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i Queries to Correspondents.

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In a refutation of “the Arminian 5. Queen Ann's Farthings. interpretation" of John iii. 3. page 62,/

| How many Farthings were coined

How ma we meet with the following sentence

| under the reign of Queen Ann? And by the way of introduction ; “ By re

has Government, or the Antiquarian generation-being new creatures

Society, or any other society or indiraised from death in sin,-in the New

vidual, offered any premium for a Testament, is now meant, according

Queen Ann's Farthing? and if 30, to Dr. Taylor, merely persons being

what is that premium? brought into the state and privileges of professing Christians." This senti

6. On the Fall of Mankind. ment is suitable enough to the creed : S. of Huddersfield asks, Will the of Dr. Taylor, a noted Arian; but Mr. Fall of Mankind by Adam, and their Mac M. has appeared too late in the Redemption by Christ, be the means world, successfully to palm on Armi- of procuring to them greater felicity nians the doctrines of Arianism. than they would have enjoyed, had

I would now conclude by remark- | Adam not transgressed the Divine ing--that Mr. Mac M. has misled his command ? readers by referring them to the Ar

7. Chalk Drawings. minian, instead of the Arminian's op of Manchester wishes to be Creed: the latter being the composi- | informed, through the medium of the tion of an individual, who subjoined Imperial Magazine, how to fasten it to a “ Letter addressed to a Clergy- Chalk Drawings from being defaced. man of the Church of Scotland.”

I am, &c. Z. Aberdeen, Feb. 9th, 1821.



Sir, -Should the following be esteemed worthy a place in your valuable

miscellany, I shall feel much gratified 1. On Satan falling like Lightning from

by their insertion.. Heaven. B. asks, What are we to understand Versification of Ossian's Address to by our Lord's words, Luke x. 5. “I

the Evening Star. saw Satan like Lightning fall from


Hail! glowing orb of dark descending night! 2. On Partialities und Antipathies.

Fair, in the distant west, thy spotless light! John, having frequently observed

From forth thy cloud thoa lift'st thy unshorn

head, that the dislikes and partialities in

Wbile o'er the hills thy stately steps are led. children, with regard to food, &c. are

Declare, what see'st thou on the plain disgenerally founded on whim and pre play'd ? judice, and that they greatly diminish Within their caves the stormy.winds are laid when they arrive at sufficient age to 1 The murm'ring torrent cometh from afarexercise their judgment; and yet the

the Waves roaring, climb the rocks in noisy war

The evening flies are on their feeble wing, persons are, perhaps, never able And with their bum the fields and valleys ring. wholly to overcome their dislike for | But what dost thou behold, thou peerless light? some particular things,-would be glad Thou smilest, and departest, with the night; to know the grand principle or spring

Then waves around thee haste, in joyous care, of liking or disliking.

Receive thee in their arms, and bathe thy

lovely hair! 3. On our Ideas of Beauty and Ugliness. Thou silent beam, farewell! let light arise, John, would be glad to know., upon

And Ossian's soul explore the mystic skies ! what principle we consider some things beautiful and others ugly? and why some persons perceive beauty in

EPITAPH, a thing, where another does not?

On a tomb-stone in All-Saints' Church-yard,

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. . 4. Dry Rot. .

Here lies Robin Wallis, Juvenis, would be obliged to any Clerk of All-Hallows; correspondent for information on the

King of good fellows, best way of preventing the Dry Rot in | He bellows did make till the day of his death;

- And maker of bellows. timber or buildings ; and of prevent- | But he that made bellows could never make ing its progress where it has begun. I breath. No. 29. VOL. III.

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Historical Observations respecting Liverpool. ................... ...soroccorror.. rinocooooooooooooooo...oonroecone OBSERVATIONS HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE RESPECTING LIVERPOOL.

(Continued from col. 475.) AMONG the numerous institutions by | spection, during the present year. which Liverpool is so justly distin- Since the calculation was made, some guisbed, its extensive schools deserve changes, without doubt, have taken to be distinctly noticed. Many of place; but making due allowance for these are supported by voluntary con- trifling variations and exceptions, this tributions; and while the jarring prin- statement may be considered as geneciples of hostile creeds create a rally correct. strangeness among their several sup- By comparing this account with that porters, it is pleasing to observe a which has lately been laid before Parhappy rivalship, if not a mutual co- liament, and circulated throughout the operation, in extending the blessings nation, a considerable disagreement of education.

will appear; and if the Hon. Member The following list of schools in Li by whom it was introduced, has been as verpool, and within two miles of the unfortunate in procuring information town, for the instruction of the poor, from other places, as he has respecting has either been taken from the reports Liverpool, it is no breach of charity to of the schools, or from actual in- say, that his report is erroneous.

