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FORM OF INSANITY.
Simple Dementia... 63 | Partial Dementia... 34 | Melancholy ..

13
Acute Insanity... 33 Partial Insanity... 6 Idiotic...
Chronic Insanity. 8 Periodical Insanity.. 5
Suicidal tendency... 2 Religious Mania.... 1

Total........ 168 From the above it will be seen that about two-fifths of the present inmates of the asylum have become patients there since the 1st of January, 1858.

3. UNITED STATES MARINE HOSPITAL, SAN FRANCISCO.*

Organized March 16, 1852. Cost of building, $224,000. Expenditures fiscal year ending June 30, 1857, $48,112 56. Hospital money received at the port of San Francisco for the same period, $8,630 52.

TABLE Exhibiting the number of Patients Received, Discharged, and the Deaths at the

United States Marine Hospital, San Francisco, from Murch 16th, 1852, to December 31st, 1857.

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Ad-
mitted

Dis-
charged
Deaths

Ad.
S mitted

| Deaths

60

January...........
February.......
March
April.
May
June.
July..
August....
September
October..
November
December.......

62
52
50
42
93
75
99
93
79
88

99

79 7 137 119 6 137 120 6 101 90 112 1093

58 57 2 127 114 1 129 108 6 99 98 4 73 85 2 31 1

55! 2 156 103 5 125 113 7 98 88 5 101 102 2 62 3 58 50 3 133 134 3 146 142 6 92 89 2 151 110 8 40 3 63 62 1 148 148 4 137 131 2 107 119 6 100 78 6 35 4 77 76 8.114 133 4 169 156 5 110 102 4 95 104 8 90 1 84 74 5 148 134 8 150 146 9 127 125 5 135 115 3 63 3 8C 77 2 163 160 5 195 152 7 128 131 3 129 125 3 83 6 87 84 2 165 142 5 1831 1908 133 122 5 107 113 5 90 4 133 108 6 163 189 10 209 175 8 111 105 3 103 99 5 996 133 107 8 139 116 4 124 171 5 155 129 4 112 9614 70 4 122 125 3 129 131 3 110 122 7 125 117 4 114 104 5

Totals.......

733 663 35 1060 954 49 1722 1623 58 1814 1726 76 1386 1315 48 1332 1240 54

RECAPITULATION.
Total admitted from March, 1852, to December 31, 1857.....
Discharged same period ..
Died......

8,047 7,521 320

7,841

Remaining under treatment, January 1, 1858

206

XVII.-- RAILROADS.

1. SACRAMENTO VALLEY RAILROAD. Organized August 4th, 1852. Reorganized November 9th, 1854. Capital $1,000,000. Length of road, twenty-two and a half miles. Cost of construction, $1,200,000.

* For list of Officers, see p. 54.

The Sacramento Valley Railroad extends from Sacramento to Folsom, a distance of twenty-two and a half miles. Operations commenced February 22d, 1856; since which time the transactions of the company have been eminently successful. It is proposed to extend this road to several of the interior cities of the State, and operations have been already commenced for the extension of the road to the Yuba River, a distance of forty-two miles.

The following extract from the Report of the company for 1857, will exhibit the business of the road : Number of passengers transported.

82,450 Tuns of freight transported.

34,430 Total receipts from passengers and freight.

.$177,842 Total cost of opening road and maintenance.

86,503 Net earnings.

91,339

2. SAN FRANCISCO AND MARYSVILLE RAILROAD. Organized 1858. Length of road, (Vallejo to Marysville,) eighty-six miles; distance from San Francisco to Vallejo by water, twenty-two miles. In the course of construction.

The road will, when completed, afford a shorter and more direct communication between the cities of San Francisco and Marysville, and be of incalculable advantage to the district of country through which it passes.

3. SURVEYED ROUTES For a Railroad from the Mississippi or its Tributaries to the Pacific Ocean.

[Prepared at the office of the War Department.]

