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could this be avoided, if the money tion by its effects ? The master manuprice of every article, and the money facturers, who now blindly lead the income of every individual dependent anti-corn-law agitation, and the deupon labour, was diminished? And luded multitude of urban operatives who would be the first to become who in many places follow in their bankrupt from such a change, and train. who would first be reduced to starva.



Air-Hunting the Hare.


Listen, my lads, to the joyful intelligence,

Melbourne proclaims a millennium at hand :
Ne'er did such tidings, by mail or by diligence,

Promise relief to a perishing land.
Trade will revive now, as sure's you're alive now,

No drones in the bive now shall slumber and sleep;
Monopoly totters, quite weak on her trotters,

And Whiggery vows to make every thing cheap.


Scan not the motives of man or of minister;

Never enquire if he's honest and true :
Whigs may have views that are selfish and sinister,

Pay is their purpose—but what's that to you?
Why should we grudge it, if sorry to trudge yet,

They brought in the Budget their places to keep ?
Though oft we've been cheated, it won't be repeated,

So Free Trade for ever, and every thing cheap!


Sugar—you're licking your lips at the thought of it

Soon will be down half a farthing a pound;
Slave-trading Cuba can grow such a lot of it,

Free British labour must fail to the ground.
Why should the masses, if fond of molasses,

Like soft-hearted asses o'er slavery weep?
Those great men of figures, your Humes and M Gregors,

Hold planters, and niggers, and every one cheap.


Trust not the Tories for sense and sincerity,

All about nothing they make such a fuss;
Leave them to prate of colonial prosperity,

What are the East or West Indies to us?
Our free-trade opinions are true thick and thin ones :

Of all our dominions we'll make a clean sweep :
No good's to be had of them, France will be glad of them,

Sell her both commerce and colonies cheap.


Bury each feeling of old animosity;

Every weak prejudice lay on the shelf ;
Open your ports, and ne'er ask reciprocity-

Foreigners just are as good as yourself.
The season's fast slipping—'tis time to be clipping

The wings of our shipping that cumbers the deep:
Nothing that's national ever is rational ;

Glory's too dear for us–Free Trade is cheap!


Farmers, go hear our itinerant lecturers,

Only by them is the thing understood ;
Quickly make way for our great manufacturers,

Want of protection is all for your good.
No fact can be surer-if once you're made poorer,

You're all the securer a profit to reap;
While lack of employment will help their enjoyment,

Who wish land, and labour, and every thing cheap.


Shout for free trade, while you've breath left to cry it with,

Pleasant the sound is whate'er it may mean: Bawl for cheap bread till you've nothing to buy it with,

What it may cost will hereafter be seen. Huzza! for confusion, deception, delusion,

The coming conclusion just makes my heart leap ; When Tories got under, leave Whigs free to blunder,

And pillage and plunder make every thing cheap!


BIOGRAPHY has a peculiar interest Countess of Bath, was naturally in the for all ranks. To be able to look into way of public life, and in 1721 he was the private character of individuals appointed resident British Minister who have been long conspicuous in at Vienna. In the fragments of corpublic life, is in itself a speculation so respondence which this appointment amusing as to be one of the perpetual produced between him and Pulteney, employments of society—an employ we are brought back amongst the ment which, though it may degenerate names of the last century. Pulteney into gossiping and scandal, yet, when writes from Chevening, the seat of rationally pursued, is as innocent as it Earl Stanhope, inviting the new Min. is interesting. With what eagerness ister to visit him on his way to Dover, would we not peruse an exact and and bidding him bring with him Wilminute memoir of the private life of liams, (the noted Sir Charles Hanbury) any of the great men of antiquity! further bidding him persuade John Gay -with what delight do we listen to to come on horseback to join the the marking traits of character in the party. Sir Charles was eccentric from leaders of our own time! How many bis cradle; and after acting a good deal, volumes have been published of the which established his character for anecdotes, the sayings, and the habits flightiness, and writing a good deal, of Napoleon! How gladly would we which he had better never have writhave heard a thousandfold more of the ten, died lunatic in 1759. He had studies in which Chatham formed his been British Minister at Berlin. oratory, or his still greater son his The name of John Gay is familiar principles; of the secret progress of to all who are acquainted with the those powerful impulses, which, like authorship of the last century. He the crystallization that forms the dia. was born a courtier, and spent all his mond in the mine, were yet to flash life hanging on the skirts of the Court, such brilliancy in the glorious ima or dependent on great people. Thus gination of Burke; or the gradual he was successively secretary to the growth of those profound faculties Duchess of Monmouth, and to the Earl which made “ Newton master of the of Clarendon in his German embassy. mysteries of the planetary system, and He repaid the attentions of his noble in Bacon gave a new spirit to the patrons by his wit ; and, in return for science of his country and his age!" protection, at least assisted them in

