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XXII.-SONS OF TEMPERANCE.

1. GRAND DIVISION SONS OF TEMPERANCE OF CALIFORNIA.

Organized September, 1851, by E. J. Willis, D. M. W. P., with six subordinate divisions. The first division in California was organized by the Hon. E. J. Willis, May 9th, 1850, in Sacramento. The Grand Division holds an Annual Session on the fourth Tuesday in October, at Sacramento; and a Semi-Annual Session on the fourth Tuesday of April, at such place as may be selected at the Annual Session.

Officers for the current year: Rev. H. Holcombe Rhees, G. W. P., Ione City, Amador County; Z. Snyder, G. W. A., San Francisco; George E. Montgomery, G. S., Sacramento; William R. Kerr, G. T., Stockton; Rev. William R. Gober, G. Chaplain, Sacramento; A. Hart, G. C., Yankee Jim's; William R. Early, G. S., Placerville; Representatives to the National Division, John F. Pinkham, I. S. Diehl, George E. Montgomery, P. G. W. Patriarchs; William R. Kerr, P. G. W. A.; H. Holcombe Rhees, G. W. P.; Z. Snyder, G. W. A.

The last returns, June 1st, to the National Division of North America, exhibit two hundred and twenty-one Divisons, and an active Membership of three thousand and seventy-nine, in this State.

Jim's,

2. GRAND TEMPLE OF HONOR OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA,

Chartered June 12, 1854, and instituted August 9, 1856, by George E. Montgomery, D. M. W.T. The officers for the current year are: Benjamin E. S. Ely, of Indiana Ranch, Yuba County, G. W. T.; H. B. Sheldon, Forest City, G. W. V. T.; George E. Montgomery, Sacramento City, G. W. R.; T. A. Gallup, Sacramento City, G. W. Treasurer; N. M. Nutt, Y G. W. Chaplain; H. A. Howe, Downieville, G. W. U.; Wm. B. Ludlow, Michigan Bar, G. W. G.; Representatives to the Supreme Council: George E. Montgomery, Jno. S. Graham, C. C. Knowles, P. G. W. T's; B. E. S. Ely, G. W. T.; A. Smith, P. G. W. V. T.; H. B. Shelden, G. W. V. T.

The Grand Temple meets annually in Sacramento on the fourth Tuesday in May. The first Temple of Honor in California was organized on the 17th of May, 1853, by George E. Montgomery, D. M. W. T. The order now numbers one thousand active members, besides a large number, perhaps as many more, holding cards. There are at present, June 1st, 1858, in operation: thirty-four Temples, five Degree Temples, and seventeen Social Temples; to which is attached a membership of two hundred and thirty-five ladies.

XXIII.-SOCIETIES, ETC.

1. STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. President, C. I. Hutchinson, Sacramento; Vice-Presidents: E. B. Crocker, Sacramento; J. W, Osborn, Napą; J. R. Painter, Sutter; J. M. Pinckham, Nevada; A. H. Myers, Alameda; J. C. Davis, Yolo; D. J. Staples, San Joaquin; John Center, San Francisco; G. H. Howard, San Mateo; J. R. Crandall, Plumas; William Blackburn, Santa Cruz: S. H. Bascom, Santa Clara; T. J. White, Los Angeles, and John McConnahue, Siskiyou. Recording Secretary, A. G. Richardson, Sacramento. Corresponding Secretary, 0. C. Wheeler, Sacramento. Treasurer, A. Reddington, Sacramento.

The State Agricultural Society was organized by an act of the Legislature, approved May 13, 1854. Under the provisions of the Act the State donates for the use of the society, five thousand dollars annually, for the term of four years. This appropriation was renewed for a further time of five years by the Legislature of 1858. Under the patronage and direction of the society, an Annual Fair is held at some convenient locality of the State. The success that attended the fifth Annual Meeting, recently held at Marysville, presents the best evidence of the interest taken by the people of the State in promoting the objects of the society.

2. STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. President, F. W. Macondray, San Francisco ; Vice-Presidents : W. Neely Thompson, J. W. Osborn, J. Lewelling, A. P. Smith, G. H. Beach, T. J. White, E. S. Holden and W. Daniels ; Secretary, W. Wadsworth ; Treasurer, J. L. Sanford; Directors, B. S. Fox, N. W. Palmer and H. Gushee. Organized October, 1856; first Annual Exhibition held September 1857. The object of the society is to foster and encourage all departments of scientific and practical horticulture. The aid and ready coöperation of all who feel interested in the growth and perfection of tree, plant, fruit or flower, is in-. vited to make the Annual Exhibitions alike creditable to the society, as well as to the industry, taste and skill of the horticulturists of California. The society has held, in connection with the Mechanics' Institute of San Francisco, two Annual Meetings, both of which were attended with the most gratifying results.

