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Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage - An Account of Recent ...
Walter B. Cannon,
Ограничен приказ - 2013
action activity adre adrenal glands adrenal secretion adrenal veins adrenin alimentary canal American Journal amount of adrenin anesthesia anger animals Archiv fiir arterial pressure asphyxia autonomic average blood pressure blood sugar bodily changes body cannula cause cent centimeter of adrenin central nervous system circulation citement coagulation cranial cubic centimeter curare denervated digestive dilation discharge disturbance effect electrodes emotional excitement evidence experiments fatigued muscle femoral femoral vein gastric juice glycosuria grams Gruber heart impulses indicated inhibition injected adrenin injection of adrenin innervated instances instinct intestinal Journal of Physiology kilo left splanchnic nerves lever liver ment milligram millimeters of mercury muscular nerve-muscle neurones observations occur organs pain period peristalsis produce psychic rapid clotting record reflex removed sensation shortening shown skeletal muscles spinal cord splanchnic nerves splanchnic stimulation stomach strong emotion supply sympathetic division tion tissues tube urine vessels viscera W. B. Cannon
Страница 290 - We must make new energies and hardihoods continue the manliness to which the military mind so faithfully clings. Martial virtues must be the enduring cement; intrepidity, contempt of softness, surrender of private interest, obedience to command, must still remain the rock upon which states are built...
Страница 290 - ... feel some degree of it imperative if we were conscious of our work as an obligatory service to the state. We should be owned, as soldiers are by the army, and our pride would rise accordingly. We could be poor, then, without humiliation, as army officers now are. The only thing needed henceforward is to inflame the civic temper as past history has inflamed the military temper. HG Wells, as usual, sees the center of the situation. "In many ways," he says, "military organization is the most peaceful...
Страница 290 - The martial type of character can be bred without war. Strenuous honor and disinterestedness abound elsewhere. Priests and medical men are in a fashion educated to it, and we should all feel some degree of it imperative if we were conscious of our work as an 292 obligatory service to the state. We should be owned, as soldiers are by the army, and our pride would rise accordingly.
Страница 277 - From the evidence just given it appears that any high degree of excitement in the central nervous system, whether felt as anger, terror, pain, anxiety, joy, grief, or deep disgust, is likely to break over the threshold of the sympathetic division and disturb the functions of all the organs which that division innervates.
Страница 187 - ... the major emotions may have at times depressive rather than stimulating effects. Though severe pain may soon induce extreme prostration, the whip and spur illustrate its primary exciting action. And though fear may become the most depressing of all emotions, it acts at first as a powerful stimulus. "A man or animal driven through terror to desperation is endowed with wonderful strength, and is notoriously dangerous in the highest degree.
Страница 35 - From the medulla can be extracted a substance, called variously suprarenin, adrenin, epinephrin, or "adrenalin," which, in extraordinarily minute amounts, affects the structures innervated by the sympathetic division of the autonomic system precisely as if they were receiving nervous impulses. For example, when adrenin is injected into the blood, it will cause pupils to dilate, hairs to stand erect, blood vessels to be constricted, the activities of the alimentary canal to be inhibited, and sugar...
Страница 221 - Some sunk down, and there remained no strength in them ; others exceedingly trembled and quaked ; some were torn with a kind of convulsive motion in every part of their bodies, and that so violently that often four or five persons could not hold one of them.
Страница 22 - The preganglionic fibers of the autonomic system are in solid lines, the postganglionic in dash-lines. The nerves of the cranial and sacral divisions are distinguished from those of the thoracico-lumbar or "sympathetic
Страница 22 - Tear gland Dilator of pupil Artery of salivary gland Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Heart Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Liver Stomach Visceral artery Spleen Intestine Adrenal gland Hair Surface artery Sweat gland Colon Bladder Rectum Artery of external genitals Fig.
Страница 272 - Many have fasted three days, many have suffered want for a week or more, but certainly no one besides myself ever endured it in the same excess for eleven months ; some have supposed that to eat little might become habitual, but I have experienced the contrary. My hunger increased every day, and of all the trials of fortitude my whole life has afforded, this eleven months was the most bitter...