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In the dark ages of king Alfred, made, two other replies to the same great disorders in the government question have reached us; to which, prevailed; it required such a genius as they take distinct views of the subas his to effect their abolition; accord-ject, we now give publicity. ingly he framed a body of just laws, divided the kingdom into counties,

(First Answer.) hundreds, and tithings, for the better

Mr. Editor. administration of affairs; and endea SIR,- In the Imperial Magazine for voured to enlighten the nation, which | July (col. 650,) I met with the followwas sunk in gross ignorance. Being / ing question, on the Fall of mankind. a great encourager of learning, he / S. of Huddersfield asks; “Will the invited to England, learned men and fall of mankind by Adam, and their celebrated scholars, from all parts of redemption by Christ, be the means Europe ; he personally set an example of procuring to them greater felicity of application, regularity, and litera than they would have enjoyed, had ture; he seemed to have employed all | Adam not transgressed the divine his talents in the public service; a command ?" generous patriotism glowed within his . The following answer is at your breast, and prompted him to the exer- disposal. tion of his abilities.

This question evidently relates to The Danes were, for a season, obli- the whole human race; in this form I ged to desist from their invasion, on think it cannot receive any other account of the preparations which answer from the Orthodox than a plain were now made against them; and negative ; for, as they justly conclude people experienced tranquillity, with all that finally reject the Saviour will very little interruption, for some time, certainly suffer the “vengeance of under the reign of this good prince. | eternal fire,” they cannot have greater Owing to the distance of time, correct | felicity than they would have enjoyed, accounts may not perhaps have been had Adam remained in his primeval transmitted to us : it would be absurd state. to affirm that Alfred was a perfect! But if the question be understood to being; with all his virtues, faults there refer to the enjoyment of such as are must have been. Let us remember, I finally saved, I incline to the affirmathat “to err is human.” His failings tive. “ They will have greater felicity were, perhaps, lost in the preponder

than they would have enjoyed, had ance of his virtue, and the general

| Adam not transgressed the divine comsplendour of his character: neither

mand.” And I incline to this view of must we make Alfred's abilities to the subject, because of their superior have been the boundary of Britain's perception of the peculiar display of deliverance-Divine Providence was the divine perfections, and their exas watchful then as it is at present; alted pleasure flowing from it, in their it was the will of the Almighty, that redemption, personal salvation, and England, when on the eve of losing

eternal glory; for it appears perfectly her king and government, should be reasonable and scriptural to conclude, restored to prosperity. Let men al

that as in redemption by Christ, ways think, concerning an overruling

The whole Deity is known,

Nor dares a creature guess, providence, what Cicero said in refer Which of the glories brightest shone ence to the heathen divinities :--Quod

The justice, or the grace;deorum immortalium numine omnia That this unequalled manifestation regi gubernarique perspeximus. of boundless mercy, unerring wis(To be continued. )

dom, almighty power, inflexible justice, and unspotted purity, will for

ever excite those elevated feelings, ON THE CONSEQUENCES OF ADAM's sublime praises, and uninterrupted FALL.

devotion to Jehovah's will, that no

thing but an internal heaven, as the In our number for July (col. 650,) result of redemption by Christ, could a Query was proposed on the Conse- | possibly produce. To the above requences of Adam's Fall, to which, in marks, I subjoin a short extract from our number for September (col. 828,) | the Rev. John Wesley's sermon on we inserted a reply. Since our ar- the fall of man, pages 153 and 154, 9th rangements for that insertion were vol. octavo edition.

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*« It should be particularly observed,l In answering questions of this chathat " where sin abounded, grace does racter, it is evident that our only much more abound.” For “not as the guides must be the revelation of God; condemnation, so is the free gift;" but to step for one moment into the region we may gain infinitely more than we of conjecture, is to leave the bright have lost: we may now attain both rays of the Sun of righteousness, for higher degrees of holiness, and higher the feeble glimmerings of a beclouded degrees of glory, than it would other- | understanding. wise have been possible for us to attain. Our first inquiry then, will be, what If Adam had not sinned, the Son of are the circumstances entering into, God had not died ; consequently, that and constituting, the primeval happiamazing instance of the love of God to ness of Adam ? In the account which man had never existed, which has, in the scriptures give us of the creation all ages, excited the highest joy, and of our first parents, we are informed love, and gratitude, from his children. that God created man out of the dust We might have loved God the creator, of the ground, and breathed into him God the preserver, God the governor, the breath of life, and, it is added, he but there would have been no place for became a living soul. Here we may love to God the redeemer; this could remark, that the origin of the body of have had no being; the highest glory | Adam was the same as that of the and joy, of saints on earth and saints beasts of the field; it was earthly, the in heaven, Christ crucified, had been most inferior nature of which we have wanting. We could not then have any knowledge, and of which, in our praised him, who “ thinking it no rob- | present circumstances, corruptibility bery to be equal with God, yet emptied or decomposition is an inseparable himself, took upon him the form of a concomitant. But in Adam's innoservant, and was obedient to death, cent state, we are warranted, I think, even the death of the cross.” This is to infer, from the form of the warning: now the noblest theme of all the chil that he should be exempt from dissodren of God on earth; yea, we need lution, if he continued holy : “ in the not scruple to affirm, even of angels day thou eatest thereof, thou shalt and archangels, and all the company | surely die,” implying, that if he did of heaven,

