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zations in a regiment shall not be increased nor shall the all male citizens, or male persons not alien enemies who number of regiments be decreased: Provided further, That have declared their intention to become citizens, between the President in his discretion may organize, officer, and the ages of twenty-one and thirty years, both inclusive, and equip for each Infantry and Cavalry brigade three machine
shall take place and be maintained under such regulations gun companies, and for each Infantry and Cavalry division as the President may prescribe not inconsistent with the four machine gun companies, all in addition to the machine terms of this Act. Quotas for the several States, Terri. gun companies comprised in organizations included in such tories, and the District of Columbia or sub
tories, and the District of Columbia, or subdivisions there. brigades and divisions: Provided further, That the Presi. of, shall be determined in proportion to the population dent in his discretion may organize for each division one thereof, and credit shall be given to any State. Territory, armored motor-car machine-gun company. The machine. District, or subdivision thereof, for the number of men who gun companies organized under this section shall consist of were in the military service of the United States as memsuch commissioned and enlisted personnel and be equipped bers of the National Guard on April first, nineteen hundred in such manner as the President may prescribe: And pro- and seventeen, or who have since said date entered the vided further, That officers with rank not above that of military service of the United States from any such State, colonel shall be appointed by the President alone, and offi- Territory, District, or subdivision, either as members of the cers above that grade by the President by and with the ad. Regular Army or the National Guard. All persons drafted vice and consent of the Senate: Provided further, That the into the service of the United States and all officers acceptPresident may in his discretion recommission in the Coasting commissions in the forces herein provided for shall, Guard persons who have heretofore held commissions in the
from the date of said draft or acceptance, be subject to Revenue-Cutter Service or the Coast Guard and have left the laws and regulations governing the Regular Army, exthe service honorably, after ascertaining that they are
cept as to promotions, so far as such laws and regulations qualified for service physically, morally, and as to age and
are applicable to persons whose permanent retention in the military fitness.
military service on the active or retired list is not contemFourth. The President is further authorized, in his dis- plated by existing law, and those drafted shall be required cretion and at such time as he may determine, to raise and
to serve for the period of the existing emergency unless begin the training of an additional force of five hundred
sooner discharged: Provided, That the President is author. thousand men organized, officered, and equipped, as pro- ized to raise and maintain by voluntary enlistment or vided for the force first mentioned in the preceding para draft, as herein provided, special and technical troops as he graph of this section.
may deem necessary, and to embody them into organizaFifth. To raise by draft, organize, equip, and officer, as
tions and to officer them as provided in the third paragraph provided in the third paragraph of this section, in addition
of section one and section nine of this Act. Organizations to and for each of the above forces, such recruit training
of the forces herein provided for, except the Regular Army units as he may deem necessary for the maintenance of such
and the divisions authorized in the seventh paragraph of forces at the maximum strength.
section one, shall, as far as the interests of the service per. Sixth. To raise, organize, officer, and maintain during mit be composed of men who come and of officers who are the emergency such number of ammunition batteries and
and appointed from, the same State or locality.3 battalions, depot batteries and battalions, and such artil.
SEC. 3. No bounty shall be paid to induce any person to lery parks, with such numbers and grades of personnel as
enlist in the military service of the United States; and no he may deem necessary. Such organizations shall be offi
person liable to military service shall hereafter be percered in the manner provided in the third paragraph of this
mitted or allowed to furnish a substitute for such service; section, and enlisted men may be assigned to said organi
nor shall any substitute be received, enlisted, or enrolled in zations from any of the forces herein provided for or raised
the military service of the United States; and no such perby selective draft as by this Act provided.
son shall be permitted to escape such service or to be disSeventh. The President is further authorized to raise and
charged therefrom prior to the expiration of his term of maintain by voluntary enlistment, to organize, and equip,
service by the payment of money or any other valuable not to exceed four infantry divisions, the officers of which
thing whatsoever as consideration for his release from milishall be selected in the manner provided by paragraph
tary service or liability thereto. three of section one of this Act: Provided, That the organi
SEC. 4. That the Vice President of the United States, the zation of said force shall be the same as that of the corre
officers, legislative, executive, and judicial, of the United sponding organization of the Regular Army: And provided
States and of the several States, Territories, and the Disfurther, That there shall be no enlistments in said force of
trict of Columbia, regular or duly ordained ministers of men under twenty-five years of age at time of enlisting:
religion, students who at the time of the approval of this And provided further, That no such volunteer force shall be
Act are preparing for the ministry in recognized theological accepted in any unit smaller than a division.
