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COQUE LIN

915 up lists of copyrighted books from reports of the museums shall not be reproduced without the Librarian of Congress, and furnish them to custom- consent of the original artist, or his heirs or ashouse officers weekly, in order to suppress the im- signs; and that anonymous, pseudonymous and portation of duplicates, and for five dollars annu- posthumous works shall be entitled to protection ally any one is entitled to receive these weekly for fifty years from the date of their first publicastatements. Amended editions of foreign works

The present tendency is to carry to its already published in the United States are sub- logical amplitude the doctrine that copyright ject to copyright, but no serial work, except shall recognize an author's or artist's work as magazines and other periodicals, of which the personal property as much as if it were in its reproduction in the United States had begun be- original form of manuscript, composition or defore this act went into operation could be copy- sign, save that a time-limit of protection is still righted as to their still unpublished parts. Pub- respected, its extension, rather than abolition, belication must be at least simultaneous in the ing sought.

D. 0. KELLOGG. United States and any other country. Various penalties are provided for violations of copy- COQUELIN, BENOIT CONSTANT (“Coquelin right laws, from forfeiture of all unauthorized Aîné"), a French actor; born at Boulogne-surcopies and damages to the injured party to fines Mer, Jan. 23, 1841; the divisible between the government and the copy- son of a baker. Evincing right proprietor. The penalty for falsely printing a great aptitude for the on any work notice of copyright is one hundred dol- stage, he went to Paris lars, to be divided between the United States and and was admitted to the the complainant; for an unauthorized reproduc- Conservatoire on Dec. tion of any painting, statue or statuary a pen- 29, 1859. He made his alty of ten dollars for each discoverable copy may début at the Théâtre be collected.

Français Dec. 7, The fees for copyright to a person resident in 1860, in the character of the United States are fifty cents for recording Gros-René in the Dépit title or description, fifty cents for a certified copy Amoureux. He afterward of the record, one dollar for record of assign- played with success in ment, and one dollar for certified copy thereof. the Fourberies de Scapin,

M. COQUELIN. Foreigners must pay one dollar for orignal en- Le Mariage de Figaro, try, and fifty cents for an official copy of it. All Don Juan, and other classical pieces; Lupin in publications must be delivered to the librarian La Mère Confidente, the Marquis in Le Joueur, Don of Congress free of charge, and he has no au- Hannibal in L'Aventurière etc. He created the thority to refuse any application for copyright rôle of Anatole in Une Loge à l'Opéra, John in Trop for works not immoral, nor to decide ques-Curieux, Gagneux in Jean Baudry, Vincent in tions of priority or infringement. The copyright L'Eillet Blanc, Aristide in Le Lion Amoureux, jurisdiction is in the hands of the United States Gringoire in a play of that name, Beaubourg in courts; the common-law rights to literary prop-Paul Forestier, Eucrate in Le Coq de Mycille, etc. erty still belong to state courts. Authors and Coquelin obtained great success in society by recitassigns have exclusive right to translate or dram-ing in private and at public meetings, and has also atize their own works, after having copyrighted added to the reputation of new poets, particularly of the original. No copyright is valid unless notice Eugène Manuel and François Coppée. In a prothereof is in some way stamped or inscribed upon fessional visit to America he met with a most enthe work thus protected. In all other respects thusiastic reception. He has, to the great regret of the provisions of the law of 1874 are in force. all admirers of French comedy, persisted in his Amendments further desired by authors and art- intention of keeping away from the Théâtre Franists, as represented in the Literary and Artistic cais.- His books comprise several valuable conInternational Association of Europe in the au- tributions to the history of the stage and the tumn of 1895 are: That the right of reproduction art of acting.–His brother, ERNEST ALEXANDRE shall inhere in the author, and exist for the bene. HONORÉ COQUELIN (Coquelin cadet), also a fit of his heirs or assigns for fifty years after his noted French actor, was born at Boulogne-surdeath; that the sale or transfer of a material Mer, May 16, 1848. He also was intended for work, as a manuscript, picture or design, shall a baker, but preferred the risks attendant upon not, by implication, carry with it the right of re- the duties of a railroad employee. Irresistibly production; that the author who has parted with attracted to the theater, he began a careful his copyright shall retain the right to supervise training at Paris in 1864, and made his initial reproductions of his work and to prosecute pira- appearances at the Odéon Théâtre. In 1868 he cies or unauthorized changes in it; that in ency- joined the Comédie Française and earned the clopædic work, while the director of the compila- applause of Parisian audiences by the side of his tion remains in legal possession of the copyright elder brother. When the Germans besieged Paris, for the whole work, individual contributors to it Ernest Coquelin left the boards to follow the bugle, shall be entitled to reproduce their contribution, and won the Military Medal for his valor at the if by so doing they do not injure the entire pub- battle of Buzenval. His favorite rôles are those of lication; that works of art belonging to public / Ulrich in Octave Feuillet's Le Sphinx, Frippesauce

