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neighbourhood of Boston, their pri- derable antiquity and importance : mitive dignity and importance
and to the antiquarian and the histoThis volume also contains a list of rian the work before us will prove all the members of grand councils, bighly interesting. On some doubtful and of parliament, who have stood for points, a difference of opinion will prothis borough from the year 1352 to the bably be found between the author present time; and this is followed by and his contemporaries in the same, or a catalogue of all the mayors, of the similar departments of literature; but recorders, deputy recorders, town the authorities which he has quoted in clerks, and judges of the admiralty, so support of what he has advanced, are far as their names could be ascer- sufficient to shield him from the shafts tained.
of captious criticism, where his reaThe geological observations which sonings and arguments are incompeMr. Thomson has introduced, from tent to produce conviction. the information he had been able to For his laudable attempts to rescue collect from the inhabitants, or from from oblivion the history of a place of personal inspection, and from various no common renown and veneration, old documents, are replete with sen- Mr. Thomson is entitled to the thanks sible and philosophical reflections. of his readers ; and his successful perSeveral of these carry back our views severance entitles him to an equal deto the days of the Romans ; and the gree of praise. To the inhabitants of vestiges of art which have been dug other districts he has set an example up at various times, confirm the opi. worthy of imitation. Should this be nion of that high antiquity which the followed with similar ardour, and with author advocates.
the same degree of persevering inquiFrom the town of Boston, Mr. Thom- ry, we shall soon be in the possession son makes an excursion into the ad- of better materials for a general topojacent parishes of Skirbeck, Fishtoft, graphical history of our country than Freiston, Butterwick, Bennington, Le has hitherto been submitted to the verton, Leake, and Wrangle. Of public eye. The work we conceive these parishes he traces the ancient possesses considerable merit; we are history, noting whatever they furnish pleased in being able to recommend it that may be deemed remarkable, either to public patronage ; and we shall be in nature or art.
glad to find the author's industry and The botanical history furnishes no- talents recompensed according to their thing remarkable ; but the agricultural deserts. survey makes ample amends for this deficiency. In this survey it is pleasing to observe the furface of the soil, Review.-Memoirs of the Rev. Dan. which formerly swelled the bogs and Taylor, late Pastor of the General deserts of the world, teeming with Baptist Church, Whitechapel, Lonpasture, and waving an abundant don ; with Extracts from his Diary, harvest to the sun. In no part of Correspondence, and Unpublished England are the effects of persevering Manuscripts. By Adam Taylor. 8vo. industry more visible, perhaps, than 331. Baynes and Son; Whittemore, in the fens of Lincolnshire. The ap- | Mann, &c. London, 1820. pendix contains miscellaneous articles alphabetically arranged, but we can- Whatever opinions may be enternot enter into any thing like an ana- | tained respecting Mr. Dan Taylor's lysis of its varied contents. This work creed by those who concur with, or difconcludes with an index chronologi- fer from him, all must agree in this, cally arranged, and with a general in- | that he was a man of brilliant talents, dex referring to every thing remark of indefatigable industry, and of sterable in the volume.
ling piety; and to these distinguishing From several pages it was our in- characteristics, his biographer has tention to give some specimens of the done competent justice. author's talents as a writer, and of his Mr. Dan Taylor was born in Decemindefatigable perseverance in collect- | ber, 1738, at a place called Sour-Milk ing his materials, but the length of Hall, in Northowram. His strong atour observations will prevent their tachment to learning was noted in bis being introduced.
early years; and it is almost needless Boston is certainly a place of consi- / to add, that his proficiency kept pace
with this attachment. The ciroum- / ter, however, not answering the exstances of life, however, in which he pectations that had been entertained, was placed, were by no means fa- was soon discontinued; but Mr. Taylor vourable to literary pursuits. Having | found no want of employment. In attained the age of five, he was taken visiting distant churches, attending to labour with his father, in a coal- public meetings, joining in the delimine, in which employment he conti berations of numerous associations, nued many years. His mind, never- and discharging the duties of his own theless, rose superior to the disadvan- particular station, Mr. T. was actively tages of his situation ; for, at an early engaged until the end of November, period, his fame for learning spread 1816, when, in a manner almost sudthroughout the neighbourhood; and, den, he exchanged time for eternity, before he had attained the age of ten, in the 78th year of his age. he was frequently engaged in teaching In addition to this personal history, others to read. In the year 1758, he of which we have just sketched the lost his mother, to whom he had been outlines, the biographer has introduchiefly indebted for his religious in-ced many of Mr. Taylor's letters, and struction. At this time, being about given to his readers a general view of twenty-one, he had attained a consi- the controversies in wbich he was enderable acquaintance with the Latin, gaged. These letters, and this view, Greek, and Hebrew languages.
