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FORM OF INSANITY.
Simple Dementia... 63 | Partial Dementia... 34 | Melancholy

13 Acute Insanity... 33 Partial Insanity.. 6 Idiotic...

3 Chronic Insanity. 8 Periodical Insanity.. 5 Suicidal tendency.. 2 Religious Mania.... 1

Total........168 From the above it will be seen that about two-fifths of the present inmates of the asylum have become patients there since the 1st of January, 1858.

3. UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL, SAN FRANCISCO.*

Organized March 16, 1852. Cost of building, $224,000. Expenditures fiscal year ending June 30, 1857, $48,112 56. Hospital money received at the port of San Francisco for the same period, $8,630 52.

TABLE Exhibiting the number of Patients Received, Discharged, and the Deaths at the

United States Marine Hospital, San Francisco, from Murch 16th, 1852, to December 31st, 1857.

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99 79 7 137 119 6 137 120 6 101 90 3 112 109 3 58 57 2 127 114 1 129 108 6 99 98/ 4

851 2 31 1 60 55 2 156 103 5 125 113 98 88 5 101 102 2 62 3 58 50 3 133 134 3 146 142 6 92 89 2 151 1101 8 40 3 63 62 1 148 148 4 137 131 2 107 119 6 100 78 35 4 77 76 8.114 133 4 169 156 5 110 102 4

95 104 8l 901 1 84 74 5 148 134 8 150 146 9 127 125 5 135 115 3 63 3 86 77 2 163 160 5 195 152 7 128 131 3 129 125 3 83 6 87 84 2 165 142 5 183 1908 133 122 5 107 113 5 90 4 133 108 6 163 189 10 209 175 8 111 105) 3 103 99 5 996 133 107 8 139 116 4 124 171 5 155 129 4 112 96 70 4 122 125 3 129 131 3 110 122 7 125 117 4 114 104 5

RECAPITULATION.

Total admitted from March, 1852, to December 31, 1857.....
Discharged same period
Died.....

8,047 7,521 320

7,841

Remaining under treatment, January 1, 1858 ......

206

XVII.-RAILROADS.

1. SACRAMENTO VALLEY RAILROAD. Organized August 4th, 1852. Reorganized November 9th, 1854. Capital $1,000,000. Length of road, twenty-two and a half miles. Cost of construction, $1,200,000.

* For list of Officers, see p. 54.

The Sacramento Valley Railroad extends from Sacramento to Folsom, a distance of twenty-two and a half miles. Operations commenced February 22d, 1856; since which time the transactions of the company have been eminently successful. It is proposed to extend this road to several of the interior cities of the State, and operations have been already commenced for the extension of the road to the Yuba River, a distance of forty-two miles.

The following extract from the Report of the company for 1857, will exbibit the business of the road : Number of passengers transported.

82,450 Tuns of freight transported...

34,430 Total receipts from passengers and freight.

.$177,842 Total cost of opening road and maintenance.

86,503 Net earnings..

91,339

2. SAN FRANCISCO AND MARYSVILLE RAILROAD. Organized 1858. Length of road, (Vallejo to Marysville,) eighty-six miles; distance from San Francisco to Vallejo by water, twenty-two miles. In the course of construction.

The road will, when completed, afford a shorter and more direct communication between the cities of San Francisco and Marysville, and be of incalculable advantage to the district of country through which it passes.

3. SURVEYED ROUTES For a Railroad from the Mississippi or its Tributaries to the Pacific Ocean.

[Prepared at the office of the War Department.]

DESCRIPTION OF ROUTE.

Distance Dist. by Sum of

Thro' in straig't proposed ascent & Estimated Cost. arable line. route. descent.

lands.

Miles.

Miles.

Feet.

Miles.

Dollars. Route near 47th and 49th paral

lels, from St. Paul to Vancouver 1,455 1,864 18,100 130,781,000 374 Extension thence to Seattle.

