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and New Mexico, the great Southwest, had to be quieted and made secure. As a part of our destiny, it was necessary to balance and round out our own republic of commonwealths.**!!
To this end we fought in 1847 our great Mexican War, paid in money for territory attained, and went forthwith back to the plow and to our own business of gathering strength for the work that was yet to come. :P :
is. ' THE FIFTH RED STRIPE. - Thirteen States—fateful number—had struck for liberty in 1775. In 1861 thirteen States, with the idea that liberty also included a license to withdraw from the republic when they pleased, went out. The time now came when we were to be born again into a completed solidarity-a Nation. This was accomplished after four years of trayail, and with the surrender at Appomattox, there stood forth finally a completed nation of free and untrammelled people, the constellation on our union, jack again shone out with pristine beauty, and the Star Spangled Banner was nailed forever to the masthead..
.: THE SIXTH RED STRIPE..!: Our banner of freedom in 1898 began its world's destiny. By an oversea victory, with Spain as our opponent, we released a struggling people in Cuba and extended our beneficence to include the Philippines and several other weak peoples.'"*}
Here, in marking our sixth red stripe, we at once challenged the attention of Europe and all the world to the fact that there now existed in the West a mighty champion of right. Since the day of our victory we have been given a respect such as our Nation had never previously received.' .. ; . ; ;-)!
.to We are now starting into the consummation of our war destiny, and we are to finally demonstrate our flag as one of prophecy in this, its seventh score of years completed. . .!
Quoting the historic words of President Wilson in his great: war message:
“The world must be made safe for democracy. We shall fight for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments. To such a task we can dedicate our lives and our fortunes. America is privileged to spend her
blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness and the peace which she has treasured, God helping her.” .. ... . .. . . ...
So breathes forth to-day the reincarnated “Spirit. of '76,” as we proceed to justify our last red bar on the escutcheon of Democracy's Champion in this World's War for Peace.
· MEETING OF JULY, 1917.: The Louisiana Historical Society held its midsummer meeting Tuesday evening, July 17th, in the Cabildo. President Cusachs and the two secretaries were present. The attendance was fair for the season.
The minutes were read, and after correction were approyed; and no business reports being brought forward Mr. Cusachs introduced Dr. Holt, who read the paper he had been requested to prepare at the last meeting," A Review of the Paper of Major Allison Owen on the History of the Washington Artillery.”
The author presented it as a response to Major Owen’s paper, which was a record of the details and dry facts in the life of the famous battery. Dr. Holt, yielding to the popular sentiment of admiration for the Washington Artillery, made a graceful and poetical eulogy, which elicited constant bursts of applause that did not subside when the doctor, in scathing sentences, denounced the present war as conducted by the Germans and the supine attitude of the pacifists in regard to it.
Dr. Y. R. Lemonnier arose and offered a few remarks suggested by Dr. Holt's paper, comparing the young men of the present war with those who enlisted, as he had done, in the cause of the Confederacy. Both humorous and pathetic, he held the audience's closest attention. Spontaneous applause that arose from the heart, interrupted him frequently.
Mr. Henry Gill was then introduced by the President. He spoke of a recent conference he had attended at Chautauqua, at which many noted speakers of the country had gathered to decide upon the best plan for laying before the people of the United States the reasons why America is at war. His address made a serious impression on the audience, particularly when he contrasted the scientific thoroughness with which Germany conducted war, with the easy-going chivalry of the nations, which still followed the old principle of international warfare. When he closed there seemed to be no desire for any other consideration or discussion.
Mr. Glenk, arising, offered the following names for membership:
Mrs. Peter F. Pescud, 1413 Third Street.
Mr. St. Clair Adams, 416 Hibernia Building.
Mr. Hart, having obtained for the Society from the sister of the late Mrs. Ruth McEnery Stuart, the notices published in the papers after the death of the distinguished writer, contributed them to the archives of the Society.
A motion to adjourn was made, and the meeting, essentially a war-talk meeting, was brought to a close.
A REVIEW OF THE PAPER OF MAJOR ALLISON
OWEN ON THE HISTORY OF THE
. By DR. JOSEPH HOLT. These remarks are offered in the spirit of a tribute so richly deserved that silence, repressing sentiments urging to utterance, in this time of national travail, and shadowing menace of the world's bereavement of its most precious jewel, government of, for and by the people, would be to charge my own soul with the disloyalty of indifference and purposeful neglect; for who is not warmly with us is openly or secretly with the enemy.