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Independents, Baptists,

and others. Circus-street ..... Elliot-street ...... Duncan-street..... Gt.George-st Chapel | Pall-Mall ......

Bedford-street. Gloucester-street.. Newington ....... North Shore ..... Great Crosshall-st.. Zion Chapel.... South Shore ... Gibraltar-row... Blundel-street .. Crooked-lane .... Maguire-street.. Edmand-street... Hackin's Hey .... (Greek-street..ini. Chesney-street. ...

fogo1 S Pay ld., 1id., and 2d. per week.--Not full

l at present, but increasing. 60 Pay 2d. per week, which covers all expenses. 100 Pay 2d. per week. 60

Under the title of the Sunday School

Union, the schools included between Circus-street and Greekstreet, enumerate on their books 4000 persons, inclusive of adults, of which 2700 children attended the last anniversary.

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About to be extended.


Not supported by, or under the management of any religious sect in particular.

Is Gratuitous.--Girls' school will accommoSt. Patrick School.... 390 210 | date double the number. Harrington .........

Ditto. Many applications.

( The number of persons who received

the benefit of the institution last year Marine Sch. for Seamen 400

|| Ditto.

was about 400, though the average Guit

( attendance was inconsiderable. Ditto, for Children

60 || Ditto. Lodge-lane .........

Private school.
TOTAL INSTRUCTED... 6754 11,982 £6,739
By the Church....... 2335 2,663

Dissenters, &o.. 3151 8,051
Supported by voluntary
subscriptions of dif-
ferent seots........ 1268 1,268
showing the of 16754/11,9821

Liverpool has several places of of brick, having a semi-circular stone

blic amusements, among which the front, ornamented with the king's Theatre occupies the foremost rank. arms, and various emblematical This building, which stands on the figures, well executed in stone. This east side of Williamson-square, was theatre is in general open from May first opened in 1772. Since its first to October. erection, which cost about £6000, it The Circus, which stands at the

been considerably enlarged. The bottom of Springfield-street, Chrisde is commodious; the architec- tian-street, is appropriated to equesre and scenery are elegant; and trian exercises, and pantomimic ex• Slage is spacious. The walls are | bibitions. This is generally open

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during the winter months, when the with the river was retained for some theatre is shut.

time, but no traces either of this or The Music Hall is situated in Bold of the buildings at present remain. street. It is a large brick building, To supply in some degree this defihaving a portico projecting over the ciency, a Floating Bath, erected for parapet. In this room, concerts and the purpose, - was launched on the public meetings are frequently held. 11th June, 1816. This vessel, which

The Rotunda, situated also in Bold-contains a reservoir 80 feet long, and street, near the Lycæum, is a plain 27 feet wide, is moored during the brick building, of a circular form. It summer season, opposite George's was originally designed for the exhi- Dock, at no great distance from the bition of panoramic paintings; but shore ; by which means a current is this of late years having been discon continually replenishing the reservoir tinued, it is now elegantly fitted up as through four sluices at each end, with a billiard room, for the accommo- a new supply of water, whether the dation of a select number of pro- tide ebbs or flows. The depth of prietors.

water in the reservoir is graduated The Liverpool Royal Museum, stands from six feet to three feet and a half. at the bottom of Church-street. It This vessel is furnished with every consist of two apartments, which have accommodation.' "Such as prefer it, been fitted up at a considerable ex-may have private baths, concealed pense. The first of these contains from others who are on board, or may natural curiosities; and the second, swim in the river, without an exposure works of art. Among the former, are to spectators from the shore. In two birds, animals, snakes, crocodiles, a neat and convenient, cabins on board, pool of water inhabited by gold and refreshments may be obtained; and silver fish, together with various ma-. the newspapers, which are at the rine productions. The latter displays service of all who wish to enjoy the numerous pieces of ancient armour, breezes, will furnish leisure with and implements of war, that have amusement. The floating bath is a been in use, down from the Norman | great accommodation both to the inconquest.

habitants and to strangers. Boats are The Wellington Rooms obtain their always in readiness to take on board name from that of the celebrated hero or to carry on shore, those who wish of Waterloo. The building is situated to bathe, without any additional ex: near the upper end of Mount Plea- pense. sant. It was erected by public sub- Liverpool is at present abundantly 'scription as an assembly room, from supplied with excellent water. In the designs of Mr. Edmund Aikin of former years, this valuable article London, by Mr. John Slater, in 1815. / used for culinary purposes was carThe ball room is 80 feet by 37, the ried through the streets in carts, and card room, 44 feet by 25, and the sup- sold to the inhabitants. This was an per room, 50 feet by 25. The front, inconvenience to the poor, on whose which is of stone, is in the Grecian scanty earnings the expense fell with style of architecture, without win- ' peculiar severity. Water is now condows. This building is elegant, and / veyed through every street in large contains every convenience which the pipes, and branches enter the dwelllovers of such amusements can re-ing houses; for which the inhabitants quire.

