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15. RECEIPTS OF DEPARTMENT OF CUSTOMS,* Port of San Francisco, from Nov. 12, 1849, to Dec. 1857, inclusive, fractions omitted.

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January.
February
March.
April.
May.
June
July
August.
September
October
November.
December

$197,819 $144,607 $197.677 $165,027 $121,668 $128,989 $144,827 $284, 414 184,523 122,312 236,400 141,175 80, 438 105,605 110,915

189,876) 213,937 291,430 137,161 168,395 213,398 187,388 152,076 237,695 145,531 250,093 119,919 127,899 113,979 104,413 138,351 215,8581 175,622 150,413 123,608 129,595 105, 225 92,492 189,210 171,681 132, 425 219,169 133,775 143,358 147.834 43,068 173,063 183,019 138, 155 166,690 83,81+ 136,337 151,142 200, 131 189,917 218 958 134,638 239,970 170.976 226,622 194,786 143,080 175,352 167,193 179,560 225,050 155,008 219,331 137,865 170,796 182,911

253,027 229,760 137,774 137,228 192,708 87,141 240,714 161,242 186,119 206,497

91,817
229,393
119,618

97,513 182,179 131,576 182, 477 176,257 100,016 84,637 99,229 122,313

257, 222

216,453

Totals.

$216,453 1,908, 220 2,316,675 2,008,410 2,589,406 1,563, 103 1,804,904 1,713,408 1,504, 137|

16. EXPENDITURES OF DEPARTMENT OF CUSTOMS

Port of San Francisco, from 1819 to 1857, inclusive.

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January ...
February.
March.
April..
May.
June
July..
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

$59,597$232,878 $197,480 $220,164 $176,472 $116,603 $110,259 39,509 55

S 40,886 07

49,637 83

50,565 68 65,824 288,908 147,688 150,984 169,007 122,468 115,679 39,088 79

88,470 81

94,729 86 99,635 259,663 156,524 148,811 176,557 102,556 109,549 336,931 04

46,544 10

41,209 75 32,054 77,977 227,987 154,002 164,155 124, 252 97,057 106,191 32,539 64

296,979 $32,054 303,033 1,009,436 655,694 684,114 646.288 438,684 441,678 607,090 50

Totals...

17. VALUATION OF IMPORTS.I Free and otherwise, imported into the District of San Francisco, from July 1st,

1853, to December 31st, 1857.8

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First Quarter..

$2,068,557 $1,681,279 $2,125,499 $2,422,744 Second Quarter

1,293,189 1,777,822 1,478,544 2,145,000 Third Quarter. $1,915,523 1,475,615 1,825,649 2,126,673 2,891,755 Fourth Quarter 3,332,835 1,062,259 1,859,325 3,424,791 2,068,792

Totals....l $5,248,3581 $5,899,620 $7,144,075 $9,155,5071 $9,528, 291

* The amount collected from August 6th, 1848, the date of notice of the treaty with Mexico, was received by Col. Mason, up to November 12th, 1849, when Col. Collier assumed the duties of Collector, was $1,365,187. Governor Johnson's Message, 1857—Total receipts from August 6th, 1848, to December 31, 1857, $16,989,903.

+ The expenditures for the year ending December 31st, 1857, include all payments on treasury orders for the expenses of the other Collection Districts on this coast, support of Marine Hospital, salary of light-house keepers, and maintenance of revenue cutters. The actual expenses of the District of San Francisco being but $422,341 09, inclusive of support of hospital and payment of lighthouse keepers' salaries.

# Value of imports for the last three months of 1847, $53,590. S No returns previous to July, 1853.

18. TABLE. Exhibiting the chief articles of California Produce shipped from San Francisco

from Jan. 1, 1854, to December 31, 1857.

ARTICLES

1854.

1855.

1856.

1857.

694

Quicksilver, flasks..
Lumber, pieces.
Lumber, feet...
Lumber, bundles..
Shingles, bundles..
Shingles, M's..
Flour, equal to barrels.
Barley, bags. .
Oats, bags.
Potatoes, tuns.
Potatoes, bags.
Potatoes, barrels..
Wheat, bags..
Sheepskins, number.
Sheepskins, bundles.
Sheepskins, bales.
Calfskins, number.
Hides, bundles.
Hides, number..
Tallow, casks..
Tallow, barrels.
Wool, bales..
Salmon, hogsheads.

