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breathing in a foreign air, if she was it to be a dream, I then am easy, and not capable of joining in heartfelt ex- my curiosity engages me to see how pressions of gratitude to him, and in the fantastic scene will end, with the exertions to promote his glory. This same kind of indifference that the alienation would subject him to the spectator receives from a theatrical charge of inconstancy, or a breach of entertainment. But being all alone faith. Upon this consideration, unless an actor in this farce, the reality of the the separation was by mutual consent, representation is perpetually obtruding he would not be at liberty to form an- | itself upon me; so when the scene, as other attachment. He should suffer it often does, grows too troublesome for his indiscretion and precipitation, to be borne, I can any time, by making and remain in perpetual celibacy, a certain effort, which I can no way rather than render his life unhappy (for describe to you, awake myself. This, he cannot expect happiness,) or dis. you will say, is extraordinary, but not obey one of the commands of God, more so than the next circumstance. “ Be not unequally yoked together.” “ It has been said by an ingenious
But it may be, he has deserted, writer, that, waking, we all live in against her will, the pious though una- one common world, but, on going to dorned female, for the moral and ac- rest, each retires into a world of his complished one. If this is the case, own. But I do not know whether this he most certainly ought to bear the or any other writer has observed any reproach from the side where he is thing like what happens to me; namebound to fulfil his engagements by the ly, that this world of our own is as laws of man and of justice only, and constant and regular, in many partireturn to fulfil them where the laws of culars, as the common waking one. God, justice, and his own happiness, | To explain myself, I have rambled for are combined. From a view of the twenty years together in dreams, in perplexities which arise in conse- one certain country, through one cerquence of a want of deliberation, it tain road, and resided in one certain may be inferred, that a person cannot country house, quite different, as to place too strong a guard at the door the whole face of the country, and siof his affections, or be too cautious in tuation of the place, from any thing forming attachments either of mere I ever saw awake, having the scene friendship or of a more serious nature. quite unvaried. How often ought he to“ pause, pon “The third case will appear more der, sift," and how frequently, and surprising, perhaps, than either of sincerely, should the Christian pray, the foregoing. You have taken notice “ Lead me not into temptation." of that new and strange consciousness
we have in dreams; in which a ba
chelor, for instance, shall be conscious Extract of an Original Letter, from an
he has been married ten or twenty eminent Divine to Mr. Baxter, on
years, and shall recollect all the some extraordinary Dreams.
events of that period. A consciousness of this kind I have frequently
experienced. I suppose it to be very " There is nothing I have been more common, yet you are the first I know attentive to, than my own sensations of who has publicly taken potice of in dreams, though I dream incessantly. I it. But what I am going to tell you is There are two or three odd phenomena infinitely more surprising. I have tell in my dreaming, which I shall beg | as it were, in dreams, a double idea, leave to mention to you, and leave you tity. As thus, I have dreamed to conclude how much they make for was conversing with another, and are or against your hypothesis.
the same time was very inquisitive and “I am frequently troubled with desirous to know the subject of the frightful dreams, more especially when conversation, which seemed to be I lie on my left side. When these be- carefully kept from me. come very troublesome, I have in my “ Before I leave this subject sleep gained a kind of habit of re- dreams, I cannot forbear mentioning flecting how the case stands with me, I a story told by Grotius, and whether I be awake or asleep.' “ One quite ignorant of Greek, came This generally ends in a discovery of to Salmasius's father, and told hu the truth of the case; and when I find | Greek sentence, the sound of wm
on his awaking, he had written down the Elect, before conversion as after in French characters, which under-it. As their election does not prestanding nothing of, he brought to suppose faith and holiness, it may be Salmasius the father, one of the par manifested, but it cannot be characliament of Paris. Understanding from terized by any of the marks of the rehim, that it signified the destruction generate. Elect sinners is, therefore, of his house, the dreamer removed a phrase perfectly consistent with Calfrom it; and the next night it fell. vinism, but totally irreconcilable with This, as far as I can recollect, is the Scripture. simple story. It is well attested, and 1. The Elect are a praying people. stands quite free of a libertine objec-“ And shall not God avenge bis own tion, that the vision was the effect of elect, which cry day and night unto him, imagination ; for here the intelligence though he bear long with them,” Matt. was conveyed in a language not un- | xviii. 7. But the unregenerate do not derstood by the dreamer.