pay an annual rent. To such places Among the accommodations of Liver- as the stream could not reach through pool, the public baths ought not to be the elevation of the ground, it is now omitted. These, situated at the end forced by steam engines; three.. of the North quay, were formerly pri- these, in Berry-street, Copperas-hill, vate property; but having been pur- and Bevington-bill, are under the chased by the corporation for £4000, direction of the Corporation water they underwent considerable altera- company, and another in Vauxhalltions. The formation, however, of the road is under that of the Bootle water Regent's Dock between these baths company. and the river, has not only deprived! The Bootle water rises about three them of their former popularity and miles from the Exchange, and is con use, but operated to their total demo-veyed in pipes to the town. The Co lition. The pipe which communicated / poration water, wbich is the softest,

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is drawn from several wells in the public, to whom it is always open, town. But either through an in- except on Sundays. creased consumption, or from a gra- Liverpool has few manufactories bedual diminution of the springs, it is sides those which are immediately well known, that the Corporation wells connected with its shipping, its harhave been sunk about a foot per an- | bour, and its docks. Cotton factories num. From these wells, openings have been attempted, but no enterhave been made in various directions prise has been crowned with success. to collect water from distances of se-It has, however, numerous houses for veral hundred yards. To increase the refining of sugar, an extensive the supplies, holes are also bored pottery, iron and brass founderies, through the ground, in a horizontal roperies, &c. in addition to its domesdirection thirty or forty feet.

tic trades. In Vauxhall Road, there The accommodation which vessels, is a Patent Rope Mill, which cannot frequenting the Docks, experience, in but prove highly gratifying to the specobtaining water, is exceedingly great.tator, who watches the effects proThe watermen, by starting plugs near duced by the various machinery. The the Dock, and fastening a long lea- building is extensive and elevated, and thern pipe, can convey the stream the whole process is carried on by the into the casks as they lie stowed in agency of steam. The hemp used in the hold, or any other part of the the manufacture, is taken to the ship. Every street is furnished with highest story of the building; where plugs, which may be started also in being prepared, it is spun into yarns, case of fire, and the engines be in- which are received through the mastantly supplied with water.

chinery into the next room below, The Botanic Garden, situated near where it is formed into a rope of the Edgebill, occupies an extensive plot first size. In rooms still lower in of ground, enclosed by a stone wall, succession, ropes of different dimenhaving two lodges at the entrance, sions are spun, and upon the ground and a well-constructed conservatory floor, a cable of the largest dimensions The collection of plants, shrubs, and is formed in a short time. On Brownflowers, contained in this garden, is at low Hill, there is an establishment once rare, curious, and extensive; somewhat similar, belonging to Mr. it is kept in excellent order, fur- G. Duncan. nishes much elegant recreation, and

(To be continued.) facilitates botanical science by rendering it attractive to every student,

Benevolent Institutions. and pleasing to every eye. It is, however, to be regretted, that of late years its support has been insuffi

PORT OF LONDON SOCIETY. . cient to meet the expenditure. This The third anniversary of this Society, has caused an appeal to the wealthy was held on Monday, May the 7th, inhabitants of Liverpool, to whose at the City of London Tavern, Admiral liberality scarcely any public institu- Lord Gambier, the President, in the tion bas hitherto been permitted to chair. look in vain.

This meeting was attended by Edw. St. James's Walk, at the top of Phillips, Esq. Sir George Murray Duke-street, inclining to the right, Keith, Bart. R. N. Rev. Rowland Hill, affords a fine promenade. The gra the Hon. and Rev. J. Gerard Noel, velled terrace, which is 400 yards Coomes, Esq. Rev. J. Edwards, long, extends over artificial ground, Rev. J. Hooper, G. Armstrong, Esq. that has been considerably elevated, Rev. J. Morrison, Rev. Mr. Curwen, by which means it furnishes an exten

Brown, Esq. Rev. Mr. James, sive and interesting prospect, Be Dr. Hamilton, Rev. Mr. Thom, Rev. hind the terrace are gravelled walks, Mr. Eastwood, Rev. George. Evans, kept in excellent order, and over- Rev. Charles Hyatt, Col. Sandys, shadowed with trees, that have grown | Capt. Fabian, R. N., Mackenzie, to a considerable height. Several | Esq. and R. H. Marten, Esq., who all genteel residences stand within these spoke on the occasion, in a manner gardens. The whole belongs to the calculated to promote the interests of Corporation, and is supported at its the society, whose welfare and prosexpense, for the accommodation of the perity lay near their hearts. From

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