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H. of R.]

Buffalo and New Orleans Road.

(March 24, 180.

Gulf of Mexico must always depend chiefly on the fight- has been the revenue of the Government during the last ing men and supplies from the upper country for its de fourteen years? By whom has it been paid? And where fence. Kentucky and Tennessee is the natural strength has it been expended? The annual receipts into the of that vulncrable frontier, but their position is far distant. treasury in that time have averaged at least twenty-two Our rivers, more than half the year, are too low to afford millions, amounting to more than three hundred millions. water conveyance: hence the necessity of a convenient The gentleman las truly said, that population is the rule communication ky land. Nothing but the suclden and ex- by which contributions should be levied; and as to imports, traordinary rise of the Cumberland, in November, 1814, the consumers, as a general rule, pay the duties. It is seconded by extraordinary efforts, enabled the Tennessee also true that this revenue las chiefly been raised by dutroops to reach the scene of action in the very juncture ties. The Western country, comprising Western Pennof time. But for that, New Orleans must have fallen, sylvania, Western Virginia, and the nine Western States, without a miracle in aid of the unsurpassed skill and bra- contains about one-third of the population of the United very with which it was defended.

States. Upon these conceded principles, then, the people As a military road, New Orleans must be deprived of all of this portion of the Union have contributed to the geneadvantage from it, should its location be through the ral fund, in the short period of which I am speaking, Southern States, each of which has cities and seaboard the enormous amount of one hundred millions of dollars. frontiers of its own to clefend. The local forces and sup. Yes, sir, they have contributed much more: for, in addi. plies of those States ought not, and will not be drawn tion to their common share, they have, since the settlement elsewhere. In any war we are likely to have with a fo- of the new States, paid directly into the treasury more than feign enemy, the South will have enough to do to take forty millions of dollars in the purchase of public lands. care of itself; and it will give a good account of that, or And where have these contributions gone? It is, perhaps, any other trust, for its arms have always equalled the easier to tell where they have not gone. They have not highest expectations of valor and patriotism-- nor would returned to the country from which they were drawn, exsuch a location be greatly serviceable, even for southern cept the miserable piitance dealt out to some old penwarfare. The march of troops, the transportation of sioners, a few salaries to federal officers, and a little aid provisions there, like the course of trade, must generally for particular public works, lately drawn through the fire be across, rather than along the road.

by the efficacy of this same internal improvement operaThe reports of the engineers, already referred to, give tion. But the road on which the heavy wholesale approthe decided preference to the western route; and should priations have travelled to the seaboard is broad and beatthe commissioners to be appointed select for the location en. It needs little improvement. Its track can be seen of the road the most western branch of that route, as the far off. The by-ways on which the retail business is carbill authorizes them to do, and as they undoubtedly will ried on in the same direction are more difficult to trace. do, if my views are correct, there will then be some plain The actual expenditures in the same period, for the inand prominent advantages attained, peculiar to that loca- crease of the navy, for navy yards, dock yards, and tion, which must put to rest all further comparison. It wharves, for fortifications and light-houses, amount to will unite East and West Tennessee, separated by the twenty-four millions; and how many millions more have, Cumberland mountain. It will pass within forty miles of in the same quarter, been laid out upon sca-walls, harbors, the Cumberland river, crossing one of its navigable streams, and the like, I have not been at the pains to compute. To the Caney fork. It will cross the Tennessce river pro- the sca-coast and commercial cities are drawn almost the bably a little above the Muscle shoals, comecting with whole contents of the sinking fund chest, which is annually the canal about to be made there; and, above all, it will replenished with ten millions to defray the public debt, to intersect, a little south of Tennessee, the road branching say nothing of the officers and agents of thie Government off from the Cumberland road at Zanesville, in Ohio, pass- in every description of service, who spend their compening througlı Kentucky and West Tonnesscc to Florence, sation there, and the many inventions sought out to relieve in Alabama, and ultimately to New Orleans.