The lives of the three Colmans are their way to fame. But it would have certainly not the lives of philosophers; been better for his happiness if he had but the advantage of biography is, that lived in an attic, thanking nothing for it turns every thing to knowledge. It his subsistence but his pen; and a more is human nature exhibited to human secure way to fame, if he had written nature; the mirror in which, though nothing but Beggars' Operas. A a thousand faces may be exhibited in letter from Gay, dated Bath, 1721, succession, or even together, every is a specimen of his light gossiping man may see and study his own. style :These volumes are a compilation con “ I live almost altogether with Lord fessedly, and altogether too much so, Burlington, and pass my time very to reflect any credit on their author agreeably. I left Chiswick about ship; but they are perhaps only the three weeks ago, and have been ever more amusing. The Colmans filled a since at the Bath, for the cholical huspace in the public eye for a century; mour in my stomach that you have and the last of the race was the most often heard me complain of. Here is public of them all.

very little company that I know. I The grandfather of the late George expect a summons suddenly to go with Colmap was a man of some public dis Lord Burlington into Yorkshire. You tinction. Mr Francis Colman,marrying must think that I cannot be now and the sister of Mrs Pulteney, afterwards then without some thoughts that give

Memoirs of the Colman Family, including their Correspondence, &c. By R. B. Peake, 2 yols, London.



more numerous.

me uneasiness, who have not the least worth being at any considerable prospect of being ever independent. charge to preserve them. Do not My friends do a great deal for me; but mistake what I have said. I mean it I think I could do more for them. not particularly to any one person, Mr Pulteney and Mrs Pulteney had but in general." some thoughts of the Bath; but I fancy We regret that these letters are not their journey is put off. I saw them

They are the gems at Chiswick just before I left it. You of the book. A letter from Lord Ches. will, before my letter could reach you, terfield says, in rather a singular style, have heard of poor Lord Warwick's speaking of a foreign nobleman who death. It has given me many a melan was then in London :choly reflection. I loved him, and “ I have been to wait upon him, and cannot help feeling concern whenever to offer bim what services I could do I think of him. Dear Colman, be as him here, which are none at all; since, cheerful as you can: never sink under as you very well know, it is impossidisappointment. I give you the advice ble to break through the inhospitality which I have always been obliged to of this country enough, to make any follow, though I hope you will never foreigner pass his time tolerably here. have occasion to practise it."

He has been ill of a fever almost ever Gay was unlucky; but, as in the case since his arrival in this country, and of most unlucky men, he generally seems to have so indifferent an opinhad reason to reproach himself. At ion, both of our climate and our politeleast, in one instance he was the vic ness, that I believe he will not stay tim of bis own imprudence.

He was

very long." at one time in the possession of stock The inhospitality was probably an in the celebrated South Sea scheme, allusion to the formality of the court, which he could have sold for twenty whose German etiquette was new to thousand pounds. Swift, who knew the English in 1727, the date of the the world, advised him by all means letter, and formed a heavy contrast at least to purchase an annuity with with the animation of foreign life. a part of it, as a security against The charge of want of either courtesy chance; but Gay would detract no. or liberality, was never applicable to thing from his golden heap, and sud the higher orders in this country. But denly saw it vanish into air. A letter he proceeds in a livelier and more chafrom Pulteney is equally character- racieristic strain :istic of a higher man, and one better I am very sorry you could ima. acquainted with the ways of men. gine that an absence of seven years, After giving some commissions to Col or even twice that time, could remove man, who was then at Florence, he you from the thoughts of one who al. says

