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CONTENTS

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1. Bibliography .....

.... 4 41. Roumania ...... 2. Handbooks ................

42. Poland ........... 3. History of the War ........

4 43. Russia, History ...................... 4. Forecasts of the War

44. Russia, Ante-Bellum Descriptions .... 5. The Background of the War .....

5 45. Russia, Conditions in War-time 6. The Diplomatic Rupture ...........

6 46. Russia, Revolution of 1917 ......... 7. Polemics, England vs. Germany .......

7 47. Africa ........ ......... 8. The Warring Nations ....

7 48. Jews, Zionism, Palestine ...... 9. Views of the War by European Neutrals ........ 49. The Armenians ..... 10. Great Britain, Description, History, Policy ........ 8 50. Persia and the Middle East ....... 11. Great Britain, Army and Navy, Preparedness ...... 51. Far East, China, Japan 12. Great Britain's Part in the War .................. 9 52. Japanese-American Relations .... 13. Ireland ...

9 53. United States, History, Ideals, International Rela14. British Empire, Future Problems and Policies ..

tions ............... 15. Belgium, History, Description ................... 10 54. United States Preparedness ..................... 16. Belgium, German Invasion and Rule ............. 10 55. United States, German Intrigue ................. 17. Belgium, Neutrality and International Law, Discus 56. German-Americans, Pro-German Views, and Prosions ........

paganda

............. 18. France .......

12 57. United States, Relations and Attitude to War, 19. Italy

12 1914-17 ....... 20. Portugal ............

58. United States, Participant in the War ...... 21. Alsace-Lorraine ...........

12 59. Latin-America, Pan-Americanism .. 22. Germany, History .........

13 60. The War on the Sea ................... 23. Germany, Kaiser and Court ......

61. International Law, Neutral Rights .... 24. Germany, Government and Conditions .......... 62. Nationality and Its Problems ............ 25. Germany, Political Thought ............... 14 63. The War and Democracy .............. 26. Germany, Political Thought, Criticisms ............ 15 64. The Results of the War, Problems of Peace ........ 27. Germany, Anthologies of Opinion ................ . 15 65. The War Against War 28. Germany, Weltpolitik ......

66. League to Enforce Peace, League of Nations ....... 29. War-time German Discussions of National Policy .. 16 67. Economic Aspects of the War ........... 30. Germany, Army, Navy, Secret Service .......... 68. Women and the War ......................... 31. Germany, Descriptions in War-time .......... 16 69. Socialism and the War ...................... 32. Austria-Hungary .....

17 70. Interpretations of the War: Philosophical ....... 33. Austria-Hungary, Slavic Peoples ......

17 71. Interpretations of the War: Sociological ......... 34. Balkan Peninsula, History Conditions, Problems 17 72. Interpretations of the War: Political .......... 35. Balkan Wars, 1912-13 .....

18 73. Interpretations of the War: Psychological ........ 36. Serbia, Montenegro, Southern Slavs ....... 18 74. Interpretations of the War: Ethical and Religious . 37. Albania ....................

18 75. Interpretations of the War: By Men of Letters .... 38. Greece ....................................

18 76. Atlases 39. Ottoman Empire, The Turks ....

1977. Pamphlet Series ...... 40. Bulgaria

1978. Committee on Public Information: Publications ...

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Copyright, 1918, McKinley Publishing Co.

A Selected Critical Bibliography of Publications in

English Relating to the World War

BY GEORGE MATTHEW DUTCHER, PROFESSOR OF HISTORY, WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.