or divinity schools, 4 and all persons in the military and SEC. 2. That the enlisted men required to raise and
naval service of the United States shall be exempt from the maintain the organizations of the Regular Army and to
selective draft herein prescribed ; and nothing in this Act complete and maintain the organizations embodying the
contained shall be construed to require or compel any permembers of the National Guard drafted into the service of
son to serve in any of the forces herein provided for who is the United States, at the maximum legal strength as by
found to be a member of any well-recognized religious sect this Act provided, shall be raised by voluntary enlistment,
or organization at present organized and existing and or if and whenever the President decides that they can not
whose existing creed or principles forbid its members to effectually be so raised or maintained, then by selective
participate in war in any form and whose religious convicdraft; and all other forces hereby authorized, except as
tions are against war or participation therein in accordance provided in the seventh paragraph of section one, shall be raised and maintained by selective draft exclusively; but 3 Note the changes made by the joint resolutions of May this provision shall not prevent the transfer to any force of 16 and May 20, 1918, pp. 35-36. training cadres from other forces. Such draft as herein Joint resolution of May 20, 1918, extended exemption to provided shall be based upon liability to military service of medical students, see p. 36.
with the creed or principles of said religious organizations, but no person so exempted shall be exempted from service in any capacity that the President shall declare to be noncombatant; and the President is hereby authorized to exclude or discharge from said selective draft and from the draft under the second paragraph of section one hereof, or to draft for partial military service only from those liable to draft as in this Act provided, persons of the following classes: County and municipal officials; customhouse clerks; per sons employed by the United States in the transmission of the mails; artificers and workmen employed in the armories, arsenals, and navy yards of the United States, and such other persons employed in the service of the United States as the President may designate; pilots; mariners actually employed in the sea service of any citizen or merchant within the United States; persons engaged in industries, including agriculture, found to be necessary to the maintenance of the Military Establishment or the effective operation of the military forces or the maintenance of national interest during the emergency; those in a status with respect to persons dependent upon them for support which renders their exclusion or discharge advisable; and those found to be physically or morally deficient. No exemption or exclusion shall continue when a cause therefor no longer exists: Provided, That notwithstanding the exemptions enumerated herein, each State, Territory, and the District of Columbia shall be required to supply its quota in the proportion that its population bears to the total population of the United States.
The President is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to create and establish throughout the several States and subdivisions thereof and in the Territories and the District of Columbia local boards, and where, in his discretion, practicable and desirable, there shall be created and established one such local board in each county or similar subdivision in each State, and one for approximately each thirty thousand of population in each city of thirty thousand population or over, according to the last census taken or estimates furnished by the Bureau of Census of the Department of Commerce. Such boards shall be appointed by the President, and shall consist of three or more members, none of whom shall be connected with the Military Establishment, to be chosen from among the local authorities of such subdivisions or from other citizens residing in the subdivision or area in which the respective boards will have jurisdiction under the rules and regulations prescribed by the President. Such boards shall have power within their respective jurisdictions to hear and determine, subject to review as hereinafter provided, all questions of exemption under this Act, and all questions of or claims for including or discharging individuals or classes of individuals from the selective draft, which shall be made under rules and regulations prescribed by the President, except any and every question or claim for including or excluding or discharging persons or classes of persons from the selective draft under the provisions of this Act authorizing the President to exclude or discharge from the selective draft “ Persons engaged in industries, including agriculture, found to be necessary to the maintenance of the Military Establishment, or the effective operation of the military forces, or the maintenance of national interest during the emergency.”
The President is hereby authorized to establish additional boards, one in each Federal judicial district of the United States, consisting of such number of citizens, not connected with the Military Establishment, as the President may determine, who shall be appointed by the Presi. dent. The President is hereby authorized, in his discre
tion, to establish more than one such board in any Federal judicial district of the United States, or to establish one such board having jurisdiction of an area extending into more than one Federal judicial district.
Such district boards shall review on appeal and affirm, modify, or reverse any decision of any local board having jurisdiction in the area in which any such district board has jurisdiction under the rules and regulations prescribed by the President. Such district boards shall have exclusive original jurisdiction within their respective areas to hear and determine all questions or claims for including or excluding or discharging persons or classes of persons from the selective draft, under the provisions of this Act, not included within the original jurisdiction of such local boards.
The decisions of such district boards shall be final except that, in accordance with such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe, he may affirm, modify or reverse any such decision.