At our regular meeting in June, a paper entitled “The Washington Artillery,” was read by Major Allison Owen, the commanding officer, giving in outline, breifly condensed for the occasion, a chronological record of events in the history of that famous organization; not entering into an intimate disclosure of the accumulated and treasured incidents of its inner life, the spiritual nucleus of its vitalizing energy that has created, and continues to create, an esprit de corps of the highest attainable standard of chivalry; in numerous campaigns enduring the extreme test under concentrated fire.
On the staff of its battle flag, engraved upon silver, is a list of sixty battles, in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Georgia; beginning with Bull Run, and, among others, the battles around Richmond, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Gettysburg, Dalton, Chicamauga, Atlanta, the siege of Petersburg, and the grande finale at Appomattox.
Affairs such as these were merely mentioned, as it seemed, to keep the record straight. There was no attempted garnishment so alluringly offered in brilliant events; no wandering into the multi-colored atmosphere of old soldier reminiscence; no spectacular display of heroic action and Spartan endurance. • Yielding to none of these actualities of experience, justifying dramatic recital, the articulated elements of history, gaunt and unadorned, as a thing of life, moved forward in the serenity of duty, unconsciously commanding fear and admiration.
The naivete of sincerity, the modesty of recital, would have been strangely depreciatory had it not been reactively its own · corrective, affixing the stamp of verity. : However demure here at home, I can affirm, as often a much interested observer, that in the field far away, the Washington Artillery played the game of “Tiger?! with all the zeal and athletic abandon of a champion baseball team, loudly boisterous and rudely aggressive; which singularly explains the expression in the Iliad: “And they were mindful of the delight of battle!” “They knew the joy of battle!” .
The paper was received with cordial recognition; but to President Cusachs' invitation there was no responsive discussion, for the reason that it was quite impossible, on the instant, to exercise the mind in analytical criticism giving words to thought, except in haphazard fashion, contrary to our custom.
Such documents furnish the skeletal framework of authentic history, scarcely noticed when recent, but of great value in years to come.
A trouble, keenly felt in our civilization, is in the fact that history, except in these later times, has seldom been recorded in its creative freshness, but has suffered through lapse of time and the inevitable forgetting, the silent evaporation and escape of truth, leaving to the ready imagination the filling of gaps for a continuous story. This clearly accounts for a “Romance History of Louisiana.”
In “In Camp and Battle with the Washington Artillery," by Colonel Miller Owen, 1885, is laid the broad historic foundation upon which his son, Major Allison Owen, with inherited acumen and loyalty to the colors, continues the record; inscribing upon the rising shaft dedicated to valorous achievement the crowning history of the Washington Artillery in this the most direful tragedy in the human drama—the irrepressible conflict between autocratic dynasty and universal democracy.
The future of the Washington Artillery is inseparable from the fate of our people; for all that we hold dear, for our women and children, for ourselves and fellow-citizens, whom we love, it were better, a thousand times more merciful to feel the liberating pangs of death and the pains of hell forever, than to suffer the ignominy and unspeakable shame and paralyzing outrage under the robber instinct and the huge bestial animality of the Gernian, as he has revealed himself shamelessly to an amazed · Worlu; the domination of the Chickasaws and Comanches, in their primal savagery, would be clean and noble in comparison.
Facing this monstrosity of German philosophy, called Kultur, we can well ask: “Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of such chains and slavery?” · When we peer into the chaotic blackness of the future and then look upon our valiant young manhood, these boys, inexpressibly loved and cherished, then it is we realize the price of liberty, transcending all values; how much more above the peace at any price of scheming poltroons, willing to see in our own land a repetition of the wholesale butcheries and debaucheries of Belgium and Northern France, more frightful than primitive savagery has ever devised seemingly inherent in the race.
Here let me register a protest against the sanctimonious sloppiness of well-paid charlatans in official high places, who cunningly ingratiate themselves under pretense of much righteousness, and political tricksters, who belittle and always oppose the noblest efforts of patriots, in order to advance themselves through treachery and evil speaking; these are the lineal “Tories’’ of the Revolution.
As for war! It is normal to mankind as an organic element in the conditions of existence, the biological imperative; itself dependent upon the sacrifice of life for the survival of the living, best understood when we recognize the infinite wisdom and