3. STATE MEDICAL SOCIETY. President, A. B. Stout, M. D., San Francisco; Vice-Presidents, J. P. Whitney, M. D., and J. Morison, M. D., San Francisco; I. E. Oatman, M. D., Sacramento; C. N. Ege, M. D., Marysville, and A. J. Spencer, M. D., San José; Corresponding Secretary, T. M. Logan, M. D., Sacramento; Recording Secretary, G. Taylor, M. D., Sacramento; and W. A. Grover, M. D., San Francisco; Treasurer, B. A. Sheldon, M. D., San Francisco; Censors: H. M. Gray, M. D., J. M. McNulty, M. D., S. R. Gerry, M. D. and A. J. Bowie, M. D., San Francisco; S. M. Mouser, M. D., and B. B. Brown, M. D., Sacramento, and J. B. Gray, M. D., Marysville.

4. MECHANICS' INSTITUTE, SAN FRANCISCO. President, John Sime; Vice-President, George Coffran; Recording Secretary, P. B. Dexter; Corresponding Secretary, H. F. Williams; Treasurer, J.

E. Kincaid ; Directors, P. Donahue, B. Noe, B. H. Freeman, H. McNally, J. D. Pierson, J. N. Risdon and T. Tennent. Organized March, 1855. The objects of the society are the establishment o a library, reading room, the collection of a cabinet, scientific apparatus, works of art, and other literary and"scientific purposes.

The Mechanics’ Institute holds annually an Industrial Exhibition of Mechanic Arts. These exhibitions, two of which have been already given with complete success, have presented an “exhibit of the products of every branch of industry, embracing works of art of every description-inventions of every kind—choice specimens of ingenuity and skill—the delicate and beautiful handiwork of women-useful labor-saving machines—implements of mining and husbandry-new models of machinery—the products of the quarry and the mine, of the hot-house, the orchard, the vineyard, the garden, and the field," etc. The society has a reading room well supplied with the leading scientific and literary periodicals of the day, and a valuable library containing over two thousand volumes.

5. CALIFORNIA SOCIETY OF NATURAL HISTORY, STOCKTON.

President, R. K. Reid, M. D.; Vice-Presidents: E. S. Holden and W. M. Ryer, M. D; Recording Secretary, G. D. Gibbes; Corresponding Secretary, J. S. Skinner, M. D.; Treasurer, M. Walthall; Directors: J. M. Buffington, C. Grattan, M. D., George E. Drew, W. M. Lanius and R. K. Eastman. Organized December, 1856. The first and principal object of the society is to develop the natural history of the State, by securing a collection of the specimens necessary for a Geological Cabinet from every portion of the southern mines; the collection of specimens in the animal kingdom-beasts, birds, fishes, shells, reptiles, insects, etc.; the collection of a library of scientific, historical and agricultural works; the collection of botanical specimens, embracing agricultural products, the various plants, woods, flowers, seeds, fruits, etc., belonging to this department; exchanges of specimens with other scientific associations and individuals throughout the world, and public lectures and scientific publications on different subjects. The museum of the society already contains nearly six hundred beautiful specimens of minerals, and over five hundred birds and animals of California. There is also a library of several hundred volumes, to which extensive additions are constantly being made.

6. ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, SAN FRANCISCO. President, Leander Ransom; First Vice-President, Theo. F. Moss; Second Vice-President, J. N. Eckel, M. D.; Treasurer, Edward Bosqui; Corresponding Secretary, William 0. Ayres, M. D.; Recording Secretary, M. George Reed; Librarian, W. Heffley; Curator of Geology and Mineralogy, J. B. Trask, M. D.; Curator of Zoology, L. Lanszweert, M. D. ; Curator of Botany, H. G. Bloomer; Curator of Conchology, J. E. Veatch; Trustees; Col. Leander Ransom, Theodore F. Moss and J. N. Eckel, M. D. Organized, 1853. This society has an extensive and valuable collection of specimens in all departments of natural liistory, and a small but well selected library.

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Alameda ....
Oakland..... Lyceum...

1855 Butte.... Oroville.. Oroville.

1857 Monterey Monterey Monterey

1849 2,500 Napa ... Napa City... Napa.

