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ordered them, expressly approved them, or failed to punish them; and indirectly, but fundamentally, upon the militaristic imperialism which sent forth officers and men upon its mission. Such attacks, he contends, “far from constituting criminal exceptions, infractions (individual and collective) of the established discipline, are imputable to that discipline itself, and consequently to the system of government, to the whole social and moral creed, of which that discipline is the expression, the consequence, and the support."
The ultra-Teutonic conceptions of aggressive war as a capitalistic enterprise, a political duty, a biological necessity, etc., have become familiar to all the world in recent years, and the author of this book attempts, not so much to restate them, as to point out the proofs which German intellectuals have fabricated for them, and to illustrate their concrete results when embodied in actual war.
The moral of this, as of all other versions of the sordid story, is obviously that men must get rid of the whole system of war, for any nation is liable to pervert even its most chivalrous ideals to base and brutal uses; and, as the best means of achieving this great task, that they must replace autocracy by democracy, and nationalistic imperialism by international organization and cooperation.
WM. I. HULL.
European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and
its Dependencies to 1648. Edited by Frances Gardiner Davenport. Washington: The Carnegie Institution. 1917. pp. vi, 387.
As defined by the editor, the purpose of the volume is to furnish “all treaties, or parts of treaties, that bear upon the history of the present territory of the United States, or of its outlying possessions. Some drafts of treaties, and the papal bulls which formed a basis for the claims of Portugal or Spain to the aforesaid territory, are also included.” Four documents in this collection are now printed for the first time, and all others have been more carefully collated with the originals or authentic texts than in previous editions. A brief general introduction describes the character and inter-relation of the documents as a whole, while a more detailed introduction prefixed to each document adequately sets forth its individual background and bearing. A bibliography accompanies each document; and the documents themselves are printed in the original languages, with translations and ex
haustive notes. Nearly two hundred pages, more than half the volume, are taken up with the relations of Portugal and Spain (and the Papacy) before the entrance of a third power. The relations of these two and of France, England, the Netherlands, and Denmark fill the rest of the book.
The first half of the volume, as the direct background of American diplomatic history, is much more valuable than the second, which, in general, possesses rather minute importance for American history, and is more or less incidental to the larger diplomacy of Europe. The Department of Historical Research plans to continue the work thus begun, and a volume including similar materials from 1648 to 1713 is in preparation. An inconsistency is noted between pages 1 and 27 in ascribing to both Nicholas W and Calixtus III the authorship of document 2.
EUGENE C. BARKER.
PERIODICAL LITERATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
[For table of abbreviations, see p. 102.]
Africa. Central (A) African Confederation. By Africanus. Journal of the
African Society, 17: 276. July. - International (The) factor in the African settlement. Noel Buxton.
Contemporary R., 114: 513. Agents. Agents et archives diplomatiques. La legation de Russie à Berne et ses archives. 0. Nippold. Clunet, 45: 1134.
Immunité diplomatique. Clunet, 45: 1183. Aland Islands. Question (The) of the Aland Islands. Herbert Wright. Con
temporary, 114: 407. October. Albania Albanian nationality. The Republic of Koritza. Constantine A.
Chekrezi. Current History, 9 (Pt. 2): 278. November. Aliens. Alien rights in the United States in war time. W. C. Hunter. Michi
gan Law R., 17: 33. November. - Aliens, declarant's liability to military service conflict of statute and treaties. (Ex parte Larrucea, 249 Fed. 981.) Yale Laro J., 28: 83. November. - Aliens in British companies. D. Mackay. Central Law J., 87: 150.
- Duty of aliens living in America. J. Buffington. Washington Law R., 46: 630. - Rules of court where enemy property interests are involved. Chicago
Legal News, 51: 71. Alsace-Lorraine. Dernière (La) Manœuvre Neutralisation de l'Alsace-Lorraine.
Abbé Wetterle. La Revue, 127: 298. - German methods in Alsace-Lorraine. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 412. - Rhin (Le) et notre marche d'Alsace-Lorraine. Général Dubois. La Revue, 127: 77. - Veritable (La) autonomie de l'Alsace. Charles Oulmont. La Grande
R., 22: 641. October. American Institute of International Law. Deuxième (La) session de l'Institut
Américain de Droit International. Clunet, 45: 1327. Argentine Republic. Situation (La) de la Argentina ante la diplomacia y el
derecho. B. J. Perez Verdia. R. de Derecho Historia y Letras, 61: 194. Armed Neutrality. United (The) States and the abortive armed neutrality of
1794. Samuel F. Bemus. American Historical R., 24: 26. Austria-Hungary. Austria's ultimatum 'to Serbia; Serbia’s reply. Current His
tory, 9 (Pt. 1): 559. - Austria's conception of a Jugo-Slavic State. Ivanoe Bonomi. Review of Reviews, 58: 549. November.
Austria-Hungary. Collapse (The) of Austria-Hungary. Current History, 9
European War. American war measures. J. A. Fairlie. J. of Comparative
Legislation, 18: 90. - Armistice (L') et les militaires. Louis Madelin. La Revue, 127: 313. - End of the war: Story of Germany's surrender. Current History, 9
(Pt. 1): 355. - Fin (La) de la guerre et les responsabilities de l'Allemagne. Fernaud Faure. R. pol. et parl., 119: 115. - Germany's failure in France and the peace pretense. George A. B. Dewar Nineteenth century, 84: 593.
- How peace came to the battle fronts. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 439. - March (The) to the Rhine. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 373. - Notes that led up to the armistice. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 368.
Obiter Scripta. Frederic Harrison. Fortnightly, 104: 481, 641. October, November. – Peace without amnesties. Frances Gribble. Nineteenth century, 84: 600. October.
- Preparazione (La) alla pace. Alberto Theodoli. Nuova Antologia, 196: 165.
- Prince Maximilian's peace drive. Text of official notes. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 242. November. - Programme (A) for peace. Revised. H. Wickham Stead. Edinburgh R., 228: 209. October. - Roots (The) of the war. Wm. S. Davis, William Anderson, and Mason W. Tyler. Century, 97: 201. December. – Surrender of the German high seas fleet. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 382.
Text of armistice signed by Germany. Current History, 9 (Pt. 1): 364. - War (The) is won. Mitteleuropa is finished. Frank H. Simonds. Re
view of Reviews, 58: 481. November. Exterritoriality. Cessation du privilège d'exterritorialité en Chine pour les sujets
ennemis. G. Padoux, Clunet, 45: 1088. Flemish Movement. Flemish (The) movement and the Activist intrigue. Henri
de Sagher. New Europe, 9: 84. November. Foreign Corporations. Changing (The) law of foreign corporations. Th. Reed
Powell. Pol. Sci. Q., 33: 549. Foreign Judgments. Contestation entre étrangers. Incompétence des tribunaux
francais. Clunet, 45: 1179. - Jugement étranger.-Jugement anglais. Absence de traité diplomatique
sur la matière entre la France et l'Angleterre. Clunet, 45: 1190. France. Reconstruction (La) de la France. La-Tour-Du-Pin Chambly. Le
Correspondant, 235: 177. October. - Franco-German armistice in 1871. J. W. Duffield. Current History, 9
(Pt. 1): 419. Freedom of Seas. Freedom of the land and freedom of the seas. Th. S. Woolsey.
Yale Law J., 27: 151.