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such proofs of the iniquity and demo was a bold thought to bestow any care ralization of a great manufacturing on the masonry of a town so devoted town as we did in our two hours' stroll to dirt and dinginess; but we cannot through the streets of Newcastle. The deny that the attempt to create fine street advertisements were different streets and imposing masses of build. from those we have been used to en- ing, has been very successful. The counter elsewhere-one, for instance, Grey monument is very admirably was from a “Mrs Chapelsmith, who placed, and the architecture in its will deliver a lecture on Sunday even. neighbourhood very striking and masing, in which she will state the reason sive. The most curious thing, in the why, having been a Calvanist"_this is

present state of the improvements, is her own spelling_"she is now a Social- the evident encroachment of the new ist. Admission 2d."

The reason

buildings on the old. The old town, assigned by this eloquent and respect with its wretched brick houses, is still able lady for the change, was probably there ; but it is very manifest to the the same that induces a horse that has most cursory observer, that it will soon been too tightly reined to get the bit be entirely submerged in the progress in its teeth, and run away. There of the architectural deluge. At the were also advertisements of the estab. present moment it has the effect of the lishment of a Chartist newspaper by dissolving views which are shown at the conductors of the late Northern the Polytechnic, where the image of a Liberator; and we don't know whe. new picture is thrown upon the disc ther to consider it as a good or a bad . before the old one has quite vanished sign, that amidst all these and numer away; and where the majestic porticos ous other handbills, was one inviting and long corridors of the new Royal so steady and humdrum a man as our Exchange are seen effacing, as it were, stupid old friend, Joseph Hume, to the blackened ruins of the old. It is stand for Newcastle at the next elec only to be regretted that Mr Grain. tion. We did not discover whether ger's genius had not a fitter stage for Mrs Chapelsmith--ominous name! its development; for the temples and had signed the requisition ; but in all towers of the Acropolis itself would probability the exorbitance of her become valueless in such an ungenial charge would prevent our economical and detestable situation. acquaintance from profiting by her lec With lightened heart we started tures. There was a man with a very next morning, Thursday the 10th, pale face and a most cunning expres on the driving-seat of a capital postsion of countenance, preaching on ori. chaise, from the door of the uncomginal sin, under the pillar to Lord fortable

Hotel for Morpeth, Grey, About twenty half-tipsy ragga

fourteen miles. The same perpetual muffins were gathered round him; and smoke from unfathomable coal-pits one of these, a young fellow about destroyed the beauty of the scenery fifteen, kept his eye fixed on our pocket till we came near the end of the stage. handkerchief, as if he had some idea it Morpeth is a perfect specimen of an was the forbidden fruit. That lad will ancient burgh town, with remains of certainly be hanged, if there is truth former ecclesiastical grandeur, and a in Lavater. The preacher was not by spick and span new jail. Our funds any means dull; he had considerable were now wearing very low, and we action and a great flow of words, and are happy to record a trait which was exceedingly severe, and almost proves that the race of the good personal, to our first parents. He wore Samaritans is not extinct. As we à black velvet cap, which gave him were changing horses at the Queen's gomewhat the appearance of a con. Head, we told the landlord, a most verted jockey, and was tremendously respectable looking member of the solong-winded; for when we had circled ciety of St Boniface, under what cirthe market, and seen a large portion cumstances we had left the steam boat of the town, we still saw the velvet at Bridlington, and asked him if he cap, and caught a few words now and thought, when we got nearer to Edinthen about that “miserable happle.” burgh, the postmasters would forward

We had heard a great deal of the us, if we happened to run short, to architectural wonders of Newcastle, our destination. Our good-natured and the talents of its enterprizing in friend immediately inserted his hand habitant, Mr Grainger. It certainly into an apparently very well-filled

pocket, and offered us as much as we gladdened the heart of Malthus-if required. The assistance we needed indeed any political economist has a was not much, but we are not the less heart to be gladdened--and in other indebted on that account to Mr Pear respects it is well worthy of a visit. A son, whose house we charge all well- fine old castle attracted our attention disposed travellers, and all lovers of on the right, with antique towers and Maga, on no account to pass by. picturesque ruins, and altogether with From Morpeth to Weldon Bridge is more of a feudal air about it than any a drive of nine miles through a fine in that part of the country. We found upland country little traversed by it was Ford castle, the seat of the Mar. coaches, as the main road is through quis of Waterford, a place redolent of Alnwick and Berwick-on-Tweed. tilts and chivalry, and perhaps the The inn itself at Weldon Bridge is better adapted, on that account, to be the most captivating spot we ever the scene of the return match at Toursaw. The Coquet winds gracefully nament, at one time talked off, for the under long lines of ash and oak plan. one played at Eglinton castle. tations, and is full of excellent fish; “ But lightly lightly tread, 'tis holy holy and the landlord, evidently a brother

