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friends, as they are full of jars, and have no constancy, but are unstable as that wherein their friendship lies, their liquor, are a vile, despicable society, not worthy of men, much less of Christians. This sin hath affinity with uncleanness, and is usually ranked there. Right love to a tippler, is not to sit down and guzzle with him, but to reprove and labour to reclaim him, and where that cannot be done, to avoid him. To wicked persons we owe, not a complacency or delight, which is most contrary to this love, but, hating their sin, we owe them love, and the desiring, and, as far as love can, the procuring of their conversion and salvation. Wicked converse cannot consist with this love, which is the fulfilling of the law, and not a combination for the breaking of it, and the joining of their strength together for that end. Love rejoiceth not in iniquity, but in the truth : it makes not men rejoice together in sin. So, foul, unclean affections, and a society in order to the gratifying them, are most contrary to it. True love is most tender of the chastity of others, and cannot abide an impure thought in itself.

So, as to the next precept, Thou shalt not steal, love would be loath to enrich or advantage itself upon the damage of others in any kind. It doth most faithfully and singly seek the profit and prosperity of our neighbour, even as our own. And if this took place, of how much use were it in the world! But Oh! it is rare. This meum and tuum is the grand cause of the ill understanding and discords that are amongst men, when things are not managed by this love, but by self-love.

And so, as to that, Thou shalt not bear false witness, the cherishing and preserving of the good name of our brethren, is a proper and very remarkable fruit of this love, which is so far * from forging false, defaming stories, that it will rather excuse,

if it may be done, or if not, will pity the real failings of men which tend to their reproach ; and, on the contrary, will teach men to rejoice in the good carriage and good esteem of their brethren, as in their own.

In the end, love works such a complacency in the good of

others, and such a contentation with our own estate, that it most powerfully banishes that unruly humour of coveting, which looks on the condition of others with envy, and on our own with grudying and discontent. This law of love written within, doth not only rectify and order the hands and the tongue, but the jealousies, the very stirrings of the heart: it corrects the usual disorder of its motion, and bars those uncharitable, inordinate thoughts, that do so abound and swarm in carnal minds. ** 3. The original of this love, is that other love which corresponds to the other part, the first and chief point of the Law, our duty towards God. Love to Him is the sum and source of all obedience. When the whole soul and mind is possessed with that, then all is acceptable and sweet that He commands; first, what He commands as immediately referable to Himself, and then, what is the rule of our carriage to men, as being prescribed and commanded by Him. For so, and no otherwise, is this love the fulfilling of the Law, when it flows from that first love, love to God, whose law it is that commands this other love to men.

have somewhat like it, by a mildness and ingenuousness of nature, being inoffensive and well-disposed towards all; but then only doth it fulfil the Law, when out of regard to the Law of God it obeys, and obeys out of love to Him whose law it is. So then, the love of God in the heart, is the spring of right and holy love to our neighbour, both, (1.) Because in obedience to Him whom we love sovereignly, we shall love others sincerely, because He will have it so.

That is reason enough to the soul possessed and taken up with His love. It loves nothing, how lovely soever, but in Him and for Him, in order and subordination to His love, and in respect to His will ; and it loves any thing, how unlovely soever, taking it in that contemplation. : It loves not the dearest friend but in God, and can love the hatefullest enemy for Him: Amicum in Deo, et inimicum propter Derim. [Augustine.] His love can beautify the most unamiable object, and make it lovely. He saith of a worthless, undeserving

Some men may

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man, or thy most undeserving enemy, Love him for My sake, because it pleases Me; and that is reason enough to one who loves Him. (2.) There is that dilating, sweetening virtue in love to God, that it can act in no other way to men but as becomes love. Base self-love contracts the heart, and is the very root of all sin, the chief wickedness in our corrupt nature; but the love of God assimilates the soul to Him, makes it Divine, and therefore bountiful, full of love to all. So these two contradict not, Love the Lord with all thy heart, and thy neighbour as thyself. If all our love must go to God, what remains, say you, for our neighbour ? Indeed, all must go upwards, and be all placed on Him, and from thence it is resounded and regulated downwards to men, according to His will. But self-love brings forth pride, and cruelty, and covetousness, and uncleanness, and disdain of others, and all such kind of monsters; so, it is the main breaking of the Law.

