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by the governor, or certified by the secretary of state, or printed or published by the printer of the statutes, in language different from that in which it was passed or adopted by the legislature, is guilty of felony.

85. Every person who gives or offers to give a bribe to any member of the legislature, or to another person for him, or attempts by menace, deceit, supression of truth, or any corrupt means, to influence a member in giving or withholding his vote, or in not attending the house or any committee of which he is a member, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than ten years.

86. Every member of either of the houses composing the legislature of this state who asks, receives, or agrees to receive any bribe upon any understanding that his official vote, opinion, judgment, or action shall be influenced thereby, or shall be given in any particular manner, or upon any particular side of any question or matter upon which he may be required to act in his official capacity, or gives, or offers, or promises to give any offical vote in consideration that another member of the legislature shall give any such vote, either upon the same or another question is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than fourteen years, and upon conviction thereof shall, in addition to said punishment, forfeit his office, be disfranchised, and forever disqualified from holding office or public trust. 1880—7.

87. Every person who, being summoned to attend as witness before either house of the legislature or any committee thereof, refuses or neglects, without lawful excuse, to attend pursuant to such summons; and every person who, being present before either house of the legislature or any committee thereof, willfully refuses to be sworn or to answer any material and proper question, or to produce, upon reasonable notice, any material and proper books, papers, or documents in his possession or under his control, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

88. Every member of the legislature convicted of any crime defined in this chapter, in addition to the punishment prescribed, forfeits his office and is forever disqualified from holding any office in this state.

89 Every person who obtains, or seeks to obtain money or other thing of value from another person, upon a pretense, claim, or representation that he can or will improperly influence in any manner the action of any member of a legislative body in regard to any vote or legislative matter, is guilty of a felony. Upon the trial no person otherwise competent as a witness shall be excused from testifying as such concerning the offense charged, on the grounds that such testimony may criminate himself, or subject him to public infamy, but such testimony shall not afterwards be used against him in any judicial proceeding except for perjury in giving such testimony. 1880-7.

TITLE VII.

Crimes against Public Justice.
Chapter I. Bribery and Corruption.

II. Rescues.
III. Escapes, and Aiding Therein.
IV. Forging, Stealing, Mutilating and Falsifying Judicial

and Public Records and Documents.
V. Perjury and Subornation of Perjury.
VI. Falsifying Evidence.
VII. Other Offenses against Public Justice.
VIII. Conspiracy.

CHAPTER I.

Bribery and Corruption. 92. Giving bribes to judges, 97. Purchasing judgment, who etc.

forbidden. 93. Receiving bribes, judicial 98. Officers convicted, forofficers, etc.

feitures. 94. Extortion, etc.

99. State printer, acts for95. Attempts to influence jur

bidden. ors, etc.

100. State printer, collusion. 96. Misconduct of jurors, etc.

92. Every person who gives or offers to give a bribe to any judicial officer, juror, referee, arbitrator, or umpire, or to any person who may be authorized by law to hear or determine any question or controversy, with intent to influence his vote, opinion, or decision upon any matter or question which is or may be brought before him for decision, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than ten years.

93. Every judicial officer, juror, referee, arbitrator, or umpire, and every person authorized by law to hear or determine any question or controversy, who asks, receives, or agrees to receive, any bribe, upon any agreement or understanding that his vote, opinion, or decision upon any matters or question which is or may be brought before him for decision, shall be influenced thereby, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than ten years.

94. Every judicial officer who asks or receives any emolument, gratuity, or reward, or any promise thereof, except such as may be authorized by law, for doing any official act, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Every judicial officer who shall ask or receive the whole or any part of the fees allowed by law to any stenographer or reporter appointed by him, or any other person, to record the pro

ceedings of any court or investigation held by him, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall forfeit his office. Any stenographer or reporter, appointed by any judicial officer in this state, who shall pay, or offer to pay, the whole or any part of the fees allowed him by law, for his appointment or retention in office, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be forever disqualified from holding any similar office in the courts of this state. 1895-30.

95. Every person who corruptly attempts to influence a juror, or any person summoned or drawn as a juror, or chosen as an arbitrator, or umpire, or appointed a referee, in respect to his verdict in, or decision of any cause, or proceeding, pending, or about to be brought before him, either:

One. By means of any communication, oral or written, had with him except in the regular course of proceedings;

Two. By means of any book, paper, or instrument exhibited, otherwise than in the regular course of proceedings;

Three. By means of any threat, intimidation, persuasion, or entreaty; or,

Four. By means of any promise, or assurance of any pecuniary or other advantage;

-Is punishable by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding, five years.

