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THE STATE REGISTER FOR 1859.

1.-CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA.

1. CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter................B | Epact..

26 Julian Period...

....6572 Golden Number ............... 17 Solar Cycle......

.20 Age of the World.........5862 Jewish Lunar Cycle.........13

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2. MOVEABLE FEASTS AND FASTS. Epiphany ..... .Jan'y 6 | Rogation Sunday

..May 29 Septuagesima Sunday .Feb'y 10 Holy Thursday.

...........June 2 Shrove Sunday.. ..March 6 Whit Sunday

12 Ash Wednesday.

9 Trinity Sunday. St. Patrick

17 First Sunday in Advent...

Nov. 27 Palm Sunday... .. April 17 St. Andrew....

30 Good Friday.

22 St. Thomas....................

................ Dec. 21 Easter Sunday. 24 Christmas Day.

25 Low Sunday.

....May 1

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3. ECLIPSES. In the year 1859 there will be four Eclipses of the Sun and two of the Moon:

1. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, February 2, 1859. This Eclipse is only visible in a small portion of the Southern Ocean.

II. A total Eclipse of the Moon, February 17, commencing about 12 o'clock in the morning. This Eclipse will be visible throughout California.

SAN FRANCISCO TIME.
d.h.m.

d.h.m. First contact with Penumbra, mor.. 17 0 3 End of Total Eclipse......

17 3 33 Shadow,

17 0 59 Last contact with the Shadow........ 17 4 29 Beginning of Total Eclipse, .. 17 1 57

Penumbra...... 17 5 25 Middle of Eclipse,

.. 17 2 45 Magnitude of the Eclipse, (Moon's diameter=1,) 1.693. The first contact with the shadow occurs at 1210 from the northernmost point of the Moon's limb toward the east. The last contact at 690 toward the west.

III. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, March 4; invisible in California.

IV. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, July 29; visible in British North America, Greenland and North Atlantic Ocean.

V. A total Eclipse of the Moon, August 13; invisible.
VI. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, August 27; invisible in California.

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4. MORNING AND EVENING STARS. VENUS will be Morning Star until October 8, then Evening Star the remainder of the year.

MARS will be Evening Star until July 26, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.

JUPITER will be Evening Star until June 25, then Morning Star until February, 1860.

SATURN will be Morning Star until January 31, then Evening Star until August 10, then Morning Star the remainder of the year.

h. m.

5. EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES.
d. b.m.

d. Vernal Equinox..........March 20 7 11 eve. Summer Solstice...........June 21 3 49 eve. Autumnal Equinox... ....Sept. 23 6 2 mor. / Winter Solstice..............Dec. 21 11 53

6. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE SUN. Sun's Apogee, July 1...

.Distance from the Earth.. 96,702,364 English miles. Sun's mean distance, Mar. 31 and Oct. 3,

...95,103,000 Sun's Perigee, Jan. 1 and December 31,

66 ...93,505,607

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7. APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE MOON. APOGEE.—Point in the Moon's orbit at the greatest distance from the Earth.

PERIGEE.-Point in the Moon's orbit at the least distance from the Earth.
MONTHS.
Apogee. MONTHS.

Perigee.
d. b.

d. h. January ................. 4 8 mor. January...

18 8 eve. January 31 7 February.

15 7 February

28 5
March.

15 5 March..

27 4
April

11 3
April..
24 1 May.

6 11 mor. May

22 1
June

4 11
June..
18 11 eve. July

3 10 July 16 9 July

29 8 August.. 12 7 August..

26 7 September 8 5 September...

24 7 October

6 4
October.....

22 5 November

2 2
November.

16 1 November....

30 1
December

12 9 eve. December..

28 11 mor.

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8. TABLE OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

NAXE,

Mean distance

from the Sun in miles.

When discovered.

ve Mean diameter

English miles.

Mean distance
from the Sun,
the distance
of the Earth
being unit.
Period revolu-
tion round the
Sun in days.

By whom Where discovered. discovered.

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Sun.

883,246 Mercury.

3,224 37,000,000 0.387098 '87 Venus.

7,687 68,000,000 0723331 224 Earth,

7,912 95,000,000 1.000000 365 Mars.

4,189 142,000,000 1.523692 686 Flora

209, 160,265 2. 201687 1,193 Oct. is, 1847 Hind. London Clio..

