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THE

HISTORY

OF

APPANOOSE COUNTY ,

I O W A,

CONTAINING

I History of the County, ils Cilies, Gowns, &r.,

A Biographical Directory of Citizens, War Record of its Vol.
unteers in the late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics,
Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, His-
tory of the North west, History of Iowa, Map
of Appanoose County, Constitution of the
United States, Miscellaneous

Matters, &c.

ILLUSTRA T ED.

CHICAGO:
WESTERN HISTORICAL COMPANY,

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PREF A CE.

L

ESS than half a century has rolled into eternity since the Indian title to any portion

of the soil of Iowa was extinguished, and the Black Hawk Purchase permitted the resistless tide of emigration westward to flow across the Mississippi; and only thirty-three years ago the Sac and Fox Indians reluctantly left their beautiful hunting-grounds, a portion of which was the southern part of Appanoose County. Only forty years have elapsed since the adventurous KIRBY and WELLS built the first rude cabins in the southern part of the county, followed a few years after by the brave and hardy pioneers who settled in the edges of the beautiful groves that deck the expanses of prairie within its borders But these fleeting years have been replete with eveutful changes-of history that it has been the purpose of this work to gather, arrange and preserve for transmission to posterity as one of the almost countless chapters in the annals of this great country.

In some respects, the task has been an arduous and delicately responsible one. It has been a fortunate circumstance for the compiler that the early official records were not only made with care and judgment, but they have been preserved with sedulous care. The principal events gathered from the memories of the pioneer settlers have been narrated with honesty of intention and freedom from local prejudice. Great care has been taken to give them in substance as they have been related, and in the more important circumstances several have been consulted, in order that the details might be preserved as nearly as possible. Scarcely anything has heretofore been done to preserve the traditional history of Appanoose County, and only a short time would have elapsed ere the details would have disappeared forever. One or two matters have been purposely omitted, in the sincere belief that every citizen in the county will agree with the compiler that they should be forgotten by all as speedily as possible.

In the absence of written records, it has often occurred that different individuals have given sincere and honest, but, nevertheless, somewhat conflicting, versions of the same events, and it has been a matter of great delicacy to harmonize these conflicting statements. This work has been done with care and discrimination, with the sole purpose of arriving at the truth. How well this task has been performed the intelligent reader must judge. It will be strange, indeed, if in the multiplicity of names, dates and events, no errors or omissions shall be detected. The compiler does not dare hope that,

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