not eat, he should surely live. Hallelujah they cry, to the King of the sky, Hence we clearly perceive, that it To the great everlasting 1 AM !

was the performance of his duty that To the Lamb that was slain, and liveth again, Hallelujah to God and the Lainb.

exempted the body from dissolution, RICHARD TABRAHAM. and not any thing in the nature of that Buckie, Banffshire,

body. But we also find, that Adam Aug. 18, 1821.

was placed in the midst of natural good, with various limitations; the

most important one is, that which God (Second Answer.)

enjoined by express command, “Thou MR. EDITOR.

shalt not eat of the tree in the midst of SIR,- When I first read the Query the garden;" so that Adam, in his proposed by S. of Huddersfield (col. primeval state of happiness, stood 650,) I intended to trouble you with an constantly in the presence of a probianswer ; but circumstances occurring, bited object; his range amongst the prevented the execution of my pur- objects of natural good, was not free pose. On looking over the Magazine and unlimited. We must also notice for the present month, I find an answer those restrictions arising from the tenfrom Aizeos, which, as far as it goes, dency of his powers to repletion and (being principally restricted to subjects exhaustion. The extent of the enjoyof contemplation,) I heartily approve. ments arising from bodily appetites, My thoughts having taken a little more are but very momentary, and soon saamplitude, may perhaps serve more tiated ; and the exertion of the mental fully to elucidate the Query; however, powers is soon impeded by the decline I take the liberty of submitting them of physical energy in the muscular to your judgment. If you, Mr. Editor, parts of the system ; so that, in a short should concur in my opinion, I have period, a total cessation is absolutely no doubt this communication will find indispensable for the resuscitation of a place in your truly liberal Maga- animal nature; the mind cannot or zine.

I will not act, when lassitude prevail

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in the material parts of the system. and love, especially, would have been Christ, who was perfectly holy, is a new wanting in an opportunity of displayproof of what is here advanced. Adaming its infinite perfection, both in the also, in his state of innocence, was procuration and in the nature of the exposed to the temptations of Satan, happiness bestowed. It is in the conand, on the supposition that he had ferring upon man, of glory, honour, stood fast in his original holiness, it immortality, and eternal life, by the would only have been in consequence atonement of Christ, that God is exof his watchfulness, and resistance to hibited in all the glory of his character; the allurements of the deceiver; for it compared with which, the discoveries is not to be imagined that God would made to Adam in his primitive state, have secured his rectitude by any were but as the morning twilight to thing that would have trenched apon meridian day. his moral freedom, for in that case he | The Apostle, in the 5th chap. of his could not have remained an account- Epistle to the Romans, expresses himable creature. Now, on the supposition self after this manner, "Where sin that his felicity in his communications did abound, grace hath much more with God, in his intercourse with abounded;" this appears to be an inholy angels, and his discoveries, both ference that the Apostle draws from of the moral and natural perfections of the foregoing reasonings ; in which he God, were as great as his nature would shews, that the mercy through Christ allow; yet it must be admitted, that greatly surpasses the ruin and misery the circumstances enumerated above, through Adam. “For if by one man's would considerably lessen the sum of offence, death reigned by one ; much the absolute happiness for which more they wbich receive abundance of Adam had a capacity, as a pure and grace, and of the gift of righteousness, holy being; more especially, if we shall reign in life by one Jesus admit the idea of distance from the Christ.” throne of God, the habitation of the We shall now briefly point out, in higher intelligences whom God had two or three particulars, the much created, we must readily grant, that greater felicity bestowed by Christ, these things mark a sovereign disposal, than Adam destroyed by transgression. and require submission as a duty, and We shall first notice the “ redemption are something different from a state of the purchased possession (the body) of pure felicity. We think the word which is unto the praise of his glory," of God warrants us to say, that dis- Eph. chap. i. verse 14. “Christ shall tance from the throne of God was an change our vile body, that it may be inseparable circumstance connected fashioned like unto his glorious body, with Adam's innocent state, for there according to the working, whereby he is a total silence respecting any exalt-is able to subdue all things to himself," ation to a more glorious abode, after Phil. chap. iii. verse 21 ; and in the any period of standing in his created 15th chap. of 1st Cor, our resurrection purity. And we might reasonably bodyis there described as incorruptible, suppose, that had this been God's in- glorious,powerful, and spiritual. This, tention on the event of his obedience, I think, indicates a superior nature to it would have been intimated, as a mo- what was before possessed, consetive to that obedience; but we con- quently, a capacity for higher enjoyceive, that exaltation could only be ments, which capacity is filled in the merited by the perfect obedience of heavenly state. According to John, Christ, the merits of which, in relation we do not know what we shall be, our to man, even in his pure state, as con ideas are so much below what are inferring greater bappiness and glory, tended by the terms made use of in we shall now consider. I would the scriptures; but we know we shall premise, before entering upon this part be like him, and of his likeness we find of the subject, that I consider the in- some description in the Revelation, troduction of sin as affording the to which I would refer S. opportunity of that perfect display of We shall now notice the place of the divine character, which could not our future abode. It is not a paradise otherwise have been given. If sin had of natural good, it is heaven itself ; not entered, mercy could have had no there to dwell with God, holy angels, scope; justice could have had neither and redeemed men, not at a distance opportunity nor adequate reparation ; 1 from God's throne, but to sit down

