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of flumes, tail-races, etc., and the beds of the rivers thereby exposed to the operations of the miner. In this manner a large number of persons find employment, and heavy amounts of capital are invested, which in many cases, yield large returns. As an illustration of the extent of these operations in a single county, that of Butte may be referred to. That portion of Feather River, in the vicinity of Oroville, was flumed during the last season for a distance of sixteen thousand seven hundred feet, at an expense of five hundred thousand dollars. Many of these river claims have proven exceedingly rich, wbile others have almost entirely failed. The Union Cape Claim is the most extensive enterprise of this character in the State. It is situated on the Main Feather River, near Oroville, and it extends five thousand feet. The flume is forty feet wide by six feet high, and cost to complete, two hundred thousand dollars. As high as twenty thousand dollars have been taken from the Cape Claim in a day, and seven hundred and thirty-six dollars from one pan of dirt. From two thousand feet the enormous sum of two hundred and forty-five thousand dollars was obtained during a single season.

GULCH MINING. - This is a mode of mining introduced within the last few years, and in many counties it is becoming an important branch. The mode is to form a large flume below the surface of the earth through the entire length of a gulch, in such a manner that all the adjacent streams after being used by the miners in the neighborhood, may flow therein. By this plan the fine gold is saved without much labor, and in many cases yielding the owner a rich return for his investment.

QUARTZ MINING.—There is no branch of the resources of California, that has received greater' attention or made more rapid progress during the past year, than that of Quartz Mining. The increase in the number of mills and the energy and enterprise displayed in the opening of new veins and the erection of machinery thereon, may be referred to as the best evidence of the progress and present condition of this important department of industry. The success that has attended the operations in quartz, during the past season, has given great confidence to this branch of mining, and that it will ultimately become the leading mining interest of the State, is the opinion of those who have carefully watched its progress from its discovery to the present time.

The number of quartz mills in operation in this state in April, 1857, was one hundred and thirty-eight, with an aggregate of fifteen hundred and twentyone stamps; the cost of erection of which, was one million seven hundred and sixty-three thousand dollars. At the present time, November 1, 1858, there are two hundred and seventy-nine mills in operation, of which one hundred and nineteen are propelled by steam, one hundred and fifty-three by water, and seven by mule or horse power, with an aggregate of two thousand six hundred and ten stamps. The cost of machinery is estimated at three million two hundred and seventy thousand dollars. In addition to the stamps here enumerated, there are employed five hundred and nineteen arastras, of which three hundred and ten are connected with different quartz mills, and the remainder are employed in different sections of the quartz region.

TABLE OF QUARTZ MILLS,* With the Location, Owner's Name, Date of Erection, Number of Stamps, Cost

of Machinery t and the Director's or Owner's Name of each.

County and Location.

Name of Mill.

Director or Owners.

Power.

Cost of
machinery

When
erected.

No.Stamps
::: ++ | No. Arast's

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Clinton ........

66

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AMADOR. Amador City

Keystone, (old).. 1851 16... 8.& w. 10,000 Gantz, Superintend'nt

(new). 1857 20 (steam 16,000
Spring Hill, (old) 1851 16... 8.& w. 10,000 Thos. Burk,

(new) 185616 steam 14,000
Amador Q. M. Co.'s... 1853 16

10,000 Big Bar Bridge. Kearsing's

1856 62 water 2,000 Kearsing & Bro. Butte City Butte...

185512

11,000 Kelley's..

1857 10

6,000 Mr. Kelley... Union ....

1857 16

7,000 Palmer, Paugh & Co... Contreras French & Co.'s ... 1857 4

2,000/Mr. French Theurkaufs'

1857 6 2 4.000 Mr. Theurkaufs Cameron's Ranch...... Cameron's...

1857 6 3 4,000 D. Cameron...... Dry Creek.... Hooper & Co.'s...

1852 8... 6,000 J. Hooper... Jackson's

18571 81 3 6,000 A. Jackson Potosi

1857 20

10,000 Hinckston & Glover... Webster

1856/16

11,000 Glover & Co.... Drytown Emerald

18541 8

8,000 Grass Valley Grass Valley..

