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2.

The Census and Vote of 1852; the Vote of 1856 and Returns of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the Children of the State for 1856.

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227

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Alameda (a)...
Amador (°)....
Butte,
Calaveras...
Colusa...
Contra Costa...
El Dorado...
Fresno (c).
Humboldt (d).
Klamath ...
Los Angeles...
Marin....
Mariposa
Merced (e).....
Monterey
Napa......
Nevada

Placer
Plumas (f).
Sacramento.
San Bernardino (9)
San Diego........
San Francisco.........
San Joaquin.....
San Luis Obispo.
San Mateo (h).
Santa Barbara...
Santa Clara.
Santa Cruz
Shasta.........
Sierra.....
Siskiyou......
Solano
Sonoma and Mendocino....
Stanislaus (i)..........
Sutter
Tehama (j)
Trinity.
Tulare
Tuolumne
Yolo
Yuba....

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1,665 847 3,99

892 4.947 469 4,651 647 6:2 661

933 no ret'n. 8,397 1,739

342 no ret'n. 49 1,35+ no ret'n. 1,377 1,584 58:

31 2,191 263

387 106 656 871 942 635 7,200 853 5,896 273 2,206

99 7,765 2,223 414

1,042 229

123 12,019 4,571 2,8731 1,267

205 325 6331 315

369 819 2,058 1,678

804 618 2,787 5,404

398 4,328 246 1,622 836 2,395 1,691 685 930 236 791

73 2,081 no ret'n. 410

88 6,104 1,145 1,266 379 5,184 854

984

323

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178

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Totals...

264,435 176,810! 22,193 115,000! 76,1891 110,221 29,628 (a) Organized 1853, from Contra Costa and Santa (f) Organized 1854, from Butte. Clara.

(g) Organized 1850, from Los Angeles. (6) Organized 1854, from Calaveras.

(h) Organized 1856, from San Francisco. (c) Organized 1856, from Mariposa.

(i) Organized 1854, from Tuolumne. (d) Organized 1853, from Trinity,

(1) Organized 1856, from Colusa, Butte and (e) Organized 1855, from Mariposa.

Shasta. The enumeration of the County of El Dorado was not completed within the time provided by law, for taking the Census of the State for 1852. The figures included above, are believed to be a fair approximation to the actual resident population of that year, and were taken as a basis by the Legislature, in regulating the Apportionment Act of 1853. mode of arriving at an approximation of the population of California, may not be regarded as a fair and reliable one, from the fact that there are not a proportional number of females and children among its residents as there are in the Eastern States. This is undoubtedly true, but will not the great excess of the foreign and Indian population of the State more than make up the difference ?

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127,901 309,527 590,756 771,623 14,273 30,388 97,574 209.897

92,597 262,042 275,202 297,675 309,978 370,792 72,674 72,749 76,748 78,085 91,532

34.730 54,477 87,445 252,433 340,987 516,823 691,392 906,185 12,282 55,211 157,445 476,183 851,470 24,520 147,178 343,031 685,866 988,4161

43,112 192.214 406,511 564,317 687,917 779,828 982, 405

76,551 153,407 215.739 352,411 517,762 228,705 298,335 399,455 501,793 583,169 380,541 407,350 447,040 470,019 583,034 472,040 523,287 610, 408 737.699 994.514

4,76: 8,896 31,639 212,267 39,654 40,352 75,4481 136.621 375,651 6116,526 20.845 66,586 140, 455 383,702 682,044 214,361 244,161 269,328 281,574 317.976 245,552 277,575 321,823 373,306 489.5551 959.049 1,372,812 1,918.608 2,428.921 3,097.394 555,500 638,829 737,987 753, 419

869.029 230,764 581,434 937,903 1,519.467 1,980,329 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033 2,311 780

77,031 83,0591 97, 199 108.830 147,545 415,115 502,741 581.185 594,398

668,507 261,727 422,813 681,904 829,210 1,002.717

212.592 217.713 235,704 281.652 291.948 314,120 974,622 1,065,379 1,211,405 1,239,797 1,421.661

30,915 305,391 24,023 33,039 39.834

43,712 51,687 5,318 6,100

92,298

141,599 184,139 340,120 393,751

183,762 211,919 586,756 478,103

45,365 602,361

69,1101 345,591 105,602

434,373
69, 110
249,073
35,791

Texas..

85,416 748,308

Vermont..
Virginia
Wisconsin.
District of Columbia.
Persons ou U.S. Vs'ls War
Territories

154,465 880,200 i4,093

Totals..