PREPARED IN CO-OPERATION WITH THE NATIONAL BOARD FOR HISTORICAL SERVICE

In July, 1917, the National Board for Historical diaries, and accounts of campaigns; histories of the Service projected a bibliography similar to this, but war, unless valuable for inclusion of other than milion a somewhat more inclusive plan and with more tary material; poetry, literary appreciations, and extended comment. On behalf of the Board, Pro- philosophical speculations. No work is listed under fessor Charles H. Hull, of Cornell University, as- more than one classification heading, though many resumed oversight of the project in Washington, and he late to several topics. Usually such a book is listed and the present compiler, with some assistance from under the heading to which its content or character Professor Edward R. Turner, of the University of mainly relates. No attempt has been made to include Michigan, and Professor Albert H. Lybyer, of the histories of the period before 1914, but a few of the University of Illinois, had practically completed the most convenient ones have been mentioned because work for the press by August, when the expected they furnish good brief accounts and adequate biblichannel for publication proved unavailable.

ographical guidance to their respective fields. Only The postponed date and the changed method of books of unusual interest or value published earlier publication have made necessary an entire change in than 1914 are included, and no attempt has been made the organization of the work, in the extent of critical to include volumes issued since November, 1917, of comment, and in the content of the list which had to which supplementary lists may, perhaps, be published be modified to permit the inclusion of later publica- from time to time. tions. Some titles have been omitted from the ear. The compiler will welcome, for use in a supplelier list, and many new ones added. The critical mentary list, suggestion of any volume of such charnotes on the older titles retained have in nearly every acter and importance as should have entitled it to case been rewritten in much briefer form, so that place in this list; and also corrections of any errors judgments are more summary and less qualified and of material importance. Errors of oversight or of critical. So little has been left of the work in its judgment are only too easy in such a compilation. earlier form that it is not just to place any responsi- Some titles are retained, though better works have bility upon any one except the present compiler, appeared, because of the influence the books exercised though he most heartily expresses his gratitude to the in moulding public opinion. three persons mentioned, especially to Professor Hull, The place of publication, unless otherwise indifor the helpfulness of the work they did in making cated, is New York. Many of the publications are possible this publication, and for their fuller notes on English, but in such cases the American importer and some books which he has not himself had in hand. the American price are given, wherever known, in

As far as possible the compiler has made his notes stead of the English publisher and price. The prices directly from the books concerned, but it has not quoted were the prices at publication. For many always been possible, especially for the more recent books published before 1917, the price has been inpublications to inspect the book at first-hand. In creased from ten to twenty-five per cent. The prices such cases he has had to rely upon the consensus of are for the cheapest bound edition, except in case of a available book reviews. In nearly all cases where few pamphlets, and are in almost all cases net prices. the critical comment has been prepared with the book All critical comments are conditioned by date of pubin hand, it has been checked with several published lication, the heading under which the title appears, reviews to verify the general fairness and correctness and by the title itself. of the estimate.

Space forbids an alphabetical index, but under the The purpose of the list is to include books on the several topics, the entries are alphabetically arranged, causes, problems, and issues of the war, on the ques- so that the presence of a particular title should be tion of war and peace; and on the several countries, readily determined. An asterisk indicates a book of their conditions, problems, and relations.

more than average value, or one of the better works The list omits, with only a few outstanding excep- available on the subject; a double asterisk indicates tions, periodicals and periodical articles; pamphlets, one of the most useful books, usually a book to be that is, volumes of less than one hundred pages; col- heartily commended. The bibliography contains lections of illustrations and cartoons; official publica- about 600 titles, of which 132 are marked with a sintions; technical or specialized works; memoirs, gle asterisk and 24 with double asterisk. The latter

group is listed at $37.80, and the two selected groups EDITOR'S NOTE.-Supplementary bibliographies to the together at $331.90. Small libraries should possess present one will be published from time to time in the the double asterisked books; good, larger libraries "The History Teacher's Magazine.”

should contain at least the asterisked books as well.

1. BIBLIOGRAPHY. *Lange, Frederick William Theodore, and Berry, W. T. Books on the Great War, an Annotated Bibliography of Literature Issued During the European Conflict. White Plains, N. Y., Wilson, 1915-16, vols. 1-4. $4.50. First three volumes bound in one cover to July, 1915, the fourth to April, 1916. Arranged topically; thorough for books and pamphlets issued in England, with increasing attention in later parts to American and foreign publications. Good in. dexes, some annotations.

