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CHAPTER VII.

Other Offenses Against Public Justice.

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142. Officer refusing to re- 165. Bribing supervisors, etc.

ceive or arrest parties 166. Criminal contempt, etc. charged with crime.

167. False certificates, by 143. Public administrator,

public officers. neglect duty, etc.

168. Disclosing secret indict144. Receiving illegal fees,

ment, punishment. arresting fugitives.

169. Grand juror, disclosing 145. Delay, taking prisoner

secret information. before magistrate.

170. Maliciously procuring 146. Making arrest without

search warrant. authority.

171. Communicating with 147. Inhumanity to prisoners.

convict. 148. Resisting public officers. 171a. Narcotics, where for149. Assaults, by officers.

bidden. 150. Refusing aid, officers, in 171b. Ex-convicts, when forarrest, etc.

bidden

prison. 153. Compounding crimes.

ground. 154. Debtor fraudulently con- 171c. Vagrants, forbidden near cealing property.

prisons, etc. 155. Defendant concealing 172. Sale of liquors, where property.

forbidden. 156. Birth of infant, fraud- 172a. Same.

ulent representation. 173. Importing foreign con157. Substituting

child

victs. for another.

174. Bringing Chinese, etc., to 158. Common barratry de

state. fined, how punished. 175. Separate prosecutions. 159. What proof is required. 176. Omission of duty by 159a. Divorce, advertising pro

public officer. hibited.

177. Offenses, felony or mis160. Misconduct of attorney.

demeanor. 161. Demands, buying, etc. 180. County treasurer, pro161a. Attorney, falsely adver

hibited receiving private tising.

money. 162. Attorneys, what actions 181. Personal liberty limitaprohibited.

tions. 163. Same, limitations.

142. Every sheriff, coroner, keeper of a jail, constable, or other peace-officer, who wilfully refuses to receive or arrest any person charged with a criminal offense, is punishable by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, and imprisonment in the county jail not

143. Every person holding the office of public administrator, who willfully refuses or neglects to perform the duties thereof, exceeding five years.

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or who violates any provision of law relating to his duties or the duties of his office, for which some other punishment is not prescribed, is punishable by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding two years, or both.

144. Every person who violates any of the provisions of section 1558 is guilty of a misdemeanor.

145. Any person who violates any of the provisions of secperson upon a criminal charge, who willfully delays to take such person before a magistrate having jurisdiction, to take his examination, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

146. Every public officer, or person pretending to be a public officer, who, under pretense or color of any process or other legal authority, arrests any person or detains nim against his will, or seizes or levies upon any property, or dispossesses any one of any lands or tenements, without a regular process or other lawful authority therefor, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

147. Every officer who is guilty of willful inhumanity or oppression toward any prisoner under his care or in his custody, is punishable by fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by removal from office.

148. Every person who willfully resists, delays, or obstructs any public officer, in the discharge or attempt to discharge any duty of his office, when no other punishment is prescribed, is punishable by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, and imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding five years.

149. Every public officer who, under color of authority, without lawful necessity, assaults or beats any person, is punishable by fine not exceeding fiive thousand dollars, and imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding five years.

150. Every male person above eighteen years of age who neglects or refuses to join the posse comitatus or power of the county, by neglecting or refusing co aid and assist in taking or arresting any person against whorn there may be issued any process, or by neglecting to aid ard assist in retaking any person who, after being arrested or confined, may have escaped from such arrest or imprisonment, or by neglecting or refusing to aid and assist in preventing any breach of the peace, or the commission of any criminal offense, being thereto lawfully required by any sheriff, deputy sheriff, coroner, constable, judge, or justice of the peace, or other officer concerned in the administration of justice, is punishable by fine of not less than fifty nor more than one thousand dollars.

153. Every person who, having knowledge of the actual commission of a crime, takes money or property of another, or any gra

tuity or reward, or any engagement, or promise thereof, upon any agreement or understanding to compound or conceal such crime, or to abstain from any prosecution thereof, or to withold any evidence: thereof, except in the cases provided for by law, in which crimes may be compromised by leave of court, is punishable as follows:

1. By imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years, or in a county jail not exceeding one year, where the crime was punishable by death or imprisonment in the state prison for life;

2. By imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding three years, or in the county jail not exceeding six months, where the crime was punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for any other term than for life;

3. By imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, where the crime was a misdemeanor.

154. Every debtor who fraudulently removes his property or effects out of this state, or fraudently sells, conveys, assigns or conceals his property with intent to defraud, hinder or delay his creditors of their rights, claims or demands, is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by both; provided, however, that where the property so removed or sold or conveyed or assigned or concealed, consists of a stock in trade or a part thereof, of a value exceeding one hundred dollars, the offense shall be a felony and punishable as such. 1921-58.