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916

COQUILLA-NUTS-CORDER

liest years.

in Tabarin, Isidor in Le Testament de César Girodot, port, Iowa, where he lived for 14 years. He enFrederick in Erckmann-Chatrian's L'Ami Fritz, tered the banking business, with considerable sucand Basil in Le Barbier de Séville. Like his elder cess; returned to New York a rich man in 1865 and brother, he has made several valuable contribu- started the banking business of Austin Corbin and tions to the literature of the French stage.—The Company. A trip to Long Island with a sick child son of Coquelin Aîné, JEAN COQUELIN, has also showed him the natural advantages of its shores distinguished himself as an actor. Born Dec. I, as an outing-place for millons. Obtaining control 1865, he was destined for the stage from his ear- of the principal one of its then isolated and badly

Attached to the Comédie Française, managed roads, he planned a system of future he has frequently, and with much success, filled purchases to bring all its railroads under one the rôles so famous by his father's creation of management. The consummation of his plans them.

occurred only in the year of his death. He built

the first railroad from Brooklyn to Coney Island, COQUILLA-NUTS. See Nur, Vol. XVII, and was instrumental in erecting the first of the p. 665; and ATTALEA, in these Supplements. large hotels there. His New Hampshire estate

COQUIMBO, a province and city of central of twelve thousand acres was his favorite hobby, Chile. The province is bounded by Aconcagua on and its forests and lakes became in his hands a the south and Atacama on the north, with the Andes hunter's paradise. He was killed in a carriage and the sea on the east and west. Its area is 12,905 accident, June 4, 1896. square miles; population 1888, 176,344; capital, CORCORAN, William Wilson, an American Lerena. The city is on the coast, about the banker; born in Georgetown, District of Colummiddle of the province, seven miles S.W. of bia, Dec. 27, 1798. His Lerena, and separated from it by a bay. It has father was an Irishman smelting-works, a large trade in copper and ores. who settled in GeorgeIts industries are principally hay-raising, copper town, where he occupied smelting and cattle-raising. The country is of several minor local offices. little use for agriculture, except where irrigated. For a time the son atPopulation, 8,440.

tended Georgetown ColCOQUIMBO OWL. See BURROWING Owl, in lege, but at the age of these Supplements.

seventeen became a clerk COQUINA. See St. AUGUSTINE, Vol. XXI, in the dry-goods and aucp. 158.

tion store of his two older CORAL ISLAND AND REEFS. See Poly- brothers. In 1828 Mr. NESIA, Vol. XIX, pp. 418-421.

Corcoran had charge of CORALLIGENA OR SEA-ANEMONE. See the real estate held by the ACTINOZOA, Vol. I, pp. 129-131.

United States Bank and the Bank of Columbia in CORALLINES, a name given to a highly or- the District of Columbia, and continued their ganized group of Red Algæ with branching bodies, agent until 1836. In 1835 he was married to Miss and so incrusted with carbonate of lime that the Louise A. Morris. It was in 1837 that Mr. Corplant becomes very hard and of a coral-like ap- coran began his career as banker and broker in pearance. As a consequence of this structure, Washington, and in 1840 formed a co-partnership they occur in a fossilized condition. Common with the late George W. Riggs. The firm reached genera are Corrallina, Lithothamnion and Litho- a high reputation and attained to great wealth phyllum.