ground.' of the angle, knows very well how to

On the left, now covered with flourishmake his guests comfortable. In a

ing plantations, and interspersed with couple of minutes he furnished us with small hillocks, lies Flodden field, of the beau-ideal of a lunch, where every which, as pious Scotch people, we desire thing was the best of its kind : the

to say as little as possible, unless, as a bread home-baked, the butter cool pendant to it, we may be allowed to and fresh, the cheese inimitable, make a few allusions to Bannockburn. and the porter superb. The country A few poor-looking trees, close to continues much the same till we pass the road, had arrested our notice, from Wooler, when it becomes doubly in- being surrounded by a very handsome teresting, as being more decidedly a hewn stone wall. The space so enborder region and the scene of feuds closed could not be more than sixty or and forays, far different from these de. seventy feet long, by thirty or forty generate days

wide. The trees, as we have said, “ When the thistle is join'd to the rose,

were poor and common, and by no An' the English nae langer are counted

means worthy of such an expensive

fence. On enquiring of the postilion, our foes."

he told us it was called “ Percy's Nothing struck us so much as the ride Keep, 'cause one of the Earl Perfrom Wooler, north, as the triumphs cies was slayed there.” What Earl of agriculture over all natural disad Percy ? not Persæus ex-Northumvantages—up the sides of high hills, bria, for he died, the heathen, on the nearly to the top, ploughs and harrows other side of the Border.

We went were busy; and very fine crops were over all the Earl Percies we could rerising on ridges, in all probability a member in tale or history, from the few years ago too barren to main. hero of Chevy Chace and Hotspur tain a sheep. No houses of proprie. downwards, but could not fix on any tors, no cottages of labourers were one who was likely to be the tenant visible, and yet highly cultivated fields of that roadside sepulchre; and as of immense extent, if fields they can our cicerone, most probably, could be called, that stretched hundreds of not have answered our queries if we acres without a single fence, gave evi. had propounded them to him, we dent marks of the toil and perseve were well pleased to take on trust rance of the Northumbrian farmers. that some gallant Percy had here Where do all the labourers live?-for looked proudly to heaven from the not one village did we come to in the deathbed of fame, and we whole of our journey from Morpeth looked back with very different fee). to the Scottish border. Detached ings on the young trees and rough houses there certainly were, but very grey stones that mark the resting

We small and thinly spread, and by no place of one of that heroic line. means sufficient, as far as we could see, had been recommended to stop for the to supply such an army of ploughmen night at Cornhill, a village on the and farm servants as must be required English side of the Tweed; but pafor such immense operations. So triotism was strong in our souls, and thinly-peopled a district would have we determined to proceed to Cold

VOL. L. NO. Cccix.

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stream, and sleep on Scottish ground, effects of the wind so much on the -in this instance, as in many others, dicky of a chaise, as on board the galrealizing the old adage, of going far lant Clarence; but the gale was blowther and faring worse. The point of ing with unabated fury. The young entrance by this road, is perhaps the plantations were bent beneath it whermost beautiful on the Tweed. The ever we looked; even the young wheat river is spanned by a handsome was in many places as completely laid bridge, and thick woods wave on as if it had been submitted to a forteach side of the water, as far as night's rain; and, greatly to our satisthe eye can reach. Cornhill is a small faction, we heard, at the various places village, with one remarkably good. we stopped at, that the Edinburgh looking inn, on wbich we cast back coaches were filled with passengers many lingering fond regards, when from Bridlington; from which we conwe pulled up in Coldstream, at the cluded, that many who seemed to condoor of a miserable-looking change- sider our departure premature, bad house kept by Mrs Margaret Sang. grown tired of tossing about at anchor At one time we had great thoughts of themselves, and had disembarked on going back to the hostel we had passed; the following day. The Clarence itbut the house, though dingy and un

