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of flumes, tail-races, etc., and the beds of the rivers thereby exposed to the operations of the miner. In this manner a large number of persons find employment, and heavy amounts of capital are invested, which in many cases, yield large returns. As an illustration of the extent of these operations in a single county, that of Butte may be referred to. That portion of Feather River, in the vicinity of Oroville, was flumed during the last season for a distance of sixteen thousand seven hundred feet, at an expense of five hundred thousand dollars. Many of these river claims have proven exceedingly rich, while others have almost entirely failed. The Union Cape Claim is the most extensive enterprise of this character in the State. It is situated on the Main Feather River, near Oroville, and it extends five thousand feet. The flume is forty feet wide by six feet high, and cost to complete, two hundred thousand dollars. As high as twenty thousand dollars have been taken from the Cape Claim in a day, and seven hundred and thirty-six dollars from one pan of dirt. From two thousand feet the enormous sum of two hundred and forty-five thousand dollars was obtained during a single season.

GULCH MINING.—This is a mode of mining introduced within the last few years, and in many counties it is becoming an important branch. The mode is to form a large flume below the surface of the earth through the entire length of a gulch, in such a manner that all the adjacent streams after being used by the miners in the neighborhood, may flow therein. By this plan the fine gold is saved without much labor, and in many cases yielding the owner a rich return for his investment.

QUARTZ MINING.–There is no branch of the resources of California, that has received greater attention or made more rapid progress during the past year, than that of Quartz Mining. The increase in the number of mills and the energy and enterprise displayed in the opening of new veins and the erection of machinery thereon, may be referred to as the best evidence of the progress and present condition of this important department of industry. The success that has attended the operations in quartz, during the past season, has given great confidence to this branch of mining, and that it will ultimately become the leading mining interest of the State, is the opinion of those who bave carefully watched its progress from its discovery to the present time.

The number of quartz mills in operation in this State in April, 1857, was one hundred and thirty-eight, with an aggregate of fifteen hundred and twentyone stamps; the cost of erection of which, was one million seven hundred and sixty-three thousand dollars. At the present time, November 1, 1858, there are two hundred and seventy-nine mills in operation, of which one hundred and nineteen are propelled by steam, one hundred and fifty-three by water, and seven by mule or horse power, with an aggregate of two thousand six hundred and ten stamps. The cost of machinery is estimated at three million two hundred and seventy thousand dollars. In addition to the stamps here enumerated, there are employed five hundred and nineteen arastras, of which three hundred and ten are connected with different quartz mills, and the remainder are employed in different sections of the quartz region.

TABLE OF QUARTZ MILLS,* With the Location, Owner's Name, Date of Erection, Number of Stamps, Cost

of Machinery t and the Director's or Owner's Name of each.

County and Location.

Name of Mill.

Director or Owners.

Power.

Cost of
machinery

When
erected.

No.Stamps
::: : ++ | No. Arast's

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AMADOR. Amador City

Keystone, (old)......... 1851 16 8.& w. 10,000 Gantz, Superintend'nt

(new)... 1857 20... steam 16,000
Spring Hill, (old) 1851 16 s.& w. 10,000 Thos. Burk,
(new)..... 1856 16

steam 14,000
Amador Q. M. Co.'s... 1853 16

10,000 Big Bar Bridge. Kearsing's

1856 62 water 2,000 Kearsing & Bro Butte City Butte.........

1855 12

11,000 Clinton Kelley's

185710

6,000 Mr. Kelley.. Union

1857 16

7,000 Palmer, Paugh & Co... Contreras French & Co.'s

1857 4 2

2,000 Mr. French Theurkaufs'

1857) 61 2 4.000 Mr. Theurkaufs Cameron's Ranch.. Cameron's...

1857 6 3

4,000 D. Cameron.. Dry Creek.. Hooper & Co.'s... 1852 8

6,000 J. Hooper.... Jackson's

1857 8 3 6,000 A. Jackson Potosi

1857 20

(10,000 Hinckston Glover... Webster

1856 16

11,000 Glover & Co..... Drytown Emerald

18548

8,000 Grass Valley Grass Valley.

1856 6

3,000 Mr. Walker.... Gales' Ranch.

Bowers & Co.'s.. 1857 6 2 3,000 Mr. Bowers... Herbertsville.. Herbertsville

1852 20 3 8.& w.20,000 Jones & Davis. N. F. Mokelumne...... Getchell's ...,

1857 6 4 water 4,000 Telegraph .........

1857 10

5,000 Mr. Brigham Oneida... Oneida.....

185216 steam 20,000 Wm. Hix... Rancheria Creek Rancheria...