Any vacancy in any such local board or district board shall be filled by the President, and any member of any such local board or district board may be removed and another appointed in his place by the President, whenever he considers that the interest of the nation demands it.
The President shall make rules and regulations governing the organization and procedure of such local boards and district boards, and providing for and governing appeals from such local boards to such district boards, and reviews of the decisions of any local board by the district board having jurisdiction, and determining and prescribing the several areas in which the respective local boards and dis. trict boards shall have jurisdiction, and all other rules and regulations necessary to carry out the terms and provisions of this section, and shall provide for the issuance of certificates of exemption, or partial or limited exemptions, and for a system to exclude and discharge individuals from selective draft.
Sec. 5. That all male persons between the ages of twentyone and thirty, both inclusive, shall be subject to registration in accordance with regulations to be prescribed by the President; and upon proclamation by the President or other public notice given by him or by his direction stating the time and place of such registration it shall be the duty of all persons of the designated ages, except officers and enlisted men of the Regular Army, the Navy, and the National Guard and Naval Militia while in the service of the United States, to present themselves for and submit to reg. istration under the provisions of this Act; and every such person shall be deemed to have notice of the requirements of this Act upon the publication of said proclamation or other notice as aforesaid given by the President or by his direction; and any person who shall willfully fail or refuse to present himself for registration or to submit thereto as herein provided, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction in the district court of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year, and shall thereupon be duly registered : Provided, That in the call of the docket precedence shall be given, in courts trying the same, to the trial of criminal proceedings under this Act: Provided further, That persons shall be subject to registration as herein provided who shall have attained their twenty-first birthday and who shall not have attained their thirty-first birthday on or before the day set for the registration, and all persons so registered shall be and remain subject to draft into the forces hereby authorized, unless exempted or excused therefrom as in this Act provided : Provided further, That in the case of temporary absence from actual place of legal residence of any person liable to registration as pro
vided herein such registration may be made by mail under all enlisted men whose status with respect to dependents regulations to be prescribed by the President.
renders such discharge advisable; and he may also authorSEC. 6. That the President is hereby authorized to utilize ize the employment on any active duty of retired enlisted the service of any or all departments and any or all officers men of the Regular Army, either with their rank on the reor agents of the United States and of the several States,
tired list or in higher enlisted grades, and such retired en. Territories, and the District of Columbia, and subdivisions listed men shall receive the full pay and allowances of the thereof, in the execution of this Act, and all officers and grades in which they are actively employed. agents of the United States and of the several States, Ter. SEC. 8. That the President, by and with the advice and ritories, and subdivisions thereof, and of the District of consent of the Senate, is authorized to appoint for the Columbia, and all persons designated or appointed under period of the existing emergency such general officers of apregulations prescribed by the President whether such ap- propriate grades as may be necessary for duty with bri. pointments are made by the President himself or by the gades, divisions, and higher units in which the forces progovernor or other officer of any State or Territory to per- vided for herein may be organized by the President, and form any duty in the execution of this Act, are hereby re- general officers of appropriate grade for the several Coast quired to perform such duty as the President shall order or Artillery districts. .... direct, and all such officers and agents and persons so desig- Sec. 9. That the appointments authorized and made as nated or appointed shall hereby have full authority for all provided by the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and acts done by them in the execution of this Act by the direc- seventh paragraphs of section one and by section eight of tion of the President. Correspondence in the execution of this Act, and the temporary appointments in the Regular this Act may be carried in penalty envelopes bearing the Army authorized by the first paragraph of section one of frank of the War Department. Any person charged as this Act, shall be for the period of the emergency, unless herein provided with the duty of carrying into effect any of sooner terminated by discharge or otherwise. The Presi. the provisions of this Act or the regulations made or direc- dent is hereby authorized to discharge any officer from the tions given thereunder who shall fail or neglect to perform office held by him under such appointment for any cause such duty; and any person charged with such duty or have which, in the judgment of the President, would promote the ing and exercising any authority