1856 61...

3,000 Mr. Walker.. Gales' Ranch.. Bowers & Co.'s... 1857 6 2

3,000 Mr. Bowers.... Herbertsville... Herbertsville ..... 1852 203 s.& w.20,000 Jones & Davis. N. F. Mokelumne. Getchell's

1857 6 4 water 4,000 Telegraph

1857 10...

5,000 Mr. Brigham Oneida... Oneida...

1852 16 steam 20,000 Wm. Hix.. Rancheria Creek Rancheria.....

1854 8 water 6,000 Palmer & Co......... Sutter Creek Eureka, No.1.. 1852 10

9,0000. P. Southwell..
No. 2..... 1854 12 66

9,000
66 No. 3...... 1856 40... 8.&w. 20,000
Union Co.'s, No. 1 185212 water 8,000 L. Hanford
No. 2

8,000
Badger.....

1854 16 ...

10,000 Volcano............

Novelty Q. M. Co.'s ... (1858 6 3 5,000 Col. Hatton
Dead Wood Co.'s........ 1858 2 3 3,000 Col. Bicknell

66

1854 12...

66

66

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BUTTE. Columbiaville

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1855 12

8,000 Smith & Sparks....... 1857 4 steam 5,000 1858 12

10,000

1858 1 2 water 3,500 Stein & Co... Boston Q. M. Co.'s...... 1852 16

15,000 McCorkle & Co........ Hansonville Q.M.Co.'s 1857 24 3 steam 25,000 Garst, McCorkle & Co.. Spirit Co.'s........ 11857 3 water 7,000 Crumpton & Co........

1858
2

2,500 Blackman & Blake.... Sparks & Smith's...... 1856 12 steam 30,000 Sparks & Smith......... Table Mountain

25,000 Freer & Co.....

1857 si 4 12,000 Hodge & Hannon...... Oregon Q. M. Co.'s..... 1858 4 4 3,000 Nichols & Miller..... Table Mountain Co.'s.. 1857 4 4 12,250 Freer, White, Erskine

White & Nutter's...... 1857 161 4 |30,000/ White & Nutter....
P. H. Harris & Co.'s... 1852 8

12,000 J. W. Snooks & Harris | 49 & '56 Q. M. Co.'s... 1857 15

5,000 Whiteman, Call & Co.. Virginia

1857110

5,000 Comly, Cortage, Barry

1857 12...

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* We are desirous of exhibiting, in future volumes of the REGISTER, in the form and style set forth in this table, a correct list of the quartz mills of this State, together with such facts as will convey a reliable description of the progress and condition of the quartz interest, and we respectfully invite the correspondence of those interested in this branch of mining, to communicate such data as will best accomplish the object in view.-[ED.

+ In estimating the cost we have only included the expense of erecting the machinery. No allowance is made therein for the opening or value of the different veins.

# There are 28 arastras in operation in this county.

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CALAVERAS. Angels..

Crystal..

1857 12 steam 25,000 McDonald & Co...... Egan's..

1857 8

water 7,000 Egan & Coleman..... Fretz's

185712 steam 14,000 Maj. John Fretz.... Great Eastern..

1857 6 water 5,000 Wallace & Co..... Hill's

185612

10,000 Hill, Reid & Co......... 66 Maltman's

1857 12

10,000 Maltman & Co.... Nightingale's. 1857 12 steam 16,000 W. Nightingale & Co... Pioneer

1856 12

12,000 Came'n,Leightner & Co Slocum's

1857) 8 water 7,000 Slocum, Baker & Co... Specimen

1857 12

10,000 J. M. Wooster........... Star Claim.

1857 12

8,000 H. E. Lindsay & Co... Winter's

(1856 12

12,000 E. C. & A. F. Winter... Bear Creek. Paine's.....

1856 8

5,000 Paine & Whiteside..... Carson Carson's...

1856 6

5,000 Carson & Co......... Finingan's

18561 6

5,000 J. Finingan & Co........ Morgan's..