are very interesting ; and without At an early period of life, his mind them, the narrative, which comprises had received some serious impressions, Mr. Taylor's life, though enlivened by which a succession of events concurred all that variety which the character to renew, and, finally, to render per- and labours of a pious minister can be manent. The first religious people supposed to afford, would have apwith whom he was connected, were peared incomplete. the Methodists, among whom he offi- The delineations appear to have ciated for some time as a local preach- been drawn with a steady, but an imer. In this connection he continued partial hand. The character of Mr. until 1762, when, with several others, Taylor is set in a favourable light; but he entirely withdrew, and became the his defects are not passed over in siminister of the party that had seceded, lence; nor is he represented as a being and of such others as felt disposed to exempted from the common frailties join them in their public worship. At and infirmities of mortality. Michaelmas, in the above year, Mr. The numerous extracts which are Taylor removed from Halifax, near taken from Mr. Taylor's Diary, pleaswhich he had lately resided, and took ingly display the various exercises of up his abode at Wadsworth, where, his mind, his humility, patience, selfhaving taken leave of the coal-mine, denial, and devotedness to God. They and devoting himself entirely to the exhibit in a convincing, but an unexwork of the ministry, he was rendered pected manner, the deceitfulness of instrumental in forming and establish- the human heart, its propensity to ing a church.
cherish pride, and rob the divine Being The question of adult baptism, now of that glory which is alone his due. occupied his mind : to this doctrine he We have no doubt that many will soon became a convert; and, to the acknowledge the faithfulness of this principles thus adopted, he adhered picture, by finding its counterpart through life.
deeply lodged within. Differing, in some essential points, Mr. Taylor's publications are more from those with whom he had associ- diversified than voluminous; they ated, Mr. Taylor, in conjunction with amount to nearly fifty in number; but, a few friends, laid the foundation of a with few exceptions, they are chiefly new connection; and, after encoun- either pamphlets, to which the occatering many difficulties, engaging in sions of the moment gave birth, or sermany controversies, travelling to vari- mons which owe their existence to ous places, and preaching to several some peculiar circumstances. Of all congregations, he finally repaired to these we have a list at the conclusion London. In this place, in addition of the volume; and another, of the nuto his ministerial labours, he became merous ordinations at which he astutor to an academy, and Editor of the sisted. General Baptist Magazine. This lat! This volume, we think, contains a No. 32,- VOL.III.
faithful delineation, not of an abstract'l of all the blessings of providence, as well and impersonal character, which a as the death of Christ." biographer might advertise to be let; 1
1 “Query III. · If a great part of mankind be
| eternally miserable, what proportion of future but the portraiture of a laborious mi- |
punishment is there between the least singer nister, spending his time and talents and the greatest offender?' Answer. It is main the service of his Master, whose nifest to every one, that two persons may be cause, such publications as this, are
punished an equal time, and yet the one punishcalculated to promote.
ed, by many degrees, more severely than the On the Eternity of future Punish
“Query IV. • Is it consistent with the naments, Mr. Taylor thus writes to his ture of a Being, who has declared himself love friend Mr. Wm. Thompson in answer itself, to punish eternally creatures born in such to a list of Queries proposed by an
unhappy circumstances, for once transgressing “ Honest Inquirer.” We give this
his law?' Answer 1. I do not pretend to un
derstand what is consistent in every thing with letter entire, because it shows at once
the nature of God. Though in some instances the author's religious sentiments on this is plain, and may deserve notice ; yet the the points controverted, and places his great inquiry is-What is contained in his talents in a commanding light.
word? 2. I do not think he ever did, or ever will, panish any man for once transgressing his
law. *3. How far it might be just if God did “ Turville-Street, Jan. 6, 1791. this, is another and very different inquiry?"
