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white waistcoat-scarcely whiter, dead. However, it might be that the however, than the face of him that instant after he had done this direful wore it.

deed, he would have givEN THE WHOLE “I am going for the coach, now, UNIVERSE, had it been his, to have unsir," said Mrs Brown, knocking at done what he had done-he had sucthe door.

ceeded in effecting his object. “ If you please," he replied, briskly Poor Mrs Brown's horror, on disand cheerfully—and the instant that covering her master stretched sensehe had heard her close the outer door less on the floor, may be imagined. after her, he opened the secret spring Medical assistance was called in, but drawer in his desk, and calmly took “the vital spark had fled.” It was out a very small glass phial, with a clearly either apoplexy, said the mediglass stopper, over which was tied cal man, or an organic disease of the some bladder. His face was ghastly heart. Of this opinion were the pale; his knees trembled; his hands coroner and his jury, without hesita. were cold and damp as those of the tion. He had evidently been seized dead. He took a strong peppermint while in the very act of writing to lozenge from the mantelpiece, and some broker. [Gammon had no chewed it, while he removed the stop more stock of any sort, for all he per from the bottle, which contained wrote that letter, than the cat which about half a drachm of the most sub- had witnessed his death.] Mr Hartley tle and potent poison which has been came, and produced the letter he had discovered by man-one extinguish received, and spoke of the disappointing life almost instantaneously, and ment they had all felt on account of leaving no trace of its presence ex his non-arrival: the other letters- the cept a slight odour, which he had appointments which he had made for taken the precaution of masking the morrow—all these things were and overpowering with that of the decisive--it was really scarcely a case peppermint. He returned to get his requiring an inquest; but as they had hat, which was in his dressing room; been called, they returned a verdict he put it on-and in glancing at the of “ Died by the Visitation of God." glass, scarcely recognised the ghastly He was buried a few days afterwards image it reflected. His object was, in the adjoining churchyard, (St to complete the deception he intended Andrew's) where he lies mouldering practising on the Insurance Company away quietly enoughi, certainly ; but with whom he had effected a policy on as to any thing further, let us not prebis life for L.2000-and also to de sume to speculate. ceive every body into the notion of His " friend" was faithful and dishis having died suddenly, but natu creet, obeying his injunctions to the rally. Having stirred up the large letter. The "individual" alluded to in red fire, and made a kind of hollow in Mr Gammon's note to him, was a very it, he took out the stopper, and dropped lovely girl whom Mr Gammon had it with the bladder into the fire; took seduced under a solemn promise of his pen in his right hand, with a fresh marriage, who was passionately atdip of ink in it; kneeled down with tached to him, whose name he had his feet on the fender; uttered aloud uttered when on the eve of death ; the word “ Emma;" poured the whole and who, though Mr Gammon's crediof the deadly contents into his mouth, tors were entitled to every farthing of and succeeded in dropping the phial the L.2000, out of which he had so into the very heart of the fire-and artfully swindled the Insurance Comthe next instant dropped down on the pany, was yet generously allowed by hearth-rug, oblivious, insensible — them to receive the sum of L.1000.

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Old Oscar, how feebly thou crawl'st to the door,
Thou who wert all beauty and vigour of yore;
How slow is thy stagger the sunshine to find,
And thy straw.sprinkled pallet-how crippled and blind!
Yet thy heart still is living-thou hearest my voice-
And thy faint-wagging tail says thou yet canst rejoice ;
But how different art thou from the Oscar of
The sleek and the gamesome, the swift and the bold !
At sunrise I waken'd to hear thy proud bark,
With the coo of the house-dove, the lay of the lark;
And ont to the green fields 'twas ours to repair,
When sunrise with glory empurpled the air;
And the streamlet flow'd down in its gold to the sea ;
And the night.dew like diamond sparks gleam'd from the tree ;
And the sky o'er the carth in such purity glow'd,
As if angels, not men, on its surface abode!
How then thou would'st gambol, and start from my feet,
To scare the wild birds from their sylvan retreat;
Or plunge in the smooth stream, and bring to my hand
The twig or the wild-flower I threw from the land:
On the moss-sprinkled stone if I sat for a space,
Thou would'st crouch on the greensward, and gaze in my face,
Then in wantonness pluck up the blooms in thy teeth,
And toss them above thee, or tread them beneath.
Then I was a school-boy all thoughtless and free,
And thou wert a whelp full of gambol and glee;
Now dim is thine eyeball, and grizzled thy hair,
And I am a man, and of grief have my share.
Yes! thou bring'st to mind all the pleasures of youth,
When hope was the mistress, not handmaid of truth;
When Earth look’d an Eden, when Joy's sunny hours
Were cloudless, and every path sprinkled with flowers.
Now Summer is waning ; soon tempest and rain
Shall harbinger desolate Winter again,
And Thou, all unable its gripe to withstand,
Shalt die, when the snow-mantle garments the land :