under said Act, regula- public service; and the general commanding any division tions, or directions, who shall knowingly make or be a and higher tactical organization or territorial department party to the making of any false or incorrect registration, is authorized to appoint from time to time military boards physical examination, exemption, enlistment, enrollment, or of not less than three nor more than five officers of the muster; and any person who shall make or be a party to forces herein provided for to examine into and report upon the making of any false statement or certificate as to the the capacity, qualification, conduct, and efficiency of any fitness or liability of himself or any other person for ser commissioned officer within his command other than offi. vice under the provisions of this Act, or regulations made cers of the Regular Army holding permanent or proviby the President thereunder, or otherwise evades or aids sional commissions therein. .. another to evade the requirements of this Act or of said SEC. 10. That all officers and enlisted men of the forces regulations, or who, in any manner, shall fail or neglect herein provided for other than in the Regular Army shall fully to perform any duty required of him in the execution be in all respects on the same footing as to pay, allowof this Act, shall, if not subject to military law, be guilty ances, and pensions as officers and enlisted men of correof a misdemeanor, and upon conviction in the district court sponding grades and length of service in the Regular Army; of the United States having jurisdiction thereof, be pun- and commencing June one, nineteen hundred and seventeen, ished by imprisonment for not more than one year, or, if and continuing until the termination of the emergency, all subject to military law, shall be tried by court-martial and enlisted men of the Army of the United States in active ser suffer such punishment as a court-martial may direct. vice whose base pay does not exceed $21 per month shall
Sec. 7. That the qualifications and conditions for volun- receive an increase of $15 per month; those whose base pay tary enlistment as herein provided shall be the same as is $24, an increase of $12 per month; those whose base pay those prescribed by existing law for enlistments in the is $30, $36, or $40, an increase of $8 per month; and those Regular Army, except that recruits must be between the whose base pay is $45 or more, an increase of $6 per ages of eighteen and forty years, both inclusive, at the time month: Provided, That the increases of pay herein authorof their enlistment; and such enlistments shall be for theized shall not enter into the computation of continuousperiod of the emergency unless sooner discharged. All en service pay. listments, including those in the Regular Army Reserve, SEC. 11. That all existing restrictions upon the detail, which are in force on the date of the approval of this Act detachment, and employment of officers and enlisted men and which would terminate during the emergency shall con- of the Regular Army are hereby suspended for the period tinue in force during the emergency unless sooner dis- of the present emergency. charged; but nothing herein contained shall be construed to
Sec. 12. That the President of the United States, as shorten the period of any existing enlistment: Provided,
Commander in Chief of the Army, is authorized to make That all persons enlisted or drafted under any of the pro
such regulations governing the prohibition of alcoholic visions of this Act shall as far as practicable be grouped
liquors in or near military camps and to the officers and into units by States and the political subdivisions of the
enlisted men of the Army as he may from time to time same: Provided further, That all persons who have en
deem necessary or advisable: Provided, That no person, listed since April first, nineteen hundred and seventeen,
corporation, partnership, or association shall sell, supply, either in the Regular Army or in the National Guard, and
or have in his or its possession any intoxicating or spiritu. all persons who have enlisted in the National Guard since
ous liquors at any military station, cantonment, camp, fort, June third, nineteen hundred and sixteen, upon their appli
post, officers' or enlisted men's club, which is being used at cation, shall be discharged upon the termination of the
of the the time for military purposes under this Act, but the Secexisting emergency.
retary of War may make regulations permitting the sale The President may provide for the discharge of any or and use of intoxicating liquors for medicinal purposes. It
shall be unlawful to sell any intoxicating liquor, including beer, ale, or wine, to any officer or member of the military forces while in uniform, except as herein provided. Any person, corporation, partnership, or association violating the provisions of this section of the regulations made there. under shall, unless otherwise punishable under the Articles of War, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000 or imprisonment for not more than twelve months, or both.
SEC. 13. That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized, empowered, and directed during the present war to do everything by him deemed necessary to suppress and prevent the keeping or setting up of houses of ill fame, brothels, or bawdy houses within such distance as he may deem needful of any military camp, station, fort, post, can. tonment, training, or mobilization place. ...
Sec. 14. That all laws and parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this Act are hereby suspended during the period of this emergency. Approved, May 18, 1917.