the treasury of its surplus, with some of which I have no Here there is at once united the double advantage of acquaintance, except by the appropriation bills. In a bringing together these two great avenues of communi- word, the interior is tributary to the exterior. The treacation, and the expense of making two roads, that point sury communicates vigor to the one, while the other lanto New Orleans, from a distance of four hundred miles, is guishes under its continual exactions. No wonder our saved by one-half. One road, instead of two, will be the condition is intolerable; the wonder is that we have enresult of such a location. For let the road now in ques. dured it so long. Nothing but the freshness and fertility tion be located on any other route, it will not meet the of our soil has upheld us till now; but the fatness of the road from Zanesville, till they both terminated at Orleans land must fail, without something to encourage and repay by different directions. These considerations, to whom the toil of the dispirited farmer. I will give you, for exsoever they are known, must be conclusive on the subject ample, my own State. Its population is about one-twenty, of preference. And I will only add that this branch of ty-second part of the national census; of course, accordthe Cumberland road has been surveyed in the direction I ing to general principles, it pays about one million annually have stated. A bill has been reported by the Committee in the shape of indirect tax. How many dollars of that of Internal Improvements for its establishment and con- million usually find their way back again? That which struction, and now awaits the action of the House. pays a district judge, two district attorneys, two marshals,

The leading argument levelled by the gentleman from here and there a pensioner his ninety-six dollars, or less, Virginia ( Mr. BARBOUR] at the whole system of internal with the little savings of ihe members of Congress; and improvement, appears to consist in the assumed inequality all told. We do not expect this whole million to be returnwhich the system will produce in the disbursement of the cd, nor half of it. It would be unreasonable and impracrevenue, and the remexly proposed for the correction of|ticable if we did. We have no Government creditors that inequality. A successful reply to that must greatly there. Our people had no money to lend for the war. impair the force of his very able speech. This reply is They did their share in fighting. Neither have we any all that I shall, at present, undertake. And, for success use for fortifications, navy yards, breakwaters, nor any of in this, I will depend on matter of fact and experience, the asparatus of forcign commerce; but we have some in. rather than thicories and speculations. It is the inequality of ternal commerce, and would with suitable internal imdisbursement, without this system, of which I complain; provements have much more. And we humbly conceive and to effect something like equality in this respect, 1 that the Government has an equal interest with us in makhold the steady pursuit of it to be indispensable. What ing these to answer its purposes. In accomplishing these

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INDEX TO THE DEBATES IN THE SENATE.

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Adjournment, joint committee appointed to wait upon the Georgia, motion to print the remonstrance of the State of,
President, and notifiy him that Congress were

against treaties formed by the United States with
about to adjourn, 457. Committee reported, and

the Indians in that State, and against the inter-
the Senate arljourned, 457.

course law of 1796, 245; proposition to amend
Appropriation bill, taken up, 245.

so as to include the laws of Georgia extending
Appropriations for light-houses, beacons, and buoys, bill jurisdiction over the Cherokees, 2:5; further
making, taken up, 432; amended, and ordered to

amendment proposed, to include the laws of all
a third reading, 433.

the States concerning Indian relations, 245;
bill detained by President United States for further

amendments adopted, and resolution agreed to,
consideration, 457.

247.
Army of the United States, bill authorizing the President Ilunt, Theodore, resolution calling for the reasons for the
to mount and equip ten companies of the, taken

removal of, from the office of recorder of land
up, and ordered to a third reading, 272, 274. 1

titles iir Missouri, taken up, 367; debate thereon;
Attorney General, bill to reorganize the establishment of

367 to 374; laid upon the table, 374.
the, taken up, and postponed, 276, 277; again Impeachments. (See Peck, James II.)
taken up, debated, and laid on the table, 322, Indian tribes, bill for the relief of persons who have lost
323, 324; again taken up, amended, and laid on

property by the depredations of, taken up, 11.
the table, 404.