pray day and night, therefore the un“ I will add another. When Newark regenerate are not The Elect. was besieged by the Scotish army, in 2. The Elect are believers. “Paul, a the grand rebellion, a silk-mercer, in servant of God, and an apostle of Jethat place, dreamed his house was sus Christ, according to the faith of knocked down by a bomb: he awaked, God's elect,” &c. Titas i. 1. But the removed, and, in an hour after, a bomb unregenerate are not believers, theredid that execution. The wonder, you fore the unregenerate are not The Elect. see, is not that a rich tradesman, in 3. The Elect are a justified people. a town beseiged, should dream of " Who shall lay any thing to the bombs, but that he should dream so charge of God's elect? It is God that opportunely. However, the man thus justifieth,” Rom. viii. 33. But the unpreserved, to commemorate this mer- regenerate are not justified, therefore cy, left an annual donation to the poor, the unregenerate are not The Elect. and a sermon to be preached on that 4. The Elect are holy and beloved. day of the month for ever. This ser- “ Put on therefore, as the elect of God. mon I myself have preached occa- holy and beloved,”' &c. Col. iii. 12. But sionally."
the unregenerate are not holy and beloved, therefore the unregenerate are
not The Elect. ON ETERNAL ELECTION.
5. The Elect are exhorted to establish
or make firm their election. “WhereETERNAL election is held by Calvinists, fore the rather, brethren, give diligence and some Anti-Calvinists. The latter to make your calling and election sure,” consider it as the effect of foreseen faith (firm or certain,) for if ye do these and holiness. The former consider it things, ye shall never fall," 2 Pet.i. 10. as the effect of sovereign grace, and as But eternal election cannot fail, therethe cause of Christ's death, and con- fore the election which needs to be sequently the cause of the faith and confirmed, is not eternal. eternal salvation of the elect. Neither 6. The election spoken of in Scripture of these views is scriptural. Eternal | is represented as taking place in time. election, is not only unscriptural but" Because God hath, from the beginalso absurd. There can be no election ning, chosen you to salvation, through until the objects of election exist. sanctification of the Spirit, and belief There may be an election according to of the truth,” 2 Thess. ii. 13. The an eternal purpose; but this supposes means which God made use of in the election not to take place until the choosing them to salvation, were, the existence of its objects. The election sanctifying influence of the Spirit, and mentioned in scripture is of this kind. belief of the truth. But these things Again, election or choice necessarily happened in time; therefore their implies two things, viz. qualification / election was not eternal. and limitation. Qualification does | It may be objected, that they were not arise from limitation, but vice versa. | chosen from the beginning, that is, from Calvinistic election supposes the limi- | all eternity. The meaning agreeably lation to precede the qualification; I to the context, is, from the beginning of but scriptoral election vice versâ. the gospel preached to them. See Phi
Accordin g to Calvinism, the redeemed | lip. iv. 15. also Luke i. 2. John viii. are as much entitled to the appellation | 25. Acts xi. 15, 1 John ii.7.sınd iii. 11."
Again, “To the strangers, elect ac- doctrinal part of the epistle, the concording to the foreknowledge (or text, and other parts of Scripture, pre-determination) of God the Fa- The scope is, to shew that God has ther, through sanctification of the Spi chosen a people to be holy to himself, rit unto obedience, and sprinkling | instead of his ancient people, incluof the blood of Jesus Christ," 1 Pet. ding both believing Jews and Gentiles ; i. 1, 2. The same reasoning is applica- (chap. i. 10. and ii, 11, 22.) that they ble here, as on the preceding passage. should be united into one by Jesus
But one may say, a passage in the Christ; (ch. i.5. and ii. 4, 7, 13, 18.) Epistle to the Ephesians flatly contra- and that this new dispensation was the dicts all your reasonings. Is it pos- effect of an eternal purpose. (ch. i. 5, sible that any but an infidel would say 9—12. and ii. 9-11. The view given so ? The Scriptures of truth cannot of the fourth verse agrees entirely with contradict themselves. Imperfect views the scope. of Scripture may be contradictory. The context also confirms the same Paul and James seem, at first sight, view. Paul, in the third verse, praises to contradict each other on the point God for the blessings obtained by Jeof Justification ; but every knowing sus Christ. If the first of these blessChristian can reconcile them with ease. ings, which is mentioned in the fourth Let us, in this instance, endeavour to verse, be election to eternal life, then reconcile Paul with his Master, himself, it could not be by Christ, because, acand his fellow apostle, Peter.