221,813, 220 2 334876 1,303 Sept. 13, 1850 Vesta. 224,302,695 2.361081 1,325 March 29, 1807 Olbers

Bremen Iris.

226,159,280 2:380624 1,341 August 13, 1847 Hind.. London Metis

226,632,665 2.385607 1,345 April 25, 1818 Oraham.. Markree Eunomia*

227,946,800 2.399440 1,357 July 29, 1851 Gasparis Naples.. Hebe 230,449,670 2:425786 1,379 July 1, 1847 Hencke

Driessen Parthenope

232,829, 135 2.450833 1,401 May 11, 1850 Gasparis ... Naples.. Irene

212,468,785 2.552303 1,518 May 19, 1851 Hind.. London Egeira

243,206,650 2-560070 1,492 Nov. 2, 1850 Gasparis ... Naples.. Astræa

244,818,565 2.577047) 1,511 Dec. 8, 1845 Hencke Driessen Juno,..

253,728,615 2670837 1,594 Sept. 1, 1804 Harding Lilienthal. Ceres

262,964,845 2.7680511,682 Jan. 1, 1801 Piazzi. Palermo Pallas 263,421,510 2772858 1,686 March 28, 1802 Olbers

Bremen.. Hygeia.

299,255,700 3.150060 2,042 April 12, 1849 Gasparis ... Naples.. Jupiter

89, 170 485,000,000 5202776 4,332 Saturn.

79,042 890,000,000 9.538786 10,759 Uranus

35,112 1,800,000,000 19.182390 30,686 March 13, 1781 Herschel... Slough.. Neptune 35,000 3,600,000.000 30.036800) 60,128 Sept.

23, 1846 Galle.....

Berlin * From July 29, 1851, to March 31, 1856, inclusive, twenty-six new asteroids were discovered, viz: In 1852, Psyche, Thetis, Melpomene, Fortuna, Masilia, Lutetia, Calliope and Thalia. In 1853, Themis, Thocæa, Prosperine and Euterpe. In 1854, Bellona, Amphitrite, Urania, Euphrosyne, Pomona, Polymnia, Leucothea, and one name not known. In 1855, Circe, Atlanta and Fides. And in 1856, Leda, Latitia, and another not yet named.

The Asteroids: :::

The calculations are given in mean time.

1st Month.]

JANUARY.

[31 Days.

D.

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MOON'S PHASES.
D. H. M.

H. M.
SAN FRANCISCO..New Moon.. 4 9 18 mor. Full Moon..18

3 42 ere. .. First Qua'r..12 11 16 " Last Qua'r..25 036 SAN DIEGO. New Moon.. 4 9 12 " Full Moon..18 3 36 .....First Qua'r..12 11 10 4

Last Qua'r..25 0 30
PORTLAND .New Moon.. 4 9 38 6 Full Moon..18 3 52

First Qua'r..12 11 26" Last Qua'r..25 046
SAN FRANCISCO.

SAN DIEGO. PORTLAND, O.T.
D D Sun's
Sun Sun Moon High High Sun

Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon M W declination rises. sets. ri & set Water. Water. rises. sets. ri & set rises. sets. ri & set