1857 8... steam 10,000 A. G. Morgan & Co..... Reservoir

1857 4 horse 1,000 G. Stevenot & Co...... McKinney's Humbug Hull's

1857 10... water 10,000 Hull, Packer & Co...... Mokelumne R. M. F... Middle Fork, etc.. 1856) 8

7,000 Fisher, Mentzel & Co.. Rattlesnake

1856 8

7,000 Radish & Co...... N. F... Lone Star.....

1856 8

14,000 L. Loher ..... Rich Gulch, etc..

1856 24

steam 22,000 Clarke, Gass & Co...... Texas.....

1856 15

water 20,000 Raymond & Co......... S. F... Good Hope Co.'s... 1858 8

65

10,000 Company....... ... Hoerchner's...

1856 16

15,000 Hoerchner,Jacobs & Co Quartz Glen...

1856 12

25,000 Foote, Thompson & Co 66 Valentine

1857

... Eldred & Co.... Murray's Creek.. Murray's Creek, etc... 1857 12 steam 20,000 L. E. Ritter.. Reltator's.

1857 4 horse 1,000 Eugene Reltator........ Rich Gulch....... Allen's..

185616 ... steam 25,000 Allen & Co....... Jones'

1857 8 water 7,000 Ryder & Co........ West Point.. Way's....

1856 10...

11,000 Davis & Patterson.. Johnson & Goodsell's.. 1858 steam Johnson & Goodsell...

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1855 10

5,000 Mr. Moseley... Sierra Nevada... 1855 10 4 water 4,000 J. Wilcox.. Texas.....

1858 2 1 steam 1,000 Mr. Hamilton.. Mud Springs.

Cosumnes Valley 1856 2 3 water 7,500 Ira S. Peake...
Empire

1857 1 4 steam 2,500 Dr. Fisher.....
George's..

2 mule 1,000 Alfred George... Harvey's..

1858 3 1 water 4,000 G. C. Harvey..... * This list comprises all the mills in operation June 15, 1858. The Assessor's returns of Sept. 25, 1858, state that there are 53 mills having 231 stamps and 25 arastras. Our list contains 33 mills with 334 stamps; the discrepancy must be in the arastras which are probably included in the Assessor's Returns, as mills. See Addenda.-[ED.

1858 ...

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Agua Frio..

1852 12 water 2,000 Snooks & Dietz......... 1858 8 steam 6,000 Turner & Holt...... 1858 81

water 4,000 Ham, Coward & Co...

1858 8 steam 8,000 Hyde, Williams & Co.. Oso...

10,000 McKay & Co......... Fremont's...

1856 8

15,000 John C. Fremont..... Anderson's

water 6,000 Anderson & Co....... Collins

steam 10,000 Collins & Co.......... Jersey Hill.

1857 8... water 8,000 Kellett & Co............

steam 3,000 Hardwick & Co........ Jones

water 1,500 Jones & Co.............. Empire T....

18548

steam 28,000 Tyler & Co.... Goodman's

1858 12

10,000 Goodman & Hubbell... Mariposa G. Rock Co.'s 24

50,000 J. M. Aiken..... Marziou's

1858/12

10,000 Marziou & Co............ Cherokee M. Co.'s...... 1858 8

8,000 Hunt, Rogers & Co... 1858 8 water 6,000 Prescott & Co........ 18581 8

4,000 Mr. Funk......

15 steam 4,000 A. J. Grandvionet..... Bondurant's...

6 water 4,000 M. Bondurant..... Abel's..........

6

4,000 G. Abel & Co........ Boling's.......

6 steam 3,000 John Boling......... Rife & Co......

1858) 8

water 6,000 Thos. Rife & Co......... Merced M. Co.?s..

24

steam 95,000 Merced Mining Co..... Merced....

(185112

66

8,000 Johnson & Tyler........ Washington.

185212

30,000 E. Wiard.....

12 ... water 5,000 R. A. Moore........... Elliott

8

6,000 Elliott & Co..... 8

3,000 David Tittle.............. 10

10,000 Good man & Co......... 1858 8 steam 8,000 Goodman, Deitz & Co.. 1858 8

8,000 Stegman, Snyder & Co

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* There are 95 arastras in operation in this county.

+ Destroyed by fire Nov. 1858.

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