The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

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Oxford University Press, 6. 10. 2017. - 272 страница
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In many discussions of ancient philosophy, teleology is acknowledged as an important theme. How do we act for a particular end or purpose? One common answer describes humans as acting with the intention of achieving a goal. A person selects particular actions with the thought that these actions will lead to that goal. Andrew Payne accepts that this is one good answer to our question but proposes that it is not the only one. In Plato's Republic, Socrates appeals to a different understanding of how humans act for the sake of ends as they live together in political communities and pursue knowledge. As they carry out activities that are necessary for human flourishing, their actions can produce unintended results that signal the full completion of human capacities. For example, performing the actions of a just individual can help promote the establishment of a just society as an unintended result. Such unintended results qualify as ends or purposes of human action. This volume fully explores this functional teleology of action in Plato's Republic.
 

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Садржај

Varieties of Teleology
1
The Teleology of Action in the Ascent Passage of the Symposium
16
Justice Function and Partnerships in Republic 1
35
The Defense of Justice in Republic 1
57
The Division of Goods and the Completion of Justice
73
Teleology and the Parts of the Soul
96
The Defense of Justice and the Teleology of Action
125
The Form of the Good I Vision and Knowledge in Three Images
150
The Form of the Good II Dianoia in the Divided Line
175
Studying Mathematics for the Sake of the Good
196
Bibliography
225
Index Locorum
233
Index
237
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Andrew Payne is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Saint Joseph's University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Having completed his studies in philosophy at the University of Chicago and at the University of Notre Dame, he specializes in ethics and ancient philosophy. He has also taught at Providence College in Providence, Rhode Island.

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