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with Christ on his throne. We know tion upon the hard-hearted wretches of no prohibited object there; nothing who could impose upon that genius that defileth can enter, no lassitude whose influence they were incapable of is felt in that place, they serve him feeling. The reflection is still more day and night in his temple, and he melancholy, as it suggests to us, that that sitteth upon the throne shall the greater part of those whose wridwell among them; they hunger no tings are now read with avidity, passmore, nor thirst any more ; they are ed their days in obscurity and confitted for the eternal praise of God tempt; whilst, after their journey and the Lamb without interruption through this “ vale of tears” is over, from any cause. The heavenly state they are hailed too late by the epithets is absolutely eternal, and hence it is of“ divine,"and" immortal,” and their no part of their employment to guard tombs are adorned with all the useless against the machinations of an ad-pomp of architectural magnificence. versary; there is no adversary, there As long as the names of Dermody, is no temptation, they cannot possibly Burns, Savage, Chatterton, and a fall from that glory and felicity to number of other unfortunate, but brilwhich Christ hath exalted them. If | liant geniuses, shall flourish in their Adam had stood, it would have been works, so long will they be a reproach by obedience constantly performed; to the age in which they lived, for its but the obedience by which believers tardiness in discerning and patronizing stand in glory, is finished, perfected merit. for ever. This one circumstance, in Of late Chatterton is the most remy opinion, makes the felicity of re-markable instance we can find ofunited deemed men infinitely superior to the penury and misfortune: in the posseshappiness of Adam. In conclusion, I sion of abilities of the first order, he would say with the apostles, “ God saw others, far inferior in talent, rihath raised us up together, and made sing above him to notice and affluence, us sit together in heavenly places, in whilst he himself was neglected or deChrist Jesus ; that in the ages to come spised ; so that at length, exposed to he might shew the exceeding riches of his the severest indigence, he destroyed grace, in his kindness towards us, through!

ees towards us through himself at the premature age of twentyChrist Jesus.

one, in a fit of despair. Of all classes I am, Sir, your obedient servant, of writers, perhaps the poet is found

AMICUS.

the most frequently destitute of wealth Sunderland, Sept. 15, 1821.

and prosperity; plunged in the reve

ries of fancy, and rapt in the visions ON THE NEGLECT OP GENIUS.

and delights of his own fairy world, he

neglects the more substantial realities « Virtatem incolumem odimus, sublatam ex

of this ; his eye oculis, quærimus.”