2. HANDBOOKS. Davis, Muriel O. The Great War and What It Means for Europe. Oxford Press, 1915, p. vii, 110. $.40. Designed for English elementary schools.

Gibson, Charles R. War Inventions and How They Were Invented. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1917, p. 255. $1. Clear information and explanation for general reader.

Magnus, Leonard A. Pros and Cons in the Great War, a Record of Foreign Opinion, with a Register of Fact. Dut ton, 1917, p. viii, 396. $2. A cyclopedic arrangement of quoted opinions on causes and phases of the war; convenient as handbook.

Scheip, Stanley S., and Bingham, Alfred, editors. Hand. book of the European War. White Plains, N. Y., Wilson, vols, 1 and 2, 1914-16, p. x, 334; xi, 304. Each $1. Conveniently arranged compilations, largely documentary. Second volume covers November, 1914, to November, 1915, and gives special attention to relations of United States to the war.

White, James William. A Textbook of the War for Americans, Written and Compiled by an American, being the Fourth Edition of a Primer of the War for Americans, Revised and Enlarged. Philadelphia, Winston, 1915, p. xiii, 551. $1. Much documentary material compiled and ab. stracted in answer to twenty questions. Well indexed; useful compendium for speakers.

3. HISTORY OF THE WAR. Allen, George Henry; Whitehead, Henry C., and Chadwick, French Ensor. The Great War. Philadelphia, Barrie, 1915-16, vols. 1-3, p. xxx, 377; xxii, 494; xx, 500. Each $5. First volume deals with causes; second with outbreak of war, organization and strength of the military and naval forces, and financial resources of the contending powers; third with earlier campaigns. Full, clear account for general reader.

& Arnoux, Anthony. The European War. Steiger, 1915 ff., each $1.50. Third volume carries account to March, 1916; professedly neutral narrative.

Belloc, Hilaire. Elements of the Great War; The First Phase (1915, p. 374); The Second Phase (1916, p. 382). Nelson. Each $1.50. First volume sketches causes and outbreak of war, forces opposed, and invasion of Belgium and France; second is devoted to battle of the Marne. Sets forth clearly, often vividly, the movement of events; de

the movement of events: de scriptions of strategic movements seem convincing to all except military experts.

Battine, Captain Cecil. A Military History of the War from the Declaration of War to the Close of the Campaign of August, 1914. London, Hodder, 1916, p. 307. 58. Per sonal observations of Daily Telegraph correspondent supple. mented by careful study. Account prefaced by study of strength and equipment of contending armies.

Buchan, John. Nelson's History of the War. Nelson, 1914 ff., volumes each $.60. Annalistic method; compiled largely from newspapers; documentary appendix in each

volume; many simple maps, chiefly of battles. Tends to become military history, but is consequently hampered by censorship. Volume 16 appeared in July, 1917.

Current History, A Monthly Magazine of the New York Times. 1914 ff. $6 a year. Documents, special articles, il. lustrations and other material compiled in useful form, not a narrative history in proper sense. Seventh volume cur. rent at beginning of 1918.

Dillon, Emile Joseph. England and Germany; with an Introduction by the Hon. W. M. Hughes, M.P., Prime Minister of Australia. Brentano, 1915, p. xii, 312. $3. Survey of European situation made at end of first year of war com. prising international politics of the year and of preceding years as a whole under numerous topics. Indicts Germany; indicates lessons for England.

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan. History of the Great War. Doran, 1916-17; vols. 1-2, p. xiii, 349; ix, 257. Each $2. Careful, accurate, detailed record devoted chiefly to British participation and operations.

