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Like the results of the thermometer, the barometer also reveals some features of a tropical rather than of the temperate climate to which latitudinally Sacramento appertains. The elastic force of vapor, which was not applied at the times of the readings, from which the results in the following table are computed, increases directly with the temperature. In 1857 it amounted to nearly half an inch during midsummer, or one sixty-seventh of the entire atmospheric weight. The absence, also, of either abrupt or great changes in the readings of the mercurial column, gives further indications of the tropical features which the climate possesses. As a general rule, the atmospheric pressure varies but little, and that through slow and long continued movements, rather than in the sudden manner characteristic of the latitude on the Atlantic coast and elsewhere. Nevertheless, although the mercurial column rises and falls within very restricted limits, yet there are changes, represented it is true by small measurements, wbich occur with wonderful regularity and certainty-diurnal movements at fixed hours, as well as annual ones, having reference to the sun in the ecliptic. The former, or horary oscillations, as ascertained by a series of hourly observations, present in a marked degree the two diurnal maxima and minima observed within the tropics—the ante-meridian maximum at about 9 to 10 A. M. being more constant than at the same period post meridian. Without a single exception the pressure is always less at 3 P. M., and this has no reference to whether the column stands high as in the cold, or low as in the hot season.

In conclusion, and while referring to the following tables for confirmation of all that has been herewith advanced, we would remark that the mean of the means of the barometer for July is apparently higher than that of June, in consequence of some peculiar disturbing causes in June, 1853, which month should be regarded as exceptional. Monthly and Annual Averages of Direction and Force of Wind at Sacramento.

The Direction is calculated for the years 1853–7, and the Force for the years 1856–7 only.

Months.

North Wind.

North-East Wind.

East Wind.

South-East Wind.

January
February
March .........
April
May
June..
July.....
August.
September
October.....
November.....
December

No. Days. Force. No. Days. Force. No. Days. Force. / No. Days. Force. 6 8-15 1.7 1 7-15 1.3 1 8-15 1.2 7

1.8 4 7-15 1.9 1 1-15 0.9 1 8-15 1.3 6 1.15 1.5 3 2-15 1.4 1 2-15 1.0 1 2-15 0.8 5 10-15 1.6 3 7-15 1.7

8-15 0.9

12-15 1.2 4 14-15 2:3 1 3-15 1.4 5-15 0.8 8-15 0.2

4-15 1.9 1 14-15 1.2

5-16 1.3

6-15 0.7 5 3-15 1.9 1 6-15 1.2

3-15 0.8

2-15 1.2 9 2-15 2.2 12-15 1.1 7-15 1.2

5-15 0.8 12 1-15 1.6 2 6-15 1.0 1 1.15 0.7 10-15 0-8 7

1.6 3 13-15 13

10-15 0.9

10-15 1.2 5 5-15 1.7 5 5-15 2.2 1 12-15 1.5 2 2-15 1.3 5 3-15 2.2 4 8-15 1.7 3 4-15 1.6 2

1.3 3 5-15 2:3

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TABLE OF RESULTS OF FIVE YEARS' METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS AT SACRAMENTO.

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THE

ST A T E REGISTER,

FOR

1 8 5 9.

P A Ꭱ Ꭲ Ꮪ Ꭼ Ꮯ 0 ND .

UNITED STATES.

1.-PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS

Of the U. S., from the adoption of the Constitution.

1. PRESIDENTS.
Name.

State.
Commencement

End of Term.

of Term. 1. George Washington Virginia........ April 30, '89... March 3, '97 2. John Adams.... .Massachusetts...March 4, '97... March 3, '01 3. Thomas Jefferson... Virginia. March 4, '01... March 3, '09 4. James Madison. .Virginia. March 4, '09... March 3, '17 5. James Monroe.. Virginia. .....March 4, '17... March 3, '25 6. John Quincy Adams. .Massachusetts... March 4, '25...March 3, '29 7. Andrew Jackson. Tennessee. .March 4, '29... March 3, '37 8. Martin Van Buren....... . New York. ..... March 4, '37... March 3, '41 9. William Henry Harrison*. Ohio... . March 4, '41... April 4, '41 10. John Tyler....... .Virginia. April 4, '41. ...March 3, '45 11. James Knox Polk.. .Tennessee.. .March 4, '45... March 3, '49 12. Zachary Taylor t.. Louisiana. March 4, '49...July 9, '50 13. Millard Fillmore.. .New York..... .July 9, '50 ....March 3, '53 14. Franklin Pierce. .N. Hampshire... March 4, '53... March 3, '57 15. James Buchanan... .Pennsylvania.... March 4, '57... March 3, '61

2. VICE-PRESIDENTS. 1. John Adams..... Massachusetts... April 30, 89... March 3, '97 2. Thomas Jefferson.. Virginia...

.......March 4, '97... March 3, '01 3. Aaron Burr ...

New York. .....March 4, '01... March 3, '05 4. George Clinton.. New York...... March 4, '057.. 5. Elbridge Gerry..... .Massachusetts...

... March 4, '138.. 6. Daniel D. Tompkins.. New York...... March 4, '17... March 3, '25 7. John C. Calhoun.. .. South Carolina... March 4, '25... March 3, '33 8. Martin Van Buren.... .New York...... March 4, '33... March 3' '37 9. Richard M. Johnson. .Kentucky ..March 4, '37... March 3, '41 10. John Tyler...... Virginia..... ... March 4, '41... April 4, '41 11. George M. Dallas... .Pennsylvania ... March 4, '45... March 3, '49 12. Millard Fillmore..

.New York.....

.March 4, '49...July 9, '50 13. William R. King.... . Alabama.

.......March 4, '53.. 14. John C. Breckinridge. ...Kentucky March 4, '57...March 3, '61

* Died in office, April 4, 1841.

+ Died in office, July 9, 1850. # Died in office, 1812.

& Died in office, 1814. | Died in office, April 18, 1853.

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