after many risks and a perilous escape from disasCORBET, RICHARD, an English poet and ter. In 1854 Mr. Corcoran retired from the bishop; born at Ewell, Surrey, 1582. He was banking business, and began to give much of his educated at Westminster School, Broadgates Hall time and attention to objects of benevolence. (now Pembroke College), and Christ Church, Oak Hill, the Louise Home and the Corcoran Oxford. He took orders, and already had en- Gallery of Art are among his creations, together joyed preferments at Cassington and Stewkeley, with many gifts to colleges, seminaries and charias well as a prebend in Salisbury, when, in 1620, ties to the extent of several millions. He died in he was made dean of Christ Church. In 1624 he Washington, District of Columbia, Feb. 24, 1888. was appointed to the see of Oxford, and trans- CORCYRA, the ancient name of CoRFU; q. V., lated to that of Norwich in 1632. Corbet's poetry Vol. VI, p. 396. reflects the genial temper and wit for which he CORDER, FREDERICK, a British musical comwas famous. His longest work is Iter Boreale, an poser; born in London, England, Jan. 26, 1852. account of the holiday tour of four students, writ- He showed a strong inclination for music from ten in a light, easy strain of descriptive humor; his earliest years, and, released from business by the best, as well as the best known, is the Fairies' the failure of a firm, he entered the Royal AcadFarewell. He died in Norwich, July 28, 1635 emy of Music at the age of eighteen. Here, in

CORBIN, Austin, an American capitalist and eighteen months, he won the Mendelssohn scholfinancier, was born in Newport, New Hampshire, arship, and was sent to Cologne to pursue his July 11, 1827, graduating from the Harvard Law studies. In four years' time he returned to EngSchool in 1849. After practicing law in his native land as conductor at the Brighton Aquarium. In town for a while, in 1851 he removed to Daven- the judgment of Sir George Grove, he is one of

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WILLIAM W. CORCORAN.

CORDILLERAS-COREA

917

merce.

the foremost of rising young composers.

His As above stated, there are two distinct shells romantic opera, Nordisa, is the most popular of upon each butt, separated, except in case of some twenty published works.

asses and mules, by a strip four to six inches in CORDILLERAS (Sp., "chain of mountains ''), width, lengthwise of the backbone. In area each a term occasionally used of the mountains in the shell contains from three to five square feet, acregion west of the great plains of North America, cording to the size of the animal. The remainder and frequently of the Andean chain of South of the butt, in its nature and in its products, is America. See AMERICA, Vol. I, p. 678; ANDES, identical with that of the so-called fronts. Vol. II, p. 15; ECUADOR, Vol. VII, p. 644; COREA (CH'AO-Hsien or KAOLE). In addiPeru, Vol. XVIII, p. 672; HONDURAS, Vol. XII, tion to the description given under COREA, Vol. p. 131; MEXICO, Vol. XVI, p. 215; PARAGUAY, VI, pp. 390–394, a more extended knowledge has Vol. XVIII, p. 243; and UNITED STATES, Vol. been gained of the statistics, people and topogXXIII, p. 793.

raphy of the “Hermit Kingdom" by the events of CORDITE. See GUNPOWDERS, in these Sup- the Yellow War. In 1894 China and Japan beplements.

came involved in hostilities from their conflicting CORDOVAN LEATHER is largely manufac- claims to regulate the affairs of Corea. In 1876 tured in Germany, Scotland, and in more recent Corea had concluded a treaty with Japan, in 1882 years in America. It is produced from the skins with China (Trade and Frontier Regulations) and or hides from horses, asses, mules and colts. the United States, in 1883 with Germany and

The process is as follows: After removal of Great Britain, in 1884 with Italy and Russia, in the hide from the animal it is customary to cut it 1886 with France, and in 1892 with Austria. An into two parts, measuring from the root of the overland trade convention has also been contail 18 inches forward on the backbone. The hide cluded with Russia. In these treaties Corea was is cut, at right angles to the backbone, directly treated with as an independent state, and by virtue across; the part so cut off is termed a ' butt, of them, Seoul and the three ports of Jenchuan, and as such becomes a distinct article of com- Fusan, and Yuensan were opened to foreign