Indian agencies, bill authorizing the President to divide,
Baltimore and Ohio railroad, bill authorizing a subscription in certain cases, taken up, 128; ordered to a third

of stock in, taken up, 453; proposition to amend, reading, 129.
and debates thereon, 453, 454, 455; bill laid on Indiana, bill to enable the President to extinguish the In-
the table, 455.

dian title within the State of, taken up, 16; de.
Canals. (See Louisville and Portland.)

bate thereon, and amendments proposed and
Carson, James, register of the land office at Palmyra, in

adopted, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21; bill laid on the table,
Missouri, resolution calling for the reasons of his

21; again taken up, 284.
removal, taken up, 384; laid on the table, 385. Indians, resolution calling for information respecting the
Coins, resolution adopted to consider the state of the cur

progress of civilization among the, taken up, 42;
rent, 1.

amended and adopted, 43.
Congressional documents, resolution authorizing a sub bill to provide for an exchange of lands with,
scription to a compilation of, taken up, 84.

and for their removal west of the Mississippi,
Controversies between States, bill to prescribe the mode

taken up, and amendment proposed, 305; again
of commencing, prosecuting, and deciding, taken

taken up, and amendment withdrawn, 307; bill
up, 409; motion to postpone, 409.

resumed, various amendments proposed, and
Currency, resolution submitted to inquire into the expe-

debate thereon, 309 to 320, 324 to 339, 343 to
diency of establishing a uniform national, 3;

357, 359 to 367, 374 to 377, 380, 381, 382, 383;
adopted, and sundry papers on the subject refer-

bill ordered to a third reading, 383; returned
red to the committee, 3.

from the House of Representatives with amend-
Deaf and Dumb, bill making donation for the New York ments, 456; further amendments proposed and
institution for the education of the, taken up,

negatived, and the amendments of the House of
302; various amendments proposed to include

Representatives concurred in, 456.
similar institutions in other states, 302; amend. Interest to certain States, bill for allowing, for advances
ments adopted, 304; further amendments pro-

during the war, taken up, amended, and post-
posed, ordered to be printed, and the bill to lie poned, 1, 2.
on the table, 305.

Internal improvement, bill making appropriations for ex-
Duties, taxes, &c., bill for the abolition of, notice given of aminations and surveys, and for certain works of,

its introduction, 172; leave given, and bill read taken up, 340; amendments proposed and adopt.
the first time, 179; further considered, and bill

ed, 340; further amendments proposed, and de.
withdrawn, 245.

bate thereon, 340 to 343; bill ordered to a third
Duties, bill to reduce the, on coffee, tea, and cocoa, from

reading, 343.
the House of Representatives, with amendments Lands, resolution proposing to limit the sales of the public,
proposed by Committee on Finance, taken up,

and of abolishing the office of surveyor general,
428; amendments agreed to in part, and bill or-

taken up, 3; debate thereon, 4 to 7; postponed,
dered to a third reading, 428, 432.

7; again taken up, 11; debate thereon, 11 to 16,
Duties on imports, bill to exempt certain merchandise from

22 to 30; motion to amend, so as to hasten the
the operation of the act of 1828, imposing, taken

sales, and extend more rapidly the surveys, 30;
up, debated, and rejected, 452, 453.

modifications of the amendment proposed, and
Executive powers, notice given of a proposed motion to

debate thereon, 31 to 41; motion to postpone in-
transfer the discussion on the subject of, from the

definitely, 41; debate thereon, 43 to 172; 179 to
exccutive to the legislative journal, 11; decided

220; 223 to 244; 247 to 272; 277 to 302; 435 to
to be out of order, 11.

452.
Fulton, Robert, resolution submitted and adopted, to in bill for the relief of the purchasers of the public,
quire into the expediency of granting a portion

from the House of Representatives, with amend-
of the public lands to the heirs of, 21.

ments, taken up, 274; further proposition to
bill to recompense the heirs of, rejected on the

amend negatived, and the amendments of House
third reading, 247.

of Representatives concurred in, 276.