ACT RELATING TO ESPIONAGE, ETC., JUNE 15, 1917. An Act To punish acts of interference with the foreign relations, the neutrality, and the foreign commerce of the United States, to punish espionage, and better to enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represntatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled :
ESPIONAGE. SECTION 1. That (a) whoever, for the purpose of obtain ing information respecting the national defense with intent or reason to believe that the information to be obtained is to be used to the injury of the United States, or to the ad vantage of any foreign nation, goes upon, enters, flies over, or otherwise obtains information concerning any vessel, aircraft, work of defense, navy yard, naval station, submarine base, coaling station, fort, battery, torpedo station, dockyard, canal, railroad, arsenal, camp, factory, mine, telegraph, telephone, wireless, or signal station, building, office, or other place connected with the national defense, owned or constructed, or in progress of construction by the United States or under the control of the United States, or of any of its officers or agents, or within the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, or any place in which any vessel, aircraft, arms, munitions, or other materials or instruments for use in time of war are being made, prepared, repaired, or stored, under any contract or agreement with the United States, or with any person on behalf of the United States, or otherwise on behalf of the United States, or any pro. hibited place within the meaning of section six of this title; or (b) whoever for the purpose aforesaid, and with like intent or reason to believe, copies, takes, makes, or obtains, or attempts, or induces or aids another to copy, take, make, or obtain, any sketch, photograph, photographic negative, blue print, plan, map, model, instrument, appliance, document, writing, or note of anything connected with the national defense; or (c) whoever, for the purpose aforesaid, receives or obtains or agrees or attempts or induces or aids another to receive or obtain from any person, or from any source whatever, any document, writing, code book, signal book, sketch, photograph, photographic negative, blue print, plan, map, model, instrument, appliance, or note, of anything connected with the national defense, know. ing or having reason to believe, at the time he receives or
obtains, or agrees or attempts or induces or aids another to receive or obtain it, that it has been or will be obtained, taken, made or disposed of by any person contrary to the provisions of this title; or (d) whoever, lawfully or unlawfully having possession of, access to, control over, or being intrusted with any document, writing, code book, signal book, sketch, photograph, photographic negative, blue print, plan, map, model, instrument, appliance, or note relating to the national defense, willfully communicates or transmits or attempts to communicate or transmit the same to any person not entitled to receive it, or willfully retains the same and fails to deliver it on demand to the officer or employee of the United States entitled to receive it; or (e) whoever, being intrusted with or having lawful possession or control of any document, writing, code book, signal book, sketch, photograph, photographic negative, blue print, plan, map, model, note, or information, relating to the national defense, through gross negligence permits the same to be removed from its proper place of custody or delivered to anyone in violation of his trust, or to be lost, stolen, abstracted, or destroyed, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.
SEC. 2. (a) Whoever, with intent or reason to believe that it is to be used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of a foreign nation, communicates, deliv. ers, or transmits, or attempts to, or aids or induces another to, communicate, deliver, or transmit, to any foreign government, or to any faction or party or military or naval force within a foreign country, whether recognized or unrecognized by the United States, or to any representative, officer, agent, employee, subject, or citizen thereof, either directly or indirectly, any document, writing, code book, signal book, sketch, photograph, photographic negative, blue print, plan, map, model, note, instrument, appliance, or information relating to the national defense, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than twenty years: Provided, That whoever shall violate the provisions of subsection (a) of this section in time of war shall be punished by death or by imprisonment for not more than thirty years; and (b) whoever, in time of war, with intent that the same shall be communicated to the enemy, shall collect, record, publish, or communicate, or attempt to elicit any information with respect to the movement, numbers, description, condition, or disposition of any of the armed forces, ships, aircraft, or war materials of the United States, or with respect to the plans or conduct, or supposed plans or conduct of any naval or military operations, or with respect to any works or measures undertaken for or connected with, or intended for the fortification or defense of any place, or any other information relating to the public defense, which might be useful to the enemy, shall be punished by death or by imprisonment for not more than thirty years.
SEC. 3. Whoever, when the United States is at war, shall willfully make or convey false reports or false statements with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the military or naval forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies and whoever when the United States is at war, shall willfully cause or attempt to cause insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty, in the military or naval forces of the United States, or shall willfully obstruct the recruiting or enlistment service of the United States, to the injury of the service or of the United States, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both.
SEC. 4. If two or more persons conspire to violate the
provisions of sections two or three of this title, and one or SEC. 2. If any owner, agent, master, officer, or person in more of such persons does any act to effect the object of charge, or any member of the crew of any such vessel fails the conspiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall to comply with any regulation or rule issued or order given be punished as in said sections provided in the case of the by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Governor of the doing of the act the accomplishment of which is the object Panama Canal under the provisions of this title, or obof such conspiracy. Except as above provided conspiracies structs or interferes with the exercise of any power conto commit offenses under this title shall be punished as pro- ferred by this title, the vessel, together with her tackle, vided by section thirty-seven of the Act to codify, revise, apparel, furniture, and equipment, shall be subject to seizand amend the penal laws of the United States approved ure and forfeiture to the United States in the same manner March fourth, nineteen hundred and nine.
as merchandise is forfeited for violation of the customs Sec. 5. Whoever harbors or conceals any person who he revenue laws; and the person guilty of such failure, ob. knows, or has reasonable grounds to believe or suspect, has struction, or interference shall be fined not more than committed, or is about to commit, an offense under this $10,000, or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. title shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 SEC. 3. It shall be unlawful for the owner or master or or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both. any other person in charge or command of any private ves.
