Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Том 1
First used in 1980, ʺbiodiversityʺ often describes the abundance, variety, and genetic constitution of native animals and plants, and has been linked with politics and environmental technology. Although the 1986 National forum on biodiversity brought issues of biodiversity to the fore, the inescapable need to know more about the diversity of life on Earth continues to remain unmet. In recent years, biodiversity has influenced important scientific considerations, international agreements, conventions, conservation initiatives, political debates, and socio-economic implications. Knowledge derived from the study of biodiversity will affect the quality of life enjoyed in the future by influencing decision-making processes and aiding new discoveries. The science of biodiversity has become the science of our future. Our awareness of the loss of biodiversity has brought a long overdue appreciation of the magnitude of our loss and a determination to develop the tools to protect our future.
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CONTENTS OF OTHER VOLUMES xi ALPINE ECOSYSTEMS 133
ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION MEASUREMENT TERRESTRIAL SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT AND PRACTICE
ENERGY FLOW AND ECOSYSTEMS
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acid adaptive radiation Africa agricultural alpine Amazonia amphibians animals Antarctic aquaculture arachnids Archaea Arctic areas Asia atmosphere Australia bacteria beetles biodiversity biogeographic biological bioprospecting boreal forest breeding butterflies C4 photosynthesis C4 species carbon carnivores changes climate communities conservation Crenarchaeota crop cycle ecological ecosystems effects emissions endemic environment environmental estimated Eucalyptus Euryarchaeota evolution evolutionary example extinction families farmers farming feed fish fossil genera genes genetic diversity global grasslands groups growth habitats herbivores human impact important increase insects islands lakes land landraces latitudes maize major mammals megadiverse countries million mites montane natural nitrogen North number of species nutrient occur ocean organisms ozone patterns pests photosynthesis plants pollutants population predators production range regions relatively savanna season soil South Specht speciation species diversity species richness spiders taxa taxonomic temperate temperature terrestrial tion trees tropical tundra varieties vegetation zone