3,929,827 5,305, 9257,239,814) 9,638, 131 12,866,020 17,069,453 23, 191,876

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:::

:::

29,264

ii,830

Alabama..

41,879 117,549 253,532 342,844 Arkansas ::

1,617 4,576 19,935 47,100 California. Connecticut.

*2,759

951
310
97
25

17 Delaware,

8,887
6,153
4,177 4,509

3,292

2,605 2,290 Florida

15.501 25,717 39,310 Georgia

59,404 105,218 149,656 217,531 280,944 381,682 Illinois.

168 917 747 331 Indiana,

135 237 190

3

3 Iowa. .

16 Kentucky

40,343 80,561 126,732 165,213 182, 258 210,981 Louisiana

34,660 69,064 109,588 168, 452 244,809 Maine.

2 Maryland 103,036 105,635 141,502 107,397 102,994

89,737! 90,368 Massachusetts..

1 Michigan..

24

32 Mississippi

3,489

17,088 32,814 65,659 195,211 309,878 Missouri..

3,011 10,222 25,091 58,240 87,422 New Hampshire.

158
8

3

1 New Jersey. 11,423 12,422

7,557 2,254 674

**#236) New York 21,324 20,343 15,017 10,088

75

4 North Carolina..

100,572 133,296 168,824 205,017 245,601 245,817 288,548 Ohio....

6

3 Pennsylvania

795 211

403

61 Rhode Island,

10,851

* 3,737

*1,706

952
381
108
48
17

5 South Carolina.

107,094 146, 151 196,365 258, 475 315,401 327,038 384,984 Tennessee.

3,417 13,584 44,535 80, 107 141,603 183,059 239,459 Texas.

58,161 Vermont

17 Virginia

293,427 345,796 392,518 425,153 469,757 449,087 472,528 Wisconsin...

11 District of Columbia, ::

*5,395

4,694

3,687 Totals ...

697,897 893,041 1,191,3611 1,538,038 2,009,043 2,487,4553,204,287 * For estimated population, 1848, see page 114. # No slaves returned in the Territories of Minnesota, New Mexico and Oregon; Utah 26 are returned. # Apprentices by the State Act to abolish slavery, of April 18, 1846.

*3,244

*6,377

6,119

5. NUMBER OF PASSENGERS
Which arrived at the Port of San Francisco, from 1849 to 1857.

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January

2,455 1,131 3,204 3,472 1,878 889 3,407) 1,435 February

2,581 798 4,609 2,603 4,222 1,058 1,240 976 March

2.508 1,304 4,528 4,431, 5,390 2,526, 3,057 2,650 April 8,362 4,595 2,986 7,928 3,904 5,486, 2,378 1,678 2.443 May. 5,175/ 4,904 4,503 8,889 4.207 5,664 4,546 2,500 2,945 June

7,888 6,468 2,895 9,711 3,174 5.097 2,109 4,878 1,668 July.. 7,996 3,484 2,159 10,572 1,404 5,070' 3,085 2.820 3,743 August .... 8,790 3,369 2,813 6,632 1,364 5,528 1,617 1,003 1,741 September.. 16,131| 1,941 1,382 2,741 1,050 2,978' 2,865 1,249 834 October ....13,037 1,405 1,970 3,029 2,880' 3,189 4,053 1,185 1,124 November.. 10,862 1,556 2,620 2,471 2,199 1,131 2,681 2,282 1,625 December .. 13,164 1,196 2,621 2,674' 2,545' 1,898 1,391' 2,820 1,806

Totals.... 91,405|36,462 27,182 66,988 33, 233 47,531 29,198 28,119 22,990 Total arrivals from April, 1849, to December, 1857, 383,108.

6. COMPARATIVE VIEW Of the Arrivals and Departurest at the Port of San Francisco, from January

1852, to December 31, 1867.

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Totals...

228,059 139,002 89,957 Of the arrivals 1857–4,272 were women and 1,685 children. Of the departures-1,164 were women and 814 children. Of the arrivals 1857– 17,596 were from Panama, and of the departures—13,357 were for that port. For the six months ending June 30, 1858, the number of women that have arrived at this port, 2,931; children, 762. Departures same period, women, 899; children, 496.

* The overland immigration to California in 1584 was estimated at 61,462.--Message of Gov. Bigler, 1855.

+ The estimated number of overland immigration for 1857, is 12,500.

