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TITLE IX.

Crimes Against the Person and Against Public Decency and

Good Morals.

Chapter I. Rape, Abduction, Carnal Abuse of Children, and Se

duction.
II. Abandonment and Neglect of Children.
III. Abortions.
IV. Child-stealing.
V. Bigamy, Incest, and the Crime against Nature.
VI. Violating Sepulture and the Remains of the Dead.
VII. Crimes against Religion and Conscience, and Other

Offenses against Good Morals.
VIII. Indecent Exposure, Obscene Exhibitions, Books and

Prints, and Bawdy and Other Disorderly Houses.
IX. Lotteries.

X. Gaming.
XI. Pawnbrokers.
XII. Other Injuries to Persons.

CHAPTER I.

Rape, Abduction, Carnal Abuse of Children, and Seduction.

261. Rape defined.

266d. Placing female in cus262. Physical ability, when

tody. must prove.

266e. Female, compensation. 263. Penetration sufficient. 266f. Same, selling. 264. Punishment of rape. 266g. Married women. 265. Abduction of women.

267. Abduction. 266. Seduction for prostitu- 268. Seduction, purpose, pention.

alty. 266a. Taking for prostitution. 269. Bar prosecution, how. 266b. Same, by force.

269a. Adultery. 266c. Bringing in Chinese, 269b. Married persons, when.

Japanese, same. 261. Rape is an act of sexual intercourse, accomplished with a female not the wife of the perpetrator, under either of the following circumstances:

1. Where the female is under the age of eighteen years;

2. Where she is incapable, through lunacy or other unsoundness of mind, whether temporary or permanent, of giving legal consent;

3. Where she resists, but her resistance is overcome by force or violence;

4. Where she is prevented from resisting by threats of great and immediate bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of execution, or by any intoxicating narcotic, or anesthetic, substance, administered by or with the privity of the accused;

5. Where she is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act, and this is known to the accused;

6. Where she submits under the belief that the person committing the act is her husband, and this belief is induced by any artifice, pretense, or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to induce such belief. 1913—212.

262. No conviction for rape can be had against one who was under the age of fourteen years at the time of the act alleged, unless his physical ability to accomplish penetration is proved as an independent fact, and beyond a reasonable doubt.

263. The essential guilt of rape consists in the outrage to the person and feelings of the female. Any sexual penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime.

264. Rape is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not more than fifty years, except where the offense is under subdivision one of section two hundred sixty-one of the Penal Code, in which case the punishment shall be either by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year or in in the state prison for not more than fifty years, and in such case the jury shall recommend by their verdict whether the punishment shall be by imprisonment in the county jail or in the state prison; provided, that when the defendant pleads guilty of an offense under subdivision one of section 261 of the Penal Code the punishment shall be in the discretion of the trial court, either by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year or in the state prison for not more than fifty years. 1923—271.

265. Every person who takes any woman unlawfully, against her will, and by force, menace, or duress, compels her to marry him, or to marry any other person, or to be defiled ,is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than two nor more than fourteen years.

266. Every person who inveigles or entices any unmarried female, of previous chaste character, under the age of eighteen years, into any house of ill-fame, or of assignation, or elsewhere, for the purpose of prostitution, or to have illicit carnal connection with any man; and every person who aids or assists in such inveiglement or enticement; and every person who, by any false pretenses, false representation, or other fraudulent means, procures any female to have illicit carnal connection with any man, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years, or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. 1874–429.

266a. Every person who, within this state, takes any female person against her will and without her consent, or with her consent procured by fraudulent inducement or misrepresentation, for the purpose of prostitution, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years, and a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars. 1905–255.

266b. Every person who takes any female person unlawfully, and against her will, and by force, menace, or duress, compells her to live with him in an illicit relation, against her sent, or to so live with any other person, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not less than two nor more than four years.

1905—655.

con

266c. Every person bringing to, or landing within this state, any femaie person born in the empire of China or the empire of Japan, or the islands adjacant thereto, with intent to place her in charge or custody of any other person, and against her will to compel her to reside with him, or for the purpose of selling her to any person whomsoever, is punishable by a fine of not less than one nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not less than six nor more than twelve months. 1905—656.

266d. Any person who receives any money or other valuable thing for or on account of his placing in custody any female for the purpose of causing her to cohabit with any male to whom she is not married, is guilty of a felony.