self did not leave her shelter till the promising outside, was clean and cozy Wednesday ; as the captain very senwithin. The landlady was a tidy, sibly concluded, that after waiting so bustling, nice old lady ; and a comfort. long, it would be useless to put to sea able " tea," flanked with corned beef, till what he waited for came. But and a young salmon-trout, that morn even on Wednesday the passage must ing caught in Tweed, reconciled us to have been very rough. By land the wind our position entirely. A stroll by the was not only very high, but as chilly banks of the river, and an inspection of as we generally find it in November. the monument raised by numerous The sea, which we saw on our stage friends to Charles Marjoribanks of from Aln bridgeto Wooler, looked cold Lees—the only monument we could and tempestuous, and we could persee about the straggling dirty village- ceive, even at that distance, long lines concluded our labours for the day; of white breakers along the shore. and, in the midst of an attempt to re The rest of the trip to Edinburgh is collect the passage in Walter Scott, through a country so well-known, and “ Is there a man with soul so dead,"

of which, with the exception of the we fell asleep. These two border vil. neighbourhood of Kelso, so little fa

vourable can be said, that we pass all lages struck us, even in their names, to be typical of their respective coun

details of it sub silentio. The gale, tries ; or to be like the watchwords of and anxiety, we found, on arriving at

in addition to causing us much fatigue two adjacent camps. Bluff

, jolly, big- Edinburgh, had cost us, besides the bellied, redfaced England, being repre. full passage-money to Leith, a little sented by Corn-hill; and Cold-stream being the parole and emblem of longo convincing proof that raising the wind

more than thirty pounds, which is a armed, high-cheeked, strong-legged, does not always increase the property. lion-hearted Caledonia. It is not to be supposed that the

And it is, perhaps, unnecessary to journey, such as we have described it, add, that the rest of our journeys, at was performed in sunshine and in whatever time of the year, shall inva. calm."

We did not, indeed, feel the riably be by land.

TEN YEARS OF THE WHIGS.

We address our countrymen on the cient republics perished. The favoueve of the most important decision rite demagogue became the despot; which can be formed by a free peo or the seizure of the public property ple. The elections are to settle the broke down the resources of the state question, not between names but against foreign aggression; in all an things—not between parties but prin- element of discord had been introciples. They are distinctly to decide, duced—a fatal disease which, somewhether we shall henceforth be go times gnawing away the vitals of the verned by individuals pledged to dan- state, at others maddening it, rapidly gerous innovation, or to others whose brought the constitution to the seopinions are in conformity with the pulchre. spirit of the constitution. The writ Modern Whiggism is pledged to which summons the nation to the democracy A Whig government of hustings at this crisis, summons them great talents, vigorous activity, and to stamp the practical determination, public character, established by emi. whether we shall submit all that is nent public success, if such shall ever dearest to us on earth, to a party ele- be, may by possibility refuse a comvated into power by the populace, de- pliance with the more extravagant pendent on the populace, and now caprices of the multitude; but a Whig offering to purchase that populace by ministry, at once weak in its composia still deeper devotion to its will, or tion, and ill-omened in its career, sball fix in government men of ability hopeless of pursuing any original and character, alike superior to vio course for itself, and helpless in carrylent demands and criminal conces ing through even the ordinary duties sions.

of administration, must be dependent. In our remarks, we shall limit our. The more it is scorned by men of selves to the great object, the actual character, the more eager it must be dangers of the constitution. We in its canvass of the men of none; the shall leave the characters of the pre- oftener it is defeated in the legislasent cabinet as we find them. They ture, the oftener must it take refuge are not made for panegyric, and they behind the rabble; until, altogether will never be named by bistory—they deserting the natural and manly means are passing, even already, out of the of appeal to the national judgment, public mind. No man regards them it lives on intrigue, traffics in pledges, as formed by nature, or by circum- and thinks all the hurts of its nature stances, for the true depositaries of healed by the prolongation of its public power.

