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National scores—Cumulative results
55 73 85 70 95 80
83 Iraq 53 Ireland 75 Israel 78 Italy 95 Ivory Coast_ 80 Jamaica 38 Japan 80 Jordan 73 Kenya 53 Khmer Republic63 | Kuwait 55 Laos 65 Lebanon 78 Lesotho 80 Liberia 43 Libyan Arab Republic80 Luxembourg 68 Madagascar 43 Malawi 78 Malaysia 68 Maldives (absent). 53 Mali 80 Malta 58 Mauritania 90 Mauritius 70 Mexico 90 Mongolia 49 Morocco 78 Nepal 43 Netherlands 73 New Zealand. 65 Nicaragua 70 Niger 58 Nigeria 90 Norway 75 Oman 70 Pakistan 43 Panama 78 Paraguay 78 Peru 90 Philippines 49 Poland 40 Portugal 65 Qatar 43 Romania 65 Rwanda 78 Saudi Arabia. 83 Senegal 60 Sierra Leone_ 80 Singapore 63 Somalia 53 South Africa (suspended) 78 Spain 80 Sri Lanka... 70 Sudan 43 Swaziland 78 Sweden 70 Syrian Arab Republic83 Thailand 88 Togo
65 63 75 58 95 43 60 78 83 98 68 85
78 75 55 55 65 90 88 43 73 70 68 83 49 80 80 85 70
88 73 80 53 85 78 80 65
National scores-Cumulative results—Continued Trinidad and Tobago
85 , United Republic of Tanzania----Tunisia
83 United States--Turkey
80 Upper Volta.. Uganda
78 Uruguay Ukrainian S.S.R.--
43 Venezuela Union of Soviet Socialist
43 Yugoslavia United Arab Emirates
75 Zaire United Kingdom---
53 Zambia United Republic of Cameroon.. 80
70 45 75 75 83 78 75 65 65
How ISSUES WERE SCORED
DESCRIPTIONS OF RESOLUTIONS
1. Cyprus: Yes—-right; Against—wrong; Abstain-wrong. Unanimously adopted.
Urges speedy withdrawal of all foreign armed forces and the cessation of all foreign interference in its affairs. Calls for the return of all refugees to their homes in safety, provides for negotiations, and for strengthening of UN peacekeeping force. Unusually strong resolution and vote on an issue many had been avoiding.
2. Cambodia: Yes—no score; No—no score; Abstain-right.
Vote is on priority for the Western resolution on who represents Cambodia at the UN: the incumbent Lon Nol government or Prince Sihanouk. On the one hand the UN cannot afford to get into the business of deciding between incumbent and exile governments. On the other hand, anger and frustration at the US for involving Cambodia in war, and at the long effort of the US to upset Sihanouk were surely justified. Therefore, no score either way.
Vote: 58 in favor, 56 against, 20 abstentions.
3. Palestine: Invitation to the Palestine Liberation Front to address UN Assembly. Yes—right; No—wrong ; Abstain-no score.
Customarily groups of individuals who are necessary to the discussion of an issue are invited to appear. Representatives of Palestine have appeared in the past. Their presence cannot be considered a judgment on the substance. Therefore, the invitation in itself was appropriate.
Vote: 105 in favor, 4 against (Bolivia, Dominican Republic, US, Israel) 20 abstentions.
4. Palestine: Resolution on the future of the Palestinians. Yes—no score; Nono score; Abstain-right. While the rights of the Palestinians is a proper matter and a badly neglected one, the resolution was out of the context of previous resolutions on the Middle East, contained some dangerously ambiguous elements.
Vote: 89 in favor, 8 against, 37 abstentions.
5. Palestine: Observer status for the PLO. Yes—no score; No-right; Abstainright.
Elevating the PLO to the status of an observer nation such as Switzerland was inappropriate.
Vote: 95 in favor, 17 against, 19 abstentions.
Vote was in support of a ruling of the Assembly President, calling for the suspension of South Africa from the proceedings of the Assembly. While frustration has run high for years because of the unwillingness of the big powers to in any way exert themselves on behalf of the end of Apartheid, the ruling was essentially illegal under the Charter. The impact on South Africa was probably useful ; the impact on the UN was damaging.
Vote: 91 in favor, 22 against, and 19 abstentions.