1854 8 water 6,000 Palmer & Co....... Sutter Creek Eureka, No.1... 1852 10

9,000 O. P. Southwell.
No. 2........ 185412

9,000
No. 3...... 1856 40 8.&w. 20,000
Union Co.'s, No. 1 1852 12 water 8,000 L. Hanford
No. 2 ... 1851 12

8,000
Badger....

185116

10,000 Volcano..

Novelty Q. M. Co.'s ... 1858 6 3 5,000 Col. Hatton
Dead Wood Co.'s........ 1858 2 3 3,000 Col. Bicknell

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BUTTE. Columbiaville

1855 12

8,000 Smith & Sparks......... 1857 4 steam 5,000 1858 12

10,000 Evansville

1858 1 2 water 3,500 Stein & Co.... Gold Run..... Boston Q. M. Co.'s...... 1852 16

15,000 McCorkle & Co......... Ilansonville.... Hansonville Q.M.Co.'s 1857 24 3 steam 25,000 Garst, McCorkle & Co.. Spirit Co.'s...

11857

3 water 7,000 Crumpton & Co.........

1858 2 2,500 Blackman & Blake..... Long Bar, F.R.. Sparks & Smith's.. 1856 12 ... steam 30,000 Sparks & Smith.... Nesbitt's Flat............ Table Mountain..... 1857 12

25,000 Freer & Co............... Oregon Gulch.

1857 84 12,000 Hedge & Hannon...... Oregon Q. M. Co.'s..... 1858 4 4 66

3,000 Nichols & Miller........ Table Mountain Co.'s.. 1857 41 4 12,250 Freer, White, Erskine

White & Nutter's...... 1857 16 4 30,000 White & Nutter.... Spring Valley. P. H. Harris & Co.'s... 1852 8

12,000 J. W. Snooks & Harris Yankee Ilill. 149 & '56 Q. M. Co.'s... 1857 15

5,000 Whiteman, Call & Co.. Virginia

185710

5,000 Comly, Cortage, Barry

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* We are desirous of exhibiting, in future volumes of the REGISTER, in the form and style set forth in this table, a correct list of the quartz mills of this State, together with such facts as will convey a reliable description of the progress and condition of the quartz interest, and we respectfully invite the correspondence of those interested in this branch of mining, to communicate such data as will best accomplish the object in view.-[Ep.

+ In estimating the cost we have only included the expense of erecting the machinery. No allowance is made therein for the opening or value of the different veins.

# There are 28 arastras in operation in this county.

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CALAVERAS.*
Angels....
Crystal.....

1857 12 steam 25,000 McDonald & Co......... Egan's....

1857 8 water 7,000 Egan & Coleman....... Fretz's.

1857 12 ... steam 14,000 Maj. John Fretz...... Great Eastern.....

18571 6 water 5,000 Wallace & Co............ Hill's ....

185612

10,000 Hill, Reid & Co......... Maltman's

1857 12

10,000 Maltman & Co......... Nightingale's.

1857 12

steam 16,000 W. Nightingale & Co... Pioneer.

1856 12

12,000 Came'n,Leightner & Co Slocum's

1857 8 water 7,000 Slocum, Baker & Co... Specimen

1857 12

10,000 J. M. Wooster..... Star Claim.

1857 12

8,000 H. E. Lindsay & Co... Winter's

185612

12,000 E. C. & A. F. Winter... Bear Creek. Paine's..........

1856 8 ...

66 5,000 Paine & Whiteside..... Carson Carson's.....

1856 6

5,000 Carson & Co.......... Finingan's

1856 61

5,000 J. Finingan & Co........ Morgan's..

1857 8 steam 10,000 A. G. Morgan & Co..... Reservoir

1857 4 horse 1,000 G. Stevenot & Co...... McKinney's Humbug Hull's

1857 10...

water 10,000 Tull, Packer & Co...... Mokelumne R. M. F... Middle Fork, etc...

1856 8

7,000 Fisher, Mentzel & Co.. Rattlesnake

1856 8

7,000 Radish & Co............... N. F... Lone Star....

1856 8

14,000 L. Loher ... Rich Gulch, etc....

185624 steam 22,000 Clarke, Gass & Co...... Texas...

1856 15 ... water 20,000 Raymond & Co....... S. F... Good Hope Co.'s.... 18581 8

10,000 Company..... Hoerchner's...

185616

15,000 Hoerchner,Jacobs & Co Quartz Glen..

1856 12

25,000 Foote, Thompson & Co Valentine... 1857

Eldred & Co.......... Murray's Creek.. Murray's Creek, etc... 1857 12 ... steam 20,000 L. E. Ritter....

Reltator's

1857| 4... horse 1,000 Eugene Reltator...... Rich Gulch. Allen's....