" In a fine phrenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heav'n to earth, from earth MR. Epitor.

to heav'n." SIR,_Although I am totally unknown Hence his apathy for riches is easily to you as a correspondent in your well- accounted for, and it is by no means conducted Magazine, yet I flatter my-, a rare spectacle to see the votary of self that you will not refuse to insert the muses in the lowest stage of indithe following brief remarks which oc- gence. The age of antiquity was more curred to me lately on the perusal of generous than the present in rewardsome authors famed in the world both | ing its poets; and though we hear for their genius, and for the ill-fortune that Homer begged his bread, yet we they experienced in their literary ca- find that Anacreon was in great fareer.

vour at the court of Polycrates, that Whenever I reflect on the fate which Tyrtæus headed the Lacedæmonians, too commonly attends those great men, and animated them with his martial whose writings, after death, become songs, and that Pindar was courted the source of such delight to an admi- | by statesmen and princes. It is needring posterity, the thought of the va- less to enumerate in what high estirious difficulties and insults which they mation Horace, Virgil, and Catullus, had to encounter in this life, draws were holden; this is sufficiently known from me the sigh of sympathy at their to all who are conversant with the hiswrongs, and almost extorts a maledic- tory of the Augustan age. No. 32.-Vol. III.

30

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Did poetry indeed address herself ger to those fine and noble feelings only to our imaginations, we might which constitute a main feature in the consider her followers as an almost happiness of social life. useless race in the scale of society, But before we pass this denunciaand should not so much lament to see tion upon any individual, let us first their aflictions; but we must not sup- examine the grand preliminary interpose that this is the only aim which rogatory, “ Does the amusement tend this “meek-ey'd goddess" has in view; to good or to evil ?” With regard to under the mask of fiction she often con- the question immediately before us, I veys to our minds the sublimest truths, feel no hesitation whatever in declarwhich we might not relish so much ing, in the most unqualified terms, without her aid; and who will deny that I am the avowed and the decided that religion is benefited by her influ- opponent of all dancing. The reasons ence ? Upon a retrospect then of the upon which this opinion is founded, I many illustrious characters who have propose briefly to state; and I trust suffered from the cold illiberality of I shall be able satisfactorily to estathe world, of those who either have blish the entire validity of them, and promoted knowledge by their discove- that they will not be without their due ries, exerted themselves in the cause effect upon many of your readers. of virtue, or“ woke to ecstasy the liv We are told in different essays pubing lyre,”-what sensations must a- lished in favour of this amusement, rise in every feeling mind from the that no person is fit for polite society painful recollection! Though we can without being first initiated into the only pay the humble “ tribute of a system of dancing ; it being an indistear” to their memory, yet that tribute | pensable accomplishment, -that no will be a sincere one. In conclusion, one can enter the fashionable circles Mr. Editor, if I am successful in call with respect, without being thoroughly ing the attention of an abler pen than / acquainted with this polished art, it mine to this subject, my object will be necessarily combining the graceful infully attained by this faint outline. troduction into company, and the ele

P. G. J. gant gait necessary to be observed in Thame, Oxfordshire,

the dancing-room and on the promeSept. 13, 1821.

nade. Now, Sir, I do not mean to deny that a system of rule and polite

ness should be observed in the introON DANCING.

duction into company, as well as in

the drawing-room and on the promeMR. EDITOR.

nade; but that the system of dancing, Sir,--As the inculcation of morality with all its concomitant evils, is neforms a principal feature in your jour cessary to acquire these graces, I do nal, perhaps the following observa most unquestionably deny. I contend tions will not be considered unworthy that all the indispensable rules for the your notice.

entrance into polished society may be As youth of both sexes are constant. obtained, like all other moral branches ly surrounded by temptation, so in of education, without conjoining them proportion do they require constant with the pernicious evils which attend care and watchfulness, that they may dancing. shun the path which leads to ruin and! The only good that can possibly acto misery, and walk in that which crue from the system of dancing, is the points to honour and to happiness.health which it communicates, abstractAmid all the varied pleasures which edly considered, to those who particiinvite and flatter the attention of young pate in its active exercise; buteven this, and thoughtless minds, perhaps there I purpose to shew, is more than counis none more alluring, more indulged | teracted by the baneful influence which in, and more attended with baneful attends the practice. I admit that it consequences, particularly among the imparts vigour and strength to the bomiddling classes of the community, dily organs; that it throws a gaiety than DANCING. Do not suppose that I and a life over the drooping or sorrow. aman enemy to every species of amuse- | ful frame; that it invigorates the musment. No! The man who would rob cles; in short, that it greatly contrirational and intelligent beings of inno- | butes to add fresh nerve and energy to cent recreations, must be a total stran- / the whole bodily constitution.

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