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with infamy, he falls by the hands of

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2 . On Latin Verscs. Fernando, who had always been en- E. C. would be glad to learn what gaged in a righteous cause.

benefits are likely to accrue from boys Leoni appears almost equally as writing Latin verses, (a practice now detestable as Rodolpho. These two very prevalent in most public places characters, apparently acting in con- of instruction ;) on what arguments the cert, but privately aiming to supplant practice is founded ; and whether the and destroy each other, exhibit their time might not be more advantageintrigues, their blandishments, and

ously spent? their duplicity, in all the varieties of

3. On Marriage. guilt, just as traitors might be supposed, when they aim to delude their , A. of B. wishes to be informed, if it instruments, and murder their rivals. be contrary to British Law, or the Each had planned the destruction of

Scriptures, for a pious female, above the other; but before the plot ripens,

21 years of age, to unite in marriage the conspiracy is discovered, and

with any suitable person, though her Leoni falls by the sword of Alphonso,

parents should oppose such marriage ? who had been deceived by the specious

And if there be no legal and scriptural pretences of these popular leaders in

objection, would it be prudent for a the cause of faction.

pious female to marry under such cirThis Drama, in its progress, pre

cumstances? sents every prospect of success to in

4. Gauging of Casks. trigue and conspiracy; but it closes J. O. N. R. will feel obliged to any with the triumphs of loyalty and virtue. Practical Gauger to inform him the If all compositions of this class, were most correct method of ascertaining the as free from political and moral pollu contents of a full cask, of the 1st and tion as the one before us, the stage, 2d variety ; also, If the different and those productions which are pre varieties are not to be known by the pared for it, might be recommended | various proportions of a Cask, better to public attention, not as nurseries than by inspection alone? of vice, but as pleasing auxiliaries in

5. The Christian Sabbath. the cause of social order, calculated

GAMMA asks, what scriptural authoto promote the welfare of mankind.

rity is there to bind us to keep the first day of the week, commonly called

Sunday, sacred to the worship of God QUERIES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

and other religious duties?

6. On the Training of Dogs. 1. On the Assent of the Mind. T. D. would be particularly obliged The four questions which immedi-, if any correspondent would inform ately follow, are proposed by W. F. | him, what species of Dogs are most of Liverpool :

susceptible of being taught to imitate 1. Is the assent of the mind to the human actions ? also, at what age truth of any proposition, at all under their instruction should begin; and the control of the will : and, if so, to whether they should be taught by how great an extent?

caresses or threatenings? He would 2. Can belief be, in any case, matter beglad to obtain an answer, illustrated of choice: and if not, on what right by an appeal to fact and incident. principle can a man be accounted

7. On Literary Studies, and Books. culpable, in not receiving that as true, for the support of which, he cannot

A young man, who can devote about

four hours in a day to literary pursuits, find arguments satisfactory to his

asks, what course of reading and study judgment?

might be pursued, with most advantage 3. Is the exercise of any other pow

to the general improvement and eners of the mind necessary to the per

largement of his mind; and also what ception of moral truths, than are requi

books he should peruse? site to the perception of mere intellectual or mathematical truths ?

8. On the Physical Distinction between 4. Is a man to be blamed for holding

Man and Animals. opinions, sincerely deduced from J. W. asks, What is it that conpremises which appear to him to be stitutes the physical distinction becorrect and indisputable ?

Itween man and the brute creation?

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VINDICATION OF “REMARKS ON PAS- | faithfulness? Is it the grace of God SAGES OF SCRIPTURE."

| alone, in the heart of the believer ? or is it grace, and free agency, taken

together? If it rests on the former, Mr. Editor.

the indefectibility of the saints follows Sir,--I am not displeased, that your as a necessary .consequence; but, if correspondent, H. B. has given me on the latter, the contrary is the truth. occasion (col. 841) of resuming a dis- | And that the security for man's faithcussion of the subject contained in a fulness rests on God's grace,and man's former paper, (col. 375,) for it is not free agency is evident, for it is written, to be expected, that the rubbish, which“ Work out your own salvation with systematizing divines have thrown fear and trembling : for it is God which upon the passages referred to, could work eth in you, both to will and to do, be cleared away by a few passing of bis good pleasure,” Philip. ii. 12, remarks.

