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G 115 B 43 1832

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AUTHOR OF CRITICAL RESEARCHES IN GEOGRAPHY, EDITOR OF ROLLIN'S ANCIENT HISTORY,

&e. &c.

ILLUSTRATED BY A COMPLETE SERIES OF MAPS, AND

OTHER ENGRAVINGS.

VOLUME V.

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GLASGOW:
ARCHIBALD FULLARTON AND CO.;
W. TAIT, EDINBURGH; W. CURRY, JUN., & CO., DUBLIN;

SIMPKIN & MARSHALL, AND W. S. ORR, LONDON.

MDCCCXXXII.

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME FIFTH.

CHINESE EMPIRE.

CHINESE TARTARY.

CHINA PROPER-Name-Boundaries and Extent,

1-Divisions, 2

CHAP. I. HISTORY, 3.

CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRODUC-

TIONS- Mountains - Rivers, 5- Lakes - Ca.

nals, 6- Climate- Vegetable Productions

Tea Plant, 7--Animals-Minerals, 9.

CHAP. III. AGRICULTURE -- MANUFACTURES AND

COMMERCE-MONEY-WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

- Agriculture, 10_Ornamental Gardening-

Manufactures-Engraving and Printing, 12-

Paper-Ink-Hair Pencils---Porcelain, 13-

Silk Manufactures - Nankeens -- Trade and

Commerce, 14—Money-Weights and Mea-

sures, 16.

CHAP. IV. POPULATION -MANNERS AND CUSTOMS-

RELIGION-LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND SCI-

ENCE-Population, 16—Manners and Customs

-General appearance of the Country and its

Inhabitants, 17—Physical Constitution, 20–

Ranks-Dress, 21-Houses, 22–Marriages,

23- Marriage of the Dead-Births, 24-Edu-

cation, 25-Domestic Life and Diet-Chinese

Inns, 21— Amusements and Festivals --Cere-

inonies, 27-Funerals, 29—General Character

of the Chinese, 30–Religion, 31- Tao-tse, 32

--Confucius, 33 - Fo, 31 - Christians, 40 -

Language and Literature, 43-Arts and Sci-

ences - Astronomy - Architecture

Great

Wall, 47-Arithmetic -Optics-Chemistry -

Medicine, 48-Music, 49.

CHAP. V. GOVERNMENT-LAWS-REVENUE-ARMY

AND NAVY-Emperor's Council-Public Tri.

bunals, 49 - Corruption and Oppression-

Causes of its

permanency, 51-Chinese Court,

52-Law, 53-Revenue, 56— Military Force,

57-Navy, 58-Fortifications, 59.

CHAP. VI, TOPOGRAPHY, 59-KING-SE OR PE-CHE-LI

- Peking, 60-KYANG-NAN, 61-Nan-king-

Su-chen-fu, 62—SHAN-SI, 63—SAAN-TONG-HO-

NAN, 6SHEN-SI-CHE-KYANG, 65-KYANG.

SEE-HOO-KWANG, 67_SE-CHW EN-F - KYÊN,

68_CANTON, 69-Fo-kan-Chao-cheu-fu, 70-

Lyen-cheu-fn — KWANG-SI, 71 — YUN-NAN —

KWEI-CHEU, 72-Authorities, 73

CHAP. III. CITIES AND TOWNS, 90-I, CENTRAL ASIA

-Boundaries and Extent, 91-1. MONGOLIA,

92-Physical Aspect, 93.

CHAP. I. NORTHERN MONGOLIA, 93-Boundaries-

Mountains, 94—Rivers, 95–Lakes Climate,

Soil, and Produce, 96-Mineralogy and Zoo.

logy, 97-Inhabitants, 98-Religion, 101-

Language and Literature, 101_Manners and

Customs, 106-Cities, 108-History, 109.

CHAP. II. SOUTHERN MONGOLIA, OR TAE COUNTRY

OF THE SHARRA OR YELLOW MONGOLS, 117–

II. SOONGARIA, OR COUNTRY OF THE ELUTH,

120-Name-Climate, 12)- Mountains, 122–

Lakes, 123–Rivers, 124-Cities, &c.--Inhabi.

tants, 125.-I11. LESSER BUKHARIA, OR EASTERN

TOORKISTAUN — Name - Boundaries - Super-

ficial Extent, 128–Historical Notice-Physi-

cal Aspect-Mountains, 129–Rivers-Lakes,

130-Deserts-Climate-Soil and Produce

Divisions-Ist. Province of Khashghar, 131-

Yarkund Khotan, &c. 132 - Province of

Auksoo, 133 - Toorfaun, 131 - Province of

Hami, 135- Inhabitants, 136-SOUTHERN PART

• OF CENTRAL ASIA-1. WESTERN DIVISION, 137.

CHAP. I. UPPER BASIN OF THE INDUS-Upper

Kaushkaur, 137-Little Thibet-Khofalun-

PRINCIPALITY OF LADAUK, 138 - District of

Changthang, 145.

CHAP. II. UPPER BASIN OF THE SUTLUJ--Speetee

of Ladauk-District of Khoonawoor, 147--

Oondes, or highest vailey of the Sutluj, 149

Subdivisions and places of note, 153-1. EAS-
TERN DIVISION, OR THIBET PROPER-Extent

and Boundaries, 151–Names and Divisions,

155—Physical Features, 157– Mountains, 158

-Topography, 159— Lakes-Rivers, 160—Cli.

mate-Soil and Productions--Inhabitants, 162

-Language and Literature, 163-Commerce

and Manufactures - Religion-Government,

161-Manners and Customs, 165-Cities, 166

-Historical Notice--TANGOOT OR SECFAUN,

167-1. SEEFAUN OR TOOFAUN, 168- II. THE

ELUTAS OF KOKONOOR, 170_NU. DISTRICT ON

SHACHEW, 172.

Extent and Boundaries, Historical Remarks

- Name, &c.—Divisions, 75--Mountain-Ri.

vers - Climate -- Productions, 76– Manufac-
tures and Commerce - Miscellaneous Re-
marks, 77- Population, 78.

THE ASIATIC ISLANDS.
CHAP. I. THE JAPANESE ISLANDS.-Historical No.

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