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RESOURCES OF THE STATE.

The State of California, with all the imperfections alleged against her citizens, presents one of the most remarkable instances of the rapid advancement of a State in all the elements of substantial prosperity and real wealth, which the world has ever beheld. With a climate unsurpassed for salubrity; a soil, the wonderful products of which have excited the admiration and attracted the notice of her sister States and Europe; a commercial position to control almost the entire trade of Asia and the Pacific Islands, and the inexhaustible wealth of a mineral region, in extent equal to the aggregate area of several States of the Union, who shall attempt at this day to picture the brilliant future awaiting her enterprising and energetic population ?

A comparison of the present condition of California and its resources, with that of the different States of the Union, as set forth by the census of 1850, will exhibit a series of facts which will create surprise, and when the number of the population is considered, it will be found that it is far in advance of her sister States in nearly all the elements of civilization and of progress.

I.-AGRICULTURE.

The amount of land in the State of California, adapted to the purposes of agriculture, is estimated at forty-one millions six hundred and twenty-two thousand four hundred acres, exclusive of the swamp and overflowed lands, estimated at five millions, which, when reclaimed, will produce every variety of crops.* The amount of grazing land is estimated at thirty millions of acres, making a total of seventy-six millions six hundred and twenty-two thousand acres of land suitable for agricultural and stock raising purposes.

* If properly drained, these lands could be applied to the culture of rice or other vegetable productions, and judging from the character of the soil immediately about them, they would prove highly prolific. And here, in passing, I will mention one incident in relation to the capacity of the soil for production, that may prove not only interesting, but useful in illustration of erroneous opinions heretofore expressed relative to lands on the San Joaquin Valley, and which, perhaps, has exerted as great an influence in preventing the permanent settlement of these plains as perhaps any. thing that has been urged against them. Towards the foot-hills of the mountains, to the west, is a low table of the valley, apparently destitute of water, either for the support of vegetation or animal life ; in some parts, this land has a slight gravelly appearance, but this is not general. On one ranch situated on this plateau, there have been two full crops of barley harvested from the same piece of ground, and when I visited this place in October, the third crop was then being harrowed in, the whole having occurred within the term of two hundred and seventy-three days.-Dr. Trask's Geology of the State, p. 54, 1854.

TABLE,

Exhibiting the number of acres of Land under Cultivation in California, during

the year 1856, with the amount of Wheat, Barley and Oats, raised thereon.

[blocks in formation]

442

200

Alameda. 56,109 22,052 462,134 20,000 918,000 4,200 260,500 Amador

5,649

800
28,000 1,514 52,900

17,680 Butte... 12,466 5,446 165,000 6,445 210,000 150 6,000 Calaveras* 7,724 1,600 25,495 2,057 67,131 496 16,940 Colusa.. 10,165 5,320 122,360 4,408 114,602 323 9,800 Contra Costa. . 12,657 8,611 301,385 2,265 135,900 548 10,960 El Dorado....

5,000 960 17,280 1,200 27,600 1,320 26,400 Fresnot.. 1,620 1,000 30,000 520 20,800 100 3,500 Humboldt... 4,000 1,000 35,000 500 16,000 1,500 50,000 Klamath ... 4,000 500 15,000 250 10,000 300 10,000 Los Angeles. . 10,000

442 14,000 3,532 140,000 59 2,300 Marin

2,995 648 21,384 1,091 43,459 684 29,412 Mariposa. 800

250 10,000 200 8,000 Merced

10,900 3,100 75,000 6,500 210,000 300 9,000 Monterey 5,450 1,2001 30,000 2,200 80,000 250 8,500 Napa..

17.059 9,520 300,000 2,393 95,720 843 33,7201 Nevada. 10,000 1,500 37,500 2,000

80,000 500 20,000 Placer

5,844 2,800 59,770 1,600 56,760 135 4,180 Plumas 2,500 1,858 24,500

5,550 200 5,550 Sacramento 27,772 6,791 132,420 7,947\ 210,360 724 23,040 San Bernardino 4,000 1,500 30,000 500 15,000 100 3,000 San Diego.... 1,700 300

5,000 400 8,000 100 3,000 San Francisco. 1,000

200

6,000 San Joaquin.. | 45,704 12,356 247,121 21,760 435,200 2,938

68,760 S. Luis Obispo 1,500 650 10,800 400

8,000 San Mateo*... 10,000 5,000 100,000 3,000 90,000 1,500 45,000 Santa Barbara 5,000 1,500 30,000 3,000 75,000 500 15,000 Santa Clara. 24,512 15,000 180,000 2,400 48,000 1,000