155. Every person against whom an action is pending, or against whom a judgment has been rendered for the recovery of any personal property, who fraudulently conceals, sells, or disposes of such property, with intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the person bringing such action or recovering such judgment, or with such intent removes such property beyond the limits of the county in which it may be at the time of the commencement of such action or the rendering of such judgment, is punishable as provided in the preceding section.

156. Every person who fraudulently produces an infant, falsely pretending it to have been born of any parent whose child would be entitled to inherit any real estate or to receive a share of any personal estate, with intent to intercept the inheritance of any such real estate, or the distribution of any such personal estate from any person lawfully entitled thereto, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding ten years.

157. Every person to whom an infant has been confided for nursing, education, or any other purpose, who, with intent to deceive any parent or guardian of such child, substitutes or produces to such parent or guardian another child in the place of the one so confided, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding seven years.

158. Common barratry is the practice of exciting groundless judicial proceedings, and is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months and by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

159. No person can be convicted of common barratry except upon proof he has excited suits or proceedings at law in at least three instances, and with a corrupt or malicious intent to vex and annoy.

159a. Whoever advertises, prints, publishes, distributes, or circulates, or causes to be advertised, printed, published, distributed, or circulated, any circular, pamphlet, card, hand-bill, advertisement, printed paper, book, newspaper, or notice of any kind, offering to procure or obtain, or to aid in procuring or obtaining, any divorce, or the severance, dissolution, or annulment of any marriage, or offering to engage or appear or act as attorney, counsel, or referee in any suit for alimony or divorce, or the severance, dissolution, or annulment of any marriage, either in this state or elsewhere, is guilty of a misdemeanor. This section does not apply to the printing or publishing of any notice or advertisement required or authorized by any law of this state. 1905—649.

160. Every attorney who, whether as attorney or as counselor, either:

1. Is guilty of any deceit or collusion, or consents to any deceit or collusion, with intent to deceive the court or any party; or,

2. Willfully delays his client's suit with a view to his own

gain; or,

3. Willfully receives any money or allowance for or on account of any money which he has not laid out or become answerable for;

-Is guilty of a misdemeanor.

161. Every attorney who, either directly or indirectly, buys or is interested in buying any evidence of debt or thing in action, with intent to bring suit thereon, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

161a. Any person other than a regularly licensed attorney who advertises himself as practicing or entitled to practice law in any court of justice is guilty of a misdemeanor. 1909-247.

162. Every atttorney who directly or indirectly advises in relation to, or aids, or promotes the defense of any action or proceeding in any court, the prosecution of which is carried on, aided, or promoted by any person as district attorney or other public prosecutor, with whom such person is directly or indirectly connected as a partner; or who, having himself prosecuted or in any manner aided or promoted any action or proceeding in any court as district attorney or other public prosecutor, afterwards, directly or indirectly, advises in relation to or takes any part in the defense thereof, as attorney or otherwise, or who takes or receives any valuable consideration from or on behalf of any defe idant in any such action, upon any understanding or agreement wh, tever having relation to the defense thereof, is guilty of a misdeme 'nor, and in addition to the punishment prescribed therefor, forfeits his license to practice law.

163. The preceding section does not prohibit an attorney from defending himself in person, as attorney or counsel, when prosecuted, either civilly or criminally.

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165. Every person who gives or offers a bribe to any member of any common council, board of supervisors, or board of trustees of any county, city and county, city, or public corporation, with intent to corruptly influence such member in his action on any matter or subject pending before, or which is afterward to be considered by, the body of which he is a member, and every member of any of the bodies mentioned in this section who receives, or agrees to receive any bribe upon any understanding that his official vote, opinion, judgment, or action shall be influenced thereby, or shall be given in any particular manner or upon any particular side of any question or matter, upon which he may be required to act in his official capacity, is punishable by imprisonment in the state's prison not less than one nor more than fourteen years, and upon conviction thereof shall, in addition to said punishment, forfeit his office, be disfranchised and forever disqualified from holding any public office or trust. 1905-650.

166. Every person guilty of any contempt of court, of either of the following kinds, is guilty of a misdemeanor:

1. Disorderly, contemptuous, or insolent behavior committed during the sitting of any court of justice, in immediate view and presence of the court, and directly tending to interrupt its proceedings or to impair the respect due to its authority;

2. Behavior of the like character committed in the presence of any referee, while actually engaged in any trial or hearing, pursuant to the order of any court, or in the presence of any jury while artually sitting for the trial of a cause, or upon any inquest or other proceedings authorized by law;

3. Any breach of the peace, noise, or other disturbance directly tending to interrupt the proceedings of any court;

4 Willfull disobedience of any process or order lawfully issued by any court;

5. Resistance willfully offered by any person to the lawful order or process of any court;

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