"Query V. Does not your doctrine of uni“ MY DEAR BROTHER,
versal love, and of Christ's dying for all men, “ Though much behind with business, and leave the wicked exactly in the same state of not much fit for it, especially by a disorder in eternal misery, as the Calvinist system does! my eyes, probably arising from my late night | If so, where is the difference? Answer 1. I fatigues with my family, who, blessed be God, I think it does leave the wicked, who continue are now in a good measure recovered, I do wicked, in the same state, as to the punishment myself the pleasure of giving you a hasty scrawl they must endure. The difference of my on the Queries of an Honest Inquirer.' But scheme and the Calvinist is this the Calvinist you must excuse great brevity.
leaves man necessarily exposed to this wicked" Query I. 'If a great part of mankind be ness, and the misery consequent upon it. My eternally miserable, in what sense is it true scheme is, that provision is made for them that that “all flesh shall see the salvation of God ?' they may be saved ; so that if they perish, the and all the families of the earth be blessed in fault is wholly their own.” Abraham's seed, the Messiah ?”
"Query VÍ. · Would not the divine Being “ Ans. 1. It is merely as an indulgence to appear to us more abundantly glorified, on the you that I attempt to answer this and several sapposition that wicked men were liberated other queries. In strict reasoning it would be from hell torments, after having been punished highly improper. It is the business of an uni- | proportionably to the nature and number of versalist to prove that these texts are true in their crimes ? Answer. Yes, I think so. I his sense, and can be true in no other sense. | have no notion that they will ever be punished Without attention to this, disputes would be, more than the nature and number of their crimes as they often have been, shamefully prolonged require; nor do I believe they ever will be." and confused. 2. - All flesh shall see the sal-1 is Query VII. 'Would it not appear a more vation of God,' was fulfilled in the first preach | wonderful display of the dying love of Jesus, ing of the gospel, Col. i. 6, 23.; will be more to have all the human race for whom he died fully accomplished in the Millennium state, partakers of his glory, than for a great part of and it will be awfully seen by all at the day of them to be punished in hell eternally?' Answer judgment, even by those who have rejected | 1. I do not know. Perhaps the love of Jesus it, and shall then be eternally excluded from it. will be the most displayed by the panishment 3. All the families of the earth have been more of those who trample upon it. 2. Supposing it or less blessed in the Messiah ever since the would, there are other attributes to be disdays of Christ. They were particularly so in placed besides love. 3. The very notion of the first centuries, and will be in the Millen- men being delivered from hell by the love ol nium. If sinpers turn divine blessings into | Jesus, implies that they justly deserve that curses, by abusing them, that is no proof that punishment from which he delivers them. 11 they are not blessed by Christ.”
they did not deserve it, it would not be love Query II. “If a great part of mankind be but justice to deliver them from it. Therefore eternally miserable, is not the death of Christ the principle of this query is inconsistent wit then rather a curse to them than a blessing?' | the principle of several of the former." Answer 1. It is allowed on all hands, and on all "Query VIII. · Can it be supposed to be schemes, that sinners who sin under the gospel consistent with infinite power, love, and grace, have their sins more aggravated, and will be to suffer the devil to keep millions of mankind more severely punished, in proportion to the for whom Jesus shed his blood, in hell tor. advantages which they have had, or might have ments eternally ? Answer. I do not know that had, from Christ. This is not only the language the devil keeps them in hell torments. ! ap.. of revelation, but of common sense. 2. Yet prehend he is so far from keeping them in hell, it does not follow that the death of Christ is in that he would be zlad to get out himself. AS
self a curse to them; but that they are more to love and grace if redeeming love and grace awfully condemned for their slight or abuse of | are despised and rejected, I do not find, so great a blessing. 3. I may add. this is true I scripture, any other way to be saved,
958 love and grace to be manifested. It is right, | Review.-The Eve of St. Hyppolito, a so far as I can see, for those who have awfully Play, in five Acts, pp. 70. Baldwin, excluded themselves from it, to be for ever deprived of it.”