Gardiner, Alfred G. The War Lords. Dutton, 1915, p. viii, 319. $2.50 (reprint, $.40). Editor of London Daily News writes pleasing sketches of prominent men and their relation to events of the war; in style of his earlier work, Prophets, Priests, and Kings.

Illustrated War News. London, 1914 ff. Pictures reprinted from Illustrated London News with explanatory text. Successive volumes cover four to six months.

Mumby, Frank A., editor. The Great War. London, Gresham, 1915 ff. Rather casual, illustrated account for British consumption. Volumes cover about two months each; fifteenth part issued in March, 1917.

Murray, Arthur Mordaunt. The Fortnightly History of the War. New York, Stokes, 1917, p. 403. $3. Collection of Colonel Murray's series of monthly contributions to Fortnightly Review from beginning of the war to July, 1916. Good survey of military events.

Simonds, Frank Herbert. The Great War, the First Phase; the Second Phase. Kennerley, 1914-15, 2 vols. p. 256; xi, 284. Each $1.25. They Shall Not Pass. Garden City, Doubleday, 1916, p. viii, 142. $1. First volume cov. ered from assassination of archduke to fall of Antwerp; second concludes with second battle of Ypres; third describes French resistance at Verdun in 1916. First is little more than reprint of editorials in New York Sun; second is revised from articles in Review of Reviews, New Republic, etc.; third is reprint of five articles from New York Tribune. Based partly on personal observations. Author is recognized as probably foremost American critical writer on the war.

The Times Documentary History of the War. London, The Times, 1917 ff. Two volumes (p. 549, 583) of diplomatic and one (p. 534) of naval documents have been issued with brief explanatory, not argumentative notes.

The Times History of the War. London, The Times, 191 1914 ff. Weekly parts issued since September, 1914; fourteen volumes have appeared; a compilation of information and pictures rather than a history.

4. FORECASTS OF THE WAR. Chesney, Sir George Tomkyms. The Battle of Dorking, being an Account of the German Invasion of England, with the Occupation of London and the Fall of the British Em. pire. London, Richards, 1914. 6d. First published, 1871.

Delaisi, Francis. The Inevitable War. Boston, Small. 1915, p. 120. $1. Translation of La Guerre Qui Vient (Paris, 1911); interesting on social and economic matters.

Ford, Edward, and Home, Gordon Cochrane. England In- *Coolidge, Archibald Cary. The Origins of the Triple Alvaded. Macmillan, 1913, p. xii, 371. $2. Forecasts German liance. Scribner, 1917, p. vi, 236. $1.25. These three lecinvasion. Compare contemporary English play, An English- tures by Professor Coolidge of Harvard are the best acman's Home.

count of the subject; clear, scholarly, and impartial. The Great War of 189—, a Forecast. London, Heinemann, **Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes. The European Anar1893; 2d ed., 1895. 6s. Co-operative work by leading Eng. chy. Macmillan, 1916, p. 144. $1. Not a narrative but an lish military writers.

essay of only 30,000 words on forces which produced the *Sarolea, Charles. The Anglo-German Problem. Ameri

war. Blame rests not upon one nation alone, but upon the can edition with new introduction. Putnam, 1915, p. XX,

anarchy in which European nations struggled without com. 288. $1. First printed in England, December, 1912. Re- mon law. Notable book, and by far best brief discussion of markable discussion of Anglo-German relations and fore

underlying causes of the war. cast of the war and its issues. Author, a Belgian professor Fullerton, William Morton. Problems of Power. Scribat Edinburgh.

ner, 1913, second, revised edition, 1915, p. xxiv, 390. $2.25. A Second Franco-German War and Its Consequences for

Former newspaper correspondent discusses international England. London, Simpkin, 1907, p. 154. ls. Includes

problems from Sedan to Agadir with great cleverness, but German invasion of Belgium.

assumes such familiarity with the facts, that few readers

will find themselves sufficiently equipped to peruse it intelli5. THE BACKGROUND OF THE WAR.

gently.