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Land claims in the district of Jackson court-house, bill

the bill in relation to light-houses and harbors, for
for confirining certain, taken up, 320; amendment

further consideration, 457.
proposed and negatived, and the bill ordered to President of the Senate, casting vote of, 43.
a third reading, 321.

pro tempore, elected, 456.
Lards, bill to graduate the price of the public, taken up, Public documents. (See Congressional Documents.)

and debate thereon, 405 to 409; laid on the table, Pursers in the navy, bill regulating the duties of, and pro-
409; again taken up, 413; amendments proposed viding for their compensation, taken up, 305;
and adopted, 413, 414; motion to postpone inde-

amended, and ordered to a third reading, 300,
finitely, 417; debate thereon, 418 to 421; post-

307; passed, 309.
ponement negatived, and the bill ordered to a Reed, Mr., of Mississippi, his death announced, and pro-
third reading, 421; motion to refer the bill to the

ceedings thereon, 1.
Commissioner of the Land Office, with instruc- Removals from office. (See Carson, James, and Hunt,
tions, 423; proposition negatived, 427; ordered to

Theodore.)
third reading, and title amended, 427.

resolutions submitted, calling for the number of,
Louisville and Portland canal, bill to authorize a subscrip:

the names of officers, and the reasons for their
tion of stock to, taken up, and ordered to a third

removal, 385; postponed indefinitely, 396.
reading, 247; bill detained by President of the Smith, Mr., of Maryland, elected President pro tempore of
United States for further consideration, 457.

the Senate, 456.
Mails, resolution to prohibit the transportation of the, on Solicitor of the Treasury, bill to establish the office of, no-
the sabbath, taken up, debated, and laid on the

tice given of its introduction, 404; bill introduced,
table, 427.

and read the first time, 405.
Marine service, resolutions calling for information in rela- Smyth, Mr. Alexander, of Virginia, his death announced,
tion to, taken up, 220; debate thereon, and reso-

and proceedings thereon, 357.
lutions agreed to, 221, 222, 223.

South Carolina railroad company, petition of, asking a
Massachusetts, bill to authorize the payment of the claim

subscription to the stock, presented and referred,
of, for militia services, introduced, 9; taken up,

21, 22.
357; ordered to a third reading, 359.

Surgeon General of the navy, bill creating the office of,
Meredith, Mr. appears as counsel for Judge Peck, 456.

taken up, amended, and ordered to a third read.
Mileage to members of Congress, bill to establish an uni.

ing, 321, 322.
form rule for the computation of, taken up, 10; Tea, coffee, &c. (See Duties.)
referred to select committee, 11.

Virginia State line in the war of the revolution, bill for the
Military peace establislıment, bill to reduce and fix the,

relief of the officers and soldiers of the, takerup,
taken up, 2; motion to strike out the preamble,

421; amended, and ordered to a third reading, 42).
and debate thereon, 2, 3; motion negatived, and Washington turnpike road company, bill authorizing a sub-
bill laid on the table, 3.

scription of stock in, taken up and postponed, 7;
Mounted infantry: (See Army:)

again taken up, and ordered to a third reading,
New York, memorial from citizens of, asking protection

427; returned by the President of the United
for the Indians, presented, 7; debate on the print-

States, with his objections, 456; reconsidered and
ing and reference, 7; laid on the table, 8.

rejected, 456.
Order, points of, decided, 11, 31, 169, 245.

Wirt, Mr. appears as counsel for Judge Peck, 432.
Patent Office, bill for the further regulation of, taken up, Yeas and nays, on third reading bill to compensate the
377; debate on proposed amendments, 377 to

heirs of Robert Fulton, 247.
380; bill laid on the table, 380.

on third reading Louisville and Portland canal bill,
Peck, James H., impeachment of, by a committee of the

247.
House of Representatives, 383 ; proceedings on amending survey and internal improvement bill,
thereon, 383, 384; committee appointed to con-

340, 343.
sider and report upon the matter, 384; report of on third reading bill to remove Indians west of the
committee, 385; message from the House notify.