Cradock, and Joy. London, 1821. is Query IX. · Would not preaching universal salvation to men, be more likely to affect
"Ho affect There is something in dramatic perthem, and bring them to repentancē than the formances, in which the reader, even contrary doctrine ?' Answer 1. I think we are though he cannot define its nature, not very able to judge in theory what may be
always feels himself particularly intemost effectual, nor would it be safe to attempt it, unless we were wiser than God. The evil
rested. The numerous persons that are of this is manifest; and has been awfully mani
introduced, the various speeches which fest in all ages. If the prophets and Christ they make, the diversified characters and his apostles preached this doctrine, it is which they sustain, all tending to one certainly useful. But if not, it must be hurtful. I important issue, conspire to awaken To me it is strikingly clear that the doctrine is a contradiction to the whole Bible, and to
the feelings, and to throw the passions, every thing that is good ; and therefore I can into a pleasing agitation. not in theory expect it to be profitable to men.
Dramatic Poetry has, among all 2. Does it appear in fact that this doctrine has civilized nations, been considered as been instrumental to accomplish the ends here a rational and useful entertainment : mentioned? Have any been so affected as to
and being employed both upon the be brought to repentance by it? 3. Is it not a fact to which all mankind are witnesses, that
light and the gay, and upon the grave the contrary doctrine has frequently and cer and affecting incidents of human life, tainly been the means of bringing sinners to it has been divided into the two forms repentance ?”
of comedy and tragedy. These, howi Query X. · However, is it not possible for
ever, in the representations which apa very good man to believe this doctrine to be scriptural,' &c. Answer. I do not know but
pear, are generally exaggerated, so it is.”
that life, in its volatile movements, as“ Query XI. • If so, why call it damnable sumes a gaiety and ludicrous form heresy, and other ill names ?' Answer. If peo which nature has rarely imparted; and ple believe it to be a damnable heresy, I think
in its deeper scenes, its aspect acquires they have a right to call it so. Surely we are not to estimate the enormity of errors by the
a degree of terror, which, even amidst supposed character of those who embrace the distresses that alllict the world,
we endeavour in vain to find. “ Query XII. · Is it to be supposed that
The stage, without all doubt, is a men will all see eye to eye before the days of
powerful engine, which, by its proper the Millennium ? Answer. Perhaps not.”
" Thus I have endeavoured, as a mere in. / or injudicious management, might be dulgence to an esteemed and beloved friend, to | made subservient either to virtue or give a short answer to his queries. But Ivice. Viewed merely in the abstract, beg leave to observe, that queries of this kind dramatic representations assume their are not, in my opinion, calculated to assist in existence on a kind of neutral ground: the investigation of truth; but rather to pervert and poison the minds of men, and have
and when contemplated in reference always had this tendency. Our business, i to theory alone, they seem to be no think, in inquiring after truth is, not to propose more entitled to censure than to apqueries concerning incidental circumstances ; plause. But when we turn from theory but to read the word of God, and believe it.” I to fact, and survey the stage as it
" I should take it as a particular favour, if you really exists, it is to be regretted, that would inform me what you think of the neces- its standard of morals is assumed on sity and propriety of writing a reply to Mr. the ground of public taste and opinion. Winchester's Five Letters to me. As you are better acquainted than I can pretend to be with
Hence, too many of our tragedies the probable and certain effects of his pam
varnish suicide, and countenance the phlet, you are better able to advise with respect detestable practice of duelling; while to it. 'I must confess, if his five letters do not our comedies degenerate into licensufficiently convince every attentive reader
| tiousness, and soften down tbe devithat his whole scheme is a direct opposition to
| ations from virtue, which they record, the word of God, I can hardly indulge a hope of convincing men. Yet if any thing be neces
by giving specious names to actions, sary to drive the nail to the head, I think wbich ought, by their colouring, to the destructive tendency of his scheme requires excite the abhorrence and detestation it. Advise me on this subject.”
of mankind. “ Thanks for your last nach to the satis- without its political bearing and as
“ Thanks for your last; and thanks to God The composition before us, is not that I am able to write or preach to the satis- withon faction of you and others! That every bene
el pect; it, however, inculcates lessons diction may be the portion of you, Mrs. T'homp- per son, and all friends at Boston, is the prayer of
of wisdom and moderation; and, in your grateful, &c."
every branch of the dialogue, the
friend of order has always the advan- | And 'neath the splendid garb of sovereiguty, tage of the argument. To illustrate | Lark care and danger. this position, and to furnish a speci
Alph. Fain would I think you spoke not men of the Author's talents, we sub without cause; join the following extract from the Gladly believe that all reform were needless, conversation between Fernando and Had I not witnessed such extent of misery Alphonso, on the subject of political
As baflles all description.— A dying father,
Stretched on a bed of languishing and pain; reform.