The forward part of the hide is termed a commerce. In 1894 violent internal disturb"front," and is used, after being divided on the ances occurred. The Coreans, split into Chinese line of the backbone, for various purposes, prin- and Japanese factions, and appealed to each power cipally, after being tanned, for use as glove for aid. . When China sent troops to quell the leather, or, blackened, to be used in the tops riots, Japan protested against a violation of the of shoes. These fronts are tanned so as to be treaty of 1876. Then Japan landed five thousand finished on the grain side. The thinness of the men on the west coast, June 3, 1894, under the shoulder and flanks renders this leather not alto- pretext of escorting the Japanese minister in gether desirable for many purposes. The grain safety from the country. The army having seized of the fronts, however, is particularly fine, and by strategical positions, the Mikado's ambassador, careful manipulation can be made to closely rep- Mr. Otori, made a demand for five immediate resent that of genuine kangaroo. As a substitute reforms in Corean affairs. China demanded the for the latter it finds ready sale for shoe purposes. withdrawal of the Japanese troops, invoked in The butts, after undergoing a special tanning vain the aid of Russia, but secured an appeal by process, tending to produce a pliable and at the the European representatives for mutual concessame time non-stretching leather, are passed sions. Then the Japanese seized the Corean through a splitting-machine which removes the king, July 23d, and compelled him to appoint grain, or hair side, revealing what is termed the Tai Wen Kun as regent. Hostilities began with “shell.' This shell is found to lie on either side a naval engagement in Prince Gerome Gulf, July of the backbone, never, except in mule-hides, ex- 25th, and a sea battle between cruisers, on the same tending over the backbone. In appearance it is date, off Fontao Island. In each case the Japanese almost black, the line of demarcation being dis- were victorious. The formal declaration of war tinct and vivid between it and the other portions was made August ist, and by the 26th of the of the butt. In nature, the shell is exceptionally same month Mr. Otori had concluded a treaty close-fibered, and makes, when properly blackened of alliance between Japan and the Corean governand finished, a leather impervious to water, and so ment. Then the “Yellow War," as it has been well smooth and pliable that it is used only in the man- termed, began in good earnest on land. Its ufacture of fine shoes for both men and women.

whole burden fell on Li Hung Chang, the Viceroy The term Cordovan leather, in trade circles, ap- of China. His army was not one quarter the plies to the product both of the tanned fronts and strength of the Japanese. Deficient and antitanned butts, but is especially used in connection quated in equipment, with poltroons for comwith the term galoshes, meaning the vamps or manders, the land forces were on a par with a boot-fronts cut from the shell of the butt. There navy crippled by the resignation of all the Engare few, if any, other than the above-named ani-lish engineers (in accordance with neutrality procmals whose hides present this peculiar region or lamations), and commanded by cowardly manso-called shell. In form it is elliptical, and ex- darins. Under Field-Marshal Count Yamagata tends well back upon the hips of the animal, and the Japanese soon landed 10,000 troops at Fusan, forward, covering the region of the vital organs 3,000 at Gensan, near Port Lazareff, and 30,000 at which are not protected by the ribs.

Chemulpo. To oppose these, some 30,000 Chinese 918

CORENTYN - COREOPSIS

some

each pre

troops were concentrated at Wiju, whence, with Russia, and in consideration of an increased wai

reinforcements, they were marched 100 | indemnity, Port Arthur was evacuated by the vicmiles southward to confront the victorious tors. Japanese at Ping Yang. In this vicinity strategic The present ruler of Corea is Ni-Kung (Li-Hi movements and skirmishes occurred for some in Chinese), born in 1852, succeeded to the throne time, generally resulting in favor of the Japanese. in 1864, and is the twenty-ninth in succession The Japanese commanders were graduates of the since the founding of the present dynasty. The first military schools of Germany, the soldiers constitution may be briefly described as follows: armed with modern rifles, and the entire army The king is an independent sovereign, but his drilled in European methods. To confront these power is limited by the cabinet, which originates were venal and ignorant mandarins, supported by laws for the king's ratification. The central gova barbarian horde, more suited, as to arms and ernment consists of nine departments, equipment, for an encounter with crusaders of a sided over by a minister of state. The eight old long past age. On September 16th, the Japanese, provinces have been abolished, 23 pu, or counties, attacking the Chinese lines at Ping Yang in front, subdivided into 336 kün, or districts, being subat the same moment that a second column came stituted. Revenue is derived from the land tax, into action on the flanks and in rear, routed their the maritime customs and the sale of ginseng. opponents with terrific slaughter. The Chinese An embryo army of 2,000 men is under Japaloss was

over 16,000, as against a Japanese nese instructors, a naval school has been formed, casualty list of 30 killed and 270 wounded. Four with English instructors, and a police force of Chinese generals, many thousand rifles, immense 1,500 men organized under a special departmilitary stores and three million dollars fell into ment. the victors' hands. Disaster on sea followed the The total value of the trade at the three ports next day, and at the sea fight of the Yalu River was, in 1894: Imports, $5,843, 189; exports, $3,the Chinese navy was almost entirely destroyed 456, 140; the imports, consisting of cotton goods, or captured. The only vessel which did fight in chiefly shirtings and muslins, $2,379,980; woolen earnest for the honor of the Flowery Kingdom goods, $45,009; metals, $164,060; sundries, $3,was, it may be said, commanded by an American 253, 340; the exports, beans, $515,310; cowhides, graduate of Annapolis. After the capture of $329,440; rice, $1,210,150. The export of gold, Ping Yang and the whole of the Chinese invading which is found in considerable quantities in the force, the Japanese marched to invade Manchuria. country, but is not well worked, was $749,699 for Victorious at Wiju, and carrying Hu-Shan by 1890. The number of vessels entering from forvigorous assault on October 25th, the Japanese eign countries in 1894 was 1,313 (mostly junks), of columns marched through Manchuria and pro- 365, 301 tons. ceeded to invest Port Arthur. Here the demoral- Transportation in the interior is by horses and ized remnants of the Chinese army made a

