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which extends the whole breadth of the sluice, is fastened by hinges along its lower edge, so that it moves like the lid of a box. It is of such breadth, that when raised nearly perpendicular, it will entirely stop the opening of the sluice, and when suffered to lie flat on the bottom, leaves it entirely open. Another gate, of about double the breadth (measuring up and down the stream), and extending across the sluice, is fixed in a similar manner lower down ; but the upper small gate opens down stream, and the lower large gate opens up stream, so that they resemble two folding doors, with the exception, that one overlaps the other three or four feet. Under these gates is a chamber, into which water may be introduced from the dam above by a small gate. When this is open, the hydrostatic pressure of the water above, forces the gates upwards, and the space under them forming always a close chamber, they rise until they stand like the roof of a house, and thus close the opening in the sluice. When required to be lowered, all that is necessary is, to let off the water from the chamber, and the gates sink with their own weight, one overlapping the other, to the bottom."

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Erratum.--- At the head of this Number, the date is, by mistake, printed 1824 instead of 1825.

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Greece in 1823 and 1824, being a Series of Letters and other

Documents on the Greek Revolution, written during a visit to that country, by the Hon. Colonel Leicesler Stanhope. To which is added, the Life of Mustapha Ali. Philadelphia. 1825. 8vo. pp. 308.

[Concluded.] On the ground, then, either of immediate commercial benefit or remote general advancement of civilization,-a common object of all wise and great statesmen,—we think the cause of the Greeks entitled to aid. We think this an object of far greater importance than the discovery of the Friendly Islands or the Marquesas; than the settlement of the problem, Whether the Niger flows into the sea, or joins the Nile, or evaporates in the desert; than effecting a perilous passage through the icebergs of the polar basin into the Pacific ocean. We do not object to the appropriation of vast sums of money to these objects; but we do sincerely believe, that half of them laid out under the patronage of the British councils, in establishing a free state in Greece, would, in one year, bring back to England a richer return, than would accrue from the discovery of the northwest passage, to the end of time. As to the consequences to the general cause of humanity, they are not to be named in the comparison.

But we must omit some further remarks, which we might have made on this subject, to speak of the cause of the Greeks in its connexion with the interests of Christianity and of the visible church. No such opportunity of doing goud, in that most vital of all forms of benevolence, the extension of the pure faith of the Gospel, as now presents itself in Greece, has, within our acquaintance with history, ever offered itself. The

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