**Gibbons, Herbert Adams. The New Map of Europe, Adkins, Frank James. Historical Backgrounds of the 1911-1914, the Story of the Recent European Diplomatic Great War, the War, its Origins and Warnings. McBride, Crises and Wars and of Europe's Present Catastrophe. Cen1915, p. 227. $1. Informative lectures delivered in England tury, 1914, p. xi, 412. $2. Well written account of events shortly after outbreak of war, on Germany, France, the of four years preceding the war, by American especially Slavs, and England and Sea Power. Clear outline of situa

familiar with Balkan affairs. Clear, informing, generally retion which produced the war. Within the comprehension of

liable and fair, though inclinations are anti-German. Minor young readers.

changes in later editions. Barclay, Sir Thomas. Thirty Years, Anglo-French **Guyot, Yves. The Causes and Consequences of the Reminiscences, 1876-1906. Boston, Houghton, 1914, p. viii,

War; translated by F. A. Holt. Brentano, 1916, p. xxxvi, 389. $3.50. Detached jottings of an Englishman long resi: 359. $3. One of ablest French authorities discusses politi. dent in Paris, which throw some light on Fashoda affair cal, economic, and historical causes of the war, and its proband formation of Anglo-French entente in 1904.

able consequences. Original is probably best all-around Barry, William. The World's Debate, an Historical De.

book in French. fence of the Allies. Doran. 1917. $1.25. Hodge-podge of Hart, Albert Bushnell. The War in Europe, its Causes facts from modern history against absolutism and favoring

and Results. Appleton, 1914, p. ix, 254. $1. Hurried comdemocracy; hence favoring France and England against pilation published in October, 1914, for American general Germany.

reader; superseded by later works. Bevan, Edwyn Robert. Method in the Madness, a Fresh

Hayes, Carlton Joseph Huntley. Political and Social HisConsideration of the Case between Germany and Ourselves. tory of Modern Europe. Macmillan, 1916, vol. 1, p. xvi, Longmans, 1917, p. vii, 309. $1.50. An Englishman's at

582, $2; vol. 2, p. xii, 726, $2.25. First volume summarizes tempt at a judicial statement of case between England and

three centuries ending 1815; second volume treats more Germany, rather England's case against Germany.

fully the century since with special attention to economic Beveridge, Albert Jeremiah. What is Back of the War.

and social factors and the antecedents of the war. ReadIndianapolis, Bobbs, 1915, p. 430. $2. Journalistic obser

able and generally reliable. vations in Germany, France, and England, chiefly important

Hazen, Charles Downer. Modern European History. Holt, for reports of conversations with leaders of public opinion.

1917, p. xiv, 650. $1.75. Condensed from his French RevoMisuse of this quoted material by pro-Germans discredited

lution and Napoleon and his Europe since 1815. Admirable the book, which is really blissfully impartial.

brief survey since 1789. **Bullard, Arthur. The Diplomacy of the Great War.

*Holt, Lucius Hudson, and Chilton, Alexander Wheeler. Macmillan, 1916, p. xii, 344. $1.50. American journalist

The History of Europe from 1862 to 1914, from the Accessurveys events since 1878, discusses new elements in diplo sion of Bismark to the Outbreak of the Great War. Macmacy, problems of the war, and relations of United States

millan, 1917, p. xv, 611. $2.60. By professors of history and Europe. Style sprightly; views advanced, but not out at West Point; deals mainly with diplomatic and military of touch with realities. One of best all-around books.

events; with considerable quotations from primary sources; The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. 12, The Latest Age. C

clear, vigorous style; excellent maps. Macmillan, 1910, p. xxxiv, 1033. $4. Helpful surveys of Hovelaque, Emile. The Deeper Causes of the War, with developments in several nations, but fails to treat an Introduction by Sir Walter Raleigh. Dutton, 1916, p. adequately international affairs. Chapters on extra-Euro