A telegraph line runs from Seoul north to desperate stand, until panic-stricken by repeated the Chinese frontier, connecting with the line to assaults, and, deserted by their commanders, they Tientsin, and another line runs south from Fusan, fied in disorder, and Port Arthur fell on Novem- connecting with the cable to Japan. The legal ber 22d into the hands of the Japanese, with 80 currency is the copper cash, together with the guns and immense stores.

newly minted silver dollar, silver 20-cent piece, With the fall of Port Arthur the reserves of nickel 5-cent, copper 5-cash and brass 1-cash. Japan were called to the colors, and a second The new coinage in circulation is totally inadearmy mobilized and landed on the Chinese coast, quate, and is supplemented by the Mexican dollar near Kinchow, in the Gulf of Liao. Marching and Japanese yen, both of which are legal tender. through Manchuria, in the direction of Ninchang, though retarded by the severe cold, the Japanese CORENTYN, a river of Guiana, South America, fought at Kungwasai, on December 19th, the most separating the British and Dutch possessions. It stubbornly contested battle of the war. Four rises in the Acara Mountains and Aows generally charges were necessary to carry the Chinese works, northward, emptying into the Atlantic at long. 57 and these cost the Japanese 450 men. The vic- W. It has four large cataracts, the lower two being tors advanced to To Chung Su and occupied a of great beauty. It is about 500 miles long, and is position of great strategic value, preparatory to a navigable for vessels of light draft for 150 miles. march on Pekin in the spring. On February 16th the naval station of Wei-Hai-Wei fell into the in- COREOPSIS, a large genus of the family Comvaders' hands, and China hurried a peace embassy posita, abundant in North and South America and to Tokyo to beg for terms. By the treaty of in South Africa. The involucre is double, the rays Shimonoseki, signed April 17, 1895, and ratified are mostly yellow and the flat akenes (fruits) have at Chefoo, May 8th, the independence of Corea generally two or three teeth or awns, but not barbed, was proclaimed and declared, and the south

as in the closely related Bidens. The species are ern part of the Chinese province of Feng Tien, generally known as “tickseeds," and several of them being the part of Manchuria occupied in the war, are cultivated on account of their showy flowers. was ceded to Japan, with a war indemnity of 200,- The most common cultivated form is C. tinctoria, 000,000 kuping taels (i.e., $150,000,000). For

the common Coreopsis or Calliopsis of the gardens, mosa was also ceded to Japan. At the request of | with the large yellow rays brownish purple at base,

oxen.

CORFIELD-CORNELL

919

or even brownish throughout. See Vol. XII, p. | improvements in steam-engines, by which uniform251.

ity of motion was secured by the method of connectCORFIELD, WILLIAM Henry, an English phy. ing the governor with the cut-off. This arrangement

IEL sician and sanitary expert; born at Shrewsbury in also prevented waste of steam, so that many of the December, 1843. Studying medicine, hygiene and earlier Corliss engines were sold for the price of the natural science, he took many honors and degrees, fuel they would save in a given time, which amounted was appointed professor of hygiene and public to as high as $4,000 for one engine in one year. In health at University College, London (1869), and 1844 he founded the Corliss Steam Engine Comhas written Dwelling Houses: Their Sanitary Con- pany, which grew to be, long before his death, the struction and Arrangement (1879); The Treatment most extensive steam-engine manufactory in the and Utilization of Sewerage; and The Water Supply | world. Mr. Corliss was a member of the Rhode of Ancient Roman Cities. He is chairman of the Island legislature from 1868 to 1870, Centennial Council of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain. Commissioner in 1872, and was a Republican Presi