Then thy grave shall be dug 'neath the old cherry-tree,
Which in spring-time will shed down its blossoms on thee;
And, when a few fast-fleeting seasons are o'er,
Thy faith and thy form shall be thought of no more!
Then all, who caress'd thee and loved, shall be laid,
Life's pilgrimage o'er, in the tomb's dreary shade;
Other steps shall be heard on these floors, and the past
Be like yesterday's clouds from the memory cast:
Improvements will follow; old walls be thrown down,
Old landmarks removed, when old masters are gone ;
And the gard'ner, when delving, shall marvel to see
White bones, where once blossom’d the old cherry-tree !
Frail things! could we read but the objects around,
In the meanest some deep.lurking truth might be found,
Some type of our frailty, some warning to show
How shifting the sands that we build on below!
Our fathers have pass’d, and have mix'd with the mould ;
Year presses on year, till the young become old ;
Time, though a stern teacher, is partial to none;
And the friend and the foe pass away, one by one!

Edinburgh : Printed by Ballantyne and Hughes, Pani's I'ork,

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The approaching commencement press conditions on which alone it was of a new Parliament induces us to be established, and usurping over the stow some attention on the present consciences and rights of men an irrestate of the question which divides the sponsible and undefined autocracy, Church of Scotland, and which, for exempted from every principle of some time past, has been made a sub- legal interpretation, and every check ject of political agitation in this part of constitutional control. In its wider of the kingdom. Of that question, in effects, the question, if not rightly the shape which it has latterly assumed, determined in this part of the kingit is scarcely possible to overrate the dom, is calculated to scatter the seeds importance. It involves local and of discord and disorganization over practical considerations of great mag the whole empire-to excite ecclesinitude ; but it also involves general astical pretensions which no concesprinciples of infinitely mightier mo sion can ever satisfy-and to reduce ment, and of which the operation is us to the melancholy alternative of pot confined to one country or one either foregoing altogether the bene. period of time, but must extend to fits of a religious establishment, or of every place and occasion in which the bowing our necks in blind submission establishment of a national religion to the yoke of priestly power. and the maintenance of civil govern The strife which the Church is now ment are attempted to be combined. maintaining, originated in a discusThe settlement of this question, in its sion as to what is commonly called more immediate relations, must de- the Veto Act. It was matter of concide whether PRESBYTERY, as it exists troversy whether the Veto was legal, among us bere, is capable of perma. and whether it was expedient. These nently remaining, what we are proud enquiries were of grave importance, to think it has long been found, a at least within the precincts where peaceful and profitable auxiliary of Presbytery was established. But they the State-diffusing the blessings of have long since ceased to possess Christian regeneration, moral im- much attraction as compared with provement, and social obedience another and more weighty dispute ; among the people ; or whether it they have long been swallowed up in must now be regarded, in an esta a contest of far broader application blished form, as a treacherous ally, or and more engrossing interest. The an imperious tyrant, making use of issue to which matters the power entrusted to it to subvert brought, is not as to what is the law, the authority that gave it a civil ex. or what is the policy of the case ; istence-undermining, by its precepts but whether that which is decided to and practice, the foundations of law be law, is to be obeyed, or may be and government - violating the ex resisted, by the Church as a body

1

are

now

VOL. L. NO. CCCX.

I

which the LAW has established. qualifications. Like charity, it was This is a general question, wholly inde. to cover a multitude of sins; and withpendent of the merits of the Veto Act, out it, neither wisdom nor virtue, or the principles of Non-intrusion. loyalty nor religion, were to be Law may often be one thing, and jus counted as any thing. The elector tice or expediency another. But in was urged to support any Non-intrucivilized society, it is an universal rule sionist, however vitally opposed to that the law must be obeyed until it him on every other question; and to be altered. The question is, whether oppose the anti-Non-intrusionist, howthe Church is to form an exception ever eligible and orthodox in every from that rule, and may violate the other respect. This of itself was suflaw of its constitution, while its dis- ficiently wild. But the footing on obedient members retain the whole which the principle of Non-intrusion benefits which the law has conferred was pressed, was still more exceptionon them; and not only so, but whether able. It was set forward as a quesit may punish and degrade its mem tion, not of reason, but of faith-not bers for obeying that law which it has of polity, but of religion. To vote itself violated. In point of principle for a Non-intrusionist was a matter of and example, it is difficult to conceive divine duty-to vote against him was a question more important in its con to hazard the pains of everlasting consequences, or less difficult in its solue demnation. “I maun vote for the tion.

major," said a Morayshire farmer, in We consider this to be a question answer to the importunities of his pawhich does not affect one party in rish minister ; “ for the major supports the state more than another, but the corn."-" 0, John !" said the mi. which all are interested in having nister, “ what is the corn to the salsettled on a just and permanent basis. vation of your immortal soul !" " If In the remarks we are about to make you support Colonel Mure," said a upon it, we shall endeavour as much reverend Paisley doctor to one of his as possible to avoid all political bias, congregation, whom he was lecturing and to appeal only to those feelings on Sunday between the hours of divine which we trust are common to both service, on his duties as a voter,—" if Liberal and Conservative politicians you support Colonel Mure, you will -a desire to see justice administered, repent it to your dying day, and it and good order upheld.