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Route near 47th and 49th paral

lels, from St. Paul to Vancouver Extension thence to Seattle .... Near the 41st and 42d parallels,

via South Pass, from Council

Bluffs to Benicia ...
Near the 38th and 39th parallels,

from Westport to San Francisco
by the Coo-che-to-pah and Tah-

ee-chay-pah Passes . Same from Westport to San Fran

cisco by the Coo-che-to-pah and

Madelin Passes..
Near the 35th parallel, from Fort

Smith to San Pedro..
Near the 35th parallel, from Fort

Smith to San Francisco..
Near the 32d parallel, from Fulton

to San Pedro.. Extension to San Francisco

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XVIII.—WAGON ROADS.

A LIST Of the Principal Wagon Roads, leading from California to the East, with the

distances to Carson Valley, Salt Lake, Humboldt River, etc.* NOBLE'S Pass.—The distance from the Sacramento Valley through this pass to the Humboldt, is about two hundred and fifty miles. Hight of pass, four thousand feet.

BECKWORTH'S ROUTE.—From Marysville, by way of Bidwell, American Valley, Beckworth's and Truckee River, to Humboldt River, is two hundred and seventy-four miles. Or,

From Marysville, by way of Gibsonville, Jameson's Creek, Mohawk River, Beckworth's to Humboldt River, two hundred miles.

Johnson's Cut-OFF.—From Sacramento, by way of Placerville, South Fork American River and Hope Valley, to Carson Valley, (Genoa,) one hundred and twenty-eight miles.

CARSON ROUTE.–From Sacramento, by way of Diamond Springs, Sly Park, to Carson Valley, (Genoa,) one hundred and forty-six miles.

BIG TREE, OR CALAVERAS ROUTE.-From Sacramento, by way of Mokelumne Hill, or Volcano, and Big Tree Road, to Carson Valley, one hundred and twenty-five miles.

TEJON ROUTE.—From Stockton, by way of King's River, Tejon Pass, to Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and by the Military Road to Salt Lake City, eleven hundred miles.

XIX.—TELEGRAPH LINES.

There are three lines in operation in this State, organized by act of the Legislature, with an aggregate communication of eight hundred and eighty miles. In addition to these principal lines, there are three branch lines with a total communication of sixty-seven miles. Total, nine hundred and fortyseven miles.

1. STATE TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1852; number of miles of communication, two hundred and ten; connecting San Francisco with San José, Stockton. Sacramento and Marysville. This line connects with the Alta line at Sacramento, and with the Northern line at Marysville.

2. ALTA TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1853; number of miles of communication, four hundred and fifty, exclusive of branch lines sixty-seven miles in length; total communication, five hundred and seventeen miles. This line connects San Francisco with

* Compiled from Surveyor-General's Reports for 1855-6.

San José, Oakland, Benicia, Sacramento, Folsom, Diamond Springs, Placerville, Coloma, Auburn, Grass Valley, Nevada, Forest City, Downieville, and from Placerville to Volcano, Jackson, Mokelumne Hill, San Andreas, Murphy's, Columbia, Sonora, and the intermediate towns and mining camps.

3. NORTHERN TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1857; number of miles of communication, two hundred and twenty, connecting Marysville with Oroville, Chico, Tehama, Red Bluffs, Shasta, Weaver and Yreka.

4. HUMBOLDT TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized 1858. This line, now in the course of construction, will connect Placerville with Salt Lake, via Carson Valley, and from this point it is proposed to extend the line to St. Louis, Missouri.

5. PACIFIC AND ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH COMPANY. Organized by act of the Legislature, 1858. This company propose to construct a line of communication from San Francisco to San Antonio, Texas, via Los Angeles and the line of the Great Overland Mail Route from San Francisco to Memphis, Tenn.

XX.-FRATERNITY OF FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS.