Around his coach his helpless innocents Fern. Fallacious hope! impossible to re
Craving with feeble cry the scanty morsel alize!
To stay the hand of death : while, by his side, You say that all are equal-grant it so:
His faithful wife beholds, in speechless anguish, Shall he whom honest industry has raised Her offspring and the partner of her woes, Above his neighbour, yield his hard-earned
And weeps to hear them supplicate in vain. gains,
The wretched husband lifts his eyes to Heaven. The merited reward of patient toil,
And asks that mercy which the world denies ; Of rigid temperance, and strict frugality, While grief, disease, and poverty, conspire To him whose poverty is but the fruit
To conjure up the demon of despair. Of luxury and sloth? 'who from another wrests with violence
Fern. Scenes such as these would melt a That sastevance his labour should provide ?
Stoic's heart, Shall not be, who years of youthful vigour spent
it And bid the stream of charity flow freely, in war,
Even through unwonted channels. His mights in watching, and his days in hardship,
But would the liberty you seek redress these Who in his Country's cause has nobly bled,
griefs ? Transmit the laurels of the well-fought field
Put want to flight, or from the poor man's couch To his posterity? Or he whose anxious vigils
Banish disease and death? Were these its in the Senate
fruits, Watched for that country's safety ?
With you I'd hail the dawning of Reform; Who to the intellectual contest brought
And by all worthy means extend its influence Extensive stores of knowledge and of wisdom? | To earth's remotest bounds. But, ah, too well By weary hours and painful studies gained,
I know Receive the meed his arduous toils have won? | The fatal consequence of such Reform! These, these are equal rights—the Rights of | Without the rich, the powerful, and the great, Man,
Where would industry meet its just reward? To enjoy the recompense Nature assigns
Where labour find due exercise? Or in wealth To individual labour !
If all were equal, who would guide the loom? Alph. 'Tis just it should be so. But are Who till the field, or rear the splendid dome? these bonours
Or, who with patient eye would watch the helm, Dealt equally to all who merit them?
When Commerce spreads her sail, and fearless Fades there not many a genius in obscurity,
brave That would bave graced a throne ?
The hidden dangers of the trackless deep? And many a heart, that from a noble station, Vain is thy boast, oh, Liberty, to bless, Wide had diffused innumerable blessings, | When hand in hand with thee Rebellion walks! Drops in the shade, and perishes unknown. | And Infidelity, (offspring of guilt,
Of gailt and folly,) with pestilential breath Fern. That wealth and honours are the un | Blasting each scene where innocence and peace ceasing prize
Smiled, unsuspecting of the danger nigh. Of Genius and of Virtue, I aver not: The preservation of tranquillity
The scene of this Tragedy is in And order in this varied scene, demand
Spain; the plot is not deeply laid, but That rank and titles should be still transmitted In regular succession; otherwise,
the event is always sufficiently conWhat endless change! what jarring interests! | cealed from anticipation, to awake And shall our gratitude to those deliverers | in the reader much solicitude for the Who were the blessed instruments of Heaven
issues of those contests between men, To save our country and preserve our freedom, Extend no farther than their own short lives ?'
those vicissitudes of fortune, and those "Twere poor indeed, to limit thus our thanks!
conflicts of passion, in which he insenNo, let us heap their merited rewards
sibly feels himself interested. On children's children, to remotest time! In the character of Rodolpho we see But though on few these outward glories fall, a deep designing villain, concealing It is not so with Happiness: that purest gem
his unbounded ambition under the Shines not more brilliant in the monarch's crown,
mask of patriotism, and deluding the Than on the sun-burnt brow of ruddy labour. thoughtless multitude with promises With the conscience clear,
of liberty, reform, and plunder, to The tranquil passions, and the mind serene, | make them subservient to his own There happiness is found; industry spreads the board
perfidious purposes. The intended Health and content ensure a calm repose;
murder of his wife and child, added Nor pomp, nor luxury, have charms for those | to his former treachery, gives compro Who know the bed of roses hides the thorn, ltion to his character; and, loaded