will torment you on your deathbed." The conduct of many of the ultra In conformity with the same prinNon-intrusion party during the late ciple, all other qualifications of a elections in Scotland has, in various candidate were forgotten in comrespects, been such as to subject them parison with this one point, It to the suspicion of being either unprin- has never been denied that the Concipled or insane. The country was servative party have shown them. appealed to on a question partly of selves attached to the Established financial policy, partly of ministerial Church. They have defended her confidence. The interests of the coun against opponents—they have presertry in its commerce and agriculture, its ved her influence-they have sought colonial prosperity, its public credit, to extend her usefulness;— their tenets were staked upon the issue, and each have tended to the preservation man was called on, according to bis of the Protestant faith in the three honest convictions, to determine on kingdoms. Their adversaries, on the which side he would enlist his influ other hand, have at different times ence. In this situation, a knot of been accused by these very enthusiecclesiastical agitators bring forward a asts (with what justice we shall not question, which in itself is or ought to be now enquire) of a disregard of all reone of church discipline only, and force ligious institutions, and of a systemait into notice, not merely as an element tic encouragement of dissent and poof consideration in the exercise of the pery. An who recollects Ir elective franchise, but as a cardinal Makgill Crichton's abuse of the Whig and essential point to the exclusion of party, or Dr Chalmers's sallies against all others. Non-intrusion, in the senses the government, only a year or two in which the word is used by these ago, will see what hatred and conmonopolists of piety and purity, was tempt they and many of their friends made the sine qua non in a candidate's theu entertained towards them. But

on

in the late contest all these differ- man, in whom they should have recogences have been disregarded. The nised their best friend, induced them most tried attachment to the Es. to make offer to a respectable Whig tablishment, the most friendly exer baronet, hitherto opposed to their wild tions on her behalf, have been count tenets, to pay the expense if oppoed as nothing where Non-intrusion sition were given to Captain Gordon. was not added, while infidelity has We need not say that the proposal been forgiven, laxity of life conniv was indignantly rejected. We believe ed at, and hostility to the Church that serious intentions were entertained itself overlooked, where there was a of intruding Mr Alexander Dunlop willingness to take the Non-intrusion upon the electors of Ross-shire, with pledge. The Non-intrusionist bag whom he has no connexion, except as shown himself ready to hold out the sitting in the Assembly for some rotten right hand of fellowship to those whom burgh or presbytery in the north. But he accused of favouring Popery or it was found that sueh an attempt would despising religion, in preference to a all the better unite both political parties brother Protestant and Presbyterian, in supporting the present member. In who might differ from him on a con Edinburgh, the peace of the city was troversy regarding a question of dis. sought to be disturbed, by setting up cipline. But the truth is.manifest : the Non-intrusion Lord Provost against To such partisans as these the exist. Mr Macaulay ; but the plan was ence of the Church is of less conse. abandoned almost as soon as formed. quence than the triumph of their In Morayshire, we have reason 0 party; and Christianity itself is scarce. think that General Duff was induced ly more important than Non-Intru. to stand by the promise of Non-intrusionism.

sion support, which proved, as usual, We are far from saying that the to be an incumbrance rather than an spirit we have now described bas aid. been universal even among the cler But without a longerenumeration of gy; still less that it has actuated all instances, a reference to the contest those laymen who profess principles in Bute will afford the strongest proof of Nop-intrusion. But we assert

and illustration of our allegations. that the interference of the clergy

Sir William Rae stood for the counand of the partisans of Non-intrusion, ty of Bute at the late election on has been so general and frequent, as Conservative principles, and with to justify the conclusion, that the the good wishes of the largest protendency of their policy and prin. prietor of the county. Lord Bute ciples is, to establish over the souls of has long been known, not only as men a tyranny which is incompatible an excellent and religious nobleman, alike with their personal independence, but as the disinterested and cordial their temporal interests, and a just supporter of the Establishment, who and discriminating sense of their reli. bas built and endowed churches within gious duties. We entreat those whose · his district, who has exercised his views of ecclesiastical polity may lead patronage in the most enlightened them to seek by constitutional means manner, and who has received the for a greater share of popular influ. recorded acknowledgments of the Genence in the choice of a pastor, to be. eral Assembly for his zeal and munifilieve that we do not include them in cence. Sir William Rae, of all men the condemnation we are pronoun- in Scotland, had the best claims on the cing upon others who take advantage confidence of the Conservative party. of their good feelings. But we entroat He has also been known as the uniform them also, to show by their conduct, friend and supporter of the Church. that they are not identified with the His exertions, when in office, were party who so pervert the nature of the directed to promote the extension of question and set themselves in oppo- religious instruction, and were mainly sition to the law as it stands.

instrumental in bringing about a meaThe violent promoters of the Non sure which all must approve-that of intrusion cause bave every where, erecting forty new churches and manses during the late elections, been the in the Highlands of Scotland. His stirrers up of strife and the makers advocacy of Church Extension in 1835, of mischief. In Aberdeenshire, their may not have met the approval of some animosity against an excellent noble- parties in the community ; but with

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