1856 16 steam 25,000 Allen & Co......... Jones'

1857 8 water 7,000 Ryder & Co........... West Point. Way's..

11,000 Davis & Patterson...... Johnson & Goodsell's.. 1858 steam Johnson & Goodsell...

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EL DORADO.
Big Cañon....
Ed. Martin's

1857 2 mule Ed. Martin Chamber's Ravine..... Tullis & Strout's... 1857 5 4 steam 10,000 Tullis & Strout......... Cold 'Springs.... Columbia..

1855 15 water 7,5001 Deadman's Hollow..... El Dorado...

18571 2 2 steam 3,000 Blanchard & Church... Diamond Springs... Diamond

1857 1 5

8,000 Mr. McNulty. Grizzly Flat.. Dr. Charles'.

1857 5... 5,000 Dr. Charles....... Hoard's

18571 5

6,000 Mr. Hoard...... Hermitage Hermitage

1856 20 2 35,000 C. P. Patterson..... Hoover's Antonio's

2 mule Sr. Antonio... Irish Creek.

McCromp's

1855 20 water 1,000 C. J. McCromp... Kelsey Holdforth

1857 18 steam 29,500 Smith Nogues. Loafer Hollow. McNulty & Hoofman's 1857 2 3 5,000 McNulty & Co...... Miller's...

2 mule C. P. Jackson.... Logtown Empire

1857) 5 4 steam 10,000 Fiske & Wilkins. Pocahontas

1857 84

3,000 H. S. Lubbock..... Mountain.. Charles'. 1856 5 2

Dean & Wetherwax... Day's

1858 4 2 water 12,000 J. M. Day. Heath's

1857 10... 3,000 George Heath............ McKean's

1855 101

7,000 W. McKean...
Mount Hope.... 1857 2 1 steam 1,000 Mr. Roberts..
New England.... 185710 66 5,000 Mr. Moseley.
Sierra Nevada.. 1855 10 4 water 4,000 J. Wilcox.
Texas......

1858 2 1 steam 1,000 Mr. Hamilton.... Mud Springs. Cosumnes Valley. 1856 2 3 water 7,500 Ira S. Peake..... Empire

1857) 1 4 steam 2,500 Dr. Fisher......... George's.

1858 2 mule 1,000 Alfred George. Harvey's.

1858 3 1 water 4,000 G. C. Harvey... * This list comprises all the mills in operation June 15, 1858. The Assessor's returns of Sept. 25, 1858, state that there are 53 mills having 231 stamps and 25 arastras. Our list contains 33 mills with 334 stamps ; the discrepancy must be in the arastras which are probably included in the Assessor's Returns, as mills. See Addenda.-[ED.

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Oregon Ravine........
Placerville

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Lamoile.

1856 8 2 water 6,000 A. G. Morgan.... Union.....

1855

1,500 Dr. Frost.... Deck Lea

1851 15

10,000 O. P. Hart... Havillah...

1852 10 1 10,000 A. L. Chilton...... Maryland

1855 10

7,500 H. L. Hinds.... American

1855 10

12,000 Mr. Perkins... Pacific

1855 20 steam 10,000 Hass & Co. Pleasant Valley. 1857 81 31 10,000 Ferguson & Co... Knox's

1855 16... water 13,500 W. Knox...
Steeley's

1852 10 2 4,000 J. W. Steeley
1855 12 4

4,000
Eagle.

1852:

52 5,000 E. King.....
Withman & Co.'s...... 1855 12 ... steam 12,000 Nougues & Baker.....

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Pleasant Valley.
Steeley's Fork.

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String Cañon...
Volcanoville....

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1856 8

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Bull Creek.
Burn's Creek.

Oso
Fremont's..
Anderson's
Collins
Jersey Hill.

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Gentry's Gulch.

water 2,000 Snooks & Dietz.........
steam 6,000 Turner & Holt.....
water 4,000 Ham, Coward & Co...
steam 8,000 Hyde, Williams & Co..

10,000 McKay & Co......

15,000 John C. Fremont.....
water 6,000 Anderson & Co....
steam 10,000 Collins & Co.....
water 8,000 Kellett & Co.......
steam 3,000 Hardwick & Co........
water 1,500 Jones & Co......
steam 28,000 Tyler & Co......

10,000 Goodman & Hubbell...
50,000 J. M. Aiken......
10,000 Marziou & Co........

8,000 Hunt, Rogers & Co...
water 6,000 Prescott & Co..........

4,000 Mr. Funk....
steam 4,000 A. J. Grandvionet..
water 4,000 M. Bondurant........

4,000 G. Abel & Co........
steam 3,000 John Boling....
water 6,000 Thos. Ri & Co........
steam 95,000 Merced Mining Co.....

8,000 Johnson & Tyler..