158. $1.25. Vehement and able indictment of Germany's pean matters are particularly useful. To be consulted for theories of race, the state, and war, and of her application information, rather than read for enlightenment.

of them in her policy toward England. Cook, Sir Edward Tyas. Britain and Turkey, the Causes Lipson, Ephraim. Europe in the Nineteenth Century, an of the Rupture Set Out in Brief Form from the Diplomatic

Outline History. Macmillan, 1917, p. 298. $2. Neglects Correspondence (p. 31, $.10). How Britain Strove for Peace. international affairs except as leading to the war. Best a Record of Anglo-German Negotiations, 1898-1914 (p. 40, chapters on internal affairs of leading countries, especially $.20). Why Britain is at War, the Causes and the Issues prior to 1870. Treatment unusual and uneven. Set out in Brief Form from the Diplomatic Correspondence Morel, Edmund Deville. Ten Years of Secret Diplomacy, and Speeches of Ministers (p. 24, $.10). Macmillan, 1914. an Unheeded Warning, Being a Reprint of Morocco in Three pamphlets widely circulated in early days of the war. Diplomacy. London, National Labour Press, 1915, p. xxix,

198. 28. Reprint of 1912 original with slight changes and omission of appendix of documents. New prefaces are added, especially to third edition of reprint. Bitter indictment of whole Morocco affair and of Sir Edward Grey.

Morris, Charles, and Dawson, Lawrence H. Why the Nations Are at War, the Causes and Issues of the Great Conflict. London, Harrap, 1915, p. 414. 58. A British survey of 19th century history as antecedent to the war.

Muir, Ramsay. Britain's Case against Germany, an Examination of the Historical Background of the German Action in 1914. Longmans, 1914, p. ix, 196. $1. Study of German political theories in action in last generation; argues that Germany had long intended and prepared for the war.

*Muir, Ramsay. The Expansion of Europe, the Culmination of Modern History, Boston, Houghton, 1917, p. xii, 243. $2. An historical survey of modern imperialism, with an attempt to appraise the achievements of the several colonizing powers. Glorifies England. Part on last forty years inferior.

Why We Are at War, Great Britain's Case, by Members of the Oxford Faculty of Modern History. Oxford Press, 1914, third edition, p. 264. $.85. First effort of English historians to explain situation; widely circulated; rather well done, in circumstances; but now valuable as evidence of state of mind following outbreak of war. Appendixes contain documents.

Rose, John Holland. The Development of the European Nations, 1870-1900. Putnam, 1905, 2 vols., p. xi, 376; v, 363; fifth edition, 1914, p. xvii, 376, 410. $2.75. Devoted mainly to international relations of the period; with addi. tional chapters in later editions. Gives little attention to some forces that would now command attention in a history of the period.

Rose, John Holland. The Origins of the War, 1871-1914. Putnam, 1915, p. 201. $1. Hastily prepared by competent English scholar; was one of best books available in first year of the war. Written with emphasis on Germany and with strong convictions against Germany, but with tone of fairness.

*Schmitt, Bernadotte Everly. England and Germany, 1740-1914. Princeton University Press, 1916, p. ix, 524. $2. Period prior to 1904 treated in series of topical chapters; decade, 1904-1914, is given thorough chronological treatment; outbreak of war is covered by use of colored books. Written before the war, rewritten and enlarged after war started. Places responsibility clearly on Germany. Well written, one of most useful books.

**Seymour, Charles. The Diplomatic Background of the War. New Haven, Yale Press, 1916, p. xv, 311. $2. Ad. mirable, concise, scholarly survey of events since 1871, fur. nishing adequate background for understanding the war and its issues. Written clearly, without passion, but gives ver. dict explicitly against Germany. Best book available for background of the war.