All that can be said, will not persuade men to this, till the Lord by His love teach it and impress it on the heart. : Know that this is the badge of Christ's followers, and his great rule and law given to them; and if you will follow him, that you may come to be where he is, then study this, that as our Lord Christ loved us, so, also, we ought to love one another.

SERMON XI.

PREFACE.

GREAT and various are the evils that lodge within the heart of man. Hence proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, murders, and many

other mischiefs, as our Saviour specifies there, Matt. xv. 19: they come forth apace, and yet, the heart is not emptied of them. But was this heart thus at first, when it came newly forth of the hands of its Maker ? Surely, not. - Man was made upright, but he found out many inventions. Eccl. vii. 29. Soon did the heart find the way to corrupt itself; but to renew itself, is as impossible as to have been the author of its own creation. Easily could it deface the precious characters of God's image, but it passes the art of men and angels to restore them. Only the Son of God, who for that purpose took on him our nature, can make us, according to the Apostle's phrase, partakers of the Divine nature. It is He alone that can banish those unclean spirits, and keep possession that they return to more. Have not they made a happy change of guests, who have those infernal troops turned out of doors, and the King of Glory fixing his abode within them? This is the voice of the Gospel : Lift up your heads, ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, that the King of Glory may enter in. Psal. xxiv, 7. But small is the number of those who open where this voice is daily sounded. Yea, some there are, who grow worse under the frequent preaching of the word, as if sin were emulous, and, as is said of virtue, would grow by opposition. The truth is, too many of us turn these serious exercises of religion, into an idle divertisement. Take heed that formality, and custom, and novelty, do not often help to fill up many rooms in our church. It were indeed a breach of charity, to entertain the fulness of your assemblies with an ill construction: no, it is to be commended. But would to God we were more careful to shew our religion in our lives, to study to know better the deceits and impostures of our own hearts, and to gain daily more victory over our secret and best beloved sins ! Let our intentions, then, be to meet with Christ here, and to admit him gladly to dwell and rule within us. If he conquer our inward enemies, those without shall not be able to hurt us. If he deliver us from our sinful lusts, he will stir our own distrustful fears. And that such may be the fruits of our meeting, let us turn ourselves towards the throne of grace, with humble prayer, in the name of Jesus Christ, the righteous.

PSALM lxxvi. 10.

Surely, the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath shalt

Thou restrain.

What manner of man is this, said the passengers in the ship; that even the winds and the sea obey him? Matt. viii. 27: Christ suddenly turns a great tempest into a greater calm. Surely, those are no ordinary words of command, which swelling waves and boisterous winds, in the midst of their rage, are forced to hear, and taught to understand and obey. Therefore, the holding of the seas in the hollow of His hand; the bridling of the wind, and riding upon the wings of it, we find peculiarly attributed to the Almighty. But no less, if not more wonderful is another of His prerogatives; to wit, His sovereignty over all mankind, over the divers and strange motions of the heart of man.

Admirable is it to govern those; both in respect of their multitude and irregularity. Consider we what millions of men dwell at once upon the face of the earth, and again, what troops of several imaginations will pass through the fancy of any one man, within the compass of one day ; it is much to keep eye upon them, and to behold themi all at once, but far more to command and control them all. Yet, if they were all loyal and willingly obedient, were they tractable and easily curbed, it were more easy for us to conceive how they might be governed. But to bound and over: rule the unruly hearts of men, the most of whom continually are either plotting or acting rebellion against their Lord, to make them all concur and meet at last in one end, cannot be done but by a power and a wisdom that are both infinite. That God whose name we often mention, but seldom think on His excellency, is alone the absolute monarch of men's hearts, and the ruler of all their motions. He hath them limited while they seem most free, and works His own glory out of their attempts, while they strive most to dishonour Him. Surely, the wrath of man shall praise Thee,

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