30,000 E. Wiard......
water 5,000 R. A. Moore..............

6,000 Elliott & Co.......
3,000 David Tittle...

10,000 Good man & Co....
steam 8,000 Goodman, Deitz & Co..

8,000 Stegman, Snyder & Co

Jones'
Empire t.....

1854) 8
Goodman's

185812 Mariposa G. Rock Co.'s 24 Marziou's

1858 12
Cherokee M. Co.'s.. 18581 8

1858 8
1858 8

15
Bondurant's....

6 Abel's....

6 Boling's.

6 Rife Co........

1858 Merced M. Co.os...

24 Merced...

1851 12 Washington.

185212

12 Elliott

8 8

Guadaloupe....
Mariposa City.

...

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Mariposa Creek..

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Mount Ophir.....
North Fork.....
Quartzburg
Saxton's Creek..
Stockton Creek.

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Whitlock Creek.

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18581 8
1858 8

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1856 8 2

"

35,000 Daniels, Colbert & Co.
1857 8 water 8,000 C. & G. Cram......
1851 6... steam 10,000
1852 16 21 15,000 Mr. Hotaling..
1852 16 2 20,000 Mr. Cheevan..
1851 21 2 50,000 Mr. Atwood..
185210

8,000 Mr. Crossett..
1857 6

15,000 P. Hartery..
1852 18

15,000 C. Conway.
1856 82 (10,000 Rush & Layton.
1852 9 2 water 18,000 Mr. Larimer....
1855 16... steam 12,000 J. Chevan....
1852 10 2

66 40,000 Lee & Simpson....
1854 124 6,000 Stackhouse & Co......
1856) 6 66

7,000 Jenkins & Oude.....
1851 9 2 steam 15,000 Judd & Watt...
(1856 8... 30,000 Woodworth & Co......

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* There are 95 arastras in operation in this county.

+ Destroyed by fire Nov. 1858.

County and Location.

Name of Mill.

Director or Owners.

When

erected. o w co | No.Stamps

19 No. Arast's

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American Hill... 1857 8 2 steam 10,000 Nelson Soggs.
Big Cañon

1858 3 water 1,000 Voss & Co.....
Canada Hill... 1853 162 steam 30.000 Cazamayou & Buttrfi'd
Gold Flat...

1857 6

10,000 Z. Wheeler...
Gold Tunnel... 1851 8 2 water 6,000
Hughes'...

1852 6

5,000 Mr. Hughes.. Hunt's.

1851181 steam 20,000 D. N. Hunt..... Illinois

1851 6

4,000 Mr. Adams.... National

1855 88

water 6,000 Hamilton & Co...... Oriental Q. M. Co...... 1858 12 steam 15,000 Almarin B. Paul,Sup't| Randolph

1858 6 water 8,000 Mr. Richards... South Fork............ 1858 8 steam 20,000 Powers & Co........... Stiles ....

1857 6 water 1,500 W. C. Stiles.... Tremont No. 2..... 1858 12

6,000 Mr. Holbrook. Try Again......

5,000 Randolph & Co........

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1858 6...

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1855 12 water 8,000 Brooks, Clark & Co...

2 ... steam 1.500 Butcher's Ranch M. Co 1858 5 3 water 2,000 A. W. Poole & Co...... 1854 10 2 steam 30,000 Croesus Hill Q. M. Co.. 1857 12 2 10 000 May & Miller.. 1855 10 2 14,000 McClelland & C.... 1857 2 1

2,000 J. Allen & Co........ 1855 5 4 water 40,000 Moreland & Co....... 1856 18 4 steam 10,000 Choate & Co........ 1856 10 ... water 3,000 Moore & Co.... 1856 8 4

8,000 H. Snably & Co.... 1856 12 steam 4.000 Watson & Nevitt..... 1856 5 1 5,000 W. T. Henson..... 1858 8 4 8,000 Worrell, Preston & Co 1858 12 2

Hanson, Levy & Co... 1858 2 2

Bishop & Robles...... water

Benjamin Heath..

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SIERRA. Buttes

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Ariel...

1852 water 25,000 Wood & Co........ Charcoal City.. 1857

4,000 Langton & Co............ Chipp's Ledge... 1857

3,000 John Watts & Co........ Independence

12,000 R. C. Beattie & Co...... Kentucky Ledge.

1857

5,000 Keys & Co...... Sierra Butte's..... 1852 25 25,000 C. Reis, Ladd & Co...... Steamboat Ledge.

1858 Downieville Ridge..

1856

6,000 Wheeler & Co......... Gold Bluff....

1857 8

115,000 Telm & Co.......... Mount'n House Ledge 1858

5,000 Watson & Co.......... Sierra City...

5,000 Monroe, Thompson&Co

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