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537a. Every person who by any false or fraudulent pretense obtains from any club, association, society, or company, organized for the purpose of improving the breed of cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or other domestic animals, a certificate of registration of any animal in the herd register, or any other register of any such club, association, society, or company, or a transfer of any such registration, and any person who, for a valuable consideration, gives a false pedigree of any animal, with intent to mislead, is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1905-685.

537b. Any person who obtains any livery hire or other accommodation at any livery or feed stable, kept for profit, in this state, without paying therefor, with intent to defraud the proprietor or manager thereof; or who obtains credit at any such livery or feed stable by the use of any false pretense; or who after obtaining a horse, vehicle, or other property at such livery or feed stable, willfully or maliciously abuses the same by beating, goading, overdriving or other willful or malicious conduct, or who after obtaining such horse, vehicle, or other property, shall, with intent to defraud the owner, manager or proprietor of such livery or feed stable, keep the same for a longer period, or take the same to a greater distance than contracted for; or allow a feed-bill or other charges to accumulate against such property, without paying therefor; or abandon or leave the same, is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1905-685.

537c. Every owner, manager, proprietor, or other person, having the management, charge or control of any livery-stable, feed or boarding stable, and every person pasturing stock, who shall receive and take into his posseession, charge, care or control, any horse, mare, or other animel, or any buggy, or other vehicle, belonging to any other person, to be by him kept, fed, or cared for, and who, while said horse, mare or other animal or buggy or other vehicle, is thus in his possession, charge, care, or under his control, as aforesaid, 'shall drive, ride or use, or knowingly permit or allow any person other than the owner or other person entitled so to do, to drive, ride, or otherwise to use the same, without the consent or permission of the owner thereof, or other person charged with the care, control or possession of such property, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. 1909-277.

537d. Any person who surreptitiously or by false pretenses obtains or removes from any garage or repair shop any automobile or other personal property upon which the proprietor or manager thereof would be entitled to a lien, pursuant to the provisions of section three thousand fifty-one of the Civil Code, is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1917--291.

538. Every person, who, after mortgaging any of the property; permitted to be mortgaged by the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred fifty-five of the Civil Code, excepting locomo


tives, engines, rolling stock of a railroad, steamboat machinery in actual use, and vessels, during the existence of such mortgage, with intent to defraud the mortgagee, his representative or assigns, takes, drives, carries away, or otherwise removes or permits the taking, driving, or carrying away, or other removal of the mortgaged property, or any part thereof, from the courity where it was situate when mortgaged, without the written consent of the mortgagee, or who sells, transfers, slaughters, destroys or in any manner further encumbers the said mortgaged property, or any part thereof, or causes the same to be sold, transferred, slaughtered, destroyed, or further encumbered, is guilty of larceny, and is punishable accordingly; unless in case of à sale, transfer or further encumbrance at or before the time of making such sale, transfer or encumbrance, such mortgagor informs the person to whom such sale, transfer, or encumbrance is made, of the existence of the prior mortgage, and also informs the prior mortgagee of the intended sale, transfer, or encumbrance, in writing, by giving the name and place of residence of the party to whom the sale, transfer or encumbrance is to be made. 1925.

538a. Every proprietor or publisher of any newspaper or periodical who shall willfully and knowingly misrepresent the circulation of such newspaper or periodical, for the purpose of securing advertising or other patronage, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 1905–686.

538b. Any person who willfully wears the badge, lapel-button, rosette, or other recognized and established insignia of any secret society, order, or organization, or uses the same to obtain aid or assistance within this state, unless entitled to wear or use the same, under the constitution, by-laws, or rules and regulations, or other laws or enactments of such order or society, is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1905-686.


Fraudulently Fitting Out and Destroying Vessels.

539. Vessel, willfully destroy- 541. Making false manifest ing by officer etc.

etc. 540.

Same, other persons. 539. Every captain or other officer or person in command or charge of any vessel, who, within this state, willfully wrecks, sinks, or otherwise injures or destroys such vessel, or any cargo in such vessel, or willfully permits the same to be wrecked, sunk, or otherwise injured or destroyed, with intent to prejudice or defraud any other person, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than three years.

540. Every person, other than such as are embraced within the last section, who is guilty of an act therein specified, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for a term not exceeding

ten years.

541. Every person guilty of preparing, making, or subsrcibing any false or fraudulent manifest, invoice, bill of lading, ship's register, or protest, with intent to defraud another, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding three years.