1857
Nevada
Nevada .....
Library Association.

(1857 1,000 Sacramento. . Sacramento.. Library Association.

1857 4.561 Odd Fellows'.

1855 2,050 Pioneer Association.

1854 500 State Library...

1850 11,000 San Francisco San Francisco Academy of Natural Sciences. 1853 200

Hebrew Young Men's Association 1855 500
Mechanics' Institute....

1855 2,000 Mercantile Association..

1853 10,200 Monumental Engine Co...... 1850 500 Odd Fellows'.

1853 5,000 Pioneer Association..

1850 500 Sansome Hook & Ladder Co... 1850 1,000 St. Mary's Association.... 1855 1,000 Superinten't of Public Instruction 1850 750 Verein Association..

1851 3,000 What Cheer...

1856 1,600 Young Men's Christian Associat'n 1853 1,400 San Joaquin. Stockton. Insane Asylum..

1855 Odd Fellows'.

1855 400 Society of Natural History. 1856 300 Santa Clara. . San José.... Academy Notre Dame..

1851 3,000 College Library.

1850 5,205 Pacific University.

Young Men's Literary Association 1856 1,000 Sonoma..... Petaluma Liberty

1856 350 Pine Grove.. Pine Grove...

1856 500 Yuba....... Marysville... Mercantile Association. 1856' 2,000

66

66

Number of libraries thirty-two, containing an aggregate of over sixtyfive thousand volumes.

One of the most gratifying evidences of the growing literary taste of the people of California is exhibited by the increase of public libraries throughout the State, and the liberality and enterprise manifested in extending their sphere of usefulness. In this respect there are but few of the older States in advance of California. An examination of the statistics of the different libraries in the United States will not only establish the truth of this assertion, but it will also exhibit the fact that, if the present ratio of increase be continued for a few years longer, California will, with the exception of the States of New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, present as many volumes in public libraries as any other State in the Union.

2. THE STATE LIBRARY.* The State Library, located at Sacramento, is the oldest and most extensive library in the State. The first movement towards its establishment was made on the 22d December, 1849, by Col. J. D. Stevenson, who presented to the Legislature of the State, " for the purpose of founding a State Library, fifty volumes of valuable works.”+ Donatious, for the same purpose, were subsequently made by Gen. T. J. Green and Col. J. C. Fremont, and on the 19th April, 1850, the State Library was permanently organized by the passage of an Act creating the office of State Librarian. The progress of the library, for the first few years of its existence, was principally confined to the contributions of the Federal Government and the exchanges from the different States, which, up to the close of the year 1852, had increased the number of volumes to a little less than two thousand. For the purpose of increasing and sustaining the State Library, the Legislature of 1852 and 1853 set apart, as a library fund, the fees of the office of Secretary of State, and authorized the Controller to add thereto, from the per diem of each member of the Lego islature, five dollars. The revenue derived from these sources, up to the 30th of June, 1858, has amounted to nearly thirteen thousand dollars, which has been appropriated for the purchase of books only, the contingent expenses being provided for by special enactment, and it has enabled the directors to make extensive and important additions to the library. The increase since January, 1858, is nearly five thousand volumes, including many rare and costly works. The law department of the library numbers over four thousand volumes, including the valuable collection of works recently belonging to the San Francisco Law Association, which was purchased by the State and added thereto. Number of volumes contained in the library, October, 1858, eleven thousand. The Secretary of State is, ex officio, State Librarian, who is authorized by law to distribute the public documents, laws, journals and reports of the State, to all public libraries, institutions of learning, authors, publishers and States which he may deem important in securing an interchange and building up and improving the library of this State. The Deputy Librarian is Brice Husband.

3. THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION, SAN FRANCISCO.

Established 1853. Officers: President, E. H. Washburn; Vice-Presi-, dent, Joseph A. Donohoe; Treasurer, Joseph M. Shotwell; Recording Secretary, Samuel Hubbard; Corresponding Secretary, B. Watkins Leigh; Directors, A. L. Tubbs, C. H. Raymond, Thomas S. Miller, Joseph S. Paxson, Julius K. Rose, Albert Miller, R. B. Swain, P. T. Southworth, Jacob Underhill; Librarian, H. H. Moore; Assistants, J. J. Tayker and D. E. Webb.

This association has been carefully and ably conducted and most generously sustained by the citizens of San Francisco, and from the progress

it has made during the past few years, it must soon take rank with its kindred

* For list of Library Directors, see p. 89.

+ See Journals of Legislature 1849–50, pp. 46, 56, 96.

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