Salmon, barrels.
Salmon, packages..

20,963. 25,965 23,024 27,262

2,682 402 579 3,169,000 2,457,212 1,203,211 2,439,801 500

167 3,764 4,596 600

200 1,285 631,000 1,720,000 1,259,000 35,961 115,716 77,675 10,006 15,610 73,659 4,824 182,566 3,194 49,306 9,622 68,944 676

476 12,396 7,151 419 10,522 300

75 10 4,967 4,967

3,803 1,356 4101

10,001 382

36 387 1,613

429 2,063 3,951 3,303 11,858 816 86 220

7 43,708 105,730 147,839 170,447

92 132 1,147 789 125 409 556

189 1,127 2,487

6,664 55 52

77 1,871 395

1,745 499

608

19. TABLE. Showing the value of the chief articles of California Produce exported from the

Port of San Francisco, from Jan. 1854, to Dec., 1856, inclusive.t

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Large quantities of hides and tallow have been shipped during the above period to the Atlantic States.

* Compiled from the San Francisco Prices Current. + Value of Exports for the last three months of 1847, $49,597.-Annals of San Francisco.

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13,676 10,243 20,983 12,967 14,940 6,075 20,563 10,114 32,877 4,251 24,424 4,676 25,170 3,168 20,595 3,555 8,945 11,253 (108,644 65,729 255,428 131,628(292,940 125,965 268,737(132,094(404,220 124,874 336,058 76,127 325,102 55,148 305,519| 40,378/141,754 139,018

19,799 8,802 24,843 15,186 21,448 6,592 35,464 16,145 34,414 9,250 26,209 2,797 27,244 1,209 17,341 11,551 6,545 7,451 18,420 9,200 25,892 5,876 26,465 19,092 36,098 11,228 23,758 4,511 24,330 1,520 3,745 10,553

18,322 6,996 17,893 10,120 17,435 12,376 32,617 15,386 30,863 6,206 24.785 3,448 40.498 5,951 23,336 18,090
5,714 6,981 21,699 8,317 29,484 14,463 24,993 12,281 30,623 12,086 23,102 5,251 37,843 5,907 31,012 1,037 8,008 12,517
3,822 5,145 30,135 9,015 21,415 15,461 31,851 15,115 33,082 · 8,543 30,661 8,274 31.503 4,670 25,316 1,856 8,295 11,131
9,093 5,327 13,169 17,043 31,003 9,731 17,278 12,398, 26,925 9,353 25,049 10,638 34,954 4,677] 24,556 4,065 12,523 7,737
16,048 3,698 29,705 12,054 29,225 7,261 22.070 16,078| 41,938 5,531 27,933 3,200 25,588 6,358 25,774 4,101 12,223 18,339
10,736 6.829 26,686 11,166 32,468 15,218 22,660 10,372 36,449 10,246 23,853 7,141 29,021 6,582 16,469 4 999 6,010 11,325
22,611 11,045 23,601 11,195 18,769 6,753 17,724 7,217/ 35,728 8,673 24.310 5,953 17,340 3,538 27,196 2,832 18.055 9,998
12,879 8,120 23,574 7,985 27,844 9,763 24,760 13,400 36,249 8,609 30,289 3,187 26,642 3,976 14,015 6,858 9,323

6,871 14,065 8,341 21,210 18,637 26,636 6,734 22,063 10,275 35,803 6,959 25,062 1,123 22,289 5,516 28,514 2,395 13,950 9,653

Totals.....

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DEPARTURES. January..

(1,783 18,762 1st.. February

74,927 18,517 119,458 41,793 111,288 23,852 83,261 12,493 103,037 6,878 1,489 20,760 March (q'r..

5,854 20,303
April...

230 23,025
2d...
May
June.

84,761 44,590 131,598 38,889 106,548 24,045/118,107) 10,123 91,647 9,550 6,644 22,462
q’r..

8,363 14,343
July.

(1,642 20,882
3d...
August....

*
q'r..

98,830 35,910 91,029 39,008 129,517 24,236108,149 24,678 91,421 13,525 67,434 13,054 6,648 20,224
September.