Fraudulently Keeping Possession of Wrecked Property. 544. Salvage, detaining prop- 545. Wrecked property, takerty after payment.

ing unlawful possession. 544. Every person who keeps any wrecked property, or the proceeds thereof, after the salvage and expenses chargeable thereon have been agreed to or adjusted, and the amount thereof has been paid to him, is punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year, or both.

545. Every person who takes away any goods from any stranded vessel, or any goods cast by the sea upon the land, or found in any bay or creek, or knowingly has in his possession any goods so taken or found, and does not deliver the same to the sheriff of the county where they were found, or notify him of his readiness to do so within thirty days after the same has been taken by him, or have come into his possession, is guilty of a misdemeanor.


Fraudulent Destruction of Property Insured. 548. Burning or destroying

549. Presenting false proof property insured.

of fire loss. 548. Every person who wilfully burns or in any other manner injures, destroys, secretes, abandons, or disposes of any property which at the time is insured against loss or damage by fire, or theft, or embezzlement, or any casualty with intent to defraud or prejudice the insurer, whether the same be the property or in the possession of such person or any other person, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than one year and not more than ten years.

1923–727. 549. Every person who presents or causes to be presented any false or fraudulent claim, or any proof in support of any such claim, upon any contract or policy of insurance or indemnity whatsoever for the payment of any loss, or who prepares, makes or subscribes any account, certificate of survey, affidavit or proof of loss, or other book, paper, or writing, with intent to present or use the same, or to allow it to be presented or used in support of any such claim, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding three years, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment.


False Weights and Measures.

552. False weight and meas

554. Stamping false weight ure defined.

and measure, etc 553. Using false weight or 555. Full weight when given. measure.

556. Coal, same. 552. A false weight or measure is one which does not conform to the standard established by the laws of the United States of America.

553. Every person who uses any weight or measure, knowing it to be false, by which use another is defrauded or otherwise injured, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

554. Every person who knowingly marks or stamps false or short weight or measure, or false tare, on any cask or package, or knowingly sells, or offers for sale, any cask or package so marked, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

555. In all sales of coal, hay, and other commodities, usually sold by the ton or fractional parts thereof, the seller must give the purchaser full weight, at the rate of two thousand pounds to the ton; and in all sales of articles which are sold in commerce by avoirdupois weight, the seller must give to the purchaser full weight, at the rate of sixteen ounces to the pound; and any person violating this section is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1876—112.

556. No person shall willfully or knowingly, with intent to defraud, sell or exchange, or offer or expose for sale or exchange, coal of a specific name or kind under any other name or discription, or as the output of any mine other than the mine of which it is the product, and any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.






Fraudulent Insolvencies by Corporations and Other Frauds

In Their Management. 557. Stock, fraudulent sub- 565. Books, inspection of scription.

same. 558. Organization, increasing 566. Debt, railroad compancapital, etc.


beyond available 559. Unauthorized


567. Debt, in violation not in560. Misconduct of director.

valid. 561. Bank Officer, fraud, etc. 568. Corporation affairs, di561a. Same, abstracting fund.

rectors presumed to 561b. Directors, fraud, etc.

know. 561c. Capital, excessive liabil- 569. Proceedings, director ity.

present presumeed to as. 561d. Directors' loan, gener

sent. ally.

570. Proceedings, director ab562. Bank deposits, insolvent.

sent presumed to have 563. Keeping fraudulent ac

assented. count.

571. Foreign corporations. 563a. Fraudulent, entries, etc. 572. Director defined. 563b. Banking, crimes against. 573. Cemetery corporation 564. False reports, publish

fund, who may borrow. ing. 557. Every person who signs the name of a fictitious person to any subscription for or agreement to take stock in any corporation existing or proposed, and every person who signs to any subscription or agreement the name of any person, knowing that such person has not means or does not intend in good faith to comply with all the terms thereof, or under any understanding or agreement that the terms of such subscription or agreement are not to be complied with or enforced, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

558. Every officer, agent, or clerk of any corporation, or of any persons proposing to organize a corporation, or to increase the capital stock of any corporation, who knowingly exhibits any false, forged, or altered book, paper, voucher, security, or other instrument of evidence to any public officer or board authorized by law to examine the organization of such corporation, or to investigate its affairs, or to be allowed an increase of its capital, with intent to deceive such ficer or board in respect thereto, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than three nor more than ten years.

559. Every person who, without being authorized so to do, subscribes the name of another to, or inserts the name of another in any prospectus, circular, or other advertisement, or announcement

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