45 161 1,000 10,090,000 161 Near the 41st and 42d parallels,

via South Pass, from Council Bluffs to Benicia

1,410 2,032 29,120 116,095,000 632 Near the 38th and 39th parallels, from Westport to San Francisco

So great that

1,740 2,080 49,986 the road is im- 620 by the Coo-che-to-pal and Tab

practicable.
ee-chay-pah Passes.
Same from Westport to San Fran-

cisco by the Coo-che-to-pah and
Madelin Passes....
1,740 2,290 56,514

670 Near the 35th parallel, from Fort Smith to San Pedro...

1,360 1,892 48,812 169,210,265 416 Near the 35th parallel, from Fort Smith to San Francisco..

2,174 50,670 169,210,265 644 Near the 32d parallel, from Fulton to San Pedro.....

1,400 1,618 32,784 68,970,000 408 Extension to San Francisco

440 10,150 25,100,000 376 XVIII.—WAGON ROADS.

A LIST Of the Principal Wagon Roads, leading from California to the East, with the

distances to Carson Valley, Salt Lake, Humboldt River, etc.* NOBLE'S PASS.— The distance from the Sacramento Valley through this pass to the Humboldt, is about two hundred and fifty miles. Hight of pass, four thousand feet.

BECKWORTH'S ROUTE.— From Marysville, by way of Bidwell, American Valley, Beckworth's and Truckee River, to Humboldt River, is two hundred and seventy-four miles. Or,

From Marysville, by way of Gibsonville, Jameson's Creek, Mohawk River, Beckworth's to Humboldt River, two hundred miles.

Johnson's Cut-OFF.-From Sacramento, by way of Placerville, South Fork American River and Hope Valley, to Carson Valley, (Genoa,) one hundred and twenty-eight miles.

CARSON ROUTE.—From Sacramento, by way of Diamond Springs, Sly Park, to Carson Valley, (Genoa,) one hundred and forty-six miles.

BIG TREE, OR CALAVERAS ROUTE.—From Sacramento, by way of Mokel. umne Hill, or Volcano, and Big Tree Road, to Carson Valley, one hundred and twenty-five miles.

TEJON ROUTE.—From Stockton, by way of King's River, Tejon Pass, to Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and by the Military Road to Salt Lake City, eleven hundred miles.

XIX.-TELEGRAPH LINES.

There are three lines in operation in this State, organized by act of the Legislature, with an aggregate communication of eight hundred and eighty miles. In addition to these principal lines, there are three branch lines with a total communication of sixty-seven miles. Total, nine hundred and fortyseven miles.

1. STATE TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1852; number of miles of communication, two hundred and ten; connecting San Francisco with San José, Stockton. Sacramento and Marysville. This line connects with the Alta line at Sacramento, and with the Northern line at Marysville.

2. ALTA TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1853; number of miles of communication, four hundred and fifty, exclusive of branch lines sixty-seven miles in length; total communication, five hundred and seventeen miles. This line connects San Francisco with

* Compiled from Surveyor-General's Reports for 1855-6.

San José, Oakland, Benicia, Sacramento, Folsom, Diamond Springs, Placerville, Coloma, Auburn, Grass Valley, Nevada, Forest City, Downieville, and from Placerville to Volcano, Jackson, Mokelumne Hill, San Andreas, Murphy's, Columbia, Sonora, and the intermediate towns and mining camps.

3. NORTHERN TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1857; number of miles of communication, two hundred and twenty, connecting Marysville with Oroville, Chico, Tehama, Red Bluffs, Shasta, Weaver and Yreka.

4. HUMBOLDT TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1858. This line, now in the course of construction, will connect Placerville with Salt Lake, via Carson Valley, and from this point it is proposed to extend the line to St. Louis, Missouri.

5. PACIFIC AND ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized by act of the Legislature, 1858. This company propose to construct a line of communication from San Francisco to San Antonio, Texas, via Los Angeles and the line of the Great Overland Mail Route from San Francisco to Memphis, Tenn.

XX.-FRATERNITY OF FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS.