13. Again, every promise made to Two Calvinistic opinions-eternal believers, is made to them as distinelection, and absolute final perseve- guished from others, not by person, rance,-are drawn from the passages to but by character; for, “God is no which I have referred. Your corre respecter of persons, but he that fearspondent gives up the former, but eth hini, and worketh righteousness, maintains the latter. That he does not is accepted with him," Acts x. 34, 35. consider those passages as favourable That such views of the economy of to the support of eternal election, is grace are correct, will appear evident, evident from two reasons; first, he upon applying them to the investigation does not attempt to prove it, and in of a few passages of scripture. I shall the next place he virtually denies it, begin with the one, upon which your for he says, “If we allow that these correspondent founds his objection; I passages had reference to the disciples shall quote the connection also, “ But only, it cannot be denied, that, by the I said unto you, that ye also have seen agency of the Spirit of God, they were me, and believe not. All that the Father given to the Son." But, if our Lord's giveth me shall come to me, and him disciples were not given till they be- / that cometh to me, I will in no wise came the subjects of the Spirit's influ-l cast out. For I came down from ence, they could not have been given heaven, not to do mine own will, but from eternity. Your correspondent, | the will of him that sent me. And this however, strenuously maintains the is the Father's will which hath sent indefectibility of the saints ; for be me, that of all which he hath given me adds, in immediate connection with I should lose nothing, but should raise the foregoing quotation, “And that in lit up at the last day. And this is the consequence of this gift, none of them will of him that sent me, that every should be lost, but that every one one which seeth the Son, and believeth should indeed obtain everlasting life.” on him, may have everlasting life; Again; “ Our Lord declared, that and I will raise him up at the last none of those who were given to him day,” John vi. 36-40. We shall in should be lost; his honour and power vain look to this passage, for the comare both engaged in behalf of his peo-plex idea of the indefectibility of the ple: to suppose, therefore, that any saints. There is a promise of a blesswho are really given to him shall be Jing to believers, but no promise for lost, is to limit bis power, and reflect | their continuance in the faith. When upon his honour.'

our Lord treats of the adherence of The indefectibility of the saints, believers, he speaks in a way very ditconveys to our minds a complex idea, ferent from what your correspondent viz. that God will remain faithful to would have us to believe. Addressing his promise, and that the saints will his disciples, our Lord declares," continue obedient to his will. Hence am the true vine, and my Father is the there must be security for faithfulness, husbandman ; every branch in me that both on the part of God, and on the beareth not fruit he taketh away. Tam part of man. There is no doubt con- | the vine, ye are the branches: he that cerning the security for God's faith-abideth in me, and I in him, the same fulness, for his goodness, truth, and bringeth forth much fruit: for severed power, are engaged. But what, we \ from me (margin) ye can do nothing, may ask, is the security for man's land can bear no fruit. "If a man

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abide not in me, he is cast forth as a , heed to the things which we have branch, and is withered," John xv. 1, heard, lest at any time we should run 2, 5, 6. In this passage, we have one out, sas leaking vessels, (margin.) simple idea, viz: that unfaithfulness For if the word spoken by angels was is followed by inevitable ruin. In the stedfast, and every transgression and preceding passage we have another disobedience received a just recomsimple idea, viz: a promise of eternal pense of reward; how shall we belife to all believers. If we put both lievers] escape, if we neglect so great these together, we have a complex salvation; which, at the first, began idea, viz: That Christ's power is con to be spoken by the Lord.ditionally engaged, for the eternal How light does your correspondent's salvation of his people: thus each objection become, when put into the simple idea is supported by internal balance of eternal truth! “ To supevidence, and the complex, by an pose,” says he, “ that any who are harmonious agreement. If we suppose really given to Christ shall be lost, is the first idea to be complex, then it is to limit his power, and reflect upon destitute of internal evidence, and is his honour.” Most certainly, if his manifestly opposed by the latter. | power is engaged, and his honour Having thus, by the examination and pledged, to prevent unfruitful branches comparison of two passages, suffi- from being cut off, to present, holy ciently established the defectibility of and unblamable, those that are moved the saints, I am bold to assert, that away from the hope of the gospelevery passage, upon which the oppo and to keep full those vessels that site doctrine is made to rest, admits continually run out: but, if the proof a similar solution. Let us, for the mises of the gospel are tendered to us sake of producing a deeper conviction on equitable conditions, then Christ's in the minds of such as are open to | honour remains unsullied, and his conviction, apply the same mode of power unimpeached, though some reasoning to other two passages, which, should, at last, “become castaways,” on account of their close connection, or “ draw back unto perdition:" for ought, perhaps, to be considered only “ what if some did not believe ? shall one. “And you, that were some time their unbelief make the faithfulness of alienated, and enemies in your mind God without effect?(Rom. iii. 3.) by wicked works, yet now hath he “If we believe not yet he abideth reconciled in the body of his flesh, faithful; he cannot deny himself.” through death, to present you holy, 2 Tim. ii. 13. and unblamable, and unreprovable

Z. of Aberdeen. in his sight,” Col. i. 21, 22. These

(To be continued.) words, in their unconnected form, are reconcilable with both the defectibility and the indefectibility of the saints ; but, if we pass a moment's

Literary Notices. reflection on the subsequent verse, we shall find that the latter doctrine is

The Elements of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, with entirely indefensible. “If ye continue copious Philological Notes, by J. Bosworth, in the faith grounded and settled, and

will shortly be published.

Also, by the same Author, Latin Construing, be not moved away from the hope of and Introduction to Ditto. the gospel.”