Mississippi, 383.
ing the appointment of managers to conduct the on postponing bill explanatory of the pension laws,
impeachment, 405; order of arrangement adopt.

405.
ed, 405; articles of impeachment read, 411; sum on postponing bill to graduate the price of the pub-
mons issued for the appearance of, to answer,

lic lands, 421.
413; summons returned, appearance of, and an on third reading same, 421.
swer, 432; trial postponed, 432; trial resumed, on third reading bill for the relief of officers and
455; postponed till next session of Congress,

soldiers of the Virginia State line in the revolu-
456.

tionary war, 423.
Pension laws, bill explanatory of the acts in relation to, on referring bill to graduate the price of public
taken up, 396; debate thereon, 396 to 404; again

lands to Commissioner of the Land Office, 427.
taken up, and indefinitely postponed, 405.

on ordering same to third reading, 427.
Pre-emption rights, bill to grant, taken up, 8; postponed, on third reading Washington and Rockville turnpike
9; taken up, and motion to recommit negatived,

road bill, 427.
11; bill passed, 11.

on third reading bill to exempt certain merchandise
President of the United States, annual message of, com-

from the operation of the tariff

" act of 1828, 433.
municated, 1.

on laying on table bill authorizing a subscription to
message from, returning, with his objections, the

the stock of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad
bill authorizing a subscription to the stock of the

company, 455.
Washington turnpike road company, 456.

on passing same, after being returned by the Presi.
detains the Louisville and Portland canal bill, and

dent, with bis objections, 456.

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INDEX TO THE NAMES

OF TIIE SPEAKERS IN THE DEBATES IN THE SENATE, ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED.

navy, 322.

Adlains, Mr. on confirming land claims in the district of Clayton, Mr., on internal improvement, 340, 342.
Jackson court-house, 321.

on graduating the price of public lands, 417.
on removal of Indians west of the Mississippi, 359. on the light-house bill, 433.
Barnard, Mr. on marine service, 221, 222.

on amendments of the House of Representatives to
on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302.

bill for removal of the Indians, 456.
on the light-house bill, 433.

Dickerson, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment,
Barton, Mr. on national currency, 3.

3.
on limiting sales of public lands, 7, 14, 30, 146.

on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302.
on bill granting pre-emption rights, 8.

regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy,
on executive powers, 11.

306, 308.
on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 21.

on crcating the office of Surgeon General of the
on granting land to beirs of Robert Fulton, 21.
on Indian agencies, 128.

on internal improvement, 340, 341.
on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302, 303, on further regulating the Patent Office, 378, 379,
304, 305.

380.
on confirming land claims in the district of Jackson on Fredericktown turnpike, 427.
court house, 321.

on bill to exempt certain merchandise from the ope-
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney

ration of the tariff, 452, 453.
General, 322.

Ellis, Mr. announces the death of his colleague, 1.
on the President's power of removal, 367, 457.

on confirming land claims in the district of Jackson
on removal of Indians west of the Mississippi, 381.

court-liguse, 320, 321.
on graduating the price of public lands, 108, 421, Foot, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 2.
427.

on limiting sales of public lands, 4, 7, 16, 30, 31,
Bell, Mr. on disposing of New York memorial, asking pro.

438.
tection for the Indians, 7.

on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 20.
on bill granting pre-emption rights to settlers on the on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 304.
public lands, 8.

regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy,
regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy,

305, 306, 307, 308, 309.
308.

on confirming land claims in the district of Jackson
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney Ge-

court-house, 320, 321.
neral, 404.

on internal improvement, 342.
on graduating the price of public lands, 416.

on bill declaratory of the pension laws, 396.
Benton, Mr. on the bill allowing interest to certain States, 1. on reorganizing the department of the Attorney
on fixing the military peace establishment, 2, 3.

General, 404.
on national currency, 3.

on graduating the price of the public lands, 423.
on limiting sales of public lands, 4, 6, 16, 22, 42, on the light-house bill, 433.
94, 95, 231, 447.