7. Napalm and Weapons Causing Unnecessary Suffering: Yes—right; No wrong; Abstain-wrong.
Urges further progress by the Geneva Diplomatic Conference on International Law in Armed Conflicts updating the laws of war, toward banning napalm and other cruel and indiscriminate weapons.
Vote: 108 in favor, none against, 13 abstentions (potential or actual napalm users).
8. Nuclear Tests : Yes-right; No-wrong; Abstain—wrong.
A straightforward resolution condemning all nuclear weapons tests in whatever environment they are conducted. Calls for a comprehensive test ban, and for a moratorium until it is worked out.
Vote: 95 in favor, 3 against (current atmospheric testers China and France plus tagalong Albania), and 33 abstentions (US, UK, USSR and close friends).
9. Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace : Yes-right; No-wrong ; Abstain—wrong.
Asks the US and USSR to cool it on their arms build up in the Indian Ocean, until the states in the area can meet and establish the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace.
Vote: 103 in favor, none against, but 26 abstentions (the US, USSR and their closest friends gave their usual whole-hearted support).
10. Salt Talks : Yes—right; No-wrong; Abstain—wrong.
“Shares the concern” of the US and USSR about the nuclear arms race; urges them to “broaden” the scope and accelerate the pace of their talks ; stresses the necessity of qualitative limitations and substantial reductions of strategic and nuclear arms. Asks them to inform the Assembly.
Vote: 105 in favor, 1 against (Albania. China “not participating”) 23 abstentions (US, USSR and small group of friends).
11. Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in South Asia : Yes-right; No—wrong; Abstain-wrong.
Although the Pakistan initiative was triggered by India's entry into the nuclear explosions club, it was still a good initiative. Invites states to consult on setting up such a zone; asks the UN to convene a meeting for that purpose and to provide assistance.
Vote: 96 in favor ; 2 against (Bhutan, India), 36 abstentions. China voted for; US, UK, USSR and France against.
12. Military Budgets: Yes-right; No-wrong ; Abstain—wrong. Very interesting resolution building on work of previous year. Asks states to provide views on definition, procedures for establishing a system of comparing military budgets to facilitate their reduction by the proposed 10% and the allotment of part of the savings to development through the UN.
Vote : 99 in favor; 2 against (China and Albania in their usual constructive role) ; 12 abstentions (USSR group plus France and Paraguay !).
13. UN Command in Korea : Yes-right; No—no score; Abstain-right.
A moderate and constructive resolution offered by the US and friends under pressure. Foresees the end of the “UN Command" in Korea which is a ridiculous anachronism; urges continued dialogue toward conciliation and unification between North and South. Abstention is also regarded as right, inasmuch as the resolution did not remove UN imprimateur from US presence.
Vote: 61 in favor, 42 against, 32 abstentions. (Vote in Committee I.)
14. Improvements to UN and to Charter: Yes—right; No-wrong; Abstainno score.
Resolution sets up a committee of 32 members to consider this year proposals and recommendations of the members for improving the UN and its Charter; asks the Secretary-General for his views.
Vote: 77 in favor, 29 against, 32 abstentions in the 6th Committee.
15. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Optional Protocol: Yes—wrong; No-right; Abstain-wrong.
Vote was on a Soviet move to take reference to the Protocol out of a resolution calling for ratification of the Covenants on Human Rights. The Protocol provides for the right of individual petition over the heads of governments on rights grievances, if governments have agreed in advance. A rare vote showing the line-up on individual human rights.
Vote: 26 in favor, 33 against, 52 abstentions. China did not even wish to participate. The large number of abstentions show nations not knowing, not caring, or caught between two fires of the proponents and opponents of human rights.
16. Rhodesia: Yes-right; Nowrong: Abstain—wrong.
Annual omnibus resolution on Rhodesia. Calls for enforcement of sanctions taken against Rhodesia, names the US in this matter.
Vote: 99 in favor, none against, 17 abstentions, in 4th Committee. 17. Namibia: Yes-right; No—wrong; Abstain—no score.
Annual omnibus resolution on exertion of UN mandate over Namibia. Each year the African states hunt around for something new to do to try to prod action
on this question, with absence of help from the big powers. This year the resolution provides funding for one of the liberation groups' offices, and for a transmitter to broadcast into Namibia-questionable items, therefore abstention is not marked wrong, but only no score.
Vote: 96 in favor, none against, 14 abstentions, in Fourth Committee.