1. THE MOST WORSHIPFUL GRAND LODGE OF CALIFORNIA.

The M. W. Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of California was organized on the 18th day of April, 1850; when there were represented three chartered lodges viz.: California Lodge, No. 13, holding under the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia-now California Lodge, No. 1; Western Star Lodge, No. 98, holding under the Grand Lodge of Missourinow Western Star Lodge, No. 2; and Connecticut Lodge, No. 75, holding under the Grand Lodge of Connecticut-now Tehama Lodge, No. 3. Since that time to this date, (Sept. 7, 1858,) one hundred and twenty-seven lodges have received charters from the Grand Lodge of California, one hundred and seventeen of which are now in prosperous existence, besides five lodges under dispensation, having an aggregate membership, in all, of about five thousand. The officers of the Grand Lodge for the present year, are:

N. Greene Curtis, M. W. Grand Master, Sacramento; P. W. Shepheard, R. W. Deputy Grand Master, San Francisco; William McCormick, R. W. Senior Grand Warden, Grass Valley ; James W. Bicknell, R. W. Junior Grand Warden, Volcano; Addison Martin, R. W. Grand Treasurer, San Francisco; Alexander G. Abell, R. W. Grand Secretary, San Francisco; William H. Hill, Rev. and W. Grand Chaplain, Sacramento; James L. English, W. Grand Orator, Sacramento; Lawrence C. Owen, W. Assistant Grand Secretary, San Francisco; Thomas P. Hawley, W. Grand Marshal, Nevada : John M. Tingley, W. Grand Standard Bearer, St. Louis; Isaac N. Barnes, W. Grand Sword Bearer, Placerville; George C. Yount, W. Grand Bible Bearer, Yountville; William McKean, W. Senior Grand Deacon, Grizzly Flat; E. H. Van Decar, W. Junior Grand Deacon, Iowa Hill; Gilbert Lanphier, Johnson's Bar, and Lewis Reynolds, Downieville, W. Grand Stewards; Henry L. Davis, W. Grand Organist, San Francisco; N. Dennis Witt, W. Grand Pursuivant, Oroville; O. D. Chafee, W. Grand Tyler, Sacramento.

2. LIST OF LODGES, Now Existing under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of California.

Name of Lodge.

No.

Place of Location.
City or Town.

County.

Date when Charter

was ordered.

66

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5, 1853

California.... Western Star.. Tehama Benicia San Francisco Tuolumne.. Marysville San José.. Yount. Nevada.. Temple Eureka, Parfait Union.. Mountain Shade San Joaquin.. Washington Hawaiian Occidental Madison Mariposa Georgetown. El Dorado Trinity . Columbia Diamond Golden Gate Mokelumne Gold Hill Ophir Santa Clara San Diego Butte St. John's. Santa Cruz, Yuba Sacramento Martinez.. Los Angeles. Hiram .. Mount Moriah. Crescent.

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1 San Francisco.. 2 Shasta 3 Sacramento 5 Benicia 7 San Francisco, 8 Sonora .. 9 Marysville 10 San José 12 Napa.. 13 Nevada 14 Sonoma 16 Auburn 17 San Francisco.. 18 Downieville. 19 Stockton 20 Sacramento 21 Honolulu 22 San Francisco. · 23 Grass Valley. 24 Mariposa .. 25 Georgetown 26 Placerville... 27 Weaverville 28 Columbia ... 29 Diamond Springs 30 San Francisco.. 31 Mokelumne Hill. 32 Gold Hill 33 Murphy's Camp 34 Santa Clara.. 35 San Diego 36 Bidwell's Bar 37 Yreka 38 Santa Cruz 39 Marysville .. 40 Sacramento 41 Martinez 42 Los Angeles 43 El Dorado.. 44 San Francisco. 45 Crescent City

San Francisco. April 19, 1850
Shasta
Sacramento.
Solano.
San Francisco. Nov. 27,
Tuolumne
Yuba.....
Santa Clara..
Napa

6, 1851
Nevada.
Sonoma :.
Placer Nov. 7,
San Francisco. May 5, 1852
Sierra
San Joaquin..
Sacramento...
Hawaiian Isl's.
San Francisco. 20,
Nevada i..
Mariposa.....
El Dorado....
El Dorado..
Trinity
Tuolumne
El Dorado
San Francisco.
Calaveras ...
Placer
Calaveras
Santa Clara.
San Diego.

7,
Butte..
Siskiyou
Santa Cruz.
Yuba.....
Sacramento...
Contra Costa..
Los Angeles.. 5,
El Dorado...

3,
San Francisco.
Del Norte.

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