30,000 Santa Cruz.. 19,229 4,125 82,500 4,383 134,000 1,161 33,483 Shasta.. 10,453 2,429 63,618 2,752 70,779 884 17,985 Sierra 123

100 3,000 Siskiyou 22,300 7,495 149,900 1,309 39,270 2,648

92,680 Solano.. 21,500 9,000 182,333 4,200 127,067 550 16,667 Sonoma and

Mendocino. 25,000 6,420 192,600 2,188 65,640 4,667 162,995 Stanislaus.. 8,000 1,696 16,960 2,790 33,480 1,355 27,000 Sutter.

12,562 2,581 48,452 4,860 94,818 293 2,744 Tehamat. 14,175 5,500 212,500 5,000 150,000 Trinity

5,000 950 18,950 1,190 38,880 320 14,422 Tulare..

3,000 1,500 37,500 1,0001 30,000 50 1,500 Tuolumne. 7,100 2,400 48,190 2,6001 81,362 500 16,201

38,395 13,300 266,000 14,200 350,000 100 2,200 Yuba

19,000 3,019 60,380 5,570 111,400 462 9,240

Yolo .....

Totals...

511,963|171,869 3,879,032 150,6744,519,67832,402|1.107,359

* Estimated.

+ Inchading the grain raised on the Indian Reservations.

TABLE, Exhibiting the number of acres of Land under cultivation in California, during

the year 1857, with the amount of Wheat, Barley and Oats, raised thereon.

[blocks in formation]

70

36,000

Placer......

Alameda. 52,583 14,000 252,000 29,350 1,174,000 3,474 156,365 Amador

7,509 1,245 31,125 2,342 58,550 410 8,200 Butte

12,965 3,496 53,868 4,000 64,017| 395 4,334 Calaveras 15,400 1,348 20,220 6,676 100,080 1,266 63,330 Colusa.

8,787' 3,347 66,690 5,440 125,000 Contra Costa. . 26,233 9,012 162,216 6,490 259,600

817 28,595 Del Norte..

3,000 250 10,000 100 6,000 1,000 70,000 El Dorado. 6,000 1,300 18,200 1,840 33,120 2,800 50,400 Fresno

1,176 70 2,800 825 33,000 20 1,400 Humboldt. 3,846 1,134 34,000 496 19,840 1,125 56,250 Klamath. 2,760 1,200 30,000 10 250 800

3,200 Los Angeles. . 13,633 2,400 25,096 4,384 42,660 50 500 Marin 7,135 1,000 27,567 1,200 46,562 890

30,460 Mariposa.

2,000 146 1,695 298 4,000 50 1,000 Merced 12,000 1,500 15,000 8,000 90,000 400

6,000 Monterey

4,400
570 12,540 1,880 65,800

2,190 Napa.

20,050 10,500 320,000 3,050 108,000 950 Nevada

12,000 2,100 54,000 2,425 97,000 475 19,000

12,000 3,500 63,000 4,000 82,850 Plumas. 4,063 2,731 30,000

206 800 687 5,600 Sacramento 47,305 10,969 213,248 17,587 420,046 1,147 32,100 S. Bernardino. 10,000 1,000

18,500 800 24,000 50 500 San Diego.... 3,000 500 8,000

800
16,000

100 3,000 San Francisco.

900 25 700 110 4,200 96 1,960 San Joaquin .. 64,420 12,718 354, 260 33,827 845,675 1,882 56,460 S. Luis Obispo 3,000 800 15,000

500 10,000 San Mateo... 10,160 2,166 75,810 2,897 115,680 1,979 79,160 Santa Barbara 12,000

200 4,000 2,000 20,000 500 15,000 Santa Clara... 24,305 12,000 200,000 5,000 125,000 1,350 50,000 Santa Cruz... 51,414 3,052 76,310 5,344 160,320 912 27,720 Shasta

3,145 1,034 20,068 1,934 29,010 112 2,240 Sierra*

549 Siskiyou 30,000 6,500 130,000 2,575 77,250 3,500 122,500 Solano. 40,000 20,000 400,000 4,500 90,000 7,500 23,000 Sonoma and

Mendocino. 30,000 3,689 55,335 4,689 117,225 8,000 200,000 Stanislaus. 9,798 787 7,038 3,2981 45,078 80 1,600 Sutter 20,000 3,871 72,668 7,290 142,237 439

4,116 Tebama 21,000 7,210 144,200 9,140 228,500 120

3,600 Trinity

8,743

830 16,850 1,170 17,100 369 18,975 Tulare.