18. Charter of Economic Rights and Duties: Yes—right; Nawrong; Abstain—no score.
A Magna Carta or a hoax, depending on whom you talk to. Probably neither one, but a painful first step toward a statement of international responsibility in the area. The industrialized western countries wanted amendments easier on their multinational corporations concerning compensation for nationalization, etc., main reason for their votes.
Votes: 120 in favor ; 6 against (Belgium, Denmark, West Germany, Luxberg, UK, US); 10 abstentions.
19. Peaceful Settlement of Disputes: Yes—right; No-wrong; Abstain—no score.
A fine resolution stressing the importance and value of using the UN Charter provisions for settlement of disputes by negotiation, conciliation, arbitration, with the UN as third party when helpful. Although an endorsement of motherhood, some states were hoodwinked by a USSR campaign against it, a country which wants everything settled only by bilateral negotiations.
Votes: 69 in favor ; 10 against, 35 abstentions.
Although the UN is political in its choice of human rights issues (Chile is a USSR favorite), the resolution was good one and well-sponsored, and unfortunately, there is no doubt about the severity of the repression of rights in Chile.
Vote: 90 in favor, 8 against (all Latin), and 26 abstentions.
83 53 75 78 95
38 80 73 53 63 155 1657
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 I 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 AFGHANISTAN HR-O +R 1+0+0+0 Rite +R+R+R
4R 40 Aw TR TR TR JIRI+R!
RAR -c +R WAR AR TRAO AR +R+0 +Rto to +8 +8 to te]-R te A C to +w+8 +8 +8 +8 AUSTRALIA
IR to A0 ARAR-R+R+R+R+R+R TR+R&R -R/+R +R +R+R+R
+R to 40 AR-RRR AN AW AWAR ARAR - W - RAW AO - WIR +R
4W-W AR TR AW + R TR TR +R +R
+R IR AR+R to to to RtR+R+R+R+R no 40 +R +R th +R BRAZIL
tR+o+R to AR ARARAR ARI+R TR TR 4R 4W +R AR TR teow
AR ,-o thi+01+01+0 AW AWAW Awd AwAW -0 -W +W + R +R +R -w th: BURMA
ARAR 40 tolto to tR+R+R ARAW +R AR TR AW +R+R +R TR +R BURUNDI +R-O +R toto to ARAW ARAW +R Roth tw +R +RTR
+R BYELORUSSIAN SSR
#R-0/+R to to to AWAWAWAW AW AW -o-w tw TR +R+RW AR
RAW AO AO AR th
4w TRAR AW +R +R!+R 40 4R CHILE
AR+O -o-R ARARHRIRIRI+R +R +R+R -R TR +RitR-W
+R-O+Rltoltoto+RWAR +R -w coltR MP +RAR JAR COLOMBIA
AR TO AO ARARAR+R+R+R AWER TR TR +R - R +R TR TR TR +R
+R #RAR AO COSTA RICA
TAR to 40-0-RERARARARIR+R TRAR +R RtR+R AR TR AO
wtw tR.+R+R-W TR
ARAR TR CZECHOSLOVAKIA
AR-O +R+olturo AWAWAWAW|AW AW-o low tw+R +R+R-W +R DAHOMEY totR toto ro+R+R IR IR IRRO AR
+R +R+R TR DEMOCRATIC YEMEN
WR TRIAO TR
+R+O AO AR-R-R/+R+RAWRj4wth +R AO - RAW Ao witRR DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
#RAR 40 AR ARTR+R+R+R+R TR TR +R-R+R+R+R+R AO EGYPT
+R+0 to +o/tRtR+R ARI+
RAR-o 40 4W/+R+RtR HRAO
AR TR AO
tR AR ETHIOPIA
80 43 80 68 43 78 68 5 180 58 190 70 90 49 78 143 73 65 70
TRAR + R toto rotR+R+R+R+R+R AR+R tw +R +R 40 40
HOW SCORED: Y--'Yes' vote; N--"NO" vote; A--"Abstain" vote. R--right. W--wrong. 0--no score Slant line--absent. NP (a Chinese invention)--not participating. The scores are computed on
the basis of Right minus Wrong, and minus the number of absences. Rationale: There is difficulty selecting votes for comparison because roll calls or recorded
votes are not always available on important issues and because the resolutions do not always reflect the issues accurately. The votes were selected with these points in mind.