch, congregation, aunt, masters, birds, decessors and cotemporaries, will audience, friends, England.---pp. 51, 55." charge the compiler with giving an

It is to be regretted, that Mrs. Gren- unjust delineation of individual chaville and her pupils should appear in racter. those exalted stations of splendid life We gather from the title-page, that which can fall to the lot of few only, Mr. Wilks had no design to confine to whom this book may render essen- his biographical researches to persons tial service. · Dress, company, visits, whose lives had been exclusively deand coaches ; livery servants, atten- voted to the ministry. Hence, Chrisdants, and equipage, may please a tians of all denominations, and of va, certain description of persons, but the rious ranks in society, appear before principles of grammar are now acquir- us: and many illustrious females, in ed in the less dignified stations of the a subordinate degree, occupy some community, where these decorations pages in this volume. In general, are inapplicable and disgusting. But the biographical sketches are partinotwithstanding these peculiarities, cularly interesting ; under which chathe volume demands our decided ap- racter we rank the lives of Buchanan, probation, and we rccommend it with Bunyan, Erasmus, Fenelon, Flavel, confidence to public patronage and Grotius, Hale, Paley, Wesley, Whitsupport, as being admirably adapted field, Coke, Martyn, and many others. to communicate to the tender mind! From a work which is exclusively correct ideas of the rudiments of biographical, it may appear injudigrammatical knowledge.

cious to give an extract that will not

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