2,709 18,553
October ...........

5,738 20,569
November
4th.

91,805 27,604 94,043 28,996 120,656 32,192 100,790 11,296 76,424 12,181 85,333 12,3273,105 13,884 December..... q’r..

3,239 17,588 Totals....

190,635/ 63,514 344,760 131,111 501,229'137,110426,775) 83,871 369,213| 48,322 347,451 41,809! 47,444 231,355) NOTE.-A great many vessels which arrived during '49 and '50 did not leave until '51 and '52, which accounts for more arrivals than departures during those years.

* Books of the Custom House destroyed by fire, 1851.

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21. TABLE
Exhibiting the average Price of Flour, Wheat, Barley and Oats, for each Month at San

Francisco, from Jan. 1852 to Dec. 1857.
[Compiled from the San Francisco Prices Current and Shipping List.]

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272

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218

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254
21
21

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12 23 21 21

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NOTE.-The above table shows the average prices for each month, of flour per two hundred pounds, and wheat, barley and oats, per pound, from January 1st, 1852, to December 31st, 1857, at San Francisco. As these articles of consumption were mostly imported for the first few years after the influx of population into California, foreign products have been taken as the standard during that period, In flour, Chili has been quoted, in wheat, barley and oats, those of eastern importations, until February, 1854, when the domestic productions of both flour and grain are substituted. In several instances we have been unable to determine the current value of flour, and have requoted Chili; such changes are indicated by an asterisk, (*).—[ED.

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2 2. TUNNAGE
of the principal Cities of the United States, 1856.

CITIES.

Tunnage
entered.

Tunnage
cleared.

Total.

New York,

1,681,659 1,520,623 3,202,282 Boston

682,165 647,404 1,329,569 New Orleans.

663,067 773,162 1,436,229 San Francisco.

345,897 389,260 735,157 Philadelphia

173, 179) 129,739 302,918 + Sales of Flour in barrels for the last ten days of December, 1852, $38 and $42.

1

III.-POPULATION.

1. POPULATION OF CALIFORNIA. The population of California in 1831, was estimated at 23,025,* and in January, 1849, at 26,000,+ viz: Californians, 13,000; Americans, 8,000; Foreigners, 5,000.

The returns of the National Census of 1850, exhibit a population of 117,538,5 and the State Census of 1852, of 264,435. The ascertainments and estimates of these enumerations are believed to be very incomplete, in consequence of the fluctuating character of the people and the difficulties which then existed to prevent a thorough canvass of the State.

The following estimate of the present population of California has been prepared from the information obtained through official sources and a careful investigation of the different classes of residents included therein:

Returns of the County Assessors of the citizens between the ages of

eighteen and forty-five, liable to military duty, to the Quar-
termaster-General of the State, 1857, (estimated in part). .... 183,000

Citizens exempt from military duty, viz:
Over forty-five.

25,000
Disabled, etc
Females, white (Census of 1852, 22,193). .
Children between four and eighteen years of age, number returned

to the office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1857... Children under four years.

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42,500 85,000

36,315 18,500

Total American population....

365,315

FOREIGNERS. French, (estimate of Mons. Dillon.)..

15,000 English..

2,000 Irish..

.10,000 Germans..

.10,000 Mexicans.

,15,000 Various.

.15,000

67,000 Chinese, (estimate of W. Hanley, Chinese Agent, 1857)...

38,687 Colored Persons..

2,000 Indians & (estimate of Col. Henley, Superintendent of Indian Affairs.).

65,000 Total population....

| 538,002 * Forbes' Upper and Lower California.

+ Senators Gwin and Fremont, 1850. # The Official Returns of the Census of 1850 make the population 92,597. See Journals of the Legislature, 1851, page 743.

$ This estimate, although large, is believed to be less than the actual number of Indians in the State. See Indian Reservations.

| The population of the United States for 1856, is estimated, by Hon. James Guthrie, at 26,964,312. The vote cast at the Presidential election, 1856, was about 4,100,000, being an average of three votes for each twenty inhabitants. Taking this result as a basis, and estimating the population of California thereby by the vote of the same election 110,223, the population would amount to 734,820. This

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