deg. m. s. h. m. h. m. h. m. morn. even. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. mh. m. 1 Sat 23 2 717 174 43 5 40 9 41 9 587 24 58 5 377 45 4 15 5 50 2 B 22 57 17 164 44 6 21 10 13 10 3617 1 4 59 6 187 444 16 6 31 3 Mo 22 51 277 164 44 6 4310 5311 16 7 1 4 59 6 407 444 16 6 53 4 Tu 22 45 167 15 4 45 sets. 11 3811 59 7 14 59 sets. 7 444 16 sets. 5 We 22 38 577 15 4 45 6 19 0 14 0 3017 05 06 167 434 17 6 29 6 Th 22 32 217 144 46 7 21 0 481 1 517 05 01 7 187 434 17 7 31 7 Fri 22 24 4017 14 46 8 19 1 21 1 377 05 08 16 7 42 4 18 8 29 8 Sat 22 16 517 134 47 9 12 1 54 2 9 6 595 1 9 8 7 424 18 9 22 9 B 22 8 3717 134 47 10 8 2 25 2 416 595 110 4 7 414 1910 18 10 Mo 21 59 567 124 48 11 15 2 59 3 18 6 58 5 211 11 7 404 2011 25 11 Tu 21 50 507 12 4 48 morn 3 36 3 54 6 58 5 2 morn 7 394 21 morn 12 We 21 41 187 11 4 49 1 19 4 17 4 38 6 57 5 3 1 15 7 394 21 1 29 13 Th 21 31 217 104 50 2 22 5 0 5 296 57 5 3 2 18 7 38 4 22 2 32 14 Fri 21 20 597 94 51 3 40 5 56 6 366 56 5 4 3 36 7 374 23 3 50 15 Sat 21 10 137 8 4 52 4 59 7 10 7 556 565 4 4 5517 364 24 5 9 116 B 20 59 217 74 53 5 50 8 36 9 15 6 55 6 5 5 46.7 35 4 25 6 0 117 Mo 20 47 28 7 64 54 rises. 9 22 9 506 55 5 5 rises. 7 344 26 rises. 18 Tu 20 35 297 54 55 5 3210 2110 516 54 5 6 5 28/7 334 271 5 42 19 We 20 23 87 54 55 6 3911 1911 456 54 5 6 6 35 7 32 4 28 6 49 20 Ti 20 10 237 44 56 7 49 0 11 0 356 535 71 7 457 314 29 7 59 21 Fri 19 57 167 34 57 859 0 59 1 22 6 52 5 8 8 5517 304 30 9 9 22 Sat 19 43 477 24 58 10 18 1 45 2 8 6 52 5 810 14 7 294 31 10 28 23 B 19 29 557 1 4 5911 26 2 29 2 506 515 911 22 7 28 4 32 11 36 24 Mo 19 15 427 05 morn 3 8 3 28 6 515 9 morn 7 27 4 33 morn 25 Tu 19 1 76 595 1 1 14 3 50 4 10 6 505 10 1 107 264 34 1 24 26 We 18 46 126 585 2 2 30 4 30 4 546 495 11 2 26 7 25 4 35 2 40 27 Th 18 30 566 575 3 3 28 5 19 5 486 48 5 12 3 247 24 4 36 3 38 28 Fri 18 15 20/6 565 4 4 19 6 25 6 596 47 5 13 4 15 7 224 38 4 29 29 Sat 17 59 246 55 5 5 5 12 7 45 8 28 6 46 5 14 5 8 7 204 40 5 22 30 B 17 43 96 545 6 5 52 8 599 22 6 455 15 5 48 7 194 41 6 2 31 Mo '17 26 346 53'5 7 sets. | 9 46 9 5416 44'5 16 sets. 1 7 17 4 43 sets. cris of the Planets for the First, Tenth and Twentieth days of Month.

[Calculated for the Meridian of San Francisco.]
First Day.
Tenth Day.

Twentieth Day.
Name of
Planet. Meridian

Meridian

Meridian
Declination.
Declination.

Declination.
passage.
passage.

passage.
h. m.
deg. m.

deg. m.

h. m.

deg. m. Venus 6 17 mor. 17 56 S.

5 47 mor. 7 24 S. 5 25 mor. 17 45 S. 0 3 eve. 9 44 1 11 52 7 1 11 41

3 55 Jupiter... 10 18 mor. 21 53 N. 5 34 eve. 21 48 N. 4 52 eve. 21 45 N. Saturn 5 16 eve. 18 11 9 40 18 22

8 58 18 36 Uranus 6 16 20 1 4 40 119 58 4 0 119 56

h. m.

Mars.....

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4th Month.]

APRIL.

[30 Days.

D.

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MOON'S PHASES.
D. H. M.

M.
SAN FRANCISCO.. New Moon.. 3 2 12 mor. Full Moon..17

0 58 mor, ..First Qua'r. .10 3 16 Last Qua'r. .24 8 36 eve. SAN DIEGO.. .....New Moon.. 3 2 6 Full Moon..17

0 52 mor. ....First Qua'r..10 3 10 Last Qua'r. .24 8 30 eve. PORTLAND .New Moon,. 3 2 22 Full Moon..17 1

8 mor. .First Qua'r..10 3 26 Last Qua'r..24 8 46 eve. SAN FRANCISCO.