Forsyti, Mr. on disposing of New York memorial asking
on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 20, 21.

protection for the Indians, 7.
on Indian agencies, 129.

on the mileage bill, 10.
on abolition of taxes, duties, &c. 172, 245.

on civilization of the Indians, 42.
on mounted infantry, 272.

on remonstrance of Georgia against Indian treaties,
regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy,

245.
308.

on confirming land claims in the district of Jackson
on Massachusetts militia claims, 357.

court-house, 320, 321.
on graduating the price of public lands, 405, 413, on reorganizing the department of the Attorney Ge-
414, 416, 418, 419, 425.

neral, 323, 404.
on relief of officers and soldiers in the Virginia line, on removal of Indians west of the Mississippi, 324,
423.

325, 377.
on reducing the duties on tea and coffee, 428.

on internal improvement, 341, 342.
on the light-house bill, 432.

on further regulating the Patent Office, 379, 380.
Bibb, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 3. Frelinghuysen, Mr. on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana,
on the mileage bill, 10.

18, 19.
on confirming land claims in the district of Jackson on civilization of the Indians, 42, 43.
court-house, 321.

on remonstrance of Georgia against Indian treaties,
Buchanan, Mr. on impeachment of Judge Peck, 383.

245, 246.
Burnet, Mr. on disposing of New York memorial asking on removal of Indians west of the Mississippi, 305,
protection for the Indians, 7.

307, 309, 380, 381.
on limiting the sales of public lands, 119.

on reorganizing the department of the Attorney Ge-
on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302.

neral, 323, 404.
Chambers, Mr. on internal improvement, 343.

on prohibiting the transportation of the mail on the
ou further regulating the Patent Office, 379.

sabbath, 427.
on bill declaratory of the pension laws, 403.

on amendments of House of Representatives to bill
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney

for the removal of Indians, 456.
General, 404.

Grundy, Mr. on limiting the sales of public lands, 210.
on the light-house bill, 433.

on reducing the duties on tea and coffee, 428.
on Baltimore and Onio railroad bill, 454.

on the light-house bill, 432.
Chase, Mr. on bill declaratory of the pension laws, 404.

on Baltimore and Ohio railrond bill, 453, 455.
Clayton, Nir. on the public life of Mr. Bayard, 93, 94, 95. Hayne, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 2.
on limiting sales of the public lands, 224.

on the mileage bill, 10.

Hayne, Mr. on executive powers, 11.

Livingston, Mr. on limiting sales of public lands, 30, 247.
on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 20.

on the public life of Mr. Bayard, 94.
on limiting sales of public lands, 31, 41, 42, 43, 73, on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302, 303.
82, 210.

on internal improvement, 341, 342, 343.
on the public life of Mr. Bayard, 95.

on prohibiting the transportation of the mail on the
on marine service, 222.

sabbath, 427.
on taking Louisville and Portland canal stock, 247. on the bill to exempt certain merchandise from the
on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 304.

operation of the tariff, 453.
regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy, on Baltimore and Ohio railroal bill, 453, 455.
305, 306, 307, 308.

Marks, Mr. on allowing interest to certain States, 2.
on creating the office of Surgeon General of the on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302, 304.
navy, 321, 322.

on reduction of duties on tea and coffee, 428.
on further regulating the Patent Office, 377, 378, on the light-house bill, 433.
379, 380.

on the President's power of removal from office, 467.
on bill declaratory of the pension laws, 396. McKinley, Mr. on granting pre-emption rights, 11.
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney on limiting the sales of public lands, 15.
General, 404.

on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 19, 21.
on graduating the price of public lands, 413.

on relief to purchasers of public lands, 274, 275.
on reduction of duties on tea and coffee, 428.

on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302, 303,
on the light-louse bill, 432, 433.

301.
on bill to exempt certain merchandise from the ope on removal of Indians west of the Mississippi, 305,
ration of the tariff, 453.