Sec. 6. The President in time of war or in case of na- sel, foreign or domestic, or for any member of the crew or tional emergency may by proclamation designate any place other person, within the territorial waters of the United other than those set forth in subsection (a) of section one States, willfully to cause or permit the destruction or inhereof in which anything for the use of the Army or Navy jury of such vessel or knowingly to permit said vessel to be is being prepared or constructed or stored as a prohibited used as a place of resort for any person conspiring with place for the purposes of this title: Provided, That he shall another or preparing to commit any offense against the determine that information with respect thereto would be United States, or in violation of the treaties of the United prejudicial to the national defense.
States or of the obligations of the United States under the Sec. 7. Nothing contained in this title shall be deemed
law of nations, or to defraud the United States, or know. to limit the jurisdiction of the general courts-martial. mili- ingly to permit such vessels to be used in violation of the tary commissions, or naval courts-martial under sections rights and obligations of the United States under the law thirteen hundred and forty-two, thirteen hundred and forty of nations; and in case such vessel shall be so used, with three, and sixteen hundred and twenty-four of the Revised
the knowledge of the owner or master or other person in Statutes as amended.
charge or command thereof, the vessel, together with her Sec. 8. The provisions of this title shall extend to all
tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, shall be subject Territories, possessions, and places subject to the jurisdic
to seizure and forfeiture to the United States in the same
manner as merchandise is forfeited for violation of the custion of the United States, whether or not contiguous thereto, and offenses under this title when committed upon the
toms revenue laws; and whoever violates this section shall
be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than high seas or elsewhere within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States and outside the territorial
two years, or both. limits thereof shall be punishable hereunder.
Sec. 4. The President may employ such part of the land SEC. 9. The Act entitled “An Act to prevent the disclo. or naval forces of the United States as he may deem necessure of national defense secrets." approved March third. sary to carry out the purposes of this title. nineteen hundred and eleven, is hereby repealed.
INJURING VESSELS ENGAGED IN FOREIGN COMMERCE.
SECTION 1. Whoever shall set fire to any vessel of for. SECTION 1. Whenever the President by proclamation oreign registry, or any vessel of American registry entitled to Executive order declares a national emergency to exist by engage in commerce with foreign nations, or to any vessel reason of actual or threatened war, insurrection, or inva- · of the United States as defined in section three hundred and sion, or disturbance or threatened disturbance of the inter- ten of the Act of March fourth, nineteen hundred and nine, national relations of the United States, the Secretary of entitled “An Act to codify, revise, and amend the penal the Treasury may make, subject to the approval of the laws of the United States," or to the cargo of the same, President, rules and regulations governing the anchorage or shall tamper with the motive power or instrumentali. and movement of any vessel, foreign or domestic, in the ties of navigation of such vessel, or shall place bombs or territorial waters of the United States, may inspect such explosives in or upon such vessel, or shall do any other act vessel at any time, place guards thereon, and, if necessary to or upon such vessel while within the jurisdiction of the in his opinion in order to secure such vessels from damage United States, or, if such vessel is of American registry, or injury, or to prevent damage or injury to any harbor or while she is on the high sea, with intent to injure or en. waters of the United States, or to secure the observance of danger the safety of the vessel or of her cargo, or of persons the rights and obligations of the United States, may take, on board, whether the injury or danger is so intended to by and with the consent of the President, for such purposes, take place within the jurisdiction of the United States, or full possession and control of such vessel and remove there after the vessel shall have departed therefrom; or whoever from the officers and crew thereof and all other persons shall attempt or conspire to do any such acts with such in. not specially authorized by him to go or remain on board tent, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned thereof.
not more than twenty years, or both. Within the territory and waters of the Canal Zone the Governor of the Panama Canal, with the approval of the
TITLE IV. President, shall exercise all the powers conferred by this INTERFERENCE WITH FOREIGN COMMERCE BY VIOLENT MEANS. section on the Secretary of the Treasury.5
SECTION 1. Whoever, with intent to prevent, interfere 5 See the President's proclamation of May 23, 1917, for with, or obstruct or attempt to prevent, interfere with, or action taken concerning the canal, p. 40.
obstruct the exportation to foreign countries of articles