ways thought of your friendship and « Now I have given you this trouble, acquaintance with the utmost satisfacI must take a further liberty, and you tion; and must take this opportunity must not be angry if I chide you a of desiring in reality, what I shail little for your extravagance. What soon be obliged to desire in form, the makes you throw away your money in honour and pleasure of your correpresents? I am much concerned for spondence. I bope, too, that our long your expense on my account, and I acquaintance will justify me in desirblame you for it on every other body's. ing that I may be on a more free footBelieve me, Colman, there are few ing than barely from his Majesty's people worth valuing so much as to Minister at Florence, to his Majesty's make one's self a farthing the poorer Minister at the Hague." for them. For my part, I own that Chesterfield was a more remarkable I am grown quite out of humour with man than our generation is inclined to the world ; and the more I grow ac believe. His “study" of manners has quainted with it, the less I like it. thrown a colour of frivolity over his There is such a thing as cunning, fame; and the courtier or the danthere is falsehood, and there are views cing master intercepts the merit of a of self-interest, that mix themselves in man who figured among the leading almost all the friendships that are con personages of a brilliant and vigorous tracted between man and man. Those time. Chesterfield succeeded in every make friendships hardly worth culti task which he undertook. In bis emvating any where; I am sure nowhere bassy to Holland, then the centre of

European diplomacy, he was the Colman performed his bidding with leading diplomatist, and probably the activity, and at last had the diplomost effective instrument of at once matic triumph of inducing Signor restraining the ambition of France, Senesino to condescend to sing before and securing the stability of the Han- the British court and nobility for one overian succession. In his viceroyalty thousand four hundred guineas-a of Ireland, he kept down the violence sum which, calculating at the present of the national parties, and was popu expense of living, would not be far lar with all. His gayety there was in short of three thousand now. Handel its natural element, his wit is still re concludes with congratulations on this membered; and he stands on record national service,-“ It is to your genas the only viceroy who ever left be erous assistance that the court and the hind him a permanent memorial of his nobility owe in part the satisfaction manly and judicious interest in the of having a company to their taste, so gratifications of the people. The in that nothing remains for me but the habitants of the Irish metropolis owe expression of my personal thanks,"&c. to Chesterfield a noble park, as large But some real business was now about as the three parks of London united, to be done, even in the land of the and one of the most beautiful and valu- lazy. Florentine negotiation was put able contributions to the health and on the qui vive by the death of the indulgence of a great city, as it was Duke of Parma, the succession to one of the earliest in Europe.

wbose pretty, but very little soveAs diplomacy in the little Italian reignty, was given to Don Carlos. courts was generally a very sinecure Pulteney again writes to Coloian : affair, the English envoys soon fell his letter has the exact language of an into the national ways, and evidently angry politician of the 19th century, thought that the opera was the grand _“ I must disguise my sentiments work for which man, woman, and min- extremely, if I enter in the least into ister were made. The box at the the consideration of public affairs, opera was their cabinet ; the settle without abusing those fools-I mean ment of theatrical mélées their chief our ministers-who have the conductemployment abroad; and the engage- ing them. Do not be frightened at ment of singers and dancers the chief what I have said ; for this comes to subject of their correspondence at you by a very safe band.” (He then home. It is curious to observe the mentions a gentleman by whom he great Handel adopting this view of sends some pamphlets :) “ He will the Tuscan envoy's functions, and give you a set of the Craftsman, which writing to Colman as his accredited you must put, like the monks, into plenipotentiary to the Signori and that part of your library which they Donne of the land of song.

call L'Inferno; and be sure, like After stating some opera engage them, to read those books more than ments—among which he required, that any in the rest of the library. There the female singer engaged should be are some other pamphlets, which, old equal to perform in men's characters as they are, will be new and enteras well as those of her own sex—the taining to you." We haye given this great composer proceeds in a strain fragment, chiefly for the sake of the which shows how little the opera gen- anecdote which accompanies it. It is eration have changed during the last an additional proof of the absurdity hundred years :

of duelling. In a pamphlet, called “ I take the liberty of again saying “Sedition and Defamation displayed," to you, to say nothing whatever in (which the biographer conceives to your contracts of first parts, seconds, have been in this packet,) Pulteney or thirds; for this is a source of annoy- had been attacked, and, supposing that ance to us in the choice of perform the author was Lord Hervey, vicemance, and in other ways produces chamberlain of the household, he had great inconvenience. We also hope treated his lordship with the usual to have, by your help, a man and keenness of his pen, in “ A proper woman for the approaching season ; Reply to a late scurrilous Libel, entitled which begins with October of the pre Sedition and Defamation displayed." sent year, and ends with July 1731 ; Lord Hervey's retort was a challenge and we wait with anxiety to hear news of to fight with swords in the Green them, that we may inform the court.” Park, in the same afternoon. The

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