324, 381.
Hendricks, Mr. on taking stock in the Washington turn. on reorganizing the department of the Attorney
pike, 7, 427.

General, 323.
on granting pre-emption rights, 11.

on internal improvement, 340.
on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 16, 19, 20. on further regulating the Patent Office, 378.
on taking Louisville and Portland canal stock, 247. on the President's power of removal from office, 384.
on relief to purchasers of public lands, 274, 275.

on graduating the price of public lands, 415.
on internal improvement, 341, 344.

McLane, Mr. on relief to purchasers of public lands, 276.
on relief to officers and soldiers in Virginia line, 423. on internal improvement, 340.

on graduating the price of public lands, 424. Noble, Mr. on limiting the sales of public lands, 5, 163.
Holmes, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 2. on bill granting pre-emption rights, 9.

on limiting the sales of public lands, 4, 5, 6, 15, 27, on the mileage bill, 10.
160.

on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 19.
on the bill granting pre-emption rights, 9.

on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 305.
on regulating the duties, &c of pursers in the navy, on further regulating the Patent Office, 380.
305, 308.

on relief to officers and soldiers of the Virginia line,
on creating the office of Surgeon General of the

423.
navy, 321, 322.

on Fredericktown turnpike road bill, 427.
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney Robbins, Mr. on removal of Indians west of the Mississip-
General, 323, 324.

pi, 374.
on internal improvement, 340.

on mode of deciding controversies between States,
on the Massachusetts inilitia claims, 359.

409.
on further regulating the Patent Office, 378.

on limiting the sales of public lands, 435.
on the President's power of removal from office, 385. Rowan, Mr. on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 20, 21.
on the bill declaratory of the pension laws, 403.

on limiting the sales of public lands, 129.
on reducing the duties on tea and coffee, 428.

on taking Louisville and Portland canal stock, 247.
on the light-house bill, 433.

on reorganizing the establishinent of the Attorney
Johnston, Mr., of Louisiana, on marine service, 322.

General, 276, 323, 404.
on taking Louisiana and Portland canal stock, 247. on further regulating the Patent Office, 378, 379.
on limiting the sales of public lands, 277.

Sandford, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 2.
on reorganizing the department of the Attorney on disposing of memorial of citizens of New York
General, 324, 404.

asking protection for the Indians, 7.
on internal improvement, 340, 341, 342.

on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302.
on graduating the price of public lands, 409, 419. on reorganizing the department of the Attorney
on reducing the duties on tea and coffee, 428.

General, 324, 404.
on bill to exempt certain merchandise from the

on the light-house bill, 433.
operation of the tariff, 453.

on the bill to exempt certain merchandise from the
Kane, Mr. on fixing the military peace establishment, 3.

operation of the tariff, 453.
on limiting the sales of public lands, 11.

Silsbee, Mr. on the Massachusetts claim, 9.
on confirming land claiins in the district of Jackson regulating the duties, &c. of pursers in the navy, 306.
court-house, 321.

on Massachusetts militia claims, 358.
on the President's power of removal from office, 384. on reducing the duties on tea and coffee, 428.
on graduating the price of public lands, 418, 424. on the light-house bill, 433.
on relief to officers and soldiers of the Virginia line, Smith, Mr., of Maryland, on allowing interest to certain
423.

States, 2.
King, Mr. on executive powers, 11,

on fixing the military peace establishment, 2, 3.
on extinguishing Inclian title in Indiana, 17, 19.

on limiting the sales of public lands, 30.
on donations to deaf and dumb institutions, 302.

on the public life of Mr. Bayarı, 94.
on internal improvement, 342.

on narine service, 220.
Knight, Mr. on limiting the sales of public lands, 323.

on mounted infantry, 274.
on the President's power of removal from office, 384. regulating tbe duties, &c. of pursers in the navy,
on relief to officers and soldiers of the Virginia line,

306, 309.
423.

on creating the office of Surgeon General of the
Livingston, Mr. on extinguishing Indian title in Indiana, 18.

navy, 322.

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