266e. Every person who purchases, or pays any money or other valuable thing for, any female person for the purpose of prostitution, or for the purpose of placing her, for immoral purposes, in any house or place against her will, is guilty of a felony. 1905–656.

266f. Every person who sells any female person or receives any money or other valuable thing for or on account of his placing in custody, for immoral purposes, any female person, whether with or without her consent, is guilty of a felony. 1905-655.

266g. Every man who, by force, intimidation, threats, persuasion, promises, or any other means, places or leaves, or procures any other person or persons to place or leave, his wife in a house of prostitution or connives at or consents to, or permits, the placing or leaving of his wife in a house of prostitution, or allows or permits her to remain therein, is guilty of a felony and punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than

three nor more than ten years; and in all prosecutions under this section a wife is a competent witness against her husband.

1905-636. 267. Every person who takes away any female under the age of eighteen years from her father, mother, guardian, or other person having the legal charge of her person, without their consent, for the purpose of prostitution, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years, and a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars.

268. Every person who, under promise of marriage, seduces and has sexual intercourse with an unmarried female of previous chaste character, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not more than five years, or by a fine not more than five thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment. 1889-12.

269. The intermarriage of the parties subsequent to the commission of the offense is a bar to a prosecution for a violation of the last section; provided, such marriage took place prior to the finding of an indictment or the filing of information charging such offense. 1889–12.

269a. Every person who lives in a state of cohabitation and adultery is guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year, or by both. 1911–426.

269b. If two persons, each being married to another, live together in a state of cohabitation and adultery, each is guilty of a felony, and punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not exceeding five years. A recorded certificate of marriage or a certified copy thereof, there being no decree of divorce, proves the marriage of a person for the purpose of this action. 1911–426.

CHAPTER II.

Abandonment and Neglect of Children. 270. Children, abandoning 273. Same.

same.

273a. Children unjustly pun270a. Abandoning wife.

ished. 270b. Bond for support, etc. 273b. Children not to be con270c. Indigent parents, who

fined with prisoners. must support.

273c. Fines, how used. 270d. Fine, when wife may 273d. Child, when committed collect.

to charitable institution. 270e. A bandonment, how 273e. Minors, messages, etc. proved.

273f. Children, forbidden to 271. Deserting child.

go. 271a. Abandonment, minor, 273g. Children, vicious habits etc., punishment.

in presence prohibited. 272. Children, wrongful 273h. Convicts, when wife may abuse.

collect for services.

270. A father of either a legitimate or illegitimate minor child who wilfully omits without lawful excuse to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for his child is guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding two years or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both. This statute shall not be construed so as to relieve such father from the criminal liability defined herein for such omission merely because the mother of such a child is legally entitled to the custody of such child nor because the mother of such child, or any other person, or organization, voluntarily or involuntarily furnishes such necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for such child, or undertakes to do so. Proof of abandonment or desertion of a child by such father, or the omission by such father to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for his child is prima facie evidence that such abandonment or desertion or omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care is wilful and without lawful excuse. the event that the father of either a legitimate or illegitimate minor child is dead or unable by reason of physical or mental infirmity to furnish the necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for his minor child. the mother of the said child shall become subject to the provisions of this section and be criminally liable for the support of said minor child during the period of inability on the part of the father to the same extent and in the same manner as the father would have been had it not been for his physical or mental infirmity. The provisions of this section are applicable whether the parents of such child are married or divorced, and regardless of any degree made in any divorce action relative to the alimony or to the support of the wife. A child conceived but not yet born is to be deemed an existing person in so far as this section is concerned.

1925.

In

270a. Every husband having sufficent ability to provide for his wife's support, or who is able to earn the means of such wife's support, who willfully abandons and leaves his wife in a destitute condition, or who refuses or neglects to provide such wife with necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance, unless by her misconduct he was justified in abandoning her, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison, or the county jail, not exceeding two years, or by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by both. 1909–258.

270b. After arrest and before plea or trial, or after conviction or plea of guilty and before sentence under either section two hundred and seventy or two hundred and seventy a of this code, if the defendant shall appear before the court and enter into an undertaking with sufficient sureties to the people of the state of California in such penal sum as the court may fix, to be approved by the court, and conditioned that the defendant will pay to the

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