cording to the Calvinistic view, elecThe passage alluded to is in Eph.i.4. tion in the order of things preceded the “ According as he hath chosen us in appointment of Christ as the Redeemhim before the foundation of the world, er of God's elect. Again: If election that we should be holy and without to eternal life be the blessing intended, blame before him in love." In him, then holiness would be the end of elecit may be said, means, in Christ, as tion, which is absurd. our covenanted Head; consequently, But the blessing of a separation from the elect are chosen from all eternity. the world, into one body, and into a The phrase in Christ, does not always state of holiness, is a blessing flowing mean in him from all eternity, and there- from the mediatorial work of Christ. fore'may not in this place. “Salute An- The second blessing (ver. 5 and 6) dronicus and Junius, my kinsmen and is adoption into God's family. Seech.ii. fellow prisoners, who are of note 11-13. The third blessing (ver. 7.) is among the apostles, who also were in the forgiveness of sins. The fourth blessChrist before me." It is needless to ing (ver. 11.) is a heavenly inheritance. remark, that if Paul was in Christ The fourth blessing is what the Calvinfrom all eternity, Andronicus and Ju-ists think they find in the fourth verse. nius could not be in before him. But The import of the fourth verse seems the phrase, in the passage under con- to be thus; “ According as he hath sideration, has neither the one mean separated us believers to be a holy ing nor the other. It means simply people, by virtue of Christ's mediathrough or by Christ: see verses 6, 7. | torial work, agreeably to the purpose also 2 Corin. v. 19, 21.
| which he purposed in himself from It may still be objected, that, being all eternity.” See 2 Tim. 1. 9. Tit. i. 2,3. chosen through or by Christ, before If we suppose the Calvinistic view the foundation of the world, is syno- of the passage to be the true one, viz. nymous with being chosen from all that certain individuals were pitched eternity. If the phrase from or before upon from all eternity to be redeemed the foundation of the world, always and finally saved by Jesus Christ, while means eternity, then Christ died before others around then were left to eternal he was born. 6. The Lamb slain from destruction ; then the passage is at vathe foundation of the world,” Rev. riance with the scope and the context, xiii. 8. The phrase may mean, in the with all the other passages in which former, as in the latter passage, ac the subject of election is introduced, cording to an eternal purpose. The li- | and with the numerous passages which teral import of the passage seems to represent all men as interested in the be, “ According as he hath chosen us love of God, in the death of Christ, by him, agreeably to his own eternal in the commands to repent and bemurpose. That this is the literal mean- lieve, promises and threatenings, in
is evident from the scope of the vitations and dehortations, &c.
Animadversions on "Remarks on Passages of Scripture."
- Let ithe man tremble who will still him, may have everlasting life, and I hold eternal election of certain indivi- will raise him up at the last day.” Is duals to glory, in opposition to such it possible that our Lord would have evidence to the contrary. " - Z. made these remarks, if he had alluded Aberdeen, sich October, 1820. Best only to the temporal gift of disciple
ship? or did he mean to convey the ANIMADVERSIONS ON REMARKS ON
idea that eternal life was to be con12 d. PÅSSAGES OF SCRIPTURE."
ferred in consequence of this gift, in| dependently of his own atonement and
sovereign grace?:,: MR. EDITOR. ; Pantel
Your correspondent, after having SIR, Your correspondent 2. (col. 375) quoted the following passage, “All thinks that many passages of Scripture that the Father giveth me shall come are perverted by pious well-meaning to me,” observes, "Giveth being in the persons, and he bas attempted to point present tense, does not favour the idea out the sources from whence their er- of an eternal gift: no stress is to be roneous views proceed, I allow that laid on the shall; the context must Scripture may be perverted from its determine whether the word in the originali meaning: still, however, I original must be translated shall or cannot agree with him in his explana- will come; the following clause, 'And tion of those passages which he has him that cometh to nie, I will in no adduced as being liable to mişinter- wise cast out,' clearly determines pretation. tıkma progr
stund that it should be translated will come, Your correspondent supposes that forif the will of the comer were not free, the passage, No man can come unto the latter clause of the verse would be me, except the Father, which bath sent entirely inappropriate.” Here it is me draw him," is to be rendered thus : presumed that the latter clause of the " No Jew would come to be the Lord's verse is independent of the foriner; if disciple, unless he were previously pre- however we examine the original, we pared by a knowledge of him as the shall find that the conjunction couples promised Messiah;" and headds, that the clauses, rendering them insepa. ** Such persons as became Christ's rable. The verse must be rendered disciples, were said to have been given thus, “ All that the Father giveth me, by the bather to him. It appears to shall come to me; and him that cometh, me, that we have no authority for li- or the person coming to me, (who is miting this assertion of our Lord: if thus given,) I will in nowise cast out.' it had reference merely to those who If we require any further evidence in were to become his disciples, he would support of the term shall, in its most have made it more specific; he would positive sense, we need only refer to have declared that no Jew could come the words already quoted, " And this to bim, except his Father drew him. is the will of him that sent me, that of Besides, upon this principle of limit- all which he hath given me, I should ation, we might do away with all our lose nothing.” If every individual Lord's instructions: if this passage is was to be left entirely to the guidance confined to those only who were his of his own will, I conceive this passage followers, there would be no difficulty would have been unnecessary, Qur in proving that all his doctrines and Lord declared that none of those who precepts, yea, even his atonement and were given to him, should be lost: his mediation, should be understood in honour and power are both engaged the same limited sense. That this on behalf of his people; to suppose passage relates to something more therefore that any who are really githan a temporal gift, is evident from ven to him, shall be lost, is to limit the latter clause of the verse, and from his power, and reflect upon his honour. the 39th and 40th verses of the same. It may be argued, that Judas was chapter. And I will raise him up at given. That Judas was gifted with the the last day. And this is the Father's office of the discipleship, I allow; but will which hath sent me, that of all that he was not given in the sense in wbich he hath given me I should lose which our Lord expressed himself in nothing, but should raise it up again the 6th chapter of John, is evident from at the last day. And this is the will the 64th aud 65th verses of that cbapof him that sent me, that every one ter, where it is said, “ But there are which seeth the Son, and believeth on some of you that believe not. For Je. No. 31.-Vol. III.