# There is no record of the departures made at the Custom House, San Francisco. The number here estimated is compiled from the San Francisco Prices Current. The number of departures, by sea and land, for the Pacific British Possessions, during the present year and up to the 15th August, is estimated at 30,000; the number of arrivals from thence during the same period is 4,050 ; excess of departures, 25,950. The excess of arrivals from other countries for the same period is about 15,000 ; making a net loss to the population of the State, since January, 1858, of nearly 15,000. No account is taken in this estimate of the eastern overland immigration of the present year, variously estimated at from 5,000 to 8,000. From these figures it will be seen that there is scarcely a doubt that, with the returning wave of the Frazer River excitement, the population of the State will, at the close of the present year, exhibit a healthy increase over that of 1857.-[ED.

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STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. John B. WELLER..

... Governor. Andrew J. Moulder..

. Superintendent of Public Instruction. Horace A. Higley....

. Surveyor-General.

1. STATE SCHOOL LANDS, REVENUES, ETC. Liberal measures have been adopted for the education of the youth of California,

The 500,000 acres of public lands donated to each State on admission into the Union, for purposes of internal improvement, were wisely dedicated by our State Constitution to the use of the schools.

By Act of the Legislature, approved May 3d, 1852, provision was made for the sale of these lands at the rate of two dollars per acre, payable either in coin, State Scrip, Controller's Warrants upon the General Fund, or Bonds of the Civil Debt of the State.

The proceeds of these sales were converted into Bonds of the Civil Funded Debt of the State bearing seven per cent. interest per annum.

The Legislature, by Act approved April 23d, 1858, provided for the selection of the unsold portion of the School Lands and reduced the price to $1 25 per acre, payable in cash. When the amount received from sales reaches $10,000, it is to be invested in State Bonds, to be placed as before to the credit of the School Fund. All interest falling due on these Bonds is semi-avnually placed to the credit of the School Fund. On the 1st of January, 1858, 237,440 of the 500,000 acres of school lands

* Including orphan asylums and primary schools under the patronage of the Church.
+ The estimated Catholic population in the State.
# The estimated value of church property, exclusive of the Missions.

had been sold, yielding $474,880—the annual interest of which, at seven per cent., amounts to $33,241 60. In addition to this source of revenue, it is provided that one-fourth of the money paid into the State Treasury for polltaxes, shall be placed in the Common School Fund and distributed semi-an. nually to the various counties in the same manner as the interest arising from the sale of School Land Warrants.

During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1856, the receipts into the Treasury from poll-taxes, amounted to $63,533 92, one-fourth of which, $15,883 48, was therefore placed to the credit of the School Fund. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1857, the proceeds of the poll-tax paid into the Treasury amounted to $61,802 42, of which $15,450 60 went to the Schools. From July 1st, 1857, to June 30th, 1858, the receipts into the State Treasury from the same source, amounted to $81,872 43, the School Fund's proportion of which would be $20,468 11.

In addition to these sources of revenue there is another resource, merely nominal, however, as experience has shown. It is provided by Acts of April 30th, 1855, and April 19th, 1856, that the proceeds of the sales of all escheated estates shall be placed to the credit of the School Fund, but as no such estates have yet been recovered, the provision is practically worthless.

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2. UNIVERSITY LANDS. Congress has donated to California seventy-two sections, amounting to 46,080 acres, for the establishment and support of a State University. The Act of April 23, 1858, provides for the selection and sale of these lands at $1 25 per acre, payable in cash. At the expiration of one year from the passage of the Act, the sum of $57,600 is to be taken from any moneys belonging to the School Fund and invested in State Bonds, to be kept as a special deposit, marked “Seminary Fund.”

All interest paid into the Treasury on these Seminary Bonds is in like manner to be invested in State Bonds.

In his last annual report to the Legislature, the Superintendent of Public Instruction earnestly advocates the adoption of immediate measures for the establishment of the University, and at great length argues the advantages of the military system, after the plan of West Point.

The idea was received with much favor throughout the State, and the Legislature so far indorsed it as to memorialize Congress to grant to California the Monterey Redoubt for the purposes of a Military Academy.

3. TOWNSHIP SCHOOL LANDS. Congress has also donated to California the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections (1,280 acres) in every township of six miles square, for the use of the Schools. It is estimated that the State is entitled to very nearly 6,000,000 acres of land under this law-a magnificent fund, if properly managed, for the support of schools and colleges, throughout all time to come.

The last Legislature, by Act approved April 26, 1858, provided for the

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