1874-424. 96. Every juror, or person drawn or summoned as a juror, or chosen arbitrator or umpire, or appointed referee, who either:

One. Makes any promise or agreement to give a verdict or decision for or against any party; or,

Two. Willfully and corruptly permits any communication to be made to him, or receives any book, paper, instrument, or information relating to any cause or matter pending before him, except according to the regular course of proceedings, is punishable by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years. 1874—424.

97. Every justice of the peace or constable of the same township who purchases or is interested in the purchase of any judgment or part thereof on the docket of, or on any docket in possession of such justice, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

98. Every officer convicted of any crime defined in this chapter, in addition to the punishment described, forfeits his office and is forever disqualified from holding any office in this state.

99. The superintendent of the state printing shall not, during his continuance in office, have any interest, either directly or indirectly, in any contract in any way connected with his office as superintendent of state printing; nor shall he, during said period,

be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any state printing, binding, engraving, lithographing, or other state work of any kind connected with his said office; nor shall he, directly or indirectly, be interested in any contract for furnishing paper, or other printing stock or material, to or for use in his said office; and any violations of these provisions shall subject him, on conviction before a court of competent jurisdiction, to imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than two years nor more than five years, and to a fine of not less tha one thousand dollars nor more an three thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. 1895-235.

100. If the superintendent of the state printing corruptly colludes with any person or persons furnishing paper or materials, or bidding therefor, or with any other person or persons, or has any secret understanding with him or them, by himself or through others, to defraud the state, or by which the state is defrauded or made to sustain a loss, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this chapter, he, upon conviction thereof, forfeits his office, and is subject to imprisonment in the state prison for a term of not less than two years, and to a fine of not less than one thousand dollars nor more three thousand dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment. 1905-647.

CHAPTER II.

Rescues.

101. Rescuing prisoners.

from

102. Retaking goods

custody of officer.

101. Every person who rescues or attempts to rescue, or aids another person in rescuing or attempting to rescue, any prisoner from any prison, or from any officer or person having him in lawful custody, is punishable as follows: 1. . If such prisoner was in custody upon

a conviction of felony punishable with death: by imprisonment in the state prison not less than one nor more than fourteen years;

2. If such prisoner was in custody upon a conviction of any other felony: by imprisonment in the state prison not less than six months nor more than five years;

3. If such prisoner was in custody upon a charge of felony: by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars and imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding two years;

4. If such prisoner was in custody otherwise than upon a charge or conviction of felony: by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars and imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months.

102. Every person who willfully injures or destroys, or takes or attempts to take, or assists any person in taking or attempting to take, from the custody of any officer or person, any personal property which such officer or person has in charge under any process of law, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

CHAPTER III.

con

Escapes, and Aiding Therein. 105. Escapes, state prison, 109. Assisting prisoners, to how punished.

escape. 106. Same, attempting to es- 109a. Escape state hospital, cape, how punished.

misdemeanor. 107. Escapes from other than 110. Carrying into prison arstate prison, how pun

ticles to aid escape. ished.

111. Trial of

escape, ex108. Officers suffering

penses, how paid. victs to escape. 105. Every prisoner confined in a state prison, for a term less than for life, who escapes therefrom, is punishable by imprisonment in a state prison for a term of not less than one year; said second term of imprisonment to commence from the time he would otherwise have been discharged from said prison. 1905-723.

106. Every prisoner committed to a state prison for a term less than for life, who escapes or attempts to escape while being conveyed to or from or while confined within such prison or while at work outside such prison under the surveillance of prison guards is guilty of a felony and on conviction thereof the term of imprisonment therefor shall commence from the time such convict would otherwise have been discharged from said prison. 1921-77.

107. Every prisoner charged with or convicted of a felony who is confined in any jail or prison or an inmate of any public training school or reformatory or county hospital, or who is engaged on any county road or other county work or who is in the lawful custody of any officer or person, who escapes or attempts to escape from such jail, prison, public training school, reformatory or county hospital, or from the custody of the officer or person in charge of him while engaged on or going to or returning from such county work or from the custody of any officer or person in whose lawful custody he is, is guilty of a felony and is punishable as provided in section one hundred eight of the Penal Code. 1923—270.

108. Every keeper of a prison, sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable, or jailer, or person employed as a guard, who fraudulently contrives, procures, aids, connives at, or voluntarily permits the escape of any prisoner in custody, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding ten years, and fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars.

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