1. THE MOST WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE OF CALIFORNIA.

The M. W. Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of California was organized on the 18th day of April, 1850; when there were represented three chartered lodges viz.: California Lodge, No. 13, holding under the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia—now California Lodge, No. 1; Western Star Lodge, No. 98, holding under the Grand Lodge of Missourinow Western Star Lodge, No. 2; and Connecticut Lodge, No. 75, holding under the Grand Lodge of Connecticut—now Tehama Lodge, No. 3. Since that time to this date, (Sept. 7, 1858,) one hundred and twenty-seven lodges have received charters from the Grand Lodge of California, one hundred and seventeen of which are now in prosperous existence, besides five lodges under dispensation, having an aggregate membership, in all, of about five thousand. The officers of the Grand Lodge for the present year, are:

N. Greene Curtis, M. W. Grand Master, Sacramento; P. W. Shepheard, R. W. Deputy Grand Master, San Francisco; William McCormick, R. W. Senior Grand Warden, Grass Valley; James W. Bicknell, R. W. Junior Grand Warden, Volcano; Addison Martin, R. W. Grand Treasurer, San Francisco; Alexander G. Abell, R. W. Grand Secretary, San Francisco; William H. Hill, Rev. and W. Grand Chaplain, Sacramento; James L. English, W. Grand Orator, Sacramento; Lawrence C. Owen, W. Assistant Grand Secretary, San Francisco; Thomas P. Hawley, W. Grand Marshal, Nevada : John M. Tingley, W. Grand Standard Bearer, St. Louis; Isaac N. Barnes, W. Grand Sword Bearer, Placerville; George C. Yount, W. Grand Bible Bearer, Yountville; William McKean, W. Senior Grand Deacon, Grizzly Flat; E. H. Van Decar, W. Junior Grand Deacon, Iowa Hill; Gilbert Lanphier, Johnson's Bar, and Lewis Reynolds, Downieville, W. Grand Stewards; Henry L. Davis, W. Grand Organist, San Francisco; N. Dennis Witt, W. Grand Pursuivant, Oroville; O. D. Chafee, W. Grand Tyler, Sacramento.

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2. LIST OF LODGES, Now Existing under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of California.

Place of Location.
Name of Lodge.
No.

Date when Charter

was ordered. City or Town.

County. California ..... 1 San Francisco. San Francisco. April 19, 1850 Western Star. 2 Shasta ..

Shasta .... Tehama 3 Sacramento

Sacramento...
Benicia ..
5 Benicia

Solano...
San Francisco 7 San Francisco.. San Francisco. Nov. 27,
Tuolumne...
8 Sonora

Tuolumne
Marysville
9 Marysville

Yuba.... San José... 10 San José

Santa Clara.. Yount... 12 Napa...

Napa .... May 6, 1851 Nevada... 13 Nevada

Nevada. Temple 14 Sonoma

Sonoma Eureka .. 16 Auburn

Placer

Nov. 7, Parfait Union.. 17 San Francisco. San Francisco. May 5, 1852 Mountain Shade. 18 Downieville

Sierra ... San Joaquin.. 19 Stockton

San Joaquin. Washington 20 Sacramento

Sacramento... Hawaiian 21 Honolulu

Hawaiian Isl's. 5, Occidental

22 San Francisco. San Francisco. Madison.

- 23 Grass Valley. Nevada :..... Mariposa

24 Mariposa .. Mariposa.... Georgetown. 25 Georgetown El Dorado..

16 El Dorado 26 Placerville. El Dorado.

6, Trinity: 27 Weaverville Trinity ..

5, Columbia

28 Columbia... Tuolumne Diamond

29 Diamond Springs El Dorado Golden Gate 30 San Francisco.. San Francisco. Mokelumne

31 Mokelumne Hill. Calaveras Gold Hill 32 Gold Hill

Placer Ophir

33 Murphy's Camp Calaveras Santa Clara

34 Santa Clara.. Santa Clara. San Diego 35 San Diego San Diego..

7, Butte

36 Bidwell's Bar Butte... St. John's.

37 Yreka .... Siskiyou Santa Cruz.. 38 Santa Cruz

Santa Cruz.. Yuba .... 39 Marysville

Yuba.... Sacramento 40 Sacramento

Sacramento..
Martinez... 41 Martinez

Contra Costa..
Los Angeles. 42 Los Angeles Los Angeles.. 5,
Hiram...
43 El Dorado.. El Dorado...

3,
Mount Moriah.. 44 San Francisco. San Francisco.
Crescent.

45 Crescent City Del Norte...

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