If they had been pay. thrown into the humblest condition We shall now proceed to give a of official drudgery, or left to lounge brief history of Whiggism-once a away their faculties in the shapeless noble name, and identified with Briand valueless round of fashionable life, tish freedom, but long since degenerno one living could have regarded ated into the watchword of a party, them as misplaced-no national re never trusted but with hazard to the gret would ever have been called on national prosperity, never active but to lament over their lost energies. in times of public misfortune, and The only use of such lives is to con never obtaining power but to leave its firm the contemptuous maxim of the trace in some broken bulwark of the Swedish statesmen, “ With how little constitution. wisdom states may be governed,” The Whiggism of the Revolution and to guard posterity against the of 1688, was a declaration of the desperate evils that may be done by triumph of the Church of England faculties which seemed to be made for over the tyranny of Rome; it estadoing nothing.

blished the great principles, that the But the object to which we look, government of England was not to be beyond the career of those triflers, is favouritism, nor the religion superof a bolder form. The true danger stition; and protesting alike against of all free constitutions is democracy. the tyranny of James and the bigotry By the predominance of popular of his religion, it gave us a constitus power, all the constitutions of the an tion unexampled in the world. Who

shall discern those features in the was the mark of Cain upon his brow, Whiggism of our day? No physiog- and from that hour he felt the sentence nomy ever more strongly bore the of separation from all the settled honevidence of spuriousness. illegitimacy ours of government; wandered away is written in every line of its ill favour- from the light of the constitution, and ed and degenerate visage.

never returned within its verge, but Faction always begins with the to feel himself on the edge of the low; as the incendiary in a forest al- grave. ways lays his match among the weeds It is remarkable that, at this moand brushwood. Modern Whiggism ment, the man should have appeared was first heard of in the middle of the in parliament who was to inflict this last century. All fictitious public sentence, and make the exclusion pergrievances are to be traced to the per- petual. Willianı Pitt, a boy, a minissonal wants of the disturbers. Wilkes ter at the age of twenty-three, and, to and Horne Tooke had turned politics all natural surmise, appearing only to into a profession, simply to recruit be crushed by the first collision with their wasted finances, and for a quar- the matured ability, parliamentary fa. ter of a century they contrived to em youritism, and masterly eloquence of barrass the state. But such men were Fox. His character, his mind, and too feeble to shake the constitution ; his eloquence, exbibited the most total an outlawry or a jail was the natural contrast to those of the great leader of result of their labours, as a tumult in the Opposition. Pitt embodied the St George's fields or a tavern dinner purity, the elevation, and the force of was the natural scene of their patriot- themonarchical and aristocratical prin. ism. They wanted the only position ciples of the constitution: Fox the heat, from which effectual good or ill may impetuosity, and restlessness of the debe done in England. Parliament re mocratic. pulsed the one, excluded the other, The removal of a dangerous man and paralysed both.

Both now ra. from power must at all times be of impidly sunk out of public view; Wilkes portance to a state ; but times were to hide his head in a city sinecure, and approaching which rendered it essenTooke to linger out life on a subscrip- tial. If it is religion to believe that a tion.

Providence superintends the world; it But a personage of altogether supe can be no superstition to believe that rior rank, in point of abilities, con it adapts its means to its ends, that it nexions, and name, was to take up the prepares nations for trial and triumph; fallen cause. In the year 1784, Fox that it invests a people with the high stood at the head of the House of commission of fighting the battle of Commons. He was made for the leader truth and justice for mankind. It at of faction. Daring and reckless by the same time disables those influences nature; possessing eminent and culti- which would shake its strength of soul vated talents; totally divested of all in the day of battle. moral checks to their exercise ; in The French Revolution was at hand. flamed with ambition, and contemp. If Fox had been master of the countuous of the opinions of men ; no man cils of England in that day, the liberwas more distinctly trained for public ties of the empire must have fallen. employment, or more determined to He was too deeply pledged to the po. convert it, at all risks, into permanent pulace to have ever been able to repower. His early career had been tract. He might have been reluctant characteristic. Commencing public to follow. (much less to lead) that life as a servant of the crown, his wild tumult, which would have dragged haughtiness had rendered him unfit for the constitution to the altar; but he inferior office. He quarrelled with must have followed, with however the minister, and lost his place. Pressed tardy a step; he must have ofliciated by personal difficulties, he again took in that wild ceremonial; the multitude office, and lost his character. The would never have suffered their slave coalition with Lord North was a poli. to affect the master; and the Minister tical suicide; it gave him a stab which of England must have only given the could be given by no other hand. He grace of official solemnity to the rite might never have been a consistent of blood and rapine. With Whiggism leader of Opposition, or a safe head of in power, and France raging with the the government, but that act doomed new pestilence, England must have him to political expulsion for life. It been revolutionized. The contact

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