sus knew from the beginning who they flections, during his long and much vawere that believed not, and who should ried life, he having been tutor and betray him. And he said, Therefore chaplain to Charles II. when Prince said I unto you, that no man can come of Wales, whom he accompanied durunto me, except it were given unto him of | ing bis exile. At the restoration he my Father."
was appointed Dean of Westminster, Your correspondent remarks, that afterwards promoted to the Bishopric the passage, “As thou hast given him of Worcester, and finally to that of power over all flesh, that he should Salisbury, where he died in 1665, unigive eternal life to as many as thou versally esteemed and regretted. He hast given him," refers only to the was a man of a very mild and gentle disciples. If so, why was the first temper, which even the sufferings and clause of the verse introduced ? the persecutions he endured, during the introduction of that clause clearly tyrannical usurpation of Cromwell, evinces the propriety of giving an un | failed to destroy. It was said of him, limited interpretation to the remaining a short time after his decease, “That part of the verse: and certainly it fol- since Mr. Richard Hooker, none has lows, that Christ died for none but bis lived whom God had blessed with more disciples, if this passage is to be un- innocent wisdom, more sanctified derstood as relating only to those who learning, or a more pious primitive were his followers upon earth: for, by temper, than he.” the same inference, we might limit the | It is scarcely possible that a work passage, “ This is my body which is like the Imperial Magazine can renbroken for you, this do in remem- der more service to the literary world, brance of me." We have as much than by occasionally publishing exauthority for doing so in the one case tracts from meritorious works, which, as we have in the other.
like Bishop Earle's, are not generally But if we allow that these passages known, together with brief sketches had reference to the disciples only, it of their authors. I therefore hope to cannot be denied, that by the agency see many such extracts in the Imperial of the Spirit of God, they were given Magazine. to the Son; and that in consequence I have been informed that you numof this gift, none of them should be ber among your readers, several who lost, but that every one should indeed have resided at, or visited New Zeaobtain everlasting life.
land, or who are in possession of inI am, Sir,
formation relating to that interesting Your obedient servant, country. If so, I hope they will seize H. B. this opportunity to lay their informa
tion before the public through the meOBSERVATIONS ON “THE STAYED dium of your Magazine. So little, MAN.”
comparatively speaking, is known in
England respecting these fertile and MR. EDITOR.
beautiful islands, that I am certain SIR, I observed in your May num- any remarks upon their climate, soil, ber, col. 426, an article entitled, “The animal and vegetable productions, hyStayed Man," which is there errone drography, minerals, harbours, or inously attributed to Mr. Edward habitants, will excite much interest, Blount, who, in fact, as he quaintly and greatly gratify many of your reasays, “only played the midwives' ders, but none more so than, part, bringing into the world an
Your's, &c. *1 other's offspring." The real author LONDON: was Dr. John Earle, Bishop of Salis- June 8, 1821. bury, a most pious, learned, and vigilant prelate. Microcosmograpbie, An Answer to the Query proposed by or a Piece of the World Discovered, in “ Scriptor,” on the « Abolition of essays and characters (from whence Jewish Ceremonies,” inserted in col. the character of the “Stayed Man" is
584. extracted,) has passed through many editions, but has now become scarce. MR. Editor. This work is generally esteemed, by I CANNOT but admire the practice literary antiquaries, to be the result of adopted in your valuable Magazine, the author's own observations and re- l of proposing questions on various