A Dialogue between a Traveller and Dick

Hardy, the Hostler, 2 Parts, 2d, In addition to the evidence which I

A Dialogue between a Traveller and a have already adduced, I would give Coachman,ora. ** one argument more: the argument is,

A Sermon on the death of her late Majesty,

Queen Caroline, by the Rey. J. Evans, Malmsthat the scope of a whole epistle, the

bury. 1s. Epistle to the Hebrews, is grounded The Warning voice, being a Narrative of on the defectibility of the saints.

A M - by the Author of the Legend

of Stutchbury. Violent tortuosity has, indeed, been Mary Nelson, or the Narrative of a Widow's used with this epistle, to render it as

Family. In 1 vol.

Dialogues between Farmer Watson and his crooked as Calvinism, but its power Man Harry. ful elasticity has overcome the most

Mental Discipline, or Hints on the Cultivation

of Intellectual Habits, addressed particularly ingenious operations. The key which

to Students in Theology,and Young Preachers. unlocks this treasury of sacred truth By Henry Forster Burder, M. A. lies in ch. ii, 1–3. Therefore we be

The Rev. Mark Wilks is preparing an English

Edition of the Old Cevennol, by Kabantost, lievers) ought to give the more earnest Etieunne.

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COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, 25th SEPTEMBER, 1821. The proceedings of the last month, have displayed a variety and interest rarely equalledthe prospect of a plentiful harvest, was suddenly clouded, by the intervention of such ungenial weather, that the scene was at once changed; prices of all descriptions of grain advanced rapidly--speculation was also busily employed--and the advance approached nearly fifty per cent, in value. However unfavourable the season was, it happens that it has only had a partial influence; and in consequence of the London Market remaining stationary, and latterly exhibiting signs for decline, our corn market relapsed into a state of languor, and latterly it has undergone a material declension,

A sudden impulse bas, however, been felt in most articles of colonial produce, as the opening of the ports for the free admission of grain, appeared at one time more than probable which would consequently have operated in reducing the rate of foreign exchanges, and in giving increased facilities to the export of our manufactures and colonial produce.--To this circumstance may be attributed the extensive sales of cotton wool during the last 14 days, which have amounted to upwards of 30,000 packages: the sales of the past week alone have reached 14,500 packages, at the following prices : Sea Island, 14d. 23d. Stained, 103d, to 12d. Pernambucco, 12d. to 123d. Bahia, 11 d. to 12 d. Maranham, 11 d. to 12d. Mina Gera, 10d. to 104d. Demerara, 11 d. to 13 d. Barbadoes, 9 d. to 10d. West India, 94d. to 94d. Carthagena, 710. to 78d. New Orleans, 9d. to 12 d. Tennessee, 9d. to 9 d. Bowed, 84d. to 11d. Sarat, 7 d. to 8 d. Bengal, 6 d. to 6%d. The dealers have been the chief purchasers, which indicates a peculiar healthiness of character in our manufacturing districts.

British Plantation Sugars have gone off pretty freely at an advance of 1s. per cwt. for good brown and middling qualities, and other qualities are steady at full prices. Coffee and Cocoa are limited in demand.

Rums have been in great request, and prices have advanced 2d. to 4d. per gallon-it must, however, be remarked, that the principal part of the purchases have been in speculation, in consequence of the advance on grain : to the same cause must be attributed the advances which have taken place in Rice.

Pot and Pearl Ashes have been in much request for export. In Dyewoods the transactions have been most extensive, and the different descriptions of Logwood have advanced 20s. to 30s. per ton. Fustic, Cuba, has been sold at £7. 17s. 6d. to £8. per ton, which is a decline of 19s. per ton.

Naval Stores inaintain their value. Turpentine sells at 12s. to 12s. 6d. per cwt.-American Tar 18s. per barrel. Stockholm and Archangel rate at 18s. to 19s. per barrel.-- Brim stone is but dull.-In Oils there is but little variation. Seal Oils are in pretty good demand Palm Oil firm at £32. per ton.--Tallow is still very dull.

The demand for Hides continues very brisk,-Buenos Ayres have sold at 10}d. to 113d. per Ib.-German Salted Hides at 5 d. to 6d.

Grain Market. This day we had an abundant supply; but the buyers having of late sup plied themselves, the trade altogether was exceedingly dull, and nearly every article was offered on much lower terms. The decline since this day sevennight may be rated as follows: Old Wheat ls, new 2s. per 701b. Oats 3s. 4d. per 45lb. Malting Barley 6d. Grinding Barley 9d. to 18. per 60lb. Peas 2s. to 4s. Beans 4s. to 5s. per quarter. Flour and Oatmeal, each 2s. per sack. Malt, Rye, and Indian Corn, were held at late prices. Rapeseed £1. per last dearer.

In this immediate neighbourhood, most of the Wheat, and upon the whole, about two thirds of the harvest, is secured,—the condition and quality is of course very various.

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