Exporting Congress?: The Influence of the U.S. Congress on World Legislatures

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Timothy Joseph Power, Nicol C. Rae
University of Pittsburgh Pre - 248 страница

The United States Congress is often viewed as the world's most powerful national legislature. To what extent does it serve as a model for other legislative assemblies around the globe? In Exporting Congress? distinguished scholars of comparative legislatures analyze how Congress has influenced elected assemblies in both advanced and transitional democracies. They reveal the barriers to legislative diffusion, the conditions that favor Congress as a model, and the rival institutional influences on legislative development around the world.

Exporting Congress? examines the conditions for the diffusion, selective imitation, and contingent utility of congressional institutions and practices in Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, the European Parliament, and the new democracies in Latin America and Eastern Europe. These scholars find that diffusion is highly sensitive to history, geography, and other contextual factors, especially the structure of political institutions and the balance of power between the executive and legislative branches. Editors Timothy Power and Nicol Rae place the volume's empirical findings in theoretical, comparative, and historical perspective, and establish a dialogue between the separate subfields of congressional studies and comparative legislatures through the concept of legislative diffusion.

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Садржај

Can the US Congress Be a Source?
1
How Relevant Is the Congressional Model?
15
Congressional Influences on Canadian Legislatures
34
4 Recorded Voting and Accountability in the United States and Latin American Legislatures
54
5 Limits on Exporting the US Congress Model to Latin America
82
6 The Influence of US Congressional Hearings on Committee Procedure in the German Bundestag
102
7 The US Congresss Modest Influence on the Legislatures of Central and Eastern Europe
119
A Comparison of the US House of Representatives and the European Parliament
137
Changing Role Orientations via Electoral Reform
157
Legislative Diffusionand the Selective Imitation of Congress
185
Notes
197
Bibliography
209
Contributors
227
Index
231
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Timothy J. Power is University Lecturer in Brazilian Studies and Fellow of St. Cross College, University of Oxford.  He is the author of The Political Right in Postauthoritarian Brazil and coeditor of Democratic Brazil: Actors, Institutions, and Processes.

Nicol C. Rae is professor of political science at Florida International University. He is the author of Conservative Reformers: The Republican Freshmen and the Lessons of the 104th Congress; Southern Democrats; and The Decline and Fall of Liberal Republicans: 1952 to the Present; and coauthor of Impeaching Clinton: Partisan Strife on Capitol Hill.

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