2,000 500 10,000 400 12,000 Tuolumne 5,992 793 22,480 1,386 39,080

298 38,996 13,149 85,000 24,442 50,000 253 Yuba

20,000 2,000 46,000 5,290 88,800 600 12,000

4,740

Yolo.

Totals.....1684,267164,6423,205,484216,9915,088,330 44,966 1,201,405

* No grain raised.

TABLE

Exchibiting the number of acres of Land under cultivation in California, during

the year 1858, with the amount of Wheat, Barley and Oats, raised thereon.

[blocks in formation]

Alameda.. 56,000 12,803 256,060 24,044 721,320 5,412 324, 720 Amador

7,509 1,476 22,140 1,828 36,560 300 7,500 Butte

12,854 2,497 52,536 36981 68,220 238 6,240 Calaveras 5,648 676 6,760 1,998 23,976 562 2,810 Colusa..

9,405 3,560 52,900 4,845 96,906 785 23,550 Contra Costa.. 31,155 16,870 286,790 6,300 189,000 900 31,500 Del Norte*...

2,000 500 20,000 200 10,000 1,500 60,000 El Dorado. 7,130 1,016 10,258 1,511 17,744 1,720 8,211 Fresno

1,500 250 5,000 1,000 20,000 + t Humboldt. 4,150 1,350 40,000 250 10,000 1,200 48,000 Klamath... 3,200 1,500 37,500 20 500 1,000 40,0001 Los Angeles. . 6,750

4101 7,690 4,215 84,300 + t Marin

6,516 5461 21,840 1,420 56,800 3,250 130,000 Mariposa. 2,000

280 5,600 500 10,000 50 1,000 Merced

17,500

600 12,000 1,000 25,000 5 100 Monterey 29,054 2,861 28,610 2,544 76,428 65 3,900 Napa.. 35,666 16,000 500,000 5,000 150,000 2,000 50,000 Nevada. 28,000 4,500 112,000 6,500 260,000 1,400 56,000 Placer. 18,000 5,500 108,000 5,000 100,000

400 W Plumas 4,937 3,080 49,200 290

5,800

702 17,500 Sacramento 54,128 9,628 171,340 21,430 516,782 1,680 41,420 S. Bernardino. 10,000 1,000 18,500 800 24,000 50 500 San Diego.... 3,000 700 10,500 1,500 60,0001 100 3,0001 San Francisco. 900 25 700 200 6,000 90 1,960 San Joaquin.. 72,743 20,000 300,000 37,000 600,000 1,620 40,500 S. Luis Obispo* 3,000 800 15,000 500 10,000+

t San Mateo... 15,160 4,300 150,000 5,000 200,000 2,500 10,000 Sa'ta Barbara*| 12,000 200 4,000 2,000 20,000 500 15,000 Santa Clara. 30,000 14,500 145,000 8,000 160,000 1,000 25,000 Santa Cruz*. . 56,420 5,500 137,500 5,340 159,200 1,000 30,000 Shasta..

4,440 1,200 24,060 1,870 26,592 700 1,400 Sierra

575 +

+ + + + t Siskiyou 22,123 7,000 140,000 4,833 145,000 3,500 122,500 Solano..

37,255 8,258 165,160 6,567 164,175 833 24,990 Sonoma and

Mendocino. 30,000 8,000 160,000 6,000 240,000 5,978 119,560 Stanislaus. 8,550 1,850 18,500 4,000 48,000

500 10,000 Sutter .. 17,000 2,225 62,300 11,000 308,000 1,400 28,000 Tehama 18,820 7,850 133,450 9,300 232,000 125 2,500 Trinity 3,211 953 19,060 839 25,170

233

4,660 Tulare.

2,625 1,800 36,000 300 6,000 5 250 Tuolumne. 4,363 537 10,740 2,336 70,080 913 19,260 Yolo.

41,447 10,500 126,000 30,675 245,400 100 2,000 Yuba

20,000 3,363 85,975 5,756 153,765 300 8,700

Totals.

.756,734 186,464 3,568,669 237,692 5,382,718|44,6161,322,231

* Estimated.

# None raised.

# Cut for Hay.

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