The World's Water 1998-1999: The Biennial Report On Freshwater Resources

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Island Press, 1998 - 319 страница
The quality and availability of fresh water is of critical importance to human and ecosystem health. The World's Water 1998-1999 is a comprehensive reference on worldwide freshwater resources and the political, economic, scientific, and technological issues associated with them. It provides both detailed analysis of the most significant trends and events and the most up-to-date data available on water resources and their use. Chapters examine:

access to basic water requirements for drinking and sanitation
hydropower and dam construction
water law
water and conflict
water and global climate change
international water institutions and activities.

The book features more than fifty charts, tables, and maps that present the most current data on a range of factors including: the availability and use of water; numbers of threatened and endangered aquatic species, dam and desalination capacity worldwide; trends in several devastating water-borne diseases; changes by region in global precipitation patterns since 1900; and much more.

To be published on a biennial basis, The World's Water will be an essential reference for water resources specialists with both government agencies and nongovernmental organizations, resource economists, planners, public policy and public administration experts, environmental lawyers, students and anyone concerned with water issues.

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Садржај

ONE The Changing Water Paradigm
5
TWO Water and Human Health
39
The End
69
FOUR Conflict and Cooperation Over
105
Reducing the Risk of WaterRelated Conflict
113
Water Disputes in Southern Africa
119
APPENDIX
125
References
132
WATER BRIEFS
193
DATA SECTION
235
Freshwater Withdrawal by Country and Sector
241
Percentage of Population with Access to Safe
251
Access to Safe Drinking Water in Developing countries
261
Reported Cholera Cases and Deaths by Country
268
Reported Cholera Cases and Deaths in the Americas
271
Populations Displaced as a Consequence of
281

What Do We Know?
138
Societal Impacts of Changes in Water Resources
144
References
150
SEVEN Moving Toward a Sustainable Vision
183
Desalination Capacity by Country January 1 1996
288
Irrigated Area by Country and Region 1961 to 1994
297
Index
303
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О аутору (1998)

Peter Gleick is president of the Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment, and Security in Oakland, California. He received his Ph.D. from the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California, Berkeley and is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Research and Writing Grant in Peace and International Cooperation. In addition to his research activities, Dr. Gleick serves on the Global Environmental Change Committee of the American Geophysical Union, the Board of Directors of the International Water Resources Association, the Public Advisory Forum of the American Water Works Association, and the editorial boards of several scientific journals. He has published extensively on climatic change, water resources, and environmental policy. He is widely recognized as one of the world's leading experts on freshwater resources, and is a member of the Water Science and Technology Board of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and an Academician of the International Water Academy in Oslo, Norway. He was recently named by the BBC as a "visionary on the environment" in its Essential Guide to the 21st Century.

The Worldwater Website, developed by Peter Gleick, is dedicated to providing up-to-date water resources information and data, with connections to organizations, institutions, and individuals working on a wide range of global freshwater problems and solutions.

Other titles by Peter Gleick:

World's Water 2000-2001

World's Water 2002-2003

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