*Tardieu, André. France and the Alliances, the Struggle for the Balance of Power. Macmillan, 1908, p. x, 314. $1.50. Most useful account of international situation in 1904-7, covering Anglo-French and Anglo-Russian agreements and first Moroccan crisis. Author is recognized authority on international questions and is at present French High Com missioner in United States.

Whitman, Sidney. Things I Remember, Recollections of a Political Writer in the Capitals of Europe. New York, Stokes, 1917, p. viii, 268. $2.50. Reminiscences of a European correspondent of New York Herald covering events of last quarter-century, especially Balkan and German affairs and problems. Good.

6. THE DIPLOMATIC RUPTURE. Andriulli, Giuseppe A., editor. Documents relating to the Great War; with an Introduction by Guglielmo Ferrero, translated by Thomas Okey. London, Unwin, 1915, p. 128. ls. Brief selection supporting Ferrero's conclusion that Germany decided for war, July 29, 1914.

Baldwin, Elbert Francis. The World War, How It Looks to the Nations Involved. Macmillan, 1914, p. vii, 267. $1.25. Judicial, impartial effort soon after opening of hostilities to summarize immediate causes and portray conditions and states of mind in several European countries.

Beck, James Montgomery. The Evidence in the case, in the Supreme Court of Civilization, as to the Moral Responsibility for the War. Putnam, 1914, p. 200. $1. Revised edition, 1915. The War and Humanity, a Further Discussion of the Ethics of the World War and the Attitude and Duty of the United States. Putnam, 1916, p. xi, 322. $1.50. The first is not so much a judicial statement as a prosecutor's plea for conviction of Germany. Widely distributed but to be used only when more thorough and dispassionate works are not available. The second deals in same manner with episodes such as submarine controversy, case of Miss Cavell, and relations of America with Allies.

**Chitwood, Oliver Perry. The Immediate Causes of the Great War. Crowell, 1917, p. xii, 196. $1.35. By professor in University of West Virginia. Impartial narrative of events from the assassination of the Archduke to Italy's declaration of war, based on the published official documents.

Davenport, Briggg. A History of the Great War, 1914Vol. I. The Genesis of the War, June, 1914, to August, 1915. Putnam, 1916, p. viii, 545. $2. Clear, simple, but uncritical; commends itself to those for whom better books are too complex and heavy. Also useful for account of entrance of Italy and Bulgaria into the war.

Dillon, Emile Joseph. A Scrap of Paper, the Inner His. tory of German Diplomacy and her Scheme of Worldwide Conquest. Doran, 1914, third edition, p. xxvii, 220. $.50. Summary account of the events which precipitated war, by well-known English authority on international affairs. Widely circulated in early months of war but now replaced by later works.

Ferrero, Guglielmo. Who Wanted the European War! Translated by P. E. Matheson. Oxford Press, 1915, p. 39. $.25. Interpretation of events of diplomatic rupture based on the colored books by leading Italian historian.

Great Britain, Foreign Office. Collected Diplomatic Docu. ments Relating to the Outbreak of the European War. Doran, 1915, p. xix, 561. $1. Contains British Diplomatic Correspondence, French Yellow Book, Russian Orange Book, Belgian Gray Book, Serbian Blue Book, German White Book, Austro-Hungarian Red Book, and some supplementary documents, with explanatory introduction and index, but no comparative chronological table. Confined mainly to last days of July and early days of August, 1914.

*Headlam, James Wycliffe. The History of Twelve Days, July 24th to August 4th, 1914, being an Account of the Negotiations Preceding the Outbreak of War, Based on the Official Publications. Scribner, 1915, p. xxiv, 412. $3. The English historical writer has based his account with assiduous care upon official documents and utterances. Tone restrained, dispassionate, and fair, but obviously not absolutely impartial. Style not popular, but clear, direct, and closely reasoned. Best account of diplomatic rupture in English.

Headlam, James Wycliffe. The German Chancellor and the Outbreak of War. London, Unwin, 1917, p. 127. 38. Bd.

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