SAN DIEGO. PORTLAND, O.T. D D Sun's Sun Sun Moon High High Sun Sun Moon

Sun Sun

Moon M W declination rises. sets. ri & set Water. Water. rises. sets. ri & set rises. sets. Iri & set deg. m. 8.

h. m. h. m. h. m. morn. even. h, m. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. h. m. 1 Fri 4 27 05 47 6 13 sets. 10 25 10 42 5 496 11 sets. 5 436 17sets. 2 Sat 4 50 75 466 14 6 15 10 59 11 15 5 48 6 12 6 11 5 416 19 6 25 3 B 5 13 105 446 16 6 50 11 30 11 475 47 6 13 6 465 396 21 7 0 4 Mo 5 36 75 436 17 7 4811 58 0 16 5 466 14 7 44 5 386 22 7 58 5 Tu 5 58 58 5 426 18 8 18 0 32 0 495 45 6 15 8 14 5 366 24 8 28 6 We 6 21 425 416 1910 15 1 5 1 22 5 446 1610 115 356 25 10 25 7 Th 6 44 205 406 20 11 20 1 39 1 59 5 43 6 1711 16 5 336 27 11 30 8 Fri 7 6 505 38 6 22 morn 2 8 2 375 426 18 morn 5 31 6 29 morn 9 Sat 7 29 15 5 376 23 1 18 2 59 3 25 5 416 19 1 14 5 306 30 1 28 10 B751 315 366 24 2 18 3 48 4 22 5 406 20 2 14 5 286 32 2 28 11 Mo 8 13 395 356 25 2 54 4 57 5 395 396 21 2 50 5 27 6 33 3 4 12 Tu 8 35 395 346 26 3 306 6 29 7 18 5 38 6 22 3 265 266 34 3 401 13 We 8 57 305 336 27 3 58 7 53 8 22 5 376 23 3 545 246 36 4 8 14 Th 9 19 115 326 28 4 24 8 541 9 25 5 366 24 4 205 226 38 4 34 15 Fri 9 40 415 316 29 4 58 9 43 10 85 35 6 25 4 54 520/6 40 5 8 16 Sat 10 275 286 32 rises. 10 30 10 55 5 34 6 26 rises. 5 186 42 rises. 17 B 10 23 205 276 33 7 3611 1811 30 5 33 6 27 7 32 5 166 44 7 46 18 Mo 10 44 235 266 34 8 4411 49 0 12 5 326 28 8 40 5 15 6 45 8 54 119 Tu 11 5 155 256 35 9 48 0 28 0 45 5 316 29 9 44 5 14 6 46 9 58 20 We11 25 575 24 6 3610 48 1 4 1 225 306 3010 44 5 136 4710 58 21 Th 11 46 275 236 37 11 42 1 39| 1 56 5 29 6 3111 385 116 4911 52 22 Fri 12 6 465 226 38 morn 2 18 2 35 5 286 32 morn 5 96 51 morn 23 Sat 12 46 545 216 39 1 12 2 52 3 15 5 276 33 1 85 86 52 1 22 24 B 13 6 49 5 206 40 1 52 3 39 3 585 276 33 1 485 66 54 2 2 25 Mo 13 26 315 18 6 42 2 18 4 281 4 56 5 26 6 34 2 145 56 55 2 28 26 Tu 13 45 15 17 6 43 2 58 5 39 6 19 5 256 35) 2 54 5 36 57 3 8 27 We 14 4 185 166 44 3 12 6 59 7 385 24 6 36 3 85 16 59 3 22 28 Th 14 23 21.5 15 6 45 3 30 8 14 8 40 5 236 37 3 265 07 0 3 40 29 Fri 14 41 10 5 14 6 46 3 58 8 54 9 21 5 226 381 3 54 4 58 7 2 4 81 30 Sat 15 0 45'5 136 471 4 261 9 33 9 5215 2116 394 221 4 5717 3 5 36 Ephemeris of the Planets for the First, Tenth and Twentieth days of Month.

[Calculated for the Meridian of San Francisco.]
First Day.
Tenth Day.

Twentieth Day.
Name of
Planet. Meridian

Meridian

Meridian
Declination.
Declination.

Declination.
passage.
passage.

passage.
h. m.
deg. m.

h. m,
deg. m.

deg. m. Venus 5 31 mor. 12 17 S. 5 36 mor. 9 7 S. 5 41 mor. 5 8 S. Mars 10 15 16 13 N. 10 5 18 7 N. 9 54 66

19 57 N. Jupiter. 0 31 eve. 22 28 0 leve. 22 38 11 30

22 48" Saturn 4 2 19 44 3 27

2 48 eve. 19 42" Uranus... 11 25 mor.121 11 10 51 mor. 20 16 66 10 14 mor. 20 22 66

h. m.

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