CORINTH, the capital of Alcorn County, north- dential elector in 1876. He received numerous eastern Mississippi, and the most prominent city of high honors for mechanical achievements. He died the northern part of the state, is situated on the at Providence, Rhode Island, Feb. 21, 1888. See Memphis and Charleston and the Mobile and Ohio also STEAM-ENGINE, Vol. XXII, pp. 507, 512. railroads, about 93 miles from Memphis, Tennessee. CORNACEÆ, a small family of dicotyledonous During the Civil War it was occupied successively plants, chiefly trees and shrubs, of the northern temby the Union and Confederate armies, being re- perate regions. The most common genera of the garded by the commanders of the contesting forces United States are Cornus, whose numerous species as a point of the greatest strategical importance. are called "cornals" or "dogwoods"; and Nyssa, the After the battle of Pittsburg Landing, the Confed- "tupelo," "pepperidge," or "sour gum tree." The erate army fell back upon Corinth. On May 30th fruit is a drupe or berry, and in some cases edible. following, General Beauregard evacuated the place, CORN-APHIS (Aphis granaria), a plant-louse and it was taken possession of by the Union army which is often injurious to corn and wheat crops. under General Halleck. The command of the dis- See Wheat, Vol. XXIV, p. 535. trict was intrusted to Gen. W. S. Rosecrans, who CORN-BEETLE (Cucujus testaceus), a minute inade his headquarters at Corinth. On the night of beetle, whose yellow-colored larva is very destructive October 3d of the same year, the place was attacked to wheat in granaries. by the Confederate army under General Earl Van CORNBRASH, a coarse, shelly limestone of the Dorn, consisting of the forces commanded by Gen- Lower Qölite group in geology. See GEOLOGY, erals Lovell, Price, Villepigue, Rust and others, and Vol. X, p. 355. numbering, in the aggregate, about thirty thousand CORN-COCKKLE OR CORN-ROSE (Lychnis men. The attack was repulsed, but on the succeedGithago), a tall weed of the family Caryophyllaceae ing morning Van Dorn renewed hostilities, directing ("pink family”), a native of Europe or the west of the movements of his army in person. For a brief Asia, but now found in many countries. It is a freperiod success crowned the efforts of the Confeder- quent weed among crops of grain, and is well known ates, but finally they were hurled back, and before on account of its large purple flowers, long linear noon were in full retreat. They were pursued by leaves and black seeds. the commands of Generals Hurlbut and Ord, but CORNCRAKE OR LANDRAIL, a bird. See ultimately escaped beyond the Hatchie River. CRAKE, Vol. VI, p. 542; and Rail, Vol. XX, p. 222. Their losses amounted to 1,423 killed, and 2,225 CORNELL, ALONZO B., son of Ezra Cornell, an wounded and prisoners. The Union army sus

American politician; born in Ithaca, New York, Jan. tained a loss of 315 killed, 1,812 wounded and 232 22, 1832. He became a telegraph operator and missing. Since the close of the war, Corinth has manager, and in 1868 a director of the Western experienced a substantial and permanent growth. Union Telegraph Company. In 1868 he was the It now contains ten churches, schools and other Republican candidate for lieutenant-governor of institutions of learning, several weekly papers, many New York, but was defeated. The next year Presistores, and manufactures of lumber, woodenware, dent Grant made him surveyor of customs at New brooms, etc. Population 1890, 3,000.

York, and in 1873 he resigned to enter the state CORINTH SHIP CANAL. See Canal, in these assembly, of which he was made speaker. From Supplements.

1870 to 1878 he was chairman of the state central CORINTO, a port of the department of Chinan- committee, and in this capacity influenced the New dega, western Nicaragua, 12 miles by rail S. of York delegation at Cincinnati in 1876 to vote for Chinandega City. It is on a fine harbor, and con- Rutherford B. Hayes. In January, 1877, Mr. Corsequently has an important trade. In the year nell was appointed naval officer of the port oi New 1893-94, its exports amounted to 3,642,997 pesos, York by General Grant.

President Hayes, soon over two thirds of which was coffee. Pacific Mail after taking office, demanded that Mr. Cornell should steamers touch here. Population, about 2,000. resign from the state and national committees, and

CORLISS, GEORGE HENRY, the inventor of the as he refused, he was suspended in July, 1878. The Corliss engine. He was born at Easton, New York, collector of the port, Chester A. Arthur, shared the July 2, 1817. At an early age, while conducting a

In 1879 Mr. Cornell was elected gov. general store, he invented a machine for stitching ernor of New York and served till Dec. 31, 1882. leather